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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Aliskiren improves vascular smooth muscle function in the skin microcirculation of type 2 diabetic patients with normal renal function.
J Renin Angiotensin Aldosterone Syst
PUBLISHED: 05-15-2013
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OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to study the effect of aliskiren on metabolic parameters and micro- and macrovascular reactivity in individuals diagnosed with or at high risk for developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).Research design and methods:We studied 47 T2DM and 41 at-risk individuals in a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial. All subjects were treated with 150 mg aliskiren or placebo daily for 12 weeks. Twenty-six (55%) of T2DM and four (8%) at-risk subjects were also treated with angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors or angiotensin II receptor blockers. RESULTS: Aliskiren treatment was associated with improvement in systolic and diastolic blood pressure and endothelium-independent vasodilation at the skin microcirculation in those with T2DM but not in those at risk. There were no incidences of hypotension and no significant changes in serum potassium or creatinine levels with aliskiren treatment in either study group. CONCLUSIONS: Aliskiren improves blood pressure and vascular smooth muscle function in the skin microcirculation of T2DM patients.
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Increased skin inflammation and blood vessel density in human and experimental diabetes.
Int J Low Extrem Wounds
PUBLISHED: 02-26-2013
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Systemic inflammation is associated with impaired wound healing in diabetes mellitus (DM) patients. Using immunohistochemistry techniques, the authors investigated changes in skin inflammation and skin blood vessels in human and experimental diabetes. Comparing to the non-DM human subjects, the total number of inflammatory cells per biopsy and the number of inflammatory cells around blood vessels, a strong indication of inflammation, were higher in DM subjects irrespective of their risk for developing diabetic foot ulcer. Inflammatory cell infiltration was robustly increased in all DM animal models compared with their non-DM controls. The number and density of blood vessels and CD31 positive proliferating endothelial cells around preexisting skin vessels was also higher in the DM patients. However, there were no differences in the skin blood flow between the non-DM and DM subjects. The number of skin blood vessels was also increased in the DM animals; however, these differences were less obvious than the ones observed for inflammatory cells. We conclude that skin inflammation and skin blood vessel density is increased in diabetic human subjects and in rodent and rabbit models of diabetes.
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Evidence of sympathetic innervation and ?1-adrenergic receptors of the long head of the biceps brachii tendon.
J Orthop Sci
PUBLISHED: 01-10-2013
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The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the sympathetic innervation of the long head of the biceps brachii tendon LHB via immunohistochemical staining for protein S-100 and neuropeptide Y (NPY) in patients with complex proximal humerus fractures, in individuals with chronic biceps tendinosis in the setting of large rotator cuff tears (RC), and in cadaveric samples with no previously reported shoulder pathology.
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Role of endothelial progenitor cells and inflammatory cytokines in healing of diabetic foot ulcers.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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To evaluate changes in endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and cytokines in patients with diabetic foot ulceration (DFU) in association with wound healing.
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The tendon of the long head of the biceps in complex proximal humerus fractures: a histological perspective.
Injury
PUBLISHED: 02-24-2010
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We have studied the histologic and immunohistochemical changes of the long head of the biceps brachii tendon (LHB) in low-energy complex proximal humerus fractures. Our objective was to detect histological features, which may be correlated to pain generation. Biopsy samples were obtained during hemiarthroplasty procedures from 11 patients who suffered a complex proximal humerus fracture. The control group consisted of 10 samples harvested from human cadavers with no history of premortem shoulder problems and no gross shoulder pathology. Histologic investigation included quantitative measurement of tendon degeneration, cellularity, neoangiogenesis, inflammation and metaplasia, as well as immunohistochemical detection of cells with neural differentiation within the tendon tissue proper with S-100 protein and neuropeptide Y (N-Y). The found lesions were significantly more in the group of tendons from fractures compared to the control group (p<0.001). These lesions were also statistically correlated to each other, indicating a possible neural differentiation of tendon stromal cells. The LHB is a potential source of pain and the routine use of tenotomy/tenodesis of this tendon in hemiarthroplasty procedures for fracture may be reinforced by the results of this study.
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Mechanisms involved in the development and healing of diabetic foot ulceration.
Diabetes
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We examined the role of vascular function and inflammation in the development and failure to heal diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs). We followed 104 diabetic patients for a period of 18.4 ± 10.8 months. At the beginning of the study, we evaluated vascular reactivity and serum inflammatory cytokines and growth factors. DFUs developed in 30 (29%) patients. DFU patients had more severe neuropathy, higher white blood cell count, and lower endothelium-dependent and -independent vasodilation in the macrocirculation. Complete ulcer healing was achieved in 16 (53%) patients, whereas 13 (47%) patients did not heal. There were no differences in the above parameters between the two groups, but patients whose ulcers failed to heal had higher tumor necrosis factor-?, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, matrix metallopeptidase 9 (MMP-9), and fibroblast growth factor 2 serum levels when compared with those who healed. Skin biopsy analysis showed that compared with control subjects, diabetic patients had increased immune cell infiltration, expression of MMP-9, and protein tyrosine phosphatase-1B (PTP1B), which negatively regulates the signaling of insulin, leptin, and growth factors. We conclude that increased inflammation, expression of MMP-9, PTP1B, and aberrant growth factor levels are the main factors associated with failure to heal DFUs. Targeting these factors may prove helpful in the management of DFUs.
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Correlation between histologic assessment and fluorescence in situ hybridization using MelanoSITE in evaluation of histologically ambiguous melanocytic lesions.
Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
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The 4-probe, multicolor, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) panel targeting chromosomes 6 and 11 has shown promising sensitivity and specificity in distinguishing between benign nevi and malignant melanoma. Only a few studies have assessed the potential utility of FISH in classification of histologically ambiguous melanocytic lesions. In the United States, this assay is exclusively licensed to NeoGenomics Laboratories (Irvine, California), which provides the technical component and has developed an innovative service (MelanoSITE) allowing pathologists to interpret FISH results using a dedicated Web portal. Thus far, use of MelanoSITE as a diagnostic adjunct in the diagnosis of melanocytic lesions has not, to our knowledge, been reported in the literature.
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Syringotropic melanoma: a variant of melanoma with prominent involvement of eccrine apparatus and risk of deep dermal invasion.
Am J Dermatopathol
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We report 7 cases which can be regarded as a syringotropic melanoma-a unique presentation of melanoma defined as melanoma spreading within the eccrine apparatus into the reticular dermis and/or subcutaneous tissue deeper than any (if present) associated invasive melanoma. Six patients were females, and 1 was a male. Their ages ranged from 32 to 85 years old (average 63). The lesions showed a wide site distribution, occurring on the extremities (4), trunk (2), and head and neck (1). Five melanomas were superficial spreading type; 1 was acral lentiginous type; 1 was unclassified. Four lesions (57%) invaded from within eccrine apparatus at a depth and anatomical level greater than that of an adjacent conventional invasive melanoma arising from the surface epidermis. In 1 lesion, which presented clinically as a pigmented macule, deep dermal syringocentric invasive tumor was the only site of invasion and tumorigenic growth. Thus, this variant of melanoma carries a significant risk of syringocentric deep dermal invasion, which may be unsuspected clinically but must be detected on histological examination to provide the most accurate prognosis and staging information.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.