इमेजिंग Neuronal प्रतिक्रियाएँ vomeronasal अंग के स्लाइस की तैयारी में एक आनुवंशिक एन्कोडेड कैल्शियम सेंसर व्यक्त


Your institution must subscribe to JoVE's Neuroscience section to access this content.

Fill out the form below to receive a free trial or learn more about access:


Cite this Article

Copy Citation | Download Citations

Ma, L., Haga-Yamanaka, S., Yu, Q. E., Qiu, Q., Kim, S., Yu, C. R. Imaging Neuronal Responses in Slice Preparations of Vomeronasal Organ Expressing a Genetically Encoded Calcium Sensor. J. Vis. Exp. (58), e3404, doi:10.3791/3404 (2011).

Please note that all translations are automatically generated.

Click here for the english version. For other languages click here.



  1. Birch, M. C. Pheromones. North-Holland Pub. Co. & American Elsevier Pub. Co. (1974).
  2. Wyatt, T. D. Pheromones and animal behaviour : communication by smell and taste. Cambridge University Press. (2003).
  3. Papes, F., Logan, D. W., Stowers, L. The vomeronasal organ mediates interspecies defensive behaviors through detection of protein pheromone homologs. Cell. 141, 692-703 (2010).
  4. Leinders-Zufall, T. Ultrasensitive pheromone detection by mammalian vomeronasal neurons. Nature. 405, 792-796 (2000).
  5. Dulac, C., Axel, R. A novel family of genes encoding putative pheromone receptors in mammals. Cell. 83, 195-206 (1995).
  6. Herrada, G., Dulac, C. A novel family of putative pheromone receptors in mammals with a topographically organized and sexually dimorphic distribution. Cell. 90, 763-773 (1997).
  7. Matsunami, H., Buck, L. B. A multigene family encoding a diverse array of putative pheromone receptors in mammals. Cell. 90, 775-784 (1997).
  8. Ryba, N. J., Tirindelli, R. A new multigene family of putative pheromone receptors. Neuron. 19, 371-379 (1997).
  9. Pantages, E., Dulac, C. A novel family of candidate pheromone receptors in mammals. Neuron. 28, 835-845 (2000).
  10. Zhang, X., Rodriguez, I., Mombaerts, P., Firestein, S. Odorant and vomeronasal receptor genes in two mouse genome assemblies. Genomics. 83, 802-811 (2004).
  11. Liberles, S. D. Formyl peptide receptors are candidate chemosensory receptors in the vomeronasal organ. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106, 9842-9847 (2009).
  12. Riviere, S., Challet, L., Fluegge, D., Spehr, M., Rodriguez, I. Formyl peptide receptor-like proteins are a novel family of vomeronasal chemosensors. Nature. 459, 574-577 (2009).
  13. Yang, H., Shi, P., Zhang, Y. P., Zhang, J. Composition and evolution of the V2r vomeronasal receptor gene repertoire in mice and rats. Genomics. 86, 306-315 (2005).
  14. Rodriguez, I., Punta, D. el, Rothman, K., Ishii, A., T,, Mombaerts, P. Multiple new and isolated families within the mouse superfamily of V1r vomeronasal receptors. Nat. Neurosci. 5, 134-140 (2002).
  15. He, J., Ma, L., Kim, S., Nakai, J., Yu, C. R. Encoding gender and individual information in the mouse vomeronasal organ. Science. 320, 535-538 (2008).
  16. Holy, T. E., Dulac, C., Meister, M. Responses of vomeronasal neurons to natural stimuli. Science. 289, 1569-1572 (2000).
  17. Chamero, P. Identification of protein pheromones that promote aggressive behaviour. Nature. 450, 899-902 (2007).
  18. Leinders-Zufall, T., Ishii, T., Mombaerts, P., Zufall, F., Boehm, T. Structural requirements for the activation of vomeronasal sensory neurons by MHC peptides. Nat. Neurosci. 12, 1551-1558 (2009).
  19. Kimoto, H., Haga, S., Sato, K., Touhara, K. Sex-specific peptides from exocrine glands stimulate mouse vomeronasal sensory neurons. Nature. 437, 898-901 (2005).
  20. Holekamp, T. F., Turaga, D., Holy, T. E. Fast three-dimensional fluorescence imaging of activity in neural populations by objective-coupled planar illumination microscopy. Neuron. 57, 661-672 (2008).
  21. Leinders-Zufall, T. MHC class I peptides as chemosensory signals in the vomeronasal organ. Science. 306, 1033-1037 (2004).
  22. He, J. Distinct signals conveyed by pheromone concentrations to the mouse vomeronasal organ. J. Neurosci. 30, 7473-7483 (2010).
  23. Haga, S. The male mouse pheromone ESP1 enhances female sexual receptive behaviour through a specific vomeronasal receptor. Nature. 466, 118-122 (2010).
  24. Boschat, C. Pheromone detection mediated by a V1r vomeronasal receptor. Nat. Neurosci. 5, 1261-1262 (2002).
  25. Hendel, T. Fluorescence changes of genetic calcium indicators and OGB-1 correlated with neural activity and calcium in vivo and in. 28, 7399-7411 (2008).
  26. Pologruto, T. A., Yasuda, R., Svoboda, K. Monitoring neural activity and [Ca2+] with genetically encoded Ca2+ indicators. J. Neurosci. 24, 9572-9579 (2004).
  27. Jayaraman, V., Laurent, G. Evaluating a genetically encoded optical sensor of neural activity using electrophysiology in intact adult fruit flies. Front Neural Circuits. 1, (3), (2007).
  28. Tian, L. Imaging neural activity in worms, flies and mice with improved GCaMP calcium indicators. Nat. Methods. 6, 875-881 (2009).



  1. Dear Minghong,
    How is it possible to see your video?

    Posted by: Patricia D.
    January 14, 2014 - 5:20 AM
  2. Dear Minghong,
    How is it possible to see your video?

    Posted by: Patricia D.
    January 14, 2014 - 5:35 AM
  3. please email cry@stowers.org for a copy.

    Posted by: Limei M.
    January 14, 2014 - 12:00 PM

Post a Question / Comment / Request

You must be signed in to post a comment. Please or create an account.

Usage Statistics