Measurement of Dynamic Scapular Kinematics Using an Acromion Marker Cluster to Minimize Skin Movement Artifact
1Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, 2Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang University Hospital
1Data Science, Roche Pharmaceutical Research and Early Development Informatics, Roche Innovation Center Basel, F. Hoffmann-La Roche, Ltd., 2Translational Technologies and Bioinformatics, Pharmaceutical Sciences, Roche Pharmaceutical Research and Early Development, Roche Innovation Center Basel, F. Hoffmann-La Roche, Ltd., 3Biomarker Experimental Medicine, Neuroscience, Roche Pharmaceutical Research and Early Development, Roche Innovation Center Basel, F. Hoffmann-La Roche, Ltd., 4Division of Neuropediatrics, University of Basel Children's Hospital, 5Department of Neurology, University of Basel Hospital, 6Translational Medicine, Neuroscience and Rare Diseases, Roche Pharmaceutical Research and Early Development, Roche Innovation Center Basel, F. Hoffmann-La Roche, Ltd.
1Burke Medical Research Institute, 2Texas Biomedical Center, The University of Texas at Dallas, 3Erik Jonsson School of Engineering and Computer Science, The University of Texas at Dallas, 4Brain and Mind Research Institute, Weill Cornell Medical College, 5Departments of Neurology and Pediatrics, Weill Cornell Medical College
1Outcomes After Critical Illness and Surgery (OACIS) Group, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, 2Critical Care Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Program, Johns Hopkins Hospital, 3Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Johns Hopkins University, 4Department of Rehabilitation Services, University of Maryland Medical System
Source: Rachel Liu, BAO, MBBCh, Emergency Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
The anterior shoulder dislocation is one of the most common joint dislocations seen in emergency settings. In anterior shoulder dislocation, the humeral head is displaced out of the glenohumeral joint in front of the scapular glenoid, resulting in a loss of the articulation between the arm and the rest of the shoulder. This can be caused by a fall onto an abducted, extended, and externally rotated arm, such as in a bicycle or running accident. Sometimes anterior shoulder dislocation can be due to a minor trauma or even result from rolling over in bed with an externally rotated and stretched overhead arm. Anterior shoulder dislocation is a painful injury. Patients cannot actively abduct, adduct or internally rotate the shoulder. Reduction of the shoulder is the best form of analgesia and, of course, is necessary to restore arm function. While it is current practice for patients to undergo procedural sedation during the shoulder reduction procedure, the sedatives have serious side effects (cardiac and respiratory depression), and require long stays in the emergency department (ED), dedicated nursing staff, multiple radiographs, and consulting services. Intra-art…