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Enerji Temelleri
Chemical reactions, such as those that occur when you light a match, involve changes in energy as well as matter. Chemical changes and their…
Termodinamiğin Birinci Yasası
Energy can be converted from one form into another, but all of the energy present before a change occurs always exists in some form after the…
İç Enerji
The total of all possible kinds of energy present in a substance is called the internal energy (U), sometimes symbolized as E. Suppose a system with…
Isı Ölçümü
Microscopically, thermal energy is the kinetic energy associated with the random motion of atoms and molecules. Temperature is a quantitative…
İş Ölçümü
As a system undergoes a change, its internal energy can change, and energy can be transferred from the system to the surroundings, or from the…
Entalpi
Chemists ordinarily use a property known as enthalpy (H) to describe the thermodynamics of chemical and physical processes. Enthalpy is defined as…
Termokimyasal Denklemler
For a chemical reaction (the system) carried out at constant pressure – with the only work done caused by expansion or contraction – the…
Sabit Basınç Kalorimetrisi
Calorimetry is a technique used to measure the amount of heat involved in a chemical or physical process or to measure the heat transferred to or…
Sabit Hacim Kalorimetrisi
Calorimeters are useful to determine the heat released or absorbed by a chemical reaction. Coffee cup calorimeters are designed to operate at…
Hess Yasası
There are two ways to determine the amount of heat involved in a chemical change: measure it experimentally, or calculate it from other…
Standart Oluşum Entalpisi
Enthalpy changes are typically tabulated for reactions in which both the reactants and products are at the same conditions. A standard state is a…
Reaksiyon Entalpileri
Hess’s law can be used to determine the enthalpy change of any reaction if the corresponding enthalpies of formation of the reactants and…
Sıcak Biyolojik kataliz: İzotermal Titrasyon Kalorimetre enzimatik reaksiyonların Characterize
Isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) is a well-described technique that measures the heat released or absorbed during a chemical reaction, using it…
Alkali toprak-sıvı Metal alaşımlar Elektromotor kuvvet tekniği kullanılarak termodinamik özelliklerinin belirlenmesi
A novel electrochemical cell based on a CaF2 solid-state electrolyte has been developed to measure the electromotive force (emf) of binary alkaline…
<em>Ab initio</em> Termochemistry'den Moleküler Kümelerin Atmosferik Konsantrasyonlarının Hesaplanması
The computational study of the formation and growth of atmospheric aerosols requires an accurate Gibbs free energy surface, which can be obtained…

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