Due to global energy demands, unconventional natural gas development (UNGD) and hydraulic fracturing practices (fracking) are increasing worldwide. Across the globe, a 20-25% increase in production is expected during 2019. Moreover, a 90.8 quadrillion BTUs increase is predicted by the year 2050. Rapid expansion of UNGD poses significant threats to ecosystems, wildlife, and human health through disturbances to land, air, and water. Clearing of forested lands for well pads and infrastructure, contamination of subsurface and surface waters from fracking, and release of volatile organic compounds and greenhouse gases to the air all negatively affect ecosystems. In order to address these impacts, a multidisciplinary methods approach, often employing novel technologies, is paramount. Understanding the technologies and methods best suited to study UNGD impacts is imperative, as it will aid in developing better management strategies for UNGD practices. This collection brings together the contemporary approaches that are being used across a variety of disciplines to study the impacts of unconventional natural gas development on ecosystems.