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Skin Temperature: The Temperature at the outer surface of the body.

Ethanol-Induced Cervical Sympathetic Ganglion Block Applications for Promoting Canine Inferior Alveolar Nerve Regeneration Using an Artificial Nerve

1Department of Dental Anesthesia, Nippon Dental University Hospital at Tokyo, 2Department of Dental Anesthesiology, Nippon Dental University School of Life Dentistry at Tokyo, 3Department of Bioartificial Organs, Institute for Frontier Medical Science, Kyoto University

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 58039


 JoVE In-Press

Observational Study Protocol for Repeated Clinical Examination and Critical Care Ultrasonography Within the Simple Intensive Care Studies

1Department of Critical Care, University of Groningen, University Medical Centre Groningen, 2Department of Anesthesiology, University of Groningen, University Medical Centre Groningen, 3Department of Radiology, University of Groningen, University Medical Centre Groningen, 4Department of Cardiology, University of Groningen, University Medical Centre Groningen, 5Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Groningen, University Medical Centre Groningen

Video Coming Soon

JoVE 58802


 JoVE In-Press

Diffuse Reflectance Spectroscopy: Getting the Capillary Refill Test Under One's Thumb

1Department of Emergency Medicine, Local Health Care Services in Central Östergötland, Region Östergötland, 2Division of Drug Research, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University, 3Division of Neuro and Inflammation Science, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Linköping University, 4Division of Cell Biology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University, 5Department of Dermatology and Venerology, Heart and Medicine Center, Region Östergötland

JoVE 56737


 Neuroscience

Peripheral Vascular Exam

JoVE 10122

Source: Joseph Donroe, MD, Internal Medicine and Pediatrics, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT

The prevalence of peripheral vascular disease (PVD) increases with age and is a significant cause of morbidity in older patients, and peripheral artery disease (PAD) is associated with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular complications. Diabetes, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, and tobacco use are important disease risk factors. When patients become symptomatic, they frequently complain of limb claudication, defined as a cramp-like muscle pain that worsens with activity and improves with rest. Patients with chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) often present with lower extremity swelling, pain, skin changes, and ulceration. While the benefits of screening asymptomatic patients for PVD are unclear, physicians should know the proper exam technique when the diagnosis of PVD is being considered. This video reviews the vascular examination of the upper and lower extremities and abdomen. As always, the examiner should use a systematic method of examination, though in practice, the extent of the exam a physician performs depends on their suspicion of underlying PVD. In a patient who has or is suspected to have risk factors for vascular disease, the vascular exam should be thorough, beginning with inspection, fo


 Physical Examinations I

Discontinuing Intravenous Fluids and a Peripheral Intravenous Line

JoVE 10278

Source: Madeline Lassche, MSNEd, RN and Katie Baraki, MSN, RN, College of Nursing, University of Utah, UT

Intravenous (IV) fluid administration and peripheral IV catheters (PIVs) may be discontinued for a number of reasons. The most common reason for discontinuing IV fluids is that the patient has returned to normal body fluid volume (euvolemia) and is able to maintain adequate oral fluid intake or is being discharged from the hospital. In addition, the Centers for Disease Control Guidelines for the Prevention of Intravascular Catheter-Related Infections (2011) recommends replacing PIVs every 72-96 h in adults to prevent the risk of infection or phlebitis. If the PIV becomes dislodged or if the insertion site demonstrates the signs and symptoms of infection, infiltration, extravasation, or phlebitis, the PIV should be discontinued and replaced. For pediatric patients, the Infusion Nurses Society recommends replacing the PIV only when the IV infusion site is no longer patent or when it demonstrates the signs and symptoms of complications. This video describes the approach to discontinue IV fluid administration and PIVs.


 Nursing Skills

A Protocol for Measuring Cue Reactivity in a Rat Model of Cocaine Use Disorder

1Center for Addiction Research, University of Texas Medical Branch, 2Institute for Translational Sciences, University of Texas Medical Branch, 3Mitchell Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases, University of Texas Medical Branch, 4Department of Neurology, University of Texas Medical Branch, 5Department of Pathology, University of Texas Medical Branch, 6Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Texas Medical Branch

JoVE 55864


 Neuroscience

Non-invasive Assessments of Subjective and Objective Recovery Characteristics Following an Exhaustive Jump Protocol

1Department of Business Economics, Health and Social Care, University of Applied Sciences and Arts of Southern Switzerland, 2University College Physiotherapy "Thim van der Laan", 3Department of Movement and Sport Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, 4Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Antwerp

JoVE 55612


 Medicine

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