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الفصل 17
ما هو الهضم أحادي المعدة؟
The human body contains a monogastric digestive system. In a monogastric digestive system, the stomach only contains one chamber in which it digests…
تشريح الأمعاء
Although digestion of proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids may begin in the stomach, it is completed in the intestine. The absorption of nutrients,…
الأجهزة الملحَقة
Accessory organs are those that participate in the digestion of food but do not come into direct contact with it like the mouth, stomach, or…
هضم الدهون
Lipids are large molecules that are generally not water-soluble. Since most of the digestive enzymes in the human body are water-based, there are…
هضم البروتين
Protein digestion begins in the stomach, where the highly acidic environment can easily disrupt protein structure by exposing the peptide bonds of…
هضم الكربوهيدرات
Carbohydrate digestion and metabolism break down simple and complex carbohydrates from food into saccharides (i.e., sugars) for the body to use as…
التنظيم العصبي
Digestion begins with a cephalic phase that prepares the digestive system to receive food. When our brain processes visual or olfactory information…
التنظيم الهرموني
Hormones regulate a significant portion of digestion through activation of the neuroendocrine system. The neuroendocrine system of digestion contains…
قياس الأحماض الدهنية عن طريق الفم العتبات، الدهون الإدراك، الأغذية الدهنية الميل، والحليمات الكثافة في البشر
Emerging evidence from a number of laboratories indicates that humans have the ability to identify fatty acids in the oral cavity, presumably via…
مسح بقايا عظام لكثافة العظام المعدنية في سياقات الطب الشرعي
The purpose of this paper is to introduce a promising, novel method to aid in the assessment of bone quality in forensically relevant skeletal…
علاج الرباط ينشأ مع مصل مكيفة مكيفة: نموذج هندسة الأنسجة الانتقالية
In vitro experiments are essential to understand biological mechanisms; however, the gap between monolayer tissue culture and human physiology is…

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