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Reverse Transcription: The biosynthesis of DNA carried out on a template of RNA.

An Affordable HIV-1 Drug Resistance Monitoring Method for Resource Limited Settings

1Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, College of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa, 2Unit D11, Jembi Health Systems, 3Academic Medical Center, Department of Global Health, Amsterdam Institute for Global Health and Development (AIGHD), University of Amsterdam, 4Division of Infectious Diseases and Geographic Medicine, Centre for AIDS Research, Stanford Medical School

JoVE 51242


 Medicine

Streamlined Single Cell TCR Isolation and Generation of Retroviral Vectors for In Vitro and In Vivo Expression of Human TCRs

1Department of Pediatrics, Section of Diabetes and Endocrinology, McNair Medical Institute, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children's Hospital, 2Benaroya Research Institute at Virginia Mason, 3Center for Human Immunobiology, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children's Hospital, 4Department of Pediatrics, Section of Diabetes and Endocrinology, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children's Hospital

JoVE 55379


 Immunology and Infection

Real-time Analysis of Transcription Factor Binding, Transcription, Translation and Turnover to Display Global Events During Cellular Activation

1Institute for Diabetes and Obesity (IDO), German Center for Diabetes Research (DZD), Helmholtz Zentrum München, 2Institute for Informatics, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, 3Roche Pharma Research and Early Development, Large Molecule Research, Roche Innovation Center Penzberg

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 56752


 JoVE In-Press

Prediction and Validation of Gene Regulatory Elements Activated During Retinoic Acid Induced Embryonic Stem Cell Differentiation

1Sanford-Burnham-Prebys Medical Discovery Institute at Lake Nona, 2Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Research Center for Molecular Medicine, Medical and Health Science Center, University of Debrecen, 3MTA-DE “Lendulet” Immunogenomics Research Group, University of Debrecen

JoVE 53978


 Developmental Biology

Assessment of DNA Contamination in RNA Samples Based on Ribosomal DNA

1Genetic and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute of Tabarestan (GABIT), Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University (SANRU), 2Department of Industrial and Environmental Biotechnology, National Institute of Genetics Engineering and Biotechnology (NIGEB), 3Department of Plant Breeding and Biotechnology, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences & Natural Resources, 4RG Abiotic Stress Genomics/ RG Heterosis, Department Molecular Genetics, Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (IPK)

JoVE 55451


 Genetics

Pairwise Growth Competition Assay for Determining the Replication Fitness of Human Immunodeficiency Viruses

1Department of Microbiology, University of Washington, 2Departments of Medicine and Laboratory Medicine, University of Washington, 3U.S Military HIV Research Program, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 4Henry M. Jackson Foundation

JoVE 52610


 Immunology and Infection

Establishment of Cancer Stem Cell Cultures from Human Conventional Osteosarcoma

1Department of Surgery and Translational Medicine (DCMT), University of Florence, 2Neurofarba Department, University of Florence, 3Department of Traumatology and General Orthopedics, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Careggi

JoVE 53884


 Cancer Research

Induction of Mesenchymal-Epithelial Transitions in Sarcoma Cells

1Department of Medicine, Duke University, 2Department of Bioengineering, Rice University, 3Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, Duke University, 4Solid Tumor Program and the Duke Prostate Center, Duke University Medical Center, 5Duke University Medical Center

JoVE 55520


 Developmental Biology

Detection of microRNA Expression in Peritoneal Membrane of Rats Using Quantitative Real-time PCR

1Division of Nephrology, First Department of Integrated Medicine, Saitama Medical Center, Jichi Medical University, 2Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Jichi Medical University, 3Department of Medical Physiology, Meiji Pharmaceutical University

JoVE 55505


 Genetics

RNA Analysis of Environmental Samples Using RT-PCR

JoVE 10104

Source: Laboratories of Dr. Ian Pepper and Dr. Charles Gerba - Arizona University
Demonstrating Author: Bradley Schmitz

Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) involves the same process as conventional PCR — cycling temperature to amplify nucleic acids. However, while conventional PCR only amplifies deoxyribonucleic acids (DNA), RT-PCR enables the amplification of ribonucleic acids (RNA) through the formation of complementary DNA (cDNA). This enables RNA-based organisms found within the environment to be analyzed utilizing methods and technologies that are designed for DNA. Many viruses found in the environment use RNA as their genetic material. Several RNA-based viral pathogens, such as Norovirus, and indicator organisms, such as pepper mild mottle virus (PMMoV), do not have culture-based detection methods for quantification. In order to detect for the presence of these RNA viruses in environmental samples from soil, water, agriculture, etc., molecular assays rely on RT-PCR to convert RNA into DNA. Without RT-PCR, microbiologists would not be able to assay and research numerous RNA-based viruses that pose risks to human and environmental health. RT-PCR can also be employed as a tool to measure microbial activity in the env


 Environmental Microbiology

Genome-wide Analysis of HDAC Inhibitor-mediated Modulation of microRNAs and mRNAs in B Cells Induced to Undergo Class-switch DNA Recombination and Plasma Cell Differentiation

1Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Molecular Genetics, University of Texas Long School of Medicine at San Antonio, 2Xiangya School of Medicine, Cental South University, 3Greehey Children’s Cancer Research Institute, University of Texas Long School of Medicine at San Antonio

JoVE 55135


 Immunology and Infection

Measurement of In Vitro Integration Activity of HIV-1 Preintegration Complexes

1Center for AIDS Health Disparities Research, Meharry Medical College, 2Department of Biochemistry and Cancer Biology, Meharry Medical College, 3School of Graduate Studies and Research, Meharry Medical College, 4Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Meharry Medical College, 5Tennessee Center for AIDS Research (TN-CFAR), Meharry Medical College

JoVE 54581


 Immunology and Infection

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