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第17章

营养与消化

什么是单胃消化?
The human body contains a monogastric digestive system. In a monogastric digestive system, the stomach only contains one chamber in which it digests…
肠道解剖
Although digestion of proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids may begin in the stomach, it is completed in the intestine. The absorption of nutrients,…
附属器官
Accessory organs are those that participate in the digestion of food but do not come into direct contact with it like the mouth, stomach, or…
脂质消化
Lipids are large molecules that are generally not water-soluble. Since most of the digestive enzymes in the human body are water-based, there are…
蛋白质消化
Protein digestion begins in the stomach, where the highly acidic environment can easily disrupt protein structure by exposing the peptide bonds of…
碳水化合物消化
Carbohydrate digestion and metabolism break down simple and complex carbohydrates from food into saccharides (i.e., sugars) for the body to use as…
神经调节
Digestion begins with a cephalic phase that prepares the digestive system to receive food. When our brain processes visual or olfactory information…
激素调节
Hormones regulate a significant portion of digestion through activation of the neuroendocrine system. The neuroendocrine system of digestion contains…
测量口腔脂肪酸阈值,感知脂肪,脂肪食物喜欢的,和乳头密度的人类
Emerging evidence from a number of laboratories indicates that humans have the ability to identify fatty acids in the oral cavity, presumably via…
扫描骨骼遗骸的骨骼矿物密度在法医学背景下
The purpose of this paper is to introduce a promising, novel method to aid in the assessment of bone quality in forensically relevant skeletal…
用运动调节血清治疗韧带结构:转化组织工程模型
In vitro experiments are essential to understand biological mechanisms; however, the gap between monolayer tissue culture and human physiology is…

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