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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Preventing the voltage drop: keeping practice-based research network (PBRN) practices engaged in studies.
J Am Board Fam Med
PUBLISHED: 01-07-2014
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Practice-based research continues to evolve and has become a major methodology for many pragmatic studies. While early practice-based network projects were usually short term, current studies often introduce or compare practice innovations that require long-term evaluation. That change requires that practice sites remain engaged in research work for up to 5 years, a time that can allow for a significant "voltage drop," or decline in active participation.
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Telephone outreach to increase colon cancer screening in medicaid managed care organizations: a randomized controlled trial.
Ann Fam Med
PUBLISHED: 07-10-2013
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Health Plans are uniquely positioned to deliver outreach to members. We explored whether telephone outreach, delivered by Medicaid managed care organization (MMCO) staff, could increase colorectal cancer (CRC) screening among publicly insured urban women, potentially reducing disparities.
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Barriers to colorectal cancer screening among publicly insured urban women: no knowledge of tests and no clinician recommendation.
J Natl Med Assoc
PUBLISHED: 11-04-2011
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To assess barriers to colorectal cancer screening among urban publicly insured women and to evaluate how barriers among underscreened urban women have changed between 2001 and 2007-2008.
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Matching colonoscopy and pathology data in population-based registries: development of a novel algorithm and the initial experience of the New Hampshire Colonoscopy Registry.
Gastrointest. Endosc.
PUBLISHED: 01-14-2011
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The quality of polyp-level data in a population-based registry depends on the ability to match each polypectomy recorded by the endoscopist to a specific diagnosis on the pathology report.
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Depression care management: can employers purchase improved outcomes?
Depress Res Treat
PUBLISHED: 01-11-2011
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Fourteen vendors are currently selling depression care management products to US employers after randomized trials demonstrate improved work outcomes. The research team interviewed 10 (71.4%) of these vendors to compare their products to four key components of interventions demonstrated to improve work outcomes. Five of 10 depression products incorporate all four key components, three of which are sold by health maintenance organizations (HMOs); however, HMOs did not deliver these components at the recommended intensity and/or duration. Only one product delivered by a disease management company delivered all four components of care at the recommended intensity and duration. This "voltage drop," which we anticipate will increase with product implementation, suggests that every delivery system should carefully evaluate the design of its depression product before implementation for its capacity to deliver evidence-based care, repeating these evaluations as new evidence emerges.
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Practice benefit from participating in a practice-based research network study of postpartum depression: a national research network (NRN) report.
J Am Board Fam Med
PUBLISHED: 07-10-2010
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At the midpoint of a large clinical trial taking place in a practice-based research network (PBRN), we asked leaders of the enrolled practices about the impact of participating in a PBRN study.
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Intraclass correlation estimates for cancer screening outcomes: estimates and applications in the design of group-randomized cancer screening studies.
J. Natl. Cancer Inst. Monographs
PUBLISHED: 04-14-2010
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Screening has become one of our best tools for early detection and prevention of cancer. The group-randomized trial is the most rigorous experimental design for evaluating multilevel interventions. However, identifying the proper sample size for a group-randomized trial requires reliable estimates of intraclass correlation (ICC) for screening outcomes, which are not available to researchers. We present crude and adjusted ICC estimates for cancer screening outcomes for various levels of aggregation (physician, clinic, and county) and provide an example of how these ICC estimates may be used in the design of a future trial.
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Staffing time required to increase cancer-screening rates through telephone support.
J Ambul Care Manage
PUBLISHED: 03-16-2010
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We describe the staff time required by the prevention care manager-tailored telephone support intervention, which significantly increased breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer-screening rates among female patients of Community Health Centers in New York City. For a sample of 38 women whose intervention was timed, prevention care managers spent an average of 99 minutes per woman on the phone and on related follow-up tasks over 18 months, or 248 minutes for each additional cancer-screening test obtained. Potential modifications to decrease the time required include automation of common tasks and the use of administrative data to further tailor outreach calls.
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The influence of smoking, gender, and family history on colorectal adenomas.
J Cancer Epidemiol
PUBLISHED: 01-19-2010
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Evidence independently links smoking, family history, and gender with increased risk of adenomatous polyps. Using data from the New Hampshire Colonoscopy Registry (2004-2006), we examined the relation of combined risk factors with adenoma occurrence in 5,395 individuals undergoing screening colonoscopy. Self-reported data on smoking, family history and other factors were linked to pathology reports identifying adenomatous polyps and modeled with multiple logistic regression. In adjusted models a >15 pack-year smoking history increased the likelihood of an adenoma (OR = 1.54, 95% CI 1.28-1.86), although /=15 pack-years associated with 61% higher odds of adenoma at successively larger size categories (95% CI 1.34-1.93). For individuals with a family history of colorectal cancer, smoking does not further increase the risk of adenomas. Smoking duration is linked to occurrence and size of adenoma, especially for men.
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Improving the quality of colorectal cancer screening: assessment of familial risk.
Dig. Dis. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 01-08-2010
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Accuracy of familial risk assessment by endoscopists in determining colonoscopic screening and surveillance intervals is unknown.
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Concordance of Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) to assess increased risk of depression among postpartum women.
J Am Board Fam Med
PUBLISHED: 09-08-2009
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To compare the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) as screening tools for postpartum depression.
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Practice-based research network studies and institutional review boards: two new issues.
J Am Board Fam Med
PUBLISHED: 07-10-2009
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Practice-based research network (PBRN) study investigators must interface with multiple Institutional Review Boards (IRBs), many of which are unfamiliar with PBRN research.
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Uptake in cancer screening programmes.
Lancet Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 07-04-2009
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For cancer screening programmes to bring about reductions in mortality, a substantial proportion of the population must participate. Programmes with low uptake can be ineffective and can promote inequalities in health-service provision. Strategies to promote uptake are multifaceted, reflecting differences in the cancers targeted, invitees, health-service contexts, and the tests themselves. Accordingly, there is no universal approach. Strategies should accommodate the many factors that can influence uptake and should incorporate the need to promote informed choice. Screening has the potential to cause harm, and there is an ethical imperative to seek out strategies that provide balanced information on cancer screening. Further research is needed to assess newer approaches to promoting uptake, such as IT-based programmes, and to identify strategies that are balanced, self-sustaining, and affordable.
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Impact of workplace sociocultural attributes on participation in health assessments.
J. Occup. Environ. Med.
PUBLISHED: 06-17-2009
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To investigate the impact of sociocultural workplace attributes on participation in employer sponsored health assessments.
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The usefulness and cost of a shorter duration of fasting in workplace screening for glucose intolerance and metabolic syndrome.
Diabetes Res. Clin. Pract.
PUBLISHED: 01-05-2009
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For worksite biometric screening, we shortened traditional fasting instructions to 4h. The positive predictive value (PPV) of elevated capillary glucose test results (> or =100mg/dL) for predicting elevated values obtained on repeat testing after an 8h fast was 57%, which rivals the PPV of an 8h fasting glucose.
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Postpartum Depression: Screening, Diagnosis, and Management Programs 2000 through 2010.
Depress Res Treat
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The value and appropriateness of universal postpartum depression (PPD) screening remains controversial in the United States. To date, several PPD screening programs have been introduced and a few have been evaluated. Among those programs that have been evaluated, most report screening rates, diagnosis rates, or treatment initiation rates. Only four studies included patient outcomes such as the level of depressive symptoms at 6 to 12 months postpartum, and only two reported success in improving outcomes. Program characteristics that appear to result in low rates of diagnosis and followup after PPD screening include requirements for a formal psychiatric evaluation, the need to refer women to another site for therapy, and failure to integrate the PPD screening into the care provided at the womans or her childs medical home. The two programs that reported improved outcomes were both self-contained within primary care and included specific followup, management, and therapy procedures. Both resulted in the need for outside referrals in less than 10% of women diagnosed with postpartum depression. Future studies should be based on the successful programs and their identified facilitators while avoiding identified barriers. To affect policies, the future program must report maternal outcomes going beyond the often reported process outcomes of screening, referral, and therapy initiation rates.
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RESPECT-PTSD: re-engineering systems for the primary care treatment of PTSD, a randomized controlled trial.
J Gen Intern Med
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Although collaborative care is effective for treating depression and other mental disorders in primary care, there have been no randomized trials of collaborative care specifically for patients with Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
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TRIPPD: a practice-based network effectiveness study of postpartum depression screening and management.
Ann Fam Med
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Postpartum depression is common but inadequately recognized and undertreated. Continuing depressive symptoms are associated with adverse outcomes for the woman, her infant, and family. We wanted to determine the effect of a practice-based training program for screening, diagnosis, and management of depression in postpartum mothers.
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State-of-the-art and future directions in multilevel interventions across the cancer control continuum.
J. Natl. Cancer Inst. Monographs
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We conducted literature searches and analyses to describe the current state of multilevel intervention (MLI) research and to identify opportunities to advance cancer control and prevention. We found single-level studies that considered other contextually important levels, and multilevel health-care systems research and community-wide studies. This literature is characterized by limited reporting of theoretical, contextual, temporal, and implementation factors. Most MLIs focus on prevention and screening, rather than diagnosis, treatment, or survivorship. Opportunities relate to 1) dynamic, adaptive emergent interventions and research designs that evolve over time by attending to contextual factors and interactions across levels; 2) analyses that include simulation modeling, or multimethod approaches that integrate quantitative and qualitative methods; and 3) translation and intervention approaches that locally reinvent MLIs in different contexts. MLIs have great potential to reduce cancer burden by using theory and integrating quantitative, qualitative, participatory, and transdisciplinary methods that continually seek alignment across intervention levels, pay attention to context, and adapt over time.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.