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Bone Marrow: The soft tissue filling the cavities of bones. Bone marrow exists in two types, yellow and red. Yellow marrow is found in the large cavities of large bones and consists mostly of fat cells and a few primitive blood cells. Red marrow is a hematopoietic tissue and is the site of production of erythrocytes and granular leukocytes. Bone marrow is made up of a framework of connective tissue containing branching fibers with the frame being filled with marrow cells.

Bone Structure

JoVE 10864

Within the skeletal system, the structure of a bone, or osseous tissue, can be exemplified in a long bone, like the femur, where there are two types of osseous tissue: cortical and cancellous.

Covering the cortical, or compact bone, is a membrane called the periosteum, which contains connective tissue, capillaries, and nerves. The outer, solid layer—found along the diaphysis, the shaft—forms a dense protective shell around the medullary canal—the cavity that stores yellow bone marrow, composed primarily of fat cells. This space is also covered in a thin lining—the endosteum in which bone growth, remodeling, and repair occur. Within the dense layer of cortical bone are osteons—structural units, arranged in concentric rings called lamellae, that contain osteoblasts—cells critical for bone formation and growth. These cells eventually mature into osteocytes in the hollow space, the lacuna. Through the center of each osteon runs the Haversian canal, which contains more blood and lymphatic vessels, as well as nerve fibers. Towards the rounded ends of the long bone, the epiphyses is the second type of osseous tissue, known as the cancellous, or spongy, bone. This inner layer is composed of a honeycomb-like network of trabeculae—grouped arrangements that form along the lines of stress points to maximize strengt

 Core: Biology

Comprehensive Protocol to Sample and Process Bone Marrow for Measuring Measurable Residual Disease and Leukemic Stem Cells in Acute Myeloid Leukemia

1Department of Hematology, VU University Medical Center, 2Pediatric Oncology/Hematology, VU University Medical Center, 3Janssen Research & Development, LLC, 4Princess Máxima Center for Pediatric Oncology

JoVE 56386

 Cancer Research

Database-guided Flow-cytometry for Evaluation of Bone Marrow Myeloid Cell Maturation

1Department of Hematology, University Hospital of Saint-Etienne, 2Department of Immunology, University Hospital of Grenoble-Alpes, 3Department Hematology, University Hospital of Clermont-Ferrand, 4Department of Immunology, University Hospital of Nice, 5Department of Biopathology, Institute Paoli-Calmettes, 6Department of Hematology, University Hospital of Lille

JoVE 57867

 Medicine

Bone Marrow Transplantation Platform to Investigate the Role of Dendritic Cells in Graft-versus-Host Disease

1Cancer Division, Burnett School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Central Florida, 2Department of Biochemistry, Hanoi University of Pharmacy, 3Center for Cardiovascular Regeneration, Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, Houston Methodist Research Institute, 4Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, 5Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Hillman Cancer Center

JoVE 60083

 Immunology and Infection

An In Vivo Mouse Model to Measure Naïve CD4 T Cell Activation, Proliferation and Th1 Differentiation Induced by Bone Marrow-derived Dendritic Cells

1LamImSys Lab, Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares Carlos III (CNIC), 2LamImSys Lab, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Hospital 12 de Octubre (imas12), 3CIBER de Enfermedades Cardiovasculares

JoVE 58118

 Immunology and Infection
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