Toxoplasmosis is a world-wide infection caused by Toxoplasma gondii. Oocysts disseminated in the environment by infected cats provide a major source of infection for humans and intermediate hosts. The level of soil contamination and the dynamics of this contamination are mostly unknown due to the lack of sensitivity of detection method. Our aim was to improve the detection of T. gondii oocysts in soil samples by comparing three extraction protocols (A, B and C) on unsporulated and sporulated oocysts of different strains and ages, and by testing the effect of sporulation and soil characteristics on oocyst recovery using the most efficient method. The oocyst recovery obtained using protocol C, in which the flotation solution was placed under the sample solution after the dispersion step, was at least ten-fold higher than protocols A and B, in which the sample was just filtered before flotation. The efficiency of protocol C, tested on five artificial soil matrices and four natural soils inoculated with oocysts, was lowest in soils with high proportions of sand. We recommend the protocol C for field investigations, and we advise that results should be interpreted with caution, considering the effect of soil characteristics, especially sand content, on oocyst recovery.
Related JoVE Video
Journal of Visualized Experiments
What is Visualize?
JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.
How does it work?
We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.
Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...
In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.