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Bölüm 2
Periyodik Tablo ve Organizmal Elementler
Elements are the smallest units of matter that cannot be broken down further by chemical processes. There are 118 known elements, but not all of…
Fonksiyonel Gruplar
Functional groups are a group of atoms with characteristic properties, which when linked to the carbon skeleton of a molecule, alter the properties…
Polimerler
The word polymer is derived from the Greek words “poly” which means “many” and “mer” which means…
Lipitler Nelerdir?
Lipids are a group of structurally and functionally diverse organic compounds that are insoluble in water. Certain classes of lipids, such as fats,…
Lipidlerin Yapısı
Lipids include a diverse group of compounds that are largely nonpolar in nature. This is because they are hydrocarbons that include mostly nonpolar…
Karbonhidratların Kimyası
Carbohydrates are an essential part of the diet in humans and animals. Grains, fruits, and vegetables are natural sources of carbohydrates that…
Nükleik Asitler Nelerdir?
Nucleic acids are long chains of nucleotides linked together by phosphodiester bonds. There are two types of nucleic acids: deoxyribonucleic acid,…
Moleküller Arası Kuvvetler
Atoms and molecules interact through bonds (or forces): intramolecular and intermolecular. The forces are electrostatic as they arise from…
Biyomoleküllerdeki Non-Kovalent Çekimler
Noncovalent attractions are associations within and between molecules that influence the shape and structural stability of complexes. These…
pH
The potential for a solution to donate or accept hydrogen ions determines whether it is an acid or a base. Acidic solutions donate protons, whereas…
ATP'nin Hidrolizi
The bonds of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) can be broken through the addition of water, releasing one or two phosphate groups in an exergonic process…

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