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Balancing Redox Equations
Electrochemistry is the science involved in the interconversion of electrical and chemical reactions. Such reactions are called reduction-oxidation,…
Electromotive Force
Electricity is generated by either electrons or ions flowing through a solution or a conducting medium. This flow of electrons or specifically…
Voltaic/Galvanic Cells
Spontaneous Chemical Reactions Spontaneous redox reactions occur abundantly in nature. The chemical reaction occurring in a disposable AA battery…
Standard Electrode Potentials
On comparing the reactivity of silver and lead, it is observed that the two ionic species, Ag+ (aq) and Pb2+ (aq), show a difference in their redox…
Cell Potential and Free Energy
Thermodynamics of a Redox Reaction Thermodynamics is the branch of physics dealing with the relationship between heat and other forms of energy. In…
The Nernst Equation
Nonstandard Reaction Conditions The interconnection between standard cell potentials and various thermodynamic parameters such as the standard free…
Concentration Cells
A concentration cell is a type of a  voltaic cell constructed by connecting two almost identical half-cells, both based on the same…
Batteries and Fuel Cells
A battery is a galvanic cell that is used as a source of electrical power for specific applications. Modern batteries exist in a multitude of forms…
Corrosion
The degradation of metals due to natural electrochemical processes is known as corrosion. Rust formation on iron, tarnishing of silver, and the…
Electrolysis
In a galvanic cell, the electrical work is done by a redox system on its surroundings as electrons produced by the spontaneous redox reactions are…
Metallkorrosion und die Effizienz von Korrosionsinhibitoren in weniger leitfähigen Medien
Material corrosion can be a limiting factor for different materials in many applications. Thus, it is necessary to better understand corrosion…
Bestimmung der thermodynamischen Eigenschaften von Alkaline Erde-Liquid Metall-Legierungen mit der elektromotorischen Kraft-Technik
A novel electrochemical cell based on a CaF2 solid-state electrolyte has been developed to measure the electromotive force (emf) of binary alkaline…
Charakterisierung von Elektronentransport durch lebende Biofilme
Here we demonstrate the method of electrochemical gating used to characterize electrical conductivity of electrode-grown microbial biofilms under…

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