JoVE Visualize What is visualize?
Stop Reading. Start Watching.
Advanced Search
Stop Reading. Start Watching.
Regular Search
Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Safety of Metformin in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
COPD
PUBLISHED: 06-11-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Abstract Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is commonly associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Metformin is a valuable treatment for T2DM, and may offer additional benefits in COPD. However, due to its rare association with lactic acidosis, its safety in COPD is uncertain. We retrospectively identified patients with T2DM who had been admitted to hospital for COPD exacerbations. We compared those who were taking metformin with those who were not, with respect to their lactate concentration (primary endpoint) and survival (secondary endpoint). The study cohort (n = 130) had a mean (±standard deviation) age of 73.0 ± 9.8 years and 47 (36%) were female. Arterial blood gases were recorded in 120 cases: 88 (73%) were hypoxemic, 45 (38%) were in respiratory failure and 33 (28%) had respiratory acidosis. The 51 patients (39%) in the metformin group had a median (interquartile range) lactate concentration of 1.45 mmol/L (1.10-2.05) versus 1.10 mmol/L (0.80-1.50) in the non-metformin group (p = 0.012). Median survival was 5.2 years (95% CI 4.5-5.8) versus 1.9 years (1.1-2.6), respectively (hazard ratio 0.57; 95% CI 0.35-0.94). This remained significant in a multivariate model adjusted for measurable confounders. In conclusion, among patients with COPD at high risk for lactate accumulation, metformin therapy was associated with a minor elevation of lactate concentration of doubtful clinical significance. Metformin was associated with a survival benefit, but this must be interpreted cautiously due to possible effects from unmeasured confounders. Viewed collectively, the results suggest that COPD should not present a barrier to the investigational or clinical use of metformin.
Related JoVE Video
Determining the volume of toxic liquid ingestions in adults: accuracy of estimates by healthcare professionals and members of the public.
Clin Toxicol (Phila)
PUBLISHED: 01-17-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Ingestion of toxic liquids is common, and the volume ingested is often important for clinical decision-making. However, the accuracy and interpretation of volume estimates in the context of toxicological exposures is poorly characterised in adult practice.
Related JoVE Video
Dissemination and uptake of a new treatment pathway for paracetamol poisoning in the UK: a survey of healthcare professionals.
Br J Clin Pharmacol
PUBLISHED: 01-10-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
On 3 September 2012, the UK Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) notified healthcare professionals of immediate changes to the intravenous acetylcysteine license terms, altering the treatment pathway for paracetamol poisoning. We sought to evaluate awareness of this amongst healthcare professionals.
Related JoVE Video

What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.