JoVE Visualize What is visualize?
Stop Reading. Start Watching.
Advanced Search
Stop Reading. Start Watching.
Regular Search
Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Complete Genome Sequence of Dyella jiangningensis Strain SBZ3-12, Isolated from the Surfaces of Weathered Rock.
Genome Announc
PUBLISHED: 05-17-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Dyella jiangningensis strain SBZ3-12 can weather biotite and release Al and Fe from biotite under nutrient-poor conditions. Here, we report the first complete genome sequence of D. jiangningensis strain SBZ3-12, which may facilitate a better understanding of the molecular mechanism behind mineral weathering.
Related JoVE Video
Characterization of the chicken galanin type I receptor (GalR1) and a novel GalR1-like receptor (GalR1-L).
Gen. Comp. Endocrinol.
PUBLISHED: 01-23-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Galanin is a multi-functional neuropeptide that is widely distributed in the mammalian central nervous system and peripheral tissues. It exerts multiple physiological functions through interaction with 3 known G protein-coupled receptors (GPCR), namely, galanin type I, II and III (GalR1, 2 and 3) receptors, which have only been identified in mammals. In this study, we reported the cloning and characterization of chicken galanin type I receptor (GalR1) and a novel galanin receptor with considerable homology to chicken GalR1, which herein is designated as galanin type I-like receptor (GalR1-L). Chicken GalR1 and GalR1-L full-length cDNAs were cloned from chicken brain and small intestine tissue, respectively. The former encodes a protein of 357 amino acids that shares 84-86% amino acid sequence identities with its mammalian counterparts, whereas the latter encodes a 363-amino acid protein with comparatively lower identities (55-56%) to the mammalian GalR1. Using reverse transcription (RT)-PCR assays, we examined the expression of both receptors in adult chicken tissues. Both receptors were found to be widely distributed in the tissues examined, including brain, small intestine, kidney, ovary, pancreas, pituitary and spleen. Interestingly, cGalR1 expression was detected in different regions of chicken oviduct, while cGalR1-L expression was restricted to the vagina. Using a pGL3-CRE luciferase reporter system, chicken galanin peptide (1-29) was demonstrated to inhibit both basal and forskolin-stimulated luciferase activities, in dose-dependent manners, through the cAMP-mediated signaling pathway in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells expressing either cGalR1 or cGalR1-L, thus suggesting the functional couplings of both receptors to G(i) proteins. Together, the characterization of chicken GalR1 and GalR1-L provides a better understanding of the physiological roles of galanin in avian species.
Related JoVE Video
A novel prolactin-like protein (PRL-L) gene in chickens and zebrafish: cloning and characterization of its tissue expression.
Gen. Comp. Endocrinol.
PUBLISHED: 06-22-2009
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
In this study, a full-length cDNA encoding a prolactin-like protein (PRL-L) was cloned from chicken brain tissues using RT-PCR. This putative PRL-L precursor has 225 amino acids in length and shares 30-35% amino acid sequence identity with prolactin (PRL) of chicken, zebrafish, Xenopus, rat and human. Using RT-PCR, the mRNA expression of PRL-L in chicken tissues was further examined. Unlike the predominant expression of PRL in pituitary, PRL-L was found to be widely expressed in adult chicken extra-pituitary tissues with only minimal expression detected in pituitary. In day-7 chicken embryos, the expression of PRL-L, but not PRL, was also detected in all extra-pituitary tissues examined. In line with this finding, the 5-flanking region of chicken PRL-L (cPRL-L) gene, but not PRL gene, displayed a strong promoter activity in cultured DF-1 cell (a chicken embryo fibroblast cell line), suggesting that the basal expression of PRL-L gene is controlled by a transcriptional regulatory mechanism different from that of PRL gene. As the same findings in chickens, PRL-like protein(s), which share high amino acid sequence (42-86%) identity with chicken PRL-L, was identified in several non-mammalian vertebrate species including zebra finch, tiger puffer, green puffer and zebrafish. RT-PCR assay demonstrated that zebrafish PRL-L, similar to chicken PRL-L, is expressed in extra-pituitary tissues including brain, gill, muscle, ovary and testis. Taken together, these findings strongly suggest that a novel PRL-like protein exists in some non-mammalian vertebrates and may play an important role in target tissues, such as extra-pituitary tissues of chickens and zebrafish.
Related JoVE Video

What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.