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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Hepatic resection for hepatocellular carcinoma in super-elderly patients aged 80 years and older in the first decade of the 21st century.
Surg. Today
PUBLISHED: 08-13-2014
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We evaluated the preoperative and postoperative characteristics and prognosis of super-elderly patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).
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Changes in Laboratory Test Results and Diagnostic Imaging Presentation before the Detection of Occupational Cholangiocarcinoma.
J Occup Health
PUBLISHED: 06-21-2014
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A cholangiocarcinoma outbreak among workers of an offset color proof-printing department in a printing company was recently reported. It is important to understand the clinical course leading to occupational cholangiocarcinoma development for investigation of the carcinogenesis process and for surveillance and early detection. We evaluated the changes in laboratory test results and diagnostic imaging presentation before the detection of cholangiocarcinoma.
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Doppler ultrasound findings correlate with tissue vascularity and inflammation in surgical pathology specimens from patients with small intestinal Crohn's disease.
BMC Res Notes
PUBLISHED: 05-26-2014
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Crohn's disease (CD) is routinely evaluated using clinical symptoms, laboratory variables, and the CD activity index (CDAI). However, clinical parameters are often nonspecific and do not precisely reflect the actual activity of CD small-intestinal lesions. The purposes of this prospective study were to compare color Doppler ultrasound (US) findings with histological findings from surgically resected specimens and confirm the hypothesis that color Doppler US can distinguish tissue inflammation and fibrosis.
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Optimizing the selection of low rectal cancer patients for intersphincteric resection by evaluating vertical invasion to the levator and external sphincter.
Colorectal Dis
PUBLISHED: 04-19-2014
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The indications for intersphincteric (ISR) anterior resection are not clearly defined. The aim of this study was to evaluate vertical extension of T2 or T3 low rectal cancer treated by rectal amputation to optimize patient selection for ISR.
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Late-onset bile leakage after hepatic resection.
Surgery
PUBLISHED: 01-17-2014
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Postoperative bile leakage can be a serious complication after hepatic resection. Few studies have analyzed patients according to the time of onset of bile leakage. We analyzed differences between patients with early- and late-onset bile leakage after hepatic resection and assessed clinical characteristics and outcomes in patients with late-onset leakage.
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Case series of 17 patients with cholangiocarcinoma among young adult workers of a printing company in Japan.
J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Sci
PUBLISHED: 01-13-2014
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An outbreak of cholangiocarcinoma occurred among workers in the offset color proof-printing department at a printing company in Japan. The aim of this study was to clarify the characteristics of the patients with cholangiocarcinoma.
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Perivascular epithelioid cell tumor of the rectum: report of a case and review of the literature.
World J Surg Oncol
PUBLISHED: 01-13-2014
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We report a case of perivascular epithelioid cell tumor arising in the rectum of a 55-year-old woman. The tumor was treated by transanal endoscopic microsurgery. After 1 year follow-up, the patient is alive with no radiologic or endoscopic evidence of recurrence. Perivascular epithelioid cell tumor is a rare mesenchymal tumor characterized by co-expression of melanocytic and smooth muscle markers. This rare tumor can arise in various organs, including the falciform ligament, uterus, uterine cervix, liver, kidney, lung, breast, cardiac septum, pancreas, prostate, thigh, and gastrointestinal tract. Perivascular epithelioid cell tumor of the gastrointestinal tract is very rare, with only 23 previously reported cases. We review the literature on perivascular epithelioid cell tumors arising in the gastrointestinal tract.
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Tumor-suppressive function of protein-tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor type 23 in testicular germ cell tumors is lost upon overexpression of miR142-3p microRNA.
J. Biol. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 07-10-2013
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Protein-tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor type 23 (PTPN23) is a candidate tumor suppressor involved in the tumorigenesis of various organs. However, its physiological role(s) and detailed expression profile(s) have not yet been elucidated. We investigated the function and regulation of PTPN23 in the formation of testicular germ cell tumors (TGCTs). Expression of PTPN23 in human TGCT cell lines was significantly lower than that in spermatogonial stem cells in mice. Overexpression of PTPN23 in NEC8, a human TGCT cell line, suppressed soft agar colony formation in vitro and tumor formation in nude mice in vivo. These data indicate that PTPN23 functions as a tumor suppressor in TGCTs. Multiple computational algorithms predicted that the 3 UTR of human PTPN23 is a target for miR-142-3p. A luciferase reporter assay confirmed that miR-142-3p bound directly to the 3 UTR of PTPN23. Introduction of pre-miR-142 in the PTPN23 transfectant of NEC8 led to suppressed expression of PTPN23 and increased soft agar colony formation. Quantitative RT-PCR data revealed a significantly higher expression of miR-142-3p in human seminomas compared with normal testes. No difference in mRNA expression between seminoma and non-seminoma samples was detected by in situ hybridization. Both quantitative RT-PCR and immunohistochemical analyses revealed that PTPN23 expression was significantly lower in TGCTs than in normal testicular tissues. Finally, a lack of PTPN23 protein expression in human TGCTs correlated with a relatively higher miR-142-3p expression. These data suggest that PTPN23 is a tumor suppressor and that repression of PTPN23 expression by miR-142-3p plays an important role in the pathogenesis of TGCTs.
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Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography findings using a perflubutane-based contrast agent in patients with early hepatocellular carcinoma.
Eur J Radiol
PUBLISHED: 06-20-2013
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We evaluated the contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (US) imaging features of early hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) and compared these findings with those obtained using contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT).
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Elevated microsatellite alterations at selected tetra-nucleotide (EMAST) in non-small cell lung cancers--a potential determinant of susceptibility to multiple malignancies.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol
PUBLISHED: 02-15-2013
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The present study evaluated the potential clinicopathologic significance of elevated microsatellite alteration at selected tetra-nucleotide (EMAST) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Sixty-five NSCLCs (19 squamous cell carcinomas, 39 adenocarcinomas, one adenosquamous cell carcinoma, and 6 large cell carcinomas) were examined for EMAST in the ten selected tetra-nucleotide markers. Traditional microsatellite instability (MSI) in the five mono- or di-nucleotide markers of the Bethesda panel was also examined, and compared with EMAST. The incidence of EMAST was higher than that of traditional MSI, as 64.6% (42/65) and 12.3% (8/65) tumors respectively exhibited EMAST and traditional MSI in at least one marker. EMAST and traditional MSI appear to occur independently, as no significant association in their incidence was found (Fishers exact test, P = 0.146). Subjects who exhibited EMAST in two or more markers had a significantly higher incidence of history of other malignant neoplasms (42.9% [9/21]), compared to those with less than two markers (16.3% [7/43] (Chi-square test, P = 0.021)). Taken together, impairment of molecular machinery for maintaining stable replication of the tetra-nucleotide-repeating regions, which would differ from machinery for mono- or di-nucleotide-repeating regions, may elevate susceptibility to NSCLCs and certain neoplastic diseases. Elucidation of the potential molecular mechanism of EMAST is expected to lead to a discovery of a novel genetic background determining susceptibility to NSCLC and other multiple neoplasms. This is the first report describing a clinicopathologic significance of EMAST in NSCLC.
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Unique mutation, accelerated mTOR signaling and angiogenesis in the pulmonary cysts of Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome.
Pathol. Int.
PUBLISHED: 01-18-2013
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Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome (BHD) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by fibrofolliculomas, renal tumors and pulmonary cysts with repeated pneumothorax. This disorder is caused by mutations in the gene that encodes folliculin (FLCN). FLCN is known to be involved in the signaling of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR). We investigated the lung of a BHD patient who presented with a unique mutation. A 33-year-old woman visited our hospital due to repeated pneumothorax. Histopathologic study of the resected lung demonstrated multiple epithelial cysts. An increase of blood vessels was observed in the vicinity of subpleural cysts. Genomic DNA analysis revealed heterozygous mutation at the 3 end of intron 5 of the FLCN gene. Total mRNA and protein were extracted from the resected lung tissue. RT-PCR and sequence analysis demonstrated the production of exon 6-skipped FLCN mRNA. In Western blotting, the band intensities of phospho-mTOR, phospho-S6, phospho-Akt, hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1? and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were increased in the BHD lung compared with normal lungs. Histopathologic analysis demonstrated strong immunostainings of mTOR signaling molecules in cyst-lining cells. Collective data indicates that dysregulation of mTOR signaling facilitates S6-mediated protein synthesis and HIF-1?-mediated angiogenesis, which may contribute to the development of pulmonary cysts in this disorder.
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Antithrombotic drugs are risk factors for delayed postoperative bleeding after endoscopic submucosal dissection for gastric neoplasms.
Gastrointest. Endosc.
PUBLISHED: 01-08-2013
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The discontinuation of antithrombotic drugs is recommended during endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for gastric neoplasms; however, controversy remains as to whether antithrombotic drugs are risk factors for postoperative bleeding.
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Severe obliterative bronchitis associated with Stevens-Johnson syndrome.
Intern. Med.
PUBLISHED: 11-15-2011
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We report a case of Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) in which the patient had been diagnosed with severe obliterative bronchitis. A 29-year-old woman was admitted with a high fever and a widespread vesicular rash. She was diagnosed with SJS and betamethasone administration was started. After one month, her vesicular skin rash improved; however, she developed respiratory failure and was assisted with mechanical ventilation. Computed tomography of the chest demonstrated a hyperlucent lung with narrowing of the peripheral vessels. Bronchoscopy revealed an occlusion of the bronchus when the patient exhaled. The flow-volume curve revealed a severe obstructive pattern. The patient was diagnosed with obliterative bronchitis following SJS. She was treated with a bronchodilator and steroids, but could not breathe adequately without the ventilator. During the following year, her PaCO(2) increased to 100 torr and her heart function also continued to worsen. Despite intensive treatment, she died one year and seven months after the onset of SJS. In SJS and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) patients, chronic pulmonary complications are rare, but there is no effective therapy for obliterative bronchitis following SJS/TEN. Therefore, early awareness of this condition is needed and lung transplantation must be considered at an early stage of this disease.
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[Two cases of juvenile-onset and adult-onset recurrent respiratory papillomatosis].
Nihon Kokyuki Gakkai Zasshi
PUBLISHED: 11-12-2011
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We recently experienced one each of 2 types of recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP). Case 1 (juvenile-onset type): A 30-year-old woman presenting with bloody sputum and large tumors with cavities on her chest Xray film, was referred to our hospital. She had been diagnosed with laryngeal papillomatosis when she was three years old. According to our bronchoscopical examination biopsy, she was diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma of the lung in addition to papillomatosis of the trachea and bronchus. Although chemotherapy was performed, she died 2 years after the diagnosis of lung cancer without any distinct treatment efficacy. Case 2 (adult-onset type): A 43 year-old woman presenting with fever and dry cough visited our hospital. Chest CT revealed that there was narrowing of bilateral main bronchi and hilar lymphadenopathy. Bronchoscopic examination revealed diffuse papilloma distributed extensively from the trachea to bilateral main bronchi. However, she recovered spontaneously in 6 months and has remained stable without recurrence. Both cases were diagnosed with RRP based on the separation of HPV in case 1 and pathological findings of koilocytosis in case 2. Case 1 was complicated with squamous cell carcinoma of the lung in the clinical course, presumably due to occurrence of malignant conversion of papillomatosis. Since RRP is a rare but refractory disease, novel effective treatment is necessary.
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Risk assessment chart for curability of early gastric cancer with endoscopic submucosal dissection.
Gastrointest. Endosc.
PUBLISHED: 04-18-2011
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Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) was introduced worldwide as a new treatment option for early gastric cancer, but curability prediction has not been evaluated on an individual basis.
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Disrupted balance of angiogenic and antiangiogenic signalings in preeclampsia.
J Pregnancy
PUBLISHED: 01-12-2011
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The placenta plays a central role in governing local circulatory system that mediates maternal condition and fetal growth. In early gestational phases, the placenta exerts properties of invasion and neovascularization for successful placentation. Extravillous invasive trophoblasts replace uterine endometrial vasculature and establish local blood pathway to obtain oxygen and nutrients from the mother. In later phases, the placenta promotes villous angiogenesis and vascular maturation that are finely controlled by angiogenic and antiangiogenic molecules. Among various molecules involved in placental neovascularization, vascular endothelial growth factor receptors (VEGFRs) and angiotensin II receptor type 1 (AT1) mediate important signaling pathways for maternal circulatory system and fetal growth. VEGFR1 and VEGFR2 are functional receptors for placental growth factor (PlGF) and VEGF, respectively, and PlGF-VEGFR1 and VEGF-VEGFR2 interactions are disturbed in many preeclamptic patients by excess amount of soluble form of VEGFR1 (also named sFlt1), a natural PlGF/VEGF antagonist. Recent studies have disclosed that excessive sFlt1 production in the placenta and aberrant AT1 signaling in the mother are closely associated with the pathology of preeclampsia and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). In this paper, neovascularization of the placenta and pathological events associated with disrupted balance between angiogenic and antiangiogenic signaling in preeclampsia are discussed.
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Lymphohistiocytoid mesothelioma of the pleura.
Pathol. Int.
PUBLISHED: 07-13-2010
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Lymphohistiocytoid mesothelioma (LHM), reported to be a rare variant of sarcomatoid mesothelioma, is challenging to differentiate from non-Hodgkins lymphoma due to marked lymphocytic infiltration. To aid accurate recognition of LHM, we examined immunohistochemical, in situ hybridization (ISH) of Epstein-Barr virus RNA (EBER-1) mRNA, fluorescence ISH (FISH) for homozygous deletion of 9p21, and asbestos analysis in four cases (three men and 1 woman). Three patients died, while Case 4 was still alive 19 months after extrapleural pneumonectomy. Histologically, these cases were characterized by heavy lymphocytic infiltration. All neoplastic cells were positive for calretinin, AE1/AE3, and epithelial membrane antigen, but negative for CEA. EBER1 factor was negative. FISH analysis demonstrated homozygous deletion of the 9p21 locus in three of the four cases. In Case 1: (i) autopsy findings showed mesothelioma primarily located in the right parietal pleura, but metastasized into the left lung and abdominal organs; (ii) the histological findings at autopsy indicated sarcomatoid mesothelioma; and (iii) we found asbestos bodies and fibers in extracts from lung tissue (Cases 1 & 4) using digestion with bleaching fluid. LHM, an infrequent variant of sarcomatoid mesothelioma, displayed homozygous deletion of the 9p21 locus (three of four cases), and has a relatively favorable prognosis for the sarcomatoid type.
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Radiofrequency ablation of the liver: extended effect of transcatheter arterial embolization with iodized oil and gelatin sponge on histopathologic changes during follow-up in a pig model.
J Vasc Interv Radiol
PUBLISHED: 05-20-2010
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To assess the extended effects of transcatheter arterial embolization with iodized oil and gelatin sponge on liver histopathologic changes in radiofrequency (RF)-ablated zones and the surrounding liver parenchyma in a pig model.
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Superficial adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction: long-term results of endoscopic submucosal dissection.
Gastrointest. Endosc.
PUBLISHED: 03-31-2010
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Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) was recently introduced as a treatment option for superficial adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (EGJ); however, its long-term clinical outcomes have not been fully evaluated.
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A human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 expression-based approach to neoadjuvant chemotherapy for operable breast cancer.
Jpn. J. Clin. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 03-18-2010
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We investigated the pathological effects of neoadjuvant chemotherapy based on the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 in operable breast cancer.
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Reduced expression of claudin-7 is associated with poor outcome in non-small cell lung cancer.
Oncol Lett
PUBLISHED: 03-02-2010
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Claudin-7 is a tight junction protein that plays an important role in tumorigenesis, tumor invasion and metastasis. We examined the clinical significance of claudin-7 expression in 75 postsurgical non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. Claudin-7 expression was measured immunohistochemically and was found to be high in 25 patients (33.3%) and low in 50 (66.7%). Survival was significantly poorer in patients with claudin-7-low than in those with claudin-7-high NSCLCs (P=0.024). In particular, survival was significantly poorer in patients with claudin-7-low than in those with claudin-7-high squamous cell carcinomas (P=0.011). A reduced expression of claudin-7 was associated with poor outcome in NSCLCs. Claudin-7 may thus be a useful biomarker and a potential therapeutic target in patients with NSCLC.
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The topoisomerase II alpha gene status in primary breast cancer is a predictive marker of the response to anthracycline-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy.
Pathol. Res. Pract.
PUBLISHED: 01-20-2010
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This study aimed at evaluating the usefulness of topoisomerase II alpha (TOP2A) for predicting the effect of anthracycline-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer. The TOP2A status was examined using fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) in 14 pre-chemotherapeutic breast cancer tissues, and was also assessed by immunohistochemistry (IHC) in 14 pairs of pre- and post-chemotherapeutic breast cancer specimens. TOP2A gene aberration by IHC tended to show a correlation with pathological responses but this was not statistically significant (p=0.060). On the other hand, the low TOP2A/CEP17 ratio correlated with good pathological responses (p=0.012). TOP2A overexpression was not significantly associated with response (p=0.580). Our results thus suggest that the TOP2A/CEP17 ratio may be a useful predictor of the effects of anthracycline-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer.
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Hepatocellular carcinoma occurring in a young Crohns disease patient.
Pathol. Int.
PUBLISHED: 07-01-2009
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Reported herein is a case of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) occurring in a 25-year-old Japanese man who was diagnosed with Crohns disease (CD) at 14 years of age; treatment included predonisolone, azathioprine, and infliximab. The tumor was located in right upper lobe and the size was 8 cm in diameter; histology was poorly differentiated HCC with pleomorphic cellular changes. Adjacent normal liver showed no evidence of cirrhosis or viral hepatitis. Until now, only six cases of HCC arising in patients with CD have been reported in the English-language literature. Most of these patients had early onset of CD and HCC: none had cirrhosis or virus hepatitis. Most patients had a long disease history of CD and were being medicated with several immunosuppressive agents. Some factors associated with CD might indirectly or directly be related to the development of HCC in CD patients, although the possibility that these HCC occurred coincidentally in CD patients, including the present patient, cannot be ruled out. Accumulation of cases is necessary to evaluate the relationship between CD and HCC precisely.
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Sebaceous carcinoma of the breast.
Pathol. Int.
PUBLISHED: 03-06-2009
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Sebaceous carcinoma (SC) of the breast is a rare malignant tumor and only nine cases, including the present one, have been reported in the English-language literature. The present report describes a case of mammary SC in a 50-year-old Japanese woman. The tumor was gray-white on cut surface and separate from the skin and the nipple. Microscopically, lobules encircled by a fibrous envelope and cords or small cell nests in the stroma were noted. These two types of structures were composed of dark cells and clear foamy cells. The dark cells had large nuclei and amphophilic cytoplasm. The clear foamy cells had numerous lipid vacuoles, confirmed on immunostaining with anti-adipophilin antibody and electron microscopy. In the lobules the gradual transitions from basal dark cells to central clear foamy cells and comedo-like necrosis were observed. The tumor cells were positive on immunohistochemistry for cytokeratins (CAM5.2, AE1/AE3), Her2/neu and androgen receptor but negative for estrogen and progesterone receptors. This is the first case of an androgen receptor-positive mammary SC to be reported, and therefore contributes to the understanding of the clinicopathological features of SC of the breast.
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[A case of lymphocytic interstitial pneumonia complicated with primary Sjögrens syndrome followed by chest CT scanning for thirteen years].
Nihon Kokyuki Gakkai Zasshi
PUBLISHED: 03-06-2009
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We encountered a rare case of lymphocytic interstitial pneumonia (LIP) complicated with primary Sjögrens syndrome (SjS), followed by chest CT scanning for a long period of time. A 54-year-old man with hemoptysis was admitted to our hospital in December, 2001. A diagnosis of SjS was made based on elevation of anti-SS-B/La antibody titer in serum in combination with diagnosis of keratoconjunctivitis sicca and xerostomia on a Schirmer test and a lip biopsy, respectively. Subsequent histopathological diagnosis by open lung biopsy showed LIP. Chest CT in September, 1995 at previous hospital revealed ground-glassed opacity (GGO), small nodules, thickened bronchovascular bundles and cyst formation in lungs. Chest CT was performed every year until 2008, when remarkable progression from thickened bronchovascular bundles accompanied by nodular opacities to an air-space consolidation in the right lower lobe was observed. Also, appearance of cyst formation in the right middle lobe, nodular lesions and GGO in the left lower lobe were noticed. Although the nodular opacities and GGO improved after an administration of corticosteroid (PSL 0.5 mg/kg/day), little improvement in the consolidations and cyst formation was demonstrated. In conclusion, it was suggested that differences among CT findings of LIP may be important for evaluating of efficacy of treatment by steroid agents for LIP associated with SjS.
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Impacts and predictors of cytotoxic anticancer agents in different breast cancer subtypes.
Oncol. Res.
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Breast cancer is not a single entity. This study therefore aimed to identify differences in the impacts of anticancer agents and predictive factors between different breast cancer subtypes. A total of 234 patients with luminal (n = 109), luminal-HER2 (L-H, n = 29), HER-2 (n = 35), or triple negative (TN, n = 61) breast cancer subtypes were treated with standard neoadjuvant chemotherapy consisting of an anthracycline and/or taxane. Pathological response and prognosis were examined in each subtype. Expression levels of estrogen and progesterone receptors, HER-2, nuclear grade, MIB-1, p53, topoisomerase IIalpha (topoIIalpha), cytokeratin (CK) 5/6, and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) were examined in association with quasipathological complete response (QpCR). QpCR rates were 9.1% (10/109) in luminal, 45% (13/29) in L-H, 37% (13/35) in HER2, and 54.1% (33/61) in TN. Non-QpCR patients showed significantly poorer 3-year disease-free survival than QpCR patients in TN, but not in patients with other subtypes. No factors were associated with QpCR in luminal patients. Patients with higher nuclear grade were more likely to achieve QpCR in L-H. The proliferative markers MIB-1 and topoIlalpha had opposite impacts on pathological response in HER-2 and TN. The QpCR rate was significantly higher in TN lacking CK5/6 and/or EGFR expression, defined as nonbasal subtype, compared with basal subtype (p = 0.049). Cytotoxic anticancer agents were associated with different responses in different breast cancer subtypes. Identifying basal-type cancer and further subdivision of nonbasal types is important for treating TN patients.
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Nutritional risk index as an independent predictive factor for the development of surgical site infection after pancreaticoduodenectomy.
Surg. Today
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Malnutrition has been considered a risk factor for the development of a surgical site infection (SSI). The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between preoperative nutritional screening scores and the development of SSI after pancreaticoduodenectomy.
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Clinical significance of immunohistochemical expression of insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor and matrix metalloproteinase-7 in resected non-small cell lung cancer.
Exp Ther Med
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Insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) and matrix metalloproteinase-7 (MMP-7) have been reported to be related to tumor invasion and metastasis in various malignancies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression levels of IGF-1R and MMP-7 in resected non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and to examine the relationship of such levels to clinical characteristics and survival. Expression was measured immunohistochemically. The percentage of stained cells was multiplied by the staining intensity. The sample was classified as high when the score was equal or higher than the median value or was otherwise considered to be low. High IGF-1R expression was associated with nodal metastasis and recurrence (P=0.034 and 0.006, respectively). High IGF-1R expression was associated with significantly poorer overall survival than low IGF-1R expression (P=0.011). MMP-7 expression did not significantly correlate with any clinicopathological factor. There was a trend toward slightly, but not significantly poorer survival in patients with MMP-7-high tumors than in those with MMP-7-low tumors (P=0.220). There was no significant correlation between IGF-1R expression and MMP-7 expression (P=0.184). Upon multivariate analysis, IGF-1R expression was independently related to the outcomes of patients with NSCLC. Overexpression of IGF-1R may be a useful predictor of lymph node metastasis, recurrence and post-surgical outcomes in patients with NSCLC.
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Long-term outcome of surgical treatment for ampullary carcinoma.
Hepatogastroenterology
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We aimed to clarify the surgical indication and describe the long-term surgical outcome for ampullary carcinoma.
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Expression of angiotensin II receptor-like 1 in the placentas of pregnancy-induced hypertension.
Int. J. Gynecol. Pathol.
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Angiotensin II receptor-like 1 (APJ), a G protein-coupled receptor that was identified as a homologue of angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor, exerts antagonistic effects on AT1-mediated vasoconstriction. Studies on pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) revealed aberrant activation of AT1 downstream signaling. In contrast, little is known about APJ in the pathophysiology of human pregnancy. In this study, we investigated APJ expression in normal human and PIH placentas. mRNAs were extracted from 50 placental villous tissues of 18 cases with severe PIH (8 late-onset, 4 early-onset, and 6 superimposed PIH) and 32 control pregnancies (including 6 preterm cases). Histopathologic studies were conducted using paraffin-embedded placental tissues from 12 control placentas (from 23 to 39 wk) and 23 PIH placentas (from 24 to 41 wk). Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction showed that APJ was cooperatively expressed with its ligand apelin and AT1 in controls and in late-onset PIH placentas but was significantly downregulated in early-onset PIH placentas with poor fetal growth. Quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction analysis revealed upregulated APJ in late-onset PIH placentas but significantly downregulated APJ in early-onset PIH. In immunohistochemical staining, APJ was detected strongly in villous capillary endothelial cells and trophoblasts of late-onset PIH placentas. In contrast, APJ was poorly stained in endothelial cells of hypoplastic villi of early-onset PIH placentas. Collective data indicate that the apelin-APJ system is involved in fetoplacental circulation during human pregnancy. Impaired APJ expression in early-onset PIH placentas may reflect an aggravated placental condition with poor fetal growth.
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Effect of interferon therapy on first and second recurrence after resection of hepatitis C virus-related hepatocellular carcinoma.
Hepatol. Res.
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Aim:? Several investigators have shown that interferon (IFN) therapy can suppress the recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after curative treatment. We investigated the effect of IFN therapy on the first and second HCC recurrence following hepatic resection of hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related HCC. Methods:? Subjects included 166 patients who had undergone curative resection for a single HCV-related HCC. We analyzed the outcome after initial hepatic resection and risk factors of a second HCC recurrence following treatment for the first HCC recurrence. Results:? Using multivariate analysis, a non-sustained virological response (non-SVR) was significantly associated with a high incidence of first HCC recurrence. The rate of second HCC recurrence tended to be higher in the non-SVR group than in the SVR group. In the patients with recurrence of multiple tumors or who received non-curative treatment for recurrent HCC, the second HCC recurrence rates were significantly higher. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that non-curative treatment for first HCC recurrence was an independent risk factor for a second HCC recurrence. Among the patients who received curative treatment for their first HCC recurrence, the rates of second recurrence were significantly higher in the non-SVR group than in the SVR group. Multivariate analysis also revealed that SVR was independently associated with prevention of a second HCC recurrence. Conclusions:? These results suggest that on first HCC recurrence, a curative treatment should be considered in order to prevent a second recurrence if possible. In addition, IFN therapy contributes to improved prognosis after curative treatment, even in patients with recurrent HCC.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.