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¿Qué es la señalización celular?
Despite the protective membrane that separates a cell from the environment, cells need the ability to detect and respond to environmental changes.…
Señalización bacteriana
At times, a group of bacteria behaves like a community. To achieve this, they engage in quorum sensing, the perception of higher cell density that…
La señalización de levadura
Yeasts are single-celled organisms, but unlike bacteria, they are eukaryotes—cells that have a nucleus. Cell signaling in yeast is similar to…
La señalización dependiente del contacto
Contact-dependent signaling uses specialized cytoplasmic channels between cells that allow the flow of small molecules between them. In animal cells,…
La señalización autocrina
Secreted signals can act on a variety of target cells. In some cases, the cell that secretes a signal also detects and responds to the signaling…
La señalización paracrina
Paracrine signaling allows cells to communicate with their immediate neighbors via secretion of signaling molecules. The signal only triggers a…
La señalización sináptica
Neurons communicate at synapses, or junctions, to excite or inhibit the activity of other neurons or target cells, such as muscles. Synapses may be…
Receptores acoplados a proteínas G
G-protein coupled receptors are ligand binding receptors that indirectly affect changes in the cell. The actual receptor is a single polypeptide that…
Los receptores Internos
Many cellular signals are hydrophilic and therefore cannot pass through the plasma membrane. However, small or hydrophobic signaling molecules can…
La señalización endócrina
Endocrine cells produce hormones to communicate with remote target cells found in other organs. The hormone reaches these distant areas using the…
¿Qué son los segundos mensajeros?
Because many receptor binding ligands are hydrophilic, they do not cross the cell membrane and thus their message must be relayed to a second…
Cascadas de señalización intracelular
Intracellular signaling cascades amplify a signal originating extracellularly and directs it to its intended intracellular target resulting in…
Los canales iónicos
Ion channels maintain the membrane potential of a cell. For most cells, especially excitable ones, the inside has a more negative charge than the…
Receptores ligados a enzimas
Enzyme-linked receptors are proteins which act as both receptor and enzyme, activating multiple intracellular signals. This is a large group of…
Proyección de nanopartículas bioactivas en células inmunológicas fagocíticas para inhibidores de la señalización de receptores de tipo Toll
Pharmacological regulation of Toll-like receptor (TLR) responses holds great promise in the treatment of many inflammatory diseases. However, there…
En tiempo real de imágenes en vivo de las células T de señalización Formación de complejos
Protection against infectious diseases is mediated by the immune system 1,2. T lymphocytes are the master coordinators of the immune system,…
Identificación de eventos de señalización intracelular inducida en células viables por la interacción con las células vecinas sometidos a la célula apoptótica de la muerte
Cells dying by apoptosis, also referred to as regulated cell death, acquire multiple new activities that enable them to influence the function of…

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