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Chapter 19

Duyu Sistemleri

Duyu Sistemi Nedir?
Sensory systems detect stimuli—such as light and sound waves—and transduce them into neural signals that can be interpreted by the…
Dil ve Tat Tomurcukları
The surface of the tongue is covered with various small bumps called papillae, which either distribute what has been ingested (filiform papillae) or…
Tat Alma
Gustation is a chemical sense that, along with olfaction (smell), contributes to our perception of taste. It starts with the activation of receptors…
Koku Alma
The sense of smell is achieved through the activities of the olfactory system. It starts when an airborne odorant enters the nasal cavity and reaches…
İşitme
When we hear a sound, our nervous system is detecting sound waves—pressure waves of mechanical energy traveling through a medium. The frequency…
Saç hücreleri
Hair cells are the sensory receptors of the auditory system—they transduce mechanical sound waves into electrical energy that the nervous…
Koklea
The cochlea is a coiled structure in the inner ear that contains hair cells—the sensory receptors of the auditory system. Sound waves are…
Vestibüler Sistem
The vestibular system is a set of inner ear structures that provide a sense of balance and spatial orientation. This system is comprised of…
Retina
The retina is a layer of nervous tissue at the back of the eye that transduces light into neural signals. This process, called phototransduction, is…
Görme
Vision is the result of light being detected and transduced into neural signals by the retina of the eye. This information is then further analyzed…
Tensel (Somatik) Duyular
The somatosensory system relays sensory information from the skin, mucous membranes, limbs, and joints. Somatosensation is more familiarly known as…
Sıcaklık Algılama (Thermosensation)
Peripheral thermosensation is the perception of external temperature. A change in temperature (on the surface of the skin and other tissues) is…
Tatlandırıcı Kodlamanın Yeni Yöntemleri
The sense of taste allows animals to detect chemicals in the environment, giving rise to behaviors critical for survival. When Gustatory Receptor…
Görsel Adaptasyon görselleştirme
Many techniques have been developed to visualize how an image would appear to an individual with a different visual sensitivity: e.g., because of…
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