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Osmoregülasyon ve Boşaltım Nedir?
Organisms must keep bodily fluids at a constant temperature and pH while maintaining specific solute concentrations in order to support life…
Böbrek Yapısı
The kidneys are two large bean-shaped organs located in the upper abdomen. They filter the blood several times a day to remove toxins and rebalance…
Filtreleme
The function of the kidneys is to filter, reabsorb, secrete, and excrete. Every day the kidneys filter nearly 180 liters of blood, initially removing…
Üre Döngüsü
The urea cycle describes how liver cells convert ammonia to urea. Ammonia is a toxic waste product of protein catabolism. Land animals must convert…
Hormonal Düzenleme
The renin-aldosterone system is an endocrine system which guides the renal absorption of water and electrolytes, thus managing blood pressure and…
Karşılaştırmalı Boşaltım Sistemleri
Animals have evolved different strategies for excretion, the removal of waste from the body. Most waste must be dissolved in water to be excreted, so…
Balıklarda Ozmoregülasyon
When cells are placed in a hypotonic (low-salt) fluid, they can swell and burst. Meanwhile, cells in a hypertonic solution—with a higher salt…
Böceklerde Ozmoregülasyon
Malpighian tubules are specialized structures found in the digestive systems of many arthropods, including most insects, that handle excretion and…
Fizyoloji Laboratuvarı Gösteri: Bir Sıçan Glomerüler Filtrasyon Hızı
Measurements of glomerular filtration rate (GFR), and the fractional excretion of sodium (Na) and potassium (K) are critical in assessing renal…
Klinik Uygulamalar İçin İnsan İdrarında 3-Nitrotirosinin Minyatür Katı Faz Çıkarma ve LC-MS / MS Algılamasının Entegrasyonu
Free 3-nitrotyrosine (3-NT) has been extensively used as a possible biomarker for oxidative stress. Increased levels of 3-NT have been reported in a…

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