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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Optimum duration of neoadjuvant letrozole to permit breast conserving surgery.
Breast Cancer Res. Treat.
PUBLISHED: 01-07-2014
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The aim of this multicenter, prospective, longitudinal phase IV study was to establish the optimal duration of neoadjuvant letrozole that would allow breast conservation surgery (BCS) in patients with early breast cancer who were initially unsuitable. Primary, invasive, estrogen-receptor- and/or progesterone-receptor-positive breast cancer patients, with large tumors (?T2 i.e., >20 mm) not initially suitable for BCS, received 2.5 mg letrozole p.o. daily. Patients continued treatment until they became eligible for BCS, progressed, failed to meet criteria for BCS and withdrew for scheduled mastectomy, withdrew for other reasons, or completed 12 months of letrozole treatment without a BCS decision being made. A total of 146 patients were enrolled; seven patients who did not have a valid postbaseline tumor assessment were excluded from the final efficacy analysis. At study closure, 69 % of patients (96 of 139) were eligible for BCS. The median time to achieve a tumor response sufficient to allow BCS with neoadjuvant letrozole was 7.5 months (95 % CI 6.3-8.5 months). Letrozole was well tolerated, and most adverse events were mild-to-moderate (grade 1-2). The results from this trial suggest that extended letrozole therapy in the neoadjuvant setting (7.5 months), as opposed to conventional treatment of 4 months, is optimal to achieve maximum reduction in tumor volume sufficient for BCS.
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Effects of the addition of gemcitabine, and paclitaxel-first sequencing, in neoadjuvant sequential epirubicin, cyclophosphamide, and paclitaxel for women with high-risk early breast cancer (Neo-tAnGo): an open-label, 2×2 factorial randomised phase 3 trial
Lancet Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 12-19-2013
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Anthracyclines and taxanes have been the standard neoadjuvant chemotherapies for breast cancer in the past decade. We aimed to assess safety and efficacy of the addition of gemcitabine to accelerated paclitaxel with epirubicin and cyclophosphamide, and also the effect of sequencing the blocks of epirubicin and cyclophosphamide and paclitaxel (with or without gemcitabine).
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Unusual case of initial failure of pacemaker implantation.
Europace
PUBLISHED: 07-10-2010
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Central venous obstruction sufficient to prevent primary pacemaker implantation is rare. We report on such a patient in whom removal of a very large retrosternal goitre led to subsequent procedural success.
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Prospective comparison of switches in biomarker status between primary and recurrent breast cancer: the Breast Recurrence In Tissues Study (BRITS).
Breast Cancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 06-01-2010
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Immunohistochemistry of primary breast cancer is routinely used to guide changes in therapy at the time of relapse. Retrospective reviews suggest that the estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor type 2 (HER2) receptor may differ between the primary and loco-regional recurrence or distant metastases. The Breast Recurrence In Tissues Study (BRITS) was a large, multicentre, prospective study to examine changes in ER, PR and HER2.
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Patterns and predictors of early recurrence in postmenopausal women with estrogen receptor-positive early breast cancer.
Breast Cancer Res. Treat.
PUBLISHED: 11-18-2009
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Previous studies suggest that disease recurrence peaks at around 2 years in patients with early stage breast cancer (EBC), but provide no data regarding recurrence type. This retrospective analysis aimed to identify early recurrence types and risk factors in estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) EBC patients treated with adjuvant tamoxifen following breast cancer surgery. Postmenopausal women diagnosed with ER+ EBC from 1995 to 2004 were evaluated. Annual hazard ratios (HR) for recurrence at different sites were calculated. Time-dependent Cox regression analysis was used to identify predictors of recurrence within 2.5 years of diagnosis, including factors that were more strongly predictive of early than later recurrence. Of 3,614 patients evaluated, 476 developed recurrence during the 5-year median follow-up. Cumulative recurrence rates at 2.5 years (95% confidence interval) were: overall 6.3% (5.5-7.1), locoregional 1.1% (0.7-1.5), contralateral 0.5% (0.3-0.7), and distant 4.8% (4.0-5.6). The annual HR of overall recurrence peaked at 2 years (4.3% per annum). The majority of this peak represented distant recurrence (3.4% per annum). In Cox regression analysis, tumor size and grade, lymph node involvement, lymphovascular invasion, and symptomatic presentation were significant independent predictors of early recurrence. Age at diagnosis was independently predictive of recurrence within 2.5 years of diagnosis but not later recurrence. This study identified an early recurrence peak at 2 years, most of which were distant recurrences. Implementing an aromatase inhibitor after an initial 2-3 years of tamoxifen fails to address this early peak of distant recurrence and the potential breast cancer-associated mortality.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.