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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Rational design of a solvatochromic fluorescent uracil analogue with a dual-band ratiometric response based on 3-hydroxychromone.
Chemistry
PUBLISHED: 01-16-2014
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Fluorescent nucleoside analogues with strong and informative responses to their local environment are in urgent need for DNA research. In this work, the design, synthesis and investigation of a new solvatochromic ratiometric fluorophore compiled from 3-hydroxychromones (3HCs) and uracil fragments are reported. 3HC dyes are a class of multi-parametric, environment-sensitive fluorophores providing a ratiometric response due to the presence of two well-resolved bands in their emission spectra. The synthesized conjugate demonstrates not only the preservation but also the improvement of these properties. The absorption and fluorescence spectra are shifted to longer wavelengths together with an increase of brightness. Moreover, the two fluorescence bands are better resolved and provide ratiometric responses across a broader range of solvent polarities. To understand the photophysical properties of this new fluorophore, a series of model compounds were synthesized and comparatively investigated. The obtained data indicate that uracil and 3HC fragments of this derivative are coupled into an electronic conjugated system, which on excitation attains strong charge-transfer character. The developed fluorophore is a prospective label for nucleic acids. Abstract in Ukrainian: .
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New environment-sensitive multichannel DNA fluorescent label for investigation of the protein-DNA interactions.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Here, we report the study of a new multichannel DNA fluorescent base analogue 3-hydroxychromone (3HC) to evaluate its suitability as a fluorescent reporter probe of structural transitions during protein-DNA interactions and its comparison with the current commercially available 2-aminopurine (aPu), pyrrolocytosine (Cpy) and 1,3-diaza-2-oxophenoxazine (tCO). For this purpose, fluorescent base analogues were incorporated into DNA helix on the opposite or on the 5'-side of the damaged nucleoside 5,6-dihydrouridine (DHU), which is specifically recognized and removed by Endonuclease VIII. These fluorophores demonstrated different sensitivities to the DNA helix conformational changes. The highest sensitivity and the most detailed information about the conformational changes of DNA induced by protein binding and processing were obtained using the 3HC probe. The application of this new artificial fluorescent DNA base is a very useful tool for the studies of complex mechanisms of protein-DNA interactions. Using 3HC biosensor, the kinetic mechanism of Endonuclease VIII action was specified.
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8-Modified-2-deoxyadenosine analogues induce delayed polymerization arrest during HIV-1 reverse transcription.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 07-08-2011
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The occurrence of resistant viruses to any of the anti-HIV-1 compounds used in the current therapies against AIDS underlies the urge for the development of new drug targets and/or new drugs acting through novel mechanisms. While all anti-HIV-1 nucleoside analogues in clinical use and in clinical trials rely on ribose modifications for activity, we designed nucleosides with a natural deoxyribose moiety and modifications of position 8 of the adenine base. Such modifications might induce a steric clash with helix ?H in the thumb domain of the p66 subunit of HIV-1 RT at a distance from the catalytic site, causing delayed chain termination. Eleven new 2-deoxyadenosine analogues modified on position 8 of the purine base were synthesized and tested in vitro and in cell-based assays. In this paper we demonstrate for the first time that chemical modifications on position 8 of 2-deoxyadenosine induce delayed chain termination in vitro, and also inhibit DNA synthesis when incorporated in a DNA template strand. Furthermore, one of them had moderate anti-HIV-1 activity in cell-culture. Our results constitute a proof of concept indicating that modification on the base moiety of nucleosides can induce delayed polymerization arrest and inhibit HIV-1 replication.
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5-Modified-2-dU and 2-dC as mutagenic anti HIV-1 proliferation agents: synthesis and activity.
J. Med. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 02-02-2010
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With the goal of limiting HIV-1 proliferation by increasing the mutation rate of the viral genome, we synthesized a series of pyrimidine nucleoside analogues modified in position 5 of the aglycone moiety but unmodified on the sugar part. The synthetic strategies allow us to prepare the targeted compounds directly from commercially available nucleosides. All compounds were tested for their ability to reduce HIV-1 proliferation in cell culture. Two of them (5-hydroxymethyl-2-dU (1c) and 5-hydroxymethyl-2-dC (2c)) displayed a moderate antiviral activity in single passage experiments. The same two compounds plus two additional ones (5-carbamoyl-2-dU (1a) and 5-carbamoylmethyl-2-dU (1b)) were potent inhibitors of HIV-1 RT activity in serial passage assays, in which they induced a progressive loss of HIV-1 replication. In addition, viruses collected after seven passages in the presence of 1c and 2c replicated very poorly after withdrawal of these compounds, consistent with the accumulation of deleterious mutations in the HIV-1 genome.
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Design, synthesis and studies of triphosphate analogues for the production of anti AZT-TP antibodies.
Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 11-03-2009
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Triphosphates anabolites are the active chemical species of nucleosidic reverse transcriptase inhibitors in HIV-therapy. Herein, we describe (i) the design of stable triphosphate analogues of AZT using molecular modelling, (ii) their synthesis and (iii) their use for producing anti AZT-TP antibodies in the aim of developing an immunoassay for therapeutic drug monitoring.
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Ab initio study of the solvent H-bonding effect on ESIPT reaction and electronic transitions of 3-hydroxychromone derivatives.
Phys Chem Chem Phys
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The electronic transitions occurring in 4-(N,N-dimethylamino)-3-hydroxyflavone (DMAF) and 2-furanyl-3-hydroxychromone (FHC) were investigated using the TDDFT method in aprotic and protic solvents. The solvent effect was incorporated into the calculations via the PCM formalism. The H-bonding between solute and protic solvent was taken into account by considering a molecular complex between these molecules. To examine the effect of the H-bond on the ESIPT reaction, the absorption and emission wavelengths as well as the energies of the different states that intervene during these electronic transitions were calculated in acetonitrile, ethanol and methanol. The calculated positions of the absorption and emission wavelengths in various solvents were in excellent agreement with the experimental spectra, validating our approach. We found that in DMAF, the hydrogen bonding with protic solvents makes the ESIPT reaction energetically unfavourable, which explains the absence of the ESIPT tautomer emission in protic solvents. In contrast, the excited tautomer state of FHC remains energetically favourable in both aprotic and protic solvents. Comparing our calculations with the previously reported time-resolved fluorescence data, the ESIPT reaction of DMAF in aprotic solvents is reversible because the emitting states are energetically close, whereas in FHC, ESIPT is irreversible because the tautomer state is below the corresponding normal state. Therefore, the ESIPT reaction in DMAF is controlled by the relative energies of the excited states (thermodynamic control), while in FHC the ESIPT is controlled probably by the energetic barrier (kinetic control).
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A universal nucleoside with strong two-band switchable fluorescence and sensitivity to the environment for investigating DNA interactions.
J. Am. Chem. Soc.
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With the aim of developing a new tool to investigate DNA interactions, a nucleoside analogue incorporating a 3-hydroxychromone (3HC) fluorophore as a nucleobase mimic was synthesized and incorporated into oligonucleotide chains. In comparison with existing fluorescent nucleoside analogues, this dye features exceptional environmental sensitivity switching between two well-resolved fluorescence bands. In labeled DNA, this nucleoside analogue does not alter the duplex conformation and exhibits a high fluorescence quantum yield. This probe is up to 50-fold brighter than 2-aminopurine, the fluorescent nucleoside standard. Moreover, the dual emission is highly sensitive to the polarity of the environment; thus, a strong shielding effect of the flanking bases from water was observed. With this nucleoside, the effect of a viral chaperone protein on DNA base stacking was site-selectively monitored.
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JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.