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Stem Cell Research: Experimentation on Stem cells and on the use of stem cells.

An Introduction to Stem Cell Biology

JoVE 5331

Cells that can differentiate into a variety of cell types, known as stem cells, are at the center of one of the most exciting fields of science today. Stem cell biologists are working to understand the basic mechanisms that regulate how these cells function. These researchers are also interested in harnessing the remarkable potential of stem cells to treat human diseases.


Here,…

 Developmental Biology

Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells

JoVE 10812

Stem cells are undifferentiated cells that divide and produce different types of cells. Ordinarily, cells that have differentiated into a specific cell type are post-mitotic—that is, they no longer divide. However, scientists have found a way to reprogram these mature cells so that they “de-differentiate” and return to an unspecialized, proliferative state. These cells are also pluripotent like embryonic stem cells—able to produce all cell types—and are therefore called induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). iPSCs are potentially valuable in medicine, because a patient who needs a particular cell type—for instance, someone with a damaged retina due to macular degeneration—could receive a transplant of the required cells, generated from another cell type in their own body. This is called autologous transplantation, and it reduces the risk of transplant rejection that can occur when tissues are transplanted between individuals. To create iPSCs, mature cells such as skin fibroblasts or blood cells from a person are grown in culture. Then, genes for multiple transcription factors are delivered into the cells using a viral vector, and the transcription factor proteins are expressed using the cell’s machinery. The transcription factors then turn on many other genes that are expressed by embryonic stem cells, re

 Core: Biotechnology

Patterning the Geometry of Human Embryonic Stem Cell Colonies on Compliant Substrates to Control Tissue-Level Mechanics

1Graduate Program in Bioengineering, University of California San Francisco and University of California Berkeley, 2Center for Bioengineering and Tissue Regeneration, Department of Surgery, University of California San Francisco, 3Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of California Berkeley, 4Eli and Edythe Broad Center of Regeneration Medicine and Stem Cell Research, University of California San Francisco, 5UCSF Comprehensive Cancer Center, Helen Diller Family Cancer Research Center, University of California San Francisco, 6Department of Anatomy, Department of Bioengineering and Therapeutic Sciences, and Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California San Francisco

JoVE 60334

 Bioengineering

Using the BLT Humanized Mouse as a Stem Cell based Gene Therapy Tumor Model

1Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology-Oncology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, 2UCLA AIDS Institute, 3Eli & Edythe Broad Center of Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Research at UCLA, 4Department of Medical and Molecular Pharmacology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, 5Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Molecular Genetics, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA

JoVE 4181

 Immunology and Infection

Manual Isolation of Adipose-derived Stem Cells from Human Lipoaspirates

1Cytori Therapeutics Inc, 2Division of Cardiac Surgery, Department of Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, 3Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, 4Department of Orthopedic Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, 5Regenerative Bioengineering and Repair Laboratory, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA

JoVE 50585

 Biology

Physiologic Patient Derived 3D Spheroids for Anti-neoplastic Drug Screening to Target Cancer Stem Cells

1Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan, 2Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Michigan, 3Rogel Cancer Center, School of Medicine, University of Michigan, 4Macromolecular Science and Engineering, University of Michigan

JoVE 59696

 Cancer Research

Generation of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells from Frozen Buffy Coats using Non-integrating Episomal Plasmids

1Center for Biomedicine, European Academy Bozen/Bolzano (EURAC), 2Laboratory of Medical Genetics, Fondazione IRCCS Ca´ Granda, Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, 3Del E. Webb Center for Neuroscience, Aging & Stem Cell Research, Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute

JoVE 52885

 Developmental Biology

Large-Scale Production of Cardiomyocytes from Human Pluripotent Stem Cells Using a Highly Reproducible Small Molecule-Based Differentiation Protocol

1Department of Stem Cells and Developmental Biology, Cell Science Research Center, Royan Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Technology, ACECR, 2Developmental and Stem Cell Biology Division, Victor Chang Cardiac Research Institute, 3St. Vincent´s Clinical School, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, 4School of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, University of New South Wales, 5Department of Developmental Biology, University of Science and Culture, 6Heart Centre for Children, The Children´s Hospital at Westmead, 7Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, 8Department of Developmental Biology, University of Science and Culture, Tehran, Iran

JoVE 54276

 Developmental Biology

Flow Cytometry Protocols for Surface and Intracellular Antigen Analyses of Neural Cell Types

1Emmy Noether-Group for Stem Cell Biology, Department of Molecular Embryology, Institute of Anatomy and Cell Biology, University of Freiburg, 2Spemann Graduate School of Biology and Medicine and Faculty of Biology, University of Freiburg, 3School of Life Sciences, Keele University, 4Center for Biological Signaling Studies (BIOSS), University of Freiburg

JoVE 52241

 Neuroscience

Human Adipose Tissue Micro-fragmentation for Cell Phenotyping and Secretome Characterization

1MRC Center for Regenerative Medicine, University of Edinburgh, 2Dept. of Morphology, Surgery and Experimental Medicine, Section of General Pathology, University of Ferrara, 3Italian Image Institute, 4Orthopaedic Hospital Research Center and Broad Stem Cell Research Center, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California

JoVE 60117

 Biology

Live Cell Analysis of Shear Stress on Pseudomonas aeruginosa Using an Automated Higher-Throughput Microfluidic System

1Department of Chemistry, Doane University, 2Department of Biology, Doane University, 3Department of Pathology and Microbiology, University of Nebraska Medical Center, 4Department of Physics and Engineering, Doane University

JoVE 58926

 Bioengineering

The Subventricular Zone En-face: Wholemount Staining and Ependymal Flow

1Department of Neurosurgery, The Eli and Edythe Broad Center of Regeneration Medicine and Stem Cell Research, University of California, San Francisco - UCSF, 2Department of Pathology and Cell Biology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, 3Department of Neuroscience and Neurology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, 4Department of Developmental and Regenerative Biology, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, 5Center for Motor Neuron Biology and Disease, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University

JoVE 1938

 Neuroscience

Genetic Engineering of Primary Mouse Intestinal Organoids Using Magnetic Nanoparticle Transduction Viral Vectors for Frozen Sectioning

1Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 2Department of Natural Sciences, School of Arts & Sciences, Lebanese American University, 3Department of Cell Biology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 4Department of Oncology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 5Department of Pathology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 6Institute for Cell Engineering, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

JoVE 57040

 Developmental Biology

Tumorsphere Derivation and Treatment from Primary Tumor Cells Isolated from Mouse Rhabdomyosarcomas

1Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute, 2Development, Aging and Regeneration Program, Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute, 3Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, Division of Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery, University California San Diego

JoVE 59897

 Genetics

Human iPSC-Derived Cardiomyocyte Networks on Multiwell Micro-electrode Arrays for Recurrent Action Potential Recordings

1Aurora Research Institute, Advocate Aurora Health Care, 2Department of Biomedical Engineering, College of Engineering and Applied Science, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, 3Department of Medicine-Cardiovascular, School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University

JoVE 59906

 Bioengineering
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