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פרק 28
מהן אוכלוסיות וקהילות?
Populations are groups of individuals of the same species that inhabit a shared environment. Communities include multiple co-existing, interacting…
התפלגות ופיזור
To understand intra-specific interactions in populations, scientists measure the spatial arrangement of species individuals. This geographic…
היסטוריות החיים
Constrained by limited energy and resources, organisms must compromise between offspring quantity and parental investment. This trade-off is…
תקציבי אנרגיה
Organisms must balance energy intake with the energy required for growth, maintenance and reproduction. These trade-offs result in a variety of…
ריבוי טבעי
Population size is dynamic, increasing with birth rates and immigration, and decreasing with death rates and emigration. In ideal conditions with…
נישות אקולוגיות
All organisms have a position within an ecosystem. The complete set of living and nonliving factors—including food resources, climate, and…
סוקצסיה אקולוגית
Ecological succession is influenced by the processes of facilitation, inhibition, and toleration. Facilitation occurs when early successional species…
זני אבן מפתח
Measures of species biodiversity, such as richness (i.e., the number of species present) and evenness (i.e., their relative abundance), describe an…
סימביוזה
Symbiotic relationships are long-term, close interactions between individuals of different species that affect the distribution and abundance of…
תחרות
When organisms require the same limited resources within an environment, they may have to compete for them. Competition is a net-negative…
אינטראקציות טורף-נטרף
Predators consume prey for energy. Predators that acquire prey and prey that avoid predation both increase their chances of survival and reproduction…
הפרעה אקולוגית
An ecological disturbance is a temporary disruption in the environment resulting from abiotic, biotic, or anthropogenic factors, causing a pronounced…
פרוטוקול ניסוי להטרוגניות קרקע מושרה צמח מניפולציה
Coexistence theory has often treated environmental heterogeneity as being independent of the community composition; however biotic feedbacks such as…
העצרת ומעקב אחר פיתוח הקהילה מיקרוביאלית בתוך פלטפורמת מערך Microell
The development of microbial communities depends on a combination of complex deterministic and stochastic factors that can dramatically alter the…
אמפירית, Metagenomic, שיטות חישוביות להאיר את מנגנוני הבריאות דבורה איזה פשרה קוטלי פטריות
Growers often use fungicide sprays during bloom to protect crops against disease, which exposes bees to fungicide residues. Although considered…

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