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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Distribution of Leptospira serogroups in dogs from Berlin, Germany.
Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis.
PUBLISHED: 02-21-2013
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Leptospirosis is a bacterial zoonosis in which dogs can act as a reservoir for human infection. The annual vaccination of dogs can prevent leptospirosis caused by serovars included in the vaccine. To date, all available vaccines in Germany include only the serovars Icterohaemorrhagiae and Canicola, the most commonly found serovars prior to the introduction of the leptospirosis vaccines. Yet, the involvement of additional serovars in the clinical presentation of leptospirosis in dogs has been described. The objective of this sero-epidemiological study was to examine the different Leptospira serovars currently circulating in a population of dogs suspicious for leptospirosis from Berlin. In 329 dogs presenting at the Small Animal Clinic in Berlin, the predominant serogroup was Australis (24%), followed by Grippotyphosa (20%) and Pomona (9%). A total of 18% of the dogs were diagnosed with clinical leptospirosis; here the most prevalent serogroups were also Australis (28%), Grippotyphosa (18%), and Pomona (14%). The serovar prevalence data presented here confirm that a change of pattern of infecting Leptospira serovars in dogs has taken place in Berlin. This data corresponds to further sero-epidemiological studies from other regions in Germany. To ensure human and canine health, available vaccines should be adapted to include the most important circulating serovars.
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Comparison of two PCR systems for the rapid detection of Leptospira spp. from kidney tissue.
Curr. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 08-16-2010
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In this study we compared two routine PCR systems for the detection of Leptospira spp. and assessed their performance when directly applied to kidney samples from small mammals. Although the kappa value of 0.9 indicated a high level of agreement between the tests, the outer membrane lipoprotein gene lipl32 based PCR was more robust and showed a higher number of positive kidney samples.
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Molecular epidemiology of Brucella genotypes in patients at a major hospital in central Peru.
J. Clin. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 08-05-2009
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The multiple-locus variable-number repeat analysis of 90 human Brucella melitensis isolates from a large urban area in central Peru revealed variations at 4 (Bruce07, Bruce09, Bruce18, and Bruce42) out of 16 loci investigated, of which 1 (Bruce42) also is used for species identification. Ten genotypes were identified, separated by the number of Bruce42 repeats into two groups that may have distinct phenotypic characteristics. Whereas genotypes with five or six Bruce42 repeats were cultured mainly from adult patients, genotypes with three Bruce42 repeats were isolated from children and young adolescents as well as from adults. In addition, the isolates with three Bruce42 repeats were obtained more often from patients with splenomegaly (P = 0.02) or hepatomegaly (P = 0.006). An annual variation in the diversity of genotypes was observed, possibly reflecting changes in sources of fresh dairy products, supply routes to city shops and markets, and the movement of infected dairy goat herds.
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MLVA genotyping of human Brucella isolates from Peru.
Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg.
PUBLISHED: 07-28-2009
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Recent human Brucella melitensis isolates from Peru were genotyped by multiple locus variable number repeat analysis. All 24 isolates originated from hospitalized patients living in the central part of Peru and consisted of six genomic groups comprising two to four isolates and nine unique genotypes. The isolates were most closely related to the two previously genotyped isolates from Mexico, with a maximum distance of 2 to 4. The Peruvian strains were clearly distinct from the East and West Mediterranean groups of B. melitensis genotypes, suggesting that they may constitute a unique Latin American cluster.
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Advancement of a multiplex PCR for the differentiation of all currently described Brucella species.
J. Microbiol. Methods
PUBLISHED: 07-16-2009
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To facilitate routine laboratories in the effective diagnosis of brucellosis, we report a robust and rapid multiplex PCR assay, which allows for the differentiation of all nine currently recognised Brucella species. This includes the recently described species B. microti, B. inopinata, B. ceti and B. pinnipedialis.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.