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RNA-Binding Proteins: Proteins that bind to RNA molecules. Included here are Ribonucleoproteins and other proteins whose function is to bind specifically to RNA.

Capture and Identification of RNA-binding Proteins by Using Click Chemistry-assisted RNA-interactome Capture (CARIC) Strategy

1College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, 2Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, Peking University, 3Peking-Tsinghua Center for Life Sciences, Peking University, 4Synthetic and Functional Biomolecules Center, Peking University, 5Key Laboratory of Bioorganic Chemistry and Molecular Engineering of Ministry of Education, Peking University

JoVE 58580

 Biochemistry

RNA Stability

JoVE 11009

Intact DNA strands can be found in fossils, while scientists sometimes struggle to keep RNA intact under laboratory conditions. The structural variations between RNA and DNA underlie the differences in their stability and longevity. Because DNA is double-stranded, it is inherently more stable. The single-stranded structure of RNA is less stable but also more flexible and can form weak internal bonds. Additionally, most RNAs in the cell are relatively short, while DNA can be up to 250 million nucleotides long. RNA has a hydroxyl group on the second carbon of the ribose sugar, increasing the likelihood of breakage of the sugar-phosphate backbone. The cell can exploit the instability of RNA, regulating both its longevity and availability. More stable mRNAs will be available for translation for a longer period of time than less stable mRNAs transcripts. RNA binding proteins (RBPs) in cells play a key role in the regulation of RNA stability. RBPs can bind to a specific sequence (AUUUA) in the 3’ untranslated region (UTR) of mRNAs. Interestingly, the number of AUUUA repeats appears to recruit RBPs in a specific way: fewer repeats recruit stabilizing RBPs. Several, overlapping repeats result in the binding of destabilizing RBPs. All cells have enzymes called RNases that break down RNAs. Typically, the 5’cap and polyA tail protect eukaryotic mRNA from degradation

 Core: Gene Expression

iCLIP - Transcriptome-wide Mapping of Protein-RNA Interactions with Individual Nucleotide Resolution

1Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Medical Research Council - MRC, 2European Bioinformatics Institute, EMBL Heidelberg, 3Computer and Information Science, University of Ljubljana, 4Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute

JoVE 2638

 Biology

In Vitro Biochemical Assays using Biotin Labels to Study Protein-Nucleic Acid Interactions

1State Key Laboratory of Reproductive Medicine, Nanjing Medical University, 2The Affiliated Hospital of Hangzhou Normal University, 3School of Life Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, 4Department of Tissue and Embryology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Hubei Provincial Key Laboratory of Developmentally Originated Disease, Wuhan University

JoVE 59830

 Genetics

Interactome-Seq: A Protocol for Domainome Library Construction, Validation and Selection by Phage Display and Next Generation Sequencing

1Department of Health Sciences, Università del Piemonte Orientale & IRCAD, Novara, Italy, 2Institute of Biomedical Technologies, National Research Council, Segrate, Milan, Italy, 3Institute of Biomedical Technologies, National Research Council, Bari, Italy, 4Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste, Italy, 5Institute of Genetic and Biomedical Research, National Research Council, Rozzano, Milan, Italy, 6Humanitas Clinical and Research Center, Rozzano, Milan, Italy

JoVE 56981

 Biology

Scalable High Throughput Selection From Phage-displayed Synthetic Antibody Libraries

1The Recombinant Antibody Network, 2The Banting and Best Department of Medical Research, University of Toronto, 3Antibiome Center, University of California, San Francisco at Mission Bay, 4Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The University of Chicago

JoVE 51492

 Immunology and Infection

Polysome Profiling in Leishmania, Human Cells and Mouse Testis

1Department of Cell Biology and Biochemistry, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, 2Department of Biological Sciences, Texas Tech University, 3CISER (Center for the Integration of STEM Education & Research), Texas Tech University

JoVE 57600

 Biochemistry

Screening for Functional Non-coding Genetic Variants Using Electrophoretic Mobility Shift Assay (EMSA) and DNA-affinity Precipitation Assay (DAPA)

1Center for Autoimmune Genomics and Etiology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital, 2Medical Scientist Training Program, University of Cincinnati, 3Immunology Graduate Program, University of Cincinnati, 4Divisions of Biomedical Informatics and Developmental Biology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital

JoVE 54093

 Biology

Novel Atomic Force Microscopy Based Biopanning for Isolation of Morphology Specific Reagents against TDP-43 Variants in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

1School for Engineering of Matter, Transport and Energy, Arizona State University, 2Department of Neurology, Georgetown University Medical Center, 3Department of Pathology, Georgetown University Medical Center

JoVE 52584

 Bioengineering

Conversion of Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells (iPSCs) into Functional Spinal and Cranial Motor Neurons Using PiggyBac Vectors

1Department of Biology and Biotechnology Charles Darwin, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy, 2Center for Life Nano Science, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Italy, 3Laboratory of Stem Cell biology and Molecular Embryology, The Rockefeller University, USA, 4Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy

JoVE 59321

 Neuroscience

Characterizing Histone Post-translational Modification Alterations in Yeast Neurodegenerative Proteinopathy Models

1Chemistry Department, Brooklyn College, 2Ph.D. Program in Biochemistry, Graduate Center of the City University of New York, 3Ph.D. Program in Chemistry, Graduate Center of the City University of New York, 4Ph.D. Programs in Chemistry, Biochemistry, and Biology, Graduate Center of the City University of New York

JoVE 59104

 Genetics

Sample Preparation for Mass Spectrometry-based Identification of RNA-binding Regions

1Epigenetics Institute, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, 2Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, 3Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, 4Graduate Group in Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine

JoVE 56004

 Biochemistry
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