JoVE Visualize What is visualize?
Stop Reading. Start Watching.
Advanced Search
Stop Reading. Start Watching.
Regular Search
Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Improvement of microcirculation and wound healing in vertical ridge augmentation after pre-treatment with self-inflating soft tissue expanders - a randomized study in dogs.
Clin Oral Implants Res
PUBLISHED: 02-22-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
We investigated the effect of soft tissue expansion (STE) on vertical ridge augmentation with regard to the incidence of wound dehiscences and the impairment of microcirculation in dogs, and the applicability of laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) to explore the relation between microcirculation and wound healing.
Related JoVE Video
Convergent methods assessing bone growth in an experimental model at dental implants in the minipig.
Ann. Anat.
PUBLISHED: 01-13-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Implant dentistry demonstrated its reliability in treating successfully an increased amount of patients with dental implants exhibiting hydrophilic (modSLA) or non-hydrophilic (SLA) surfaces. Objectives of this minipig study consisted in assessing bone regeneration at both types of dental implants in a new experimental model (lateral bone defects) by implementing a convergent analysis approach combining histology and contact radiography. In six adult female minipigs standardized acute alveolar defects were created, then receiving two implants in the mandibles bilaterally (modSLA and SLA, one of each combined with Guided Bone Regeneration). Animals were sacrificed after 28 days of healing. Mid-crestal specimen were analyzed assessing missing BIC to implant shoulder (fBIC); vertical bone growth upon implant surface, bone:tissue ratio and grafting material area occupied by material remnants for GBR sites. Values obtained from both analyses were compared and statistical correlations scrutinized. Although dimensions of mean differences and adjusted means given by radiographic method were lower than histological ones, comparison of different implants yielded similar results. Statistical analyses of correlation and concordance coefficients used to evaluate radiological method of measurement showed high level of concordance (concordance coefficient=0.912 and correlation coefficient=0.939) for fBIC. Similar results were observed for vertical new bone and for remnants of graft. Discrepancies for new bone and for mineralized tissue resulted in concordance coefficient of 0.182 and 0.054. The results indicate that contact X-rays can be used for morphometric assessments regarding defect fill; however, histological staining remains beneficial if greater resolution for distinguishing qualitative differences in the tissues is required.
Related JoVE Video
Severe cardiogenic shock due to acute onset of an aorto-to-right atrial shunt in a patient with aortic valve endocarditis.
Int J Surg Case Rep
PUBLISHED: 01-08-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Heart failure is the most common cause of death due to infective endocarditis. We report a case of a patient presenting with severe shock due to an infection-associated left-to-right cardiac shunt.
Related JoVE Video
Histological evaluation of different abutments in the posterior maxilla and mandible: an experimental study in humans.
J. Clin. Periodontol.
PUBLISHED: 04-14-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
To histologically evaluate and compare the performance of healing abutments with either hydrophobic or hydrophilic surface properties in humans.
Related JoVE Video
Submucosal implantation of soft tissue expanders does not affect microcirculation.
Clin Oral Implants Res
PUBLISHED: 02-26-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
AIM: To investigate the effect of submucosal implantation of self-filling osmotic tissue expanders on mucosal microcirculation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In ten beagle dogs, all premolars were extracted on both sides of the mandible. Tooth-supporting bone and excess soft tissue were removed to mimic a severely resorbed edentulous ridge. Six weeks later, tissue expanders with 0.7 ml final volume were implanted into a submucosal pouch at randomly selected test sites, while contralateral sites served as untreated controls. Microcirculation was assessed in perfusion units (PU) before surgery, after local anaesthesia, directly after surgery, and after 1 and 3 days, using Laser Doppler flowmetry. RESULTS: Local anaesthesia caused a significant decrease of blood flow from baseline (zero) to -6.4 PU (median; Q1 -10.5; Q3 -0.9; P = 0.006); however, no additional significant decrease was recorded after completion of surgery. Blood flow showed significant increases to -3.6 PU (median; Q1 -11.3, Q3 2.1; P = 0.02) and -4.0 PU (median; Q1 -9.2, Q3 1.1; P = 0.013) after 1 and 3 days, respectively, when compared to the measurements obtained after application of local anaesthesia and completion of surgery. Blood flow had returned to unimpaired baseline levels 1 day after surgery (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Submucosal implantation of self-filling osmotic tissue expanders results in only momentary disturbance of microcirculation. The minor impairment of perfusion may explain the consistently good outcomes of submucosal implantation of these tissue expanders.
Related JoVE Video
Randomized controlled trial on lateral augmentation using two collagen membranes: morphometric results on mineralized tissue compound.
J. Clin. Periodontol.
PUBLISHED: 05-10-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Guided bone regeneration is considered an effective tool for gaining mineralized tissue either at exposed implant surface or in deficient alveolar ridge areas before implant placement.
Related JoVE Video
Soft tissue expansion with self-filling osmotic tissue expanders before vertical ridge augmentation: a proof of principle study.
J. Clin. Periodontol.
PUBLISHED: 11-02-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Post-surgical graft exposition and loss of grafted bone are a common complication of vertical bone augmentation. Soft tissue expansion (STE) by implantation of osmotic self-filling tissue expanders before reconstructive surgery is an effective method for generation of soft tissue. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of STE before bone augmentation with regard to clinical and histological outcomes and complications.
Related JoVE Video
Molecular epidemiology and spatial distribution of Selenomonas spp. in subgingival biofilms.
Eur. J. Oral Sci.
PUBLISHED: 09-14-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The aetiology of periodontal disease has been a field of intensive research in the past decades. Along with a variety of other putative pathogens, different members of the genus Selenomonas have repeatedly been associated with both generalized aggressive periodontitis and chronic periodontitis. For the present study, a specific oligonucleotide probe targeting the majority of all oral Selenomonas spp. was designed. Their prevalence was determined, using dot-blot hybridization, in a total of 742 subgingival samples collected from patients with generalized aggressive (n=62) and chronic periodontitis (n=82), and from periodontitis-resistant subjects (n=19). In addition, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and electron microscopy were performed to analyze the spatial arrangement of Selenomonas in subgingival biofilms collected from patients with generalized aggressive periodontitis. In the samples from patients, Selenomonas spp. showed a lower prevalence in both diseased groups compared with other putative pathogens, and a relatively high prevalence in the periodontitis-resistant group. Consequently, Selenomonas spp. do not seem to be suitable diagnostic marker organisms for periodontal disease. By contrast, FISH and electron microscopic analysis of periodontal carriers revealed that Selenomonas spp. appeared in large numbers in all parts of the collected biofilms and seemed, if present in a site from patients, to make a relevant contribution to their structural organization.
Related JoVE Video
Filifactor alocis--involvement in periodontal biofilms.
BMC Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 03-01-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Bacteria in periodontal pockets develop complex sessile communities that attach to the tooth surface. These highly dynamic microfloral environments challenge both clinicians and researchers alike. The exploration of structural organisation and bacterial interactions within these biofilms is critically important for a thorough understanding of periodontal disease. In recent years, Filifactor alocis, a fastidious, Gram-positive, obligately anaerobic rod was repeatedly identified in periodontal lesions using DNA-based methods. It has been suggested to be a marker for periodontal deterioration. The present study investigated the epidemiology of F. alocis in periodontal pockets and analysed the spatial arrangement and architectural role of the organism in in vivo grown subgingival biofilms.
Related JoVE Video
Ridge augmentation and maxillary sinus grafting with a biphasic calcium phosphate: histologic and histomorphometric observations.
Clin Oral Implants Res
PUBLISHED: 04-28-2009
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
This retrospective study reports on histologic and histomorphometric observations performed on human biopsies harvested from sites augmented exclusively by biphasic calcium phosphate [BCP: hydroxyapatite (HA)/ tricalcium phosphate (TCP) 60/40] and healed for a minimum of 6 months.
Related JoVE Video
Minimally invasive flap surgery and enamel matrix derivative in the treatment of localized aggressive periodontitis: case report.
Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent
PUBLISHED: 02-28-2009
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Localized aggressive periodontitis is a distinct entity of periodontal disease and is characterized by deep vertical bony defects that typically affect the first molars and incisors of young patients. Therapy is usually aimed at reducing the pathogenic microflora through scaling and root planing and the administration of systemic antibiotics. However, conservative periodontal therapy may result in reparative wound healing with limited regeneration of the lost tissues. Periodontal surgery combined with enamel matrix derivative has been introduced as a method to promote regeneration of the lost periodontium and has been studied extensively in the treatment of chronic periodontitis. This case report describes the treatment of a 27-year-old patient displaying severe localized aggressive periodontitis with documented disease progression. After initial therapy consisting of scaling and root planing and systemic administration of amoxicillin and metronidazole, the vertical defects were treated by minimally invasive access flaps combined with application of enamel matrix derivative. Clinical, microbiologic, and radiographic findings are reported for up to 1.5 years after initial therapy, indicating good efficacy of the therapeutic strategy and stability of the treatment outcome.
Related JoVE Video
Co-localized or randomly distributed? Pair cross correlation of in vivo grown subgingival biofilm bacteria quantified by digital image analysis.
PLoS ONE
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The polymicrobial nature of periodontal diseases is reflected by the diversity of phylotypes detected in subgingival plaque and the finding that consortia of suspected pathogens rather than single species are associated with disease development. A number of these microorganisms have been demonstrated in vitro to interact and enhance biofilm integration, survival or even pathogenic features. To examine the in vivo relevance of these proposed interactions, we extended the spatial arrangement analysis tool of the software daime (digital image analysis in microbial ecology). This modification enabled the quantitative analysis of microbial co-localization in images of subgingival biofilm species, where the biomass was confined to fractions of the whole-image area, a situation common for medical samples. Selected representatives of the disease-associated red and orange complexes that were previously suggested to interact with each other in vitro (Tannerella forsythia with Fusobacterium nucleatum and Porphyromonas gingivalis with Prevotella intermedia) were chosen for analysis and labeled with specific fluorescent probes via fluorescence in situ hybridization. Pair cross-correlation analysis of in vivo grown biofilms revealed tight clustering of F. nucleatum/periodonticum and T. forsythia at short distances (up to 6 µm) with a pronounced peak at 1.5 µm. While these results confirmed previous in vitro observations for F. nucleatum and T. forsythia, random spatial distribution was detected between P. gingivalis and P. intermedia in the in vivo samples. In conclusion, we successfully employed spatial arrangement analysis on the single cell level in clinically relevant medical samples and demonstrated the utility of this approach for the in vivo validation of in vitro observations by analyzing statistically relevant numbers of different patients. More importantly, the culture-independent nature of this approach enables similar quantitative analyses for "as-yet-uncultured" phylotypes which cannot be characterized in vitro.
Related JoVE Video

What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.