Waiting
Login processing...

Trial ends in Request Full Access Tell Your Colleague About Jove
Глава 7

Репарация и рекомбинация ДНК

Репарация ДНК - Обзор
In order to be passed through generations, genomic DNA must be undamaged and error-free. However, every day, DNA in a cell undergoes several thousand…
Эксцизионная репарация основания
One of the common DNA damages is the chemical alteration of single bases by alkylation, oxidation, or deamination. The altered bases cause mispairing…
Эксцизионная репарация основания длинным фрагментом
Since the discovery of the two BER pathways, there has been a debate about how a cell chooses one pathway over the other and the factors determining…
Эксцизионная репарация нуклеотидов
Exposure to mutagens can damage DNA and result in bulky lesions that distort the double-helix structure or impede proper transcription. Damaged DNA…
Транслезионные ДНК-полимеразы
Translesion (TLS) polymerases rescue stalled DNA polymerases at sites of damaged bases by replacing the replicative polymerase and installing a…
Исправление двухниточных разрывов
The double-stranded structure of DNA has two major advantages. First, it serves as a safe repository of genetic information where one strand serves…
Повреждение ДНК может остановить клеточный цикл
In response to DNA damage, cells can pause the cell cycle to assess and repair the breaks. However, the cell must check the DNA at certain critical…
Гомологичная рекомбинация
The basic reaction of homologous recombination (HR) involves two chromatids that contain DNA sequences sharing a significant stretch of identity. One…
Перезапуск заблокированных вилок репликации
DNA replication is initiated at sites containing predefined DNA sequences known as origins of replication. DNA is unwound at these sites by the…
Преобразование гена
Other than maintaining genome stability via DNA repair, homologous recombination plays an important role in diversifying the genome. In fact, the…
Обзор транспозиции и рекомбинации
Transposons make up a significant part of genomes of various organisms. Therefore, it is believed that transposition played a major evolutionary role…
ДНК-Транспозоны
DNA-only transposons are called autonomous transposons since they code for the enzyme transposase that is required for the transposition mechanism.…
Ретровирусы
Retroviruses and retrotransposons both insert copies of their genetic elements into the genome of the host cell. Thus, the viral genes are passed on…
LTR Ретротранспозоны
LTR retrotransposons are class I transposable elements with long terminal repeats flanking an internal coding region. These elements are less…
Ретротранспозоны без LTR
As the name suggests, non-LTR retrotransposons lack the long terminal repeats characteristic of the LTR retrotransposons. Additionally, both LTR and…
Консервативная сайт-специфическая рекомбинация и изменение фазы
Because the DNA segments are cut and reorganized in a direction-specific manner, site-specific recombination has emerged as an efficient genetic…
Атомно-силовая микроскопия Исследования распознавания повреждения ДНК при восстановлении эксцизии нуклеотидов
AFM imaging is a powerful technique for the study of protein-DNA interactions. This single molecule method allows the simultaneous resolution of…
В реальном времени наблюдения опосредовано Rad51 реакции обмена Strand ДНК
The DNA strand exchange reaction mediated by Rad51 is a critical step of homologous recombination. In this reaction, Rad51 forms a nucleoprotein…

Get cutting-edge science videos from JoVE sent straight to your inbox every month.

Waiting X
Simple Hit Counter