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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Relationships between serum resistin and fat intake, serum lipid concentrations and adiposity in the general population.
J. Atheroscler. Thromb.
PUBLISHED: 01-15-2014
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The serum resistin level is associated with the incidence of ischemic heart disease in the general population. We analyzed the associations between serum resistin and fat intake, serum lipid concentrations and adiposity in the general population.
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The Association of Resistin with Coronary Disease in the General Population.
J. Atheroscler. Thromb.
PUBLISHED: 11-06-2013
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Aims: To explore the association between resistin expression and the incidence of ischemic heart disease in the general population. Methods: A follow-up study of 6636 adults recruited randomly from the general population. Results: The serum resistin concentration was higher in women (6.1 ng/mL; CI95%=6.0-6.2) than in men (5.6 ng/mL; CI95%=5.5-5.7). Individuals in the 5th quintile or higher of resistin (RQ5) were younger (P?0.001) and had a lower prevalence of arterial hypertension (P?0.001), abdominal obesity (P?0.001), diabetes (P?0.001) and dyslipidemia (P?0.001). The cardiovascular risk estimated by the Framingham function was also lower in the RQ5 subgroup (P?0.001); however, the prevalence of smoking was higher (P?0.001), as was the prevalence of low HDL cholesterol (P?0.001). After 3.5 years of follow-up, the RQ5 subgroup had a higher incidence of acute myocardial infarction (AMI, RR=1.9; CI95%=1.01-3.54). In the population without diabetes, the RQ5 subgroup had a higher risk of AMI (RR=2.4; CI95%=1.10-5.17), and the risk of AMI was highest in women in this group (4.97; CI95%=1.33-18.57). The risk levels were significant in the Cox models adjusted for age, sex and smoking; and the hazard ratio was 2.5 for AMI (CI95%=1.29-4.70) in the sample of patients matched by sex and smoking status. Conclusions: Resistin may be a risk marker for ischemic heart disease in the general population. The serum resistin concentration is higher in women, and the associated increase in the risk of AMI based on the resistin level is also higher in women than in men.
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Role of the plasma membrane transporter of organic cations OCT1 and its genetic variants in modern liver pharmacology.
Biomed Res Int
PUBLISHED: 04-30-2013
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Changes in the uptake of many drugs by the target cells may dramatically affect the pharmacological response. Thus, downregulation of SLC22A1, which encodes the organic cation transporter type 1 (OCT1), may affect the response of healthy hepatocytes and liver cancer cells to cationic drugs, such as metformin and sorafenib, respectively. Moreover, the overall picture may be modified to a considerable extent by the preexistence or the appearance during the pathogenic process of genetic variants. Some rare OCT1 variants enhance transport activity, whereas other more frequent variants impair protein maturation, plasma membrane targeting or the function of this carrier, hence reducing intracellular active drug concentrations. Here, we review current knowledge of the role of OCT1 in modern liver pharmacology, which includes the use of cationic drugs to treat several diseases, some of them of great clinical relevance such as diabetes and primary liver cancer (cholangiocarcinoma and hepatocellular carcinoma). We conclude that modern pharmacology must consider the individual evaluation of OCT1 expression/function in the healthy liver and in the target tissue, particularly if this is a tumor, in order to predict the lack of response to cationic drugs and to be able to design individualized pharmacological treatments with the highest chances of success.
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Factors associated with knowledge and control of arterial hypertension in the Canary Islands.
Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed)
PUBLISHED: 07-12-2011
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To analyze the factors associated with knowledge and control of hypertension in the adult population of the Canary Islands (18-75 years).
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Hemodynamics and metabolism at low versus moderate altitudes.
High Alt. Med. Biol.
PUBLISHED: 07-02-2011
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Despite the higher prevalence of diabetes and hypertension in populations residing at moderate altitudes, mortality in these populations is lower than in populations residing at low altitudes. To examine whether metabolic and hemodynamic differences can explain this apparent paradox, we performed a cross-sectional study of a general population sample recruited in the Canary Islands, Spain (n=6729). We recorded altitude of residence, age, heart rate, blood pressure, body mass index, social class, physical activity, energy intake, alcohol intake, smoking habit, prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertension. In a subsample (n=903), we recorded serum concentration of cholesterol, triglycerides, glucose, C peptide, leptin, soluble leptin receptor (sObR), C-reactive protein, resistin, soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L), and paraoxonase activity (PON), and we estimated insulin resistance and free leptin index. We found an inverse association between altitude and heart rate (p<0.001), leptin (p<0.001), free leptin index (p<0.001), resistin (p<0.001), and sCD40L (p<0.05) and a direct association between altitude and hypertension (odds ratio=1.29 for altitude >600 m; 95% confidence interval=1.03-1.62), glycemia (p<0.05), C peptide (p<0.001), insulin resistance (p<0.001), sObR (p<0.05), and PON (p<0.05). When social class was included in the multivariate model, the association with PON was no longer significant. In conclusion, individuals residing at moderate altitudes have a lower heart rate and lower serum concentration of total leptin, free leptin, and sCD40L. These differences may partially explain the lower mortality in these populations.
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Autoantibody detection with indirect immunofluorescence on HEp-2 cells: starting serum dilutions for systemic rheumatic diseases.
Immunol. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 04-19-2011
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Antinuclear antibodies (ANA) are determined, among other reasons, to identify samples which need a second test to detect the associated specificities. Our aim was to evaluate the clinical and economic impact generated by using an initial dilution for ANA of 1:160. We analyzed all samples for which ANA, anti-ENA and anti-dsDNA were requested over a 1-year period. ANA were detected by indirect immunofluorescence. Anti-ENA were analyzed with a combination of techniques. Anti-dsDNA were detected by radioimmunoassay. Cost analysis was performed by calculating the difference between two cut-offs (ANA 1:40 and 1:160). A total of 13,233 samples were processed for ANA, of which 59.9% were positive with the 1:40 cut-off and 39.2% with the 1:160 cut-off. At ANA titer 1:40, 0.2% of the samples were anti-ENA-positive and 2.2% were anti-dsDNA positive. Only ANA dilutions of 1:160 and higher showed significantly increased positive predictive value for anti-ENA (1.5 versus 0.2, p=0.029) and anti-dsDNA (8.3 versus 2.2, p<0.001) compared to the 1:40 titer. With the 1:160 cut-off, 16.6% fewer ANA tests, 41.8% fewer anti-ENA determinations and 36.4% fewer anti-dsDNA tests would have been needed. The average saving was 0.87 cost-units per sample (1 unit=2.06euro). We conclude that setting the starting dilution for ANA at 1:160 avoids unnecessary studies, increases the positive predictive values of ANA for anti-ENA and anti-dsDNA, and generates clinical and economic benefits.
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Cystic echinococcosis in Spain: current situation and relevance for other endemic areas in Europe.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis
PUBLISHED: 01-25-2011
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Cystic echinococcosis (CE) remains an important health problem in many regions of the world, both where no control measures have been implemented, and where control programs have been incompletely successful with ensuing re-emergence of the disease. In Spain, official data on CE show an increase in the proportion of intermediate hosts with CE during the last few years, and autochthonous pediatric patients have been reported, a sign of active local transmission of disease. A similar picture emerges from data reported to the European Food Safety Authority by other European countries. Nevertheless, several crucial aspects related to CE that would help better understand and control the disease have not been tackled appropriately, in particular the emergence of infection in specific geographical areas. In this respect, while some data are missing, other data are conflicting because they come from different databases. We review the current situation of CE in Spain compared with areas in which similar problems in the CE field exist, and offer recommendations on how to overcome those limitations. Specifically, we believe that the introduction of national registries for CE with online data entry, following the example set by the European Registry for Alveolar Echinococcosis, would help streamline data collection on CE by eliminating the need for evaluating and integrating data from multiple regions, by avoiding duplication of data from patients who access several different health facilities over time, and by providing much needed clinical and epidemiological data that are currently accessible only to clinicians.
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Sex hormones and autoimmunity.
Immunol. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 04-09-2010
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Autoimmune diseases occur more in women than in men, and this may be attributable to the role of estrogens. Androgens promote autoimmune diseases with a profile of type 1 cytokines, such as rheumatoid arthritis, whereas estrogens promote autoimmune diseases with a type 2 cytokine profile, like systemic lupus erythematosus. Both androgens and estrogens regulate the Th1/Th2 balance. Type 1 autoimmune diseases are improved when decrease type 1 cytokines (i.e. during fasting), or when there is a rise in type 2 cytokines (increased estrogens, as in pregnancy). Type 2 autoimmune diseases improve when type 2 cytokines are diminished (decreased estrogen, as in post-partum period) or when type 1 response is stimulated.
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Distribution of TYMS, MTHFR, p53 and MDR1 gene polymorphisms in patients with breast cancer treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy.
Cancer Epidemiol
PUBLISHED: 03-31-2010
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To investigate the role of TSER (TYMS), C677T (MTHFR), Arg72Pro (p53) and C3435T (MDR1) gene polymorphisms in breast cancer patients treated with 5-fluorouracil and cyclophosphamide-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy.
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Efficiency of different strategies to detect autoantibodies to extractable nuclear antigens.
J. Immunol. Methods
PUBLISHED: 03-30-2010
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Autoantibodies to extractable nuclear antigens (anti-ENA) are identified mainly in samples positive for antinuclear antibodies (ANA). Although the method of choice for ANA screening is indirect immunofluorescence (IIF), several techniques are available to detect anti-ENA. The aim of this study was to compare the efficiency of five different strategies to determine anti-ENA. During a 2-year period we screened ANA in 30375 samples with IIF, and the 4475 samples ANA positive were tested for anti-ENA by double immune diffusion screening or fluoroenzymeimmunoassay (Screening FI); anti-ENA specificities were then determined by line immunoassay (LIA) or fluoroenzymeimmunoassay (FI). We compared five strategies that involved FI or LIA identification of anti-ENA with or without prior screening, or an algorithm that combined fluorescence pattern, number of anti-ENA specificities requested by the clinician and ANA dilution titer. One cost unit (CU) was defined as the cost of 1 test of ANA determination. We detected 553 anti-ENA positive samples. The most efficient strategy was the algorithm, at a cost of 3.3 CU per sample processed, the second most efficient strategy was screening plus FI identification (cost=3.8 CU), and the third most efficient strategy was screening plus LIA identification (cost=3.9 CU). The fourth most efficient strategy was FI identification without prior screening (13.3 CU per sample) and the least efficient was LIA identification without prior screening (13.6 CU per sample). In conclusion, an algorithm that combined techniques for detection, ANA titer, fluorescence pattern and number of specificities requested was the most efficient strategy for determining anti-ENA.
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TYMS, MTHFR, p53 and MDR1 gene polymorphisms in breast cancer patients treated with adjuvant therapy.
Cancer Epidemiol
PUBLISHED: 02-25-2010
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The distribution of TSER (TYMS), C677T (MTHFR), Arg72Pro (p53) and C3435T (MDR1) gene polymorphisms was investigated in 80 consecutive breast cancer patients treated with adjuvant chemotherapy.
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[The waist to height ratio as an index of cardiovascular risk and diabetes].
Med Clin (Barc)
PUBLISHED: 02-06-2010
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To identify the anthropometric index that best detects cardiovascular risk (CVR) and type 2 diabetes (DM2) in the adult Spanish population and to determine its cut-off point.
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[Lifestyle and treatment adherence of type 2 diabetes mellitus people in the Canary Islands].
Rev. Esp. Salud Publica
PUBLISHED: 11-07-2009
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The Canary Islands population experiences the highest type 2 diabetes (DM2) mortality in Spain. We studied lifestyle, unknown DM2 and treatment adherence in diabetics of these islands.
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Evaluating new candidate SNPs as low penetrance risk factors in sporadic breast cancer: a two-stage Spanish case-control study.
Gynecol. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 01-03-2009
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A polygenic model has been proposed in order to explain the genetic susceptibility to sporadic breast cancer. According to this model, common population variants would be responsible for low to modest effects on the risk of developing the disease. We have carried out a high-throughput SNP genotyping project in order to shed some light on the complex genetic aetiology of non-familial breast cancer.
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Microsatellite polymorphisms in the EGFR, NOTCH4 and E2F4 genes and their association with breast cancer risk.
Int. J. Biol. Markers
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The sequences of many human genes that encode proteins involved in cancer contain polymorphic microsatellites. Variations in microsatellite length may constitute risk factors in several human diseases, a possibility that has been little explored in breast cancer. Among the genes that contain polymorphic microsatellites are EGFR, NOTCH4 and E2F4. The length of some of these microsatellites has been associated with breast cancer risk.
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Improved serodiagnosis of cystic echinococcosis using the new recombinant 2B2t antigen.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis
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A standardized test for the serodiagnosis of human cystic echinococcosis (CE) is still needed, because of the low specificity and sensitivity of the currently available commercial tools and the lack of proper evaluation of the existing recombinant antigens. In a previous work, we defined the new ELISA-B2t diagnostic tool for the detection of specific IgGs in CE patients, which showed high sensitivity and specificity, and was useful in monitoring the clinical evolution of surgically treated CE patients. Nevertheless, this recombinant antigen gave rise to false-negative results in a percentage of CE patients. Therefore, in an attempt to improve its sensitivity, we constructed B2t-derived recombinant antigens with two, four and eight tandem repeat of B2t units, and tested them by ELISA on serum samples of CE patients and patients with related parasites. The best diagnostic values were obtained with the two tandem repeat 2B2t antigen. The influence of several clinical variables on the performance of the tests was also evaluated. Finally, the diagnostic performance of the 2B2t-ELISA was compared with that of an indirect haemagglutination commercial test. The 2B2t recombinant antigen performed better than the HF and B2t antigens, and the IHA commercial kit. Therefore, this new 2B2t-ELISA is a promising candidate test for the serodiagnosis of CE in clinical settings.
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Factors associated with parietal cell autoantibodies in the general population.
Immunol. Lett.
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The presence in serum of parietal cell autoantibodies (PCA) is a characteristic of autoimmune gastritis. We determined the prevalence of PCA in the general population and investigate their association with type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance and lifestyle factors related with autoimmune gastritis. A cross-sectional study was performed, involving 429 individuals enrolled in a cohort study of the general population of the Canary Islands. All participants underwent physical examination, provided a blood sample and responded to a questionnaire regarding health and lifestyle factors. Serum concentrations of PCA, soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L), C-peptide and glucose (to determine insulin resistance) were measured. The association of PCA with the other factors was determined with bivariate analysis, and logistic regression models were used to adjust the associations for age and sex. The prevalence of PCA was 7.8% (95% CI=10.3-5.3). The factors associated with PCA were female sex (p=0.032), insulin resistance (p=0.016), menopause (p=0.029) and sCD40L (p=0.019). Alcohol consumption (p=0.006) and smoking (p=0.005) were associated with low prevalences of PCA. After adjustment for age and sex, the association with PCA was confirmed for smoking (OR=0.1 [0.0-0.9]), alcohol consumption (OR=0.3 [0.1-0.9]), insulin resistance (OR=2.4 [1.1-4.9]), female sex (OR=2.4 [1.1-5.3]), sCD40L (OR=3.7 [1.2-11.4]) and menopause (OR=5.3 [1.2-23.3]). In conclusion, smoking and alcohol consumption acted as protective factors against the appearance of PCA in the general population, whereas female sex, menopause, insulin resistance and elevated serum sCD40L were risk markers for PCA. In patients who smoke or drink alcohol, clinicians should be cautious when using PCA to rule out autoimmune gastritis.
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JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.