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Seminiferous Tubules: The convoluted tubules in the Testis where sperm are produced (Spermatogenesis) and conveyed to the Rete testis. Spermatogenic tubules are composed of developing germ cells and the supporting Sertoli cells.

Spermatogenesis

JoVE 10905

Spermatogenesis is the process by which haploid sperm cells are produced in the male testes. It starts with stem cells located close to the outer rim of seminiferous tubules. These spermatogonial stem cells divide asymmetrically to give rise to additional stem cells (meaning that these structures “self-renew”), as well as sperm progenitors, called spermatocytes. Importantly, this method of asymmetric mitotic division maintains a population of spermatogonial stem cells in the male reproductive tract, ensuring that sperm will continue to be produced throughout a man’s lifespan. As spermatogenesis proceeds, spermatocytes embark on meiosis, and each ultimately divides to form four sperm—each with only 23 chromosomes— that are expelled into the male reproductive tract. Interestingly, this is in contrast to oogenesis in women, during which only a single egg is generated for every progenitor cell. At the end of spermatogenesis, sperm demonstrate their characteristic shape: a “head” harboring minimal cytoplasm and a highly condensed nucleus, as well as a motile tail (flagellum). They are small cells, with no organelles such as ribosomes, ER or Golgi, but do have many mitochondria around the flagellum for power. Just below the head is the acrosomal vesicle which contains hydrolytic enzymes to penetrate the egg outer coat—th

 Core: Reproduction and Development

Polysome Profiling in Leishmania, Human Cells and Mouse Testis

1Department of Cell Biology and Biochemistry, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, 2Department of Biological Sciences, Texas Tech University, 3CISER (Center for the Integration of STEM Education & Research), Texas Tech University

JoVE 57600

 Biochemistry

Separation of Spermatogenic Cell Types Using STA-PUT Velocity Sedimentation

1Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, University of Pennsylvania, 2Biomedical Graduate Studies, University of Pennsylvania, 3Department of Animal Biology and Center for Animal Transgenesis and Germ Cell Research, University of Pennsylvania, 4Department of Genetics, University of Pennsylvania, 5Department of Biology, University of Pennsylvania

JoVE 50648

 Biology

Simple and Efficient Technique for the Preparation of Testicular Cell Suspensions

1Departamento de Biología Molecular, Instituto de Investigaciones Biológicas Clemente Estable (IIBCE), 2Servicio de Citometría de Flujo y Clasificación Celular (SECIF), Instituto de Investigaciones Biológicas Clemente Estable, 3Sección Bioquímica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de la República

JoVE 50102

 Biology
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