SCIENCE EDUCATION > Clinical Skills

Coronavirus / COVID-19 Procedures

This collection demonstrates procedures for healthcare workers who are screening and treating patients for COVID-19/Coronavirus.

  • Coronavirus / COVID-19 Procedures

    01:48
    COVID-19 / Coronavirus Outbreak: Performing a Nasal Swab Test on Patients inside a Rapidly Deployable Facility Optimized for Epidemics

    While different types of diagnostic tests may be used to detect coronavirus disease, a nasopharyngeal swab test is the most common. The test must be performed by a trained healthcare provider. If cell culture is collected in a wrong manner, the diagnosis obtained may be incorrect.

    The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that providers use a sterile dacron or rayon swab with a flexible, plastic shaft for deep nasal sampling. Cotton, calcium alginate swabs, or swabs with wooden sticks may contain such compounds that can inactivate some viruses and inhibit the diagnostic polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The following protocol describes the proper procedure for collecting a nasopharyngeal swab sample.

  • Coronavirus / COVID-19 Procedures

    03:52
    COVID-19 / Coronavirus Outbreak: Donning and Doffing Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) for Healthcare Providers

    Appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) should be worn when screening patients for COVID19. The PPE package must include:

    Gown, Gloves, Respirator or medical mask Eye protection

    The following protocol describes the proper procedures for donning and doffing PPE. 

  • Coronavirus / COVID-19 Procedures

    01:46
    COVID-19 / Coronavirus Outbreak: Guidance for Hand Hygiene for Healthcare Providers to Ensure a Safe and Healthy Environment

    Handwashing is an easy and simple way for healthcare providers to maintain a safe and healthy environment for both themselves and the patient. The following handwashing protocol should be used before and after patient contact.

  • Coronavirus / COVID-19 Procedures

    01:18
    COVID-19 / Coronavirus Outbreak: A Rapidly Deployable Medical Facility Optimized for Epidemics (Smart Pod)

    The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that healthcare providers perform screening tests on patients with symptoms of COVID-19 in an isolated room to protect other patients from potential exposure to the virus. 

    The Smart Pod, a rapidly deployable medical facility that was designed in the wake of the Ebola virus, can serve as a biocontainment unit for airborne pathogens. This emergency solution has been developed by Baylor College of Medicine as a nimble, standardized facility that is optimized for epidemics.  The expandable, 403 ft2 facility has the dimensions of a standard shipping container in its folded and most compact form. It can be easily transported and reassembled, providing a rapid option for augmenting limited resources. The Smart Pod is a one-stop solution for epidemics, with supplies and equipment inside the pod.  In the unit, infection control is strengthened with antimicrobial flooring, HEPA filters, and a UVC lighting system proven to eliminate 99.7% of pathogens, including airborne pathogens like COVID-19. This relocatable clinic can be constructed with a negative pressure system, allowing for the elimination of contaminated air. 

  • Coronavirus / COVID-19 Procedures

    09:27
    COVID-19 / Coronavirus Outbreak: Protecting The Airway - Endotracheal Intubation

    In pandemic times, medical staff is becoming a key resource in fighting the infection. To achieve the best medical care, relevant techniques and procedures have to be taught to medical staff to reduce the risk of infection. COVID patients often need mechanical ventilation due to progredient respiratory insufficiency, so an endotracheal intubation becomes a critical procedure in managing these patients. This procedure has an increased risk of infection due to aerosol formation and working with an unsecured airway. Patient safety should not be neglected, and complications like hypoxaemia and aspiration should be avoided. At the same time, personal protection from infection is of utmost importance becuase human resources in a pandemic crisis must be preserved. This video shows the procedure of endotracheal intubation while taking personal infection protection into account. 

  • Coronavirus / COVID-19 Procedures

    08:39
    COVID-19 / Coronavirus Outbreak: How To Perform A Bronchoscopy

    In pandemic times, medical staff is becoming a key resource in fighting the infection. To achieve the best medical care, relevant techniques and procedures have to be taught to medical staff while reducing the risk of infection. COVID patients often suffer from respiratory insufficiency and increased intrapulmonal secretion. A bronchoscopy is one of the standard procedures for resolving respiratory tract obstruction in intensive care medicine. On the downside, this procedure has a high potential for producing aerosol formations due to disconnections of the ventilator tubes, which creates an increased risk of infection to the medical staff. The indications for a bronchoscopy should be limited to the absolute minimum. This video gives a guidance for reducing personal infection risk without neglecting patient safety when performing a bronchoscopy. 

  • Coronavirus / COVID-19 Procedures

    13:30
    COVID-19 / Coronavirus Outbreak: How To Establish A Central Venous Access By Placing A Central Venous Catheter

    In pandemic times, medical staff is becoming a key resource in fighting the infection. To achieve the best medical care, relevant techniques and procedures have to be taught to medical staff while reducing the risk of infection. Intensive care medical treatment can necessitate central venous catheters due to different indications like vasopressor therapy or treatment of the patient with vein irrigating substances. This video shows the placement of central venous catheters for intensive care patients. 

  • Coronavirus / COVID-19 Procedures

    08:55
    COVID-19 / Coronavirus Outbreak: Hemodynamic monitoring with PiCCO artery

    During pandemics, medical staff become a key resource in treating and managing patients with these infectious diseases. To achieve the best medical care, relevant techniques and procedures must be taught to medical staff which minimize the risk of work-related transmission of infection. When carrying out hemodynamic monitoring in cardiovascularly unstable patients, it is possible to utilize a Pulse Contour Cardiac Output (PiCCO) catheter. This system utilizes a thermodilution method to analyze a patient’s cardiovascular status. This video highlights the placement and setup of a PiCCO catheter and system, including both the practical component and analysis of the thermodilution method, whilst taking into account important personal protection measures.

  • Coronavirus / COVID-19 Procedures

    03:18
    COVID-19 / Coronavirus Outbreak: How to take blood cultures

    In pandemic times, medical staff is becoming a key resource in fighting the infection. To achieve the best medical care, relevant techniques and procedures have to be taught to medical staff while reducing the risk of infection. Blood cultures play a key role in an effective anti-infective therapy regime. As COVID-19 patients develop bacterial superinfections in the damaged pulmonary tissue, using the correct technique to obtain blood culture samples and following anti-infective therapy are important. This video shows the required materials and correct way to obtain blood cultures. 

  • Coronavirus / COVID-19 Procedures

    06:55
    COVID-19 / Coronavirus Outbreak: How to perform complete prone positioning in COVID-Patients

    In pandemic times, medical staff is becoming a key resource in fighting the infection. To achieve the best medical care, relevant techniques and procedures have to be taught to medical staff while reducing the risk of infection. COVID-19 patients often develop an acute respiratory distress syndrome with respiratory failure. Prone positioning is established as a core component of management in COVID-19 patients, to enable ventilation of a greater lung area and thereby improve gas exchange. This video shows the prone positioning of a COVID-19 patient while taking personal infection protection into account.

  • Coronavirus / COVID-19 Procedures

    04:15
    COVID-19 / Coronavirus Outbreak: Donning Personal Protective Equipment Before Entering A Patient Room

    In pandemic times, medical staff is becoming a key resource in fighting the infection. To achieve the best medical care, relevant techniques and procedures have to be taught to medical staff to reduce the risk of infection. In this video the donning of personal protective gear prior to treating COVID-19 patients is shown. A technique to reuse protective facemasks in shortage of supplies is also discussed. 

  • Coronavirus / COVID-19 Procedures

    04:30
    COVID-19 / Coronavirus Outbreak: Doffing Personal Protective Equipment When Exiting A Patient Room

    In pandemic times, medical staff is becoming a key resource in fighting the infection. To achieve the best medical care, relevant techniques and procedures have to be taught to medical staff to reduce the risk of infection. Doffing the contaminated personal protective gear after treating COVID-19 patients has a high risk of forming infective aerosols which could lead to an infection of the medical staff. In this video, the manner of doffing of personal protective gear to minimize the risk of self infection is shown.

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