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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
[Phenotype and functions of natural killer cells in septic patients and its clinical significance].
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
PUBLISHED: 11-18-2014
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To investigate the possible mechanism of natural killer cells (NK cells) in immune dysfunction in sepsis by monitoring the phenotype and function of periphery NK cells in patients with sepsis.
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Research advances in endotension after endovascular abdominal aneurysm repair.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 11-01-2014
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When more abdominal aortic aneurysms are repaired by endovascular approaches,the post-operative endotension without endoleak increase along with the extended follow-up. An early detection of such endotension and a proper differentiation from endoleaks are particularly important for the treatment decision-making. This article reviews the mechanism,diagnosis,and management of endotension.
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[Effects of Sorafenib on Proliferation and Apoptosis of Human Multiple Myeloma Cell RPMI 8226].
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 10-24-2014
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This study was aimed to investigate the effects of sorafenib on proliferation and apoptosis of MM cell line RPMI-8226, and to explore the its potential anti-tumor mechanism. The inhibitory rate of multiple myeloma cell proliferation was tested by MTT. Transmission electron microscopy was used to observe morphological and ultrastructural changes of RPMI-8226 cells treated with sorafenib. The effects of sorafenib on the apoptosis and cell cycle of RPMI-8226 cells was detected by flow cytometry. The effects of sorafenib on the expression of caspase-3, BCL-2 and MCL-1 mRNA and protein were assayed by RT-PCR and Western blot respectively. The results showed that sorafenib (0-10.0 µmol/L) could obviously inhibit the proliferation of RPMI-8226 cells in time and dose-dependent manner. Flow cytometry results showed that sorafenib could induce apoptosis of RPMI-8226 cells, the difference was statistical significance (P < 0.05). Sorafenib mainly arrested RPMI-8226 cells in the G1 phase (P < 0.05). Typical apoptotic morphological and ultrastructural changes of MM cells could be observed under transmission electron microscope, Examination of cellular signaling pathways showed that sorafenib induced upregulation of cleaved-caspase-3 expression, and simultaneous downregulation of BCL-2 and MCL-1 expression. It is concluded that sorafenib displays anti-myeloma activity. Activating the death receptor pathway and arresting cell cycle may be two of the relatated mechanisms.
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Hederagenin from the leaves of ivy (Hedera helix L.) induces apoptosis in human LoVo colon cells through the mitochondrial pathway.
BMC Complement Altern Med
PUBLISHED: 10-15-2014
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Colorectal cancer has become one of the leading cause of cancer morbidity and mortality throughout world. Hederagenin, a derivative of oleanolic acid isolated from the leaves of ivy (Hedera helix L.), has been shown to have potential anti-tumor activity. The study was conducted to evaluate whether hederagenin could induce apoptosis of human colon cancer LoVo cells and explore the possible mechanism.
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[Chemical constituents from roots of Illicium majus].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 10-03-2014
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Ten compounds, including seven sesquiterpenes, two phenols and one phenylpropanoid, were isolated from the roots of Illicium majus by means of silica gel, ODS, Sephadex LH-20, and preparative HPLC. On analysis of MS and NMR spectroscopic data , their structures were established as cycloparviflorolide (1), cycloparvifloralone (2), tashironin (3), tashironin A (4), anislactone A(5), anislactone B (6), pseudomajucin (7), syringaldehyde (8), methyl-4-hydroxy-3, 5-dimethoxybenzoate (9), and (E)-3-methoxy-4,5-methylenedioxycinnamic alchol (10), respectively. Compounds 1-4 and 8-10 were first isolated from this plant. In the in vitro assays, at a concentration of 1.0 x 10(-5) mol x L(-1), compounds 5 and 6 were active against LPS induced NO production in microglia with a inhibition rate of 75.31% and 53.7%, respectively.
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[Clinical implication of urinary protein markers in diabetic nephropathy and interventional effects of Chinese herbal medicine].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 10-03-2014
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In clinic, some urinary protein makers can dynamically and noninvasively reflect the degree of renal tubular injury in patients with diabetic nephropathy (DN). These urinary biomarkers of tubular damage are broadly divided into two categories. One is newfound, including kidney injury molecule-1 (Kim-1), neutrophil getatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), liver-type fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP) and cystatin C (CysC); the other one is classical, including beta2 microglobulin (beta2-MG), retinal binding protein (RBP) and N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase (NAG). It is reported that, the increases in urinary protein markers are not only closely related to the damage of tubular epithelial cells in DN patients, but also can be ameliorated by the treatment with Chinese herbal compound preparations or Chinese herbal medicine. Recently, although urinary proteomics are used in the protein separation and identification, the traditional associated detection of urinary protein markers is more practical in clinic. At present, it is possible that the associated detection of urinary biomarkers of glomerular and tubular damages may be a feasible measure to reveal the clinical significance of urinary protein markers in DN patients and the interventional effects of Chinese herbal medicine.
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[Acupuncture for premature ovarian failure: a prospective cohort study].
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu
PUBLISHED: 09-20-2014
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To explore the clinical efficacy and action mechanism of acupuncture for premature ovarian failure (POF).
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The p-ERK-p-c-Jun-cyclinD1 pathway is involved in proliferation of smooth muscle cells after exposure to cigarette smoke extract.
Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.
PUBLISHED: 09-12-2014
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An epidemiological survey has shown that smoking is closely related to atherosclerosis, in which excessive proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) plays a key role. To investigate the mechanism underlying this unusual smoking-induced proliferation, cigarette smoke extract (CSE), prepared as smoke-bubbled phosphate-buffered saline (PBS), was used to induce effects mimicking those exerted by smoking on SMCs. As assessed by Cell Counting Kit-8 detection (an improved MTT assay), SMC viability increased significantly after exposure to CSE. Western blot analysis demonstrated that p-ERK, p-c-Jun, and cyclinD1 expression increased. When p-ERK was inhibited using U0126 (inhibitor of p-ERK), cell viability decreased and the expression of p-c-Jun and cyclinD1 was reduced accordingly, suggesting that p-ERK functions upstream of p-c-Jun and cyclinD1. When a c-Jun over-expression plasmid was transfected into SMCs, the level of cyclinD1 in these cells increased. Moreover, when c-Jun was knocked down by siRNA, cyclinD1 levels decreased. In conclusion, our findings indicate that the p-ERK-p-c-Jun-cyclinD1 pathway is involved in the excessive proliferation of SMCs exposed to CSE.
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Protective effect of melatonin on cigarette smoke-induced restenosis in rat carotid arteries after balloon injury.
J. Pineal Res.
PUBLISHED: 08-26-2014
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Vascular restenosis after the interventional angioplasty remains the main obstacle to a favorable long-term patency. Many researches suggest cigarette smoking is one of the most important causes of restenosis. This study was designed to investigate whether melatonin could protect against the cigarette smoke-induced restenosis in rat carotid arteries after balloon injury. Three groups of male rats (normal condition, cigarette smoke exposed, cigarette smoke exposed, and melatonin injected) were used in this study. An established balloon-induced carotid artery injury was performed, and the carotid arteries were harvested from these three groups 14 days later. The ratio of intima to media, the infiltration of inflammatory cells, the expression of inflammatory cytokines (NF-?B, IL-1?, IL-6, TNF-?, MCP-1), adhesion molecules (ICAM-1, VCAM-1), and eNOS were measured. The results showed that cigarette smoke exposure aggravated the stenosis of the lumen, promoted the infiltration of inflammatory cells and induced the expression of the inflammatory cytokines and adhesion molecules after the balloon-induced carotid artery injury. Moreover, cigarette smoke exposure can inhibit the expression of eNOS. Particularly, we surprised that melatonin could minimize this effect caused by cigarette smoke. These results suggested that melatonin could prevent the cigarette smoke-induced restenosis in rat carotid arteries after balloon injury and the mechanism of its protective effect may be the inhibition of the inflammatory reaction. This also implies melatonin has the potential therapeutic applicability in prevention of restenosis after the vascular angioplasty in smokers.
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[The clinical value of bedside lung ultrasound in the diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and cardiac pulmonary edema].
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
PUBLISHED: 08-16-2014
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To study the diagnostic accuracy of bedside lung ultrasound examination in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and cardiac pulmonary edema.
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Phenotypic and genetic evidence for ecological speciation of Aquilegia japonica and A. oxysepala.
New Phytol.
PUBLISHED: 08-13-2014
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Natural selection is thought to be a driving force that can cause the evolution of reproductive isolation. The genus Aquilegia is a model system to address how natural selection promotes the process of speciation. Morphological differences between A. oxysepala, A. japonica and their hybrids were quantified for two vegetative (plant height and leaf area) and three floral morphological (sepal area, corolla length and diameter) traits. We also evaluated the genetic variability of the two species and their hybrids based on two chloroplast (1225 bp), four nuclear (5811 bp) genes and 15 microsatellites. Our results revealed that differentiation of A. japonica and A. oxysepala at the ecological and morphological levels also involved divergence at the genetic level. In addition, the analysis of nucleotide variation patterns showed that the two species possessed numerous fixation sites at nuclear genes gAA4, gA7 and gAA12. Furthermore, we found that all of the phenotypic hybrids also showed a genetically admixed ancestry. These findings suggest that natural selection has indeed facilitated the formation of distinct genetic variation patterns in the two Aquilegia species and habitat adaptation has been driving the ecologically based evolution of reproductive isolation.
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[Quality assessment on guidelines of clinical practice in acupuncture and moxibustion: a study based on AGREE].
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu
PUBLISHED: 08-13-2014
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The quality of guidelines of clinical practice in acupuncture and moxibustion was evaluated with AGREE II tool. After retrieval of officially-issued guidelines of clinical practice in acupuncture and moxibustion from 2004 to 2013, totally 5 types of evidence-based guidelines of clinical practice in acupuncture and moxibustion were acquired, including depression, herpes zoster, pseudobulbar palsy after stroke, migraine and Bell's palsy. With AGREE II tool, independent score in six areas, including guideline's scope and purpose, participants and personnel, preciseness, clarity and readability, applicability and editorial independence were analyzed to perform a comprehensive evaluation in the end. The assessment results indicated that the score of editorial independence in evidence-based guidelines of clinical practice in acupuncture and moxibustion was the highest, averagely 97.9%, which was followed by clarity and readability (83.3%), participants and personnel (78.1%), preciseness (75.6%), the scope and purpose (68.1%) and the applicability (62.5%). The total evaluation score was all 6 points in the five guidelines with recommended as comprehensive evaluation advice. This study results indicate that although the guideline of clinical practice in acupuncture and moxibustion is low in number, the total quality is considerable.
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Mollanol A, a diterpenoid with a new C-nor-D-homograyanane skeleton from the fruits of Rhododendron molle.
Org. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 08-04-2014
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Two new grayanoids, mollanol A (1) and rhodomollein XXV (2), were isolated from the fruits of Rhododendron molle. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods and X-ray diffraction analyses. Mollanol A (1) possesses a new C-nor-D-homograyanane carbon skeleton, while rhodomollein XXV (2) is the first example of an 11,16-epoxygrayanane and features a caged oxa-tricyclo[3.3.1.0(3.7)]nonane ring system. Plausible biogenetic pathways for 1 were proposed. Compound 1 exhibited transcriptional activation effects on the xbp1 upstream promoter in IEC-6, 293T, and RAW264.7 cells.
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Evolution of physiological responses to salt stress in hexaploid wheat.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.
PUBLISHED: 07-29-2014
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Hexaploid bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L., genome BBAADD) is generally more salt tolerant than its tetraploid wheat progenitor (Triticum turgidum L.). However, little is known about the physiological basis of this trait or about the relative contributions of allohexaploidization and subsequent evolutionary genetic changes on the trait development. Here, we compared the salt tolerance of a synthetic allohexaploid wheat (neo-6x) with its tetraploid (T. turgidum; BBAA) and diploid (Aegilops tauschii; DD) parents, as well as a natural hexaploid bread wheat (nat-6x). We studied 92 morphophysiological traits and analyzed homeologous gene expression of a major salt-tolerance gene High-Affinity K(+) Transporter 1;5 (HKT1;5). We observed that under salt stress, neo-6x exhibited higher fitness than both of its parental genotypes due to inheritance of favorable traits like higher germination rate from the 4x parent and the stronger root Na(+) retention capacity from the 2x parent. Moreover, expression of the D-subgenome HKT1;5 homeolog, which is responsible for Na(+) removal from the xylem vessels, showed an immediate transcriptional reprogramming following allohexaploidization, i.e., from constitutive high basal expression in Ae. tauschii (2x) to salt-induced expression in neo-6x. This phenomenon was also witnessed in the nat-6x. An integrated analysis of 92 traits showed that, under salt-stress conditions, neo-6x resembled more closely the 2x than the 4x parent, suggesting that the salt stress induces enhanced expressivity of the D-subgenome homeologs in the synthetic hexaploid wheat. Collectively, the results suggest that condition-dependent functionalization of the subgenomes might have contributed to the wide-ranging adaptability of natural hexaploid wheat.
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Use of improved tracheal catheters in patient of tracheostomy tube-induced tracheoesophageal fistula: a case report.
Int J Clin Exp Med
PUBLISHED: 07-15-2014
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Tracheostomy tube might cause tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) due to high cuff pressure or direct mechanical trauma. Surgical repair provides the ideal way to deal with TEF but it necessitates the weaning the patient from mechanical ventilation. Here we report a spontaneous closure of TEF by managing it with improved tracheal catheters in a patient who is dependent on mechanical ventilation.
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Gastric wall implantation metastasis of retroperitoneal extraskeletal osteosarcoma: A case report and review of the literature.
Oncol Lett
PUBLISHED: 07-08-2014
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Retroperitoneal extraskeletal osteosarcoma (ESOS) is a rare and highly invasive tumor that is usually diagnosed at an advanced stage due to the insidious onset. The present study analyses a case of retroperitoneal ESOS and its clinical, radiological and therapeutic conditions, and also provides a review of the literature. A 52-year-old male was diagnosed with retroperitoneal ESOS. The patient succumbed to the condition one year after the initial surgery. During treatment, the patient underwent two additional surgeries and two courses of chemotherapy. In the present case, a peritoneal metastatic lesion of ESOS was shed from the peritoneum and implanted into the outer membrane of the stomach and metastasis was identified, this has rarely been reported in the literature. Retroperitoneal ESOS should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a retroperitoneal mass in order to facilitate the management of surgery and help determine the appropriate treatment of the disease.
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Mutation of a major CG methylase in rice causes genome-wide hypomethylation, dysregulated genome expression, and seedling lethality.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.
PUBLISHED: 07-07-2014
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Cytosine methylation at CG sites ((m)CG) plays critical roles in development, epigenetic inheritance, and genome stability in mammals and plants. In the dicot model plant Arabidopsis thaliana, methyltransferase 1 (MET1), a principal CG methylase, functions to maintain (m)CG during DNA replication, with its null mutation resulting in global hypomethylation and pleiotropic developmental defects. Null mutation of a critical CG methylase has not been characterized at a whole-genome level in other higher eukaryotes, leaving the generality of the Arabidopsis findings largely speculative. Rice is a model plant of monocots, to which many of our important crops belong. Here we have characterized a null mutant of OsMet1-2, the major CG methylase in rice. We found that seeds homozygous for OsMet1-2 gene mutation (OsMET1-2(-/-)), which directly segregated from normal heterozygote plants (OsMET1-2(+/-)), were seriously maldeveloped, and all germinated seedlings underwent swift necrotic death. Compared with wild type, genome-wide loss of (m)CG occurred in the mutant methylome, which was accompanied by a plethora of quantitative molecular phenotypes including dysregulated expression of diverse protein-coding genes, activation and repression of transposable elements, and altered small RNA profiles. Our results have revealed conservation but also distinct functional differences in CG methylases between rice and Arabidopsis.
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Effect of acupuncture treatment on vascular cognitive impairment without dementia: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.
Trials
PUBLISHED: 07-04-2014
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Vascular cognitive impairment, no dementia (VCIND) is a condition at risk for future dementia and should be the target of preventive strategies. Preliminary evidence suggests that acupuncture may be a clinically effective intervention for people with early-stage vascular cognitive impairment. We will do a multicenter, 6-month, drug-controlled, nonblinded, randomized, parallel-group trial to determine whether acupuncture is effective for improving cognitive function and quality of life for patients with VCIND.
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Evolution of the BBAA component of bread wheat during its history at the allohexaploid level.
Plant Cell
PUBLISHED: 07-02-2014
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Subgenome integrity in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum; BBAADD) makes possible the extraction of its BBAA component to restitute a novel plant type. The availability of such a ploidy-reversed wheat (extracted tetraploid wheat [ETW]) provides a unique opportunity to address whether and to what extent the BBAA component of bread wheat has been modified in phenotype, karyotype, and gene expression during its evolutionary history at the allohexaploid level. We report here that ETW was anomalous in multiple phenotypic traits but maintained a stable karyotype. Microarray-based transcriptome profiling identified a large number of differentially expressed genes between ETW and natural tetraploid wheat (Triticum turgidum), and the ETW-downregulated genes were enriched for distinct Gene Ontology categories. Quantitative RT-PCR analysis showed that gene expression differences between ETW and a set of diverse durum wheat (T. turgidum subsp durum) cultivars were distinct from those characterizing tetraploid cultivars per se. Pyrosequencing revealed that the expression alterations may occur to either only one or both of the B and A homoeolog transcripts in ETW. A majority of the genes showed additive expression in a resynthesized allohexaploid wheat. Analysis of a synthetic allohexaploid wheat and diverse bread wheat cultivars revealed the rapid occurrence of expression changes to the BBAA subgenomes subsequent to allohexaploidization and their evolutionary persistence.
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Modified Si-Miao-San ameliorates pancreatic B cell dysfunction by inhibition of reactive oxygen species-associated inflammation through AMP-kinase activation.
Chin J Nat Med
PUBLISHED: 05-27-2014
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To observe the effect of modified Si-Miao-San (mSMS) on advanced glycation end products (AGEs)-induced pancreatic B cell dysfunction, as well as examining the underlying mechanisms.
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[Efficacy and prognosis of endoluminal treatment of femoropopliteal chronic total occlusions].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 05-21-2014
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To evaluate the efficacy and prognosis of endoluminal treatment of superficial femoral artery and proximal popliteal artery chronic total occlusions.
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A 10-second fluid challenge guided by transthoracic echocardiography can predict fluid responsiveness.
Crit Care
PUBLISHED: 05-12-2014
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The accurate assessment of intravascular volume status for the therapy of severe hypovolemia and shock is difficult and critical to critically ill patients. Non-invasive evaluation of fluid responsiveness by the rapid infusion of a very limited amount of volume is an important clinical goal. This study aimed to test whether echocardiographic parameters could predict fluid responsiveness in critically ill patients following a low-volume (50-ml crystalloid solution) infusion over 10 seconds.
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[On-site quality control of acupuncture randomized controlled trial: design of content and checklist of quality control based on PICOST].
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu
PUBLISHED: 05-07-2014
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To effectively guarantee quality of randomized controlld trial (RCT) of acupuncture and develop reasonable content and checklist of on-site quality control, influencing factors on quality of acupuncture RCT are analyzed and scientificity of quality control content and feasibility of on-site manipulation are put into overall consideration. Based on content and checklist of on-site quality control in National 11th Five-Year Plan Project Optimization of Comprehensive Treatment Plan for TCM in Prevention and Treatment of Serious Disease and Clinical Assessment on Generic Technology and Quality Control Research, it is proposed that on-site quality control of acupuncture RCT should be conducted with PICOST (patient, intervention, comparison, out come, site and time) as core, especially on quality control of interveners' skills and outcome assessment of blinding, and checklist of on-site quality control is developed to provide references for undertaking groups of the project.
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[Clinical analysis of two carotid endarterectomy procedures in treating carotid artery stenosis].
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 05-06-2014
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To analyze the effectiveness and costs of the eversion carotid endarterectomy(eCEA)and the carotid endarterectomy with patch angioplasty(pCEA)in treating carotid artery stenosis.
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[Endovascular treatment of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm a clinical analysis of 13 cases].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 04-22-2014
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To evaluate the effect of endovascular aneurysm repair(EVAR) of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm(rAAA) and to summarize the experience.
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[Open construction of experimental abdominal aortic aneurysm swine models with Dacron patch for evaluating endovascular aneurysm repair techniques].
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 03-04-2014
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To construct an experimental abdominal aortic aneurysm(AAA)swine model with Dacron patch for evaluating endovascular aneurysm repair(EVAR)technique.
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Endovascular aneurysm repair in emergent ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm with a 'real' hostile neck and severely tortuous iliac artery of an elderly patient.
BMC Surg
PUBLISHED: 02-27-2014
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Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has been a revolutionary development in the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). Meanwhile, unfavorable anatomy of the aneurysm has always been a challenge to vascular surgeons, and the application of EVAR in emergent and elderly patients are still in dispute.
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Genome-wide disruption of gene expression in allopolyploids but not hybrids of rice subspecies.
Mol. Biol. Evol.
PUBLISHED: 02-27-2014
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Hybridization and polyploidization are prominent processes in plant evolution. Hybrids and allopolyploids typically exhibit radically altered gene expression patterns relative to their parents, a phenomenon termed "transcriptomic shock." To distinguish the effects of hybridization from polyploidization on coregulation of divergent alleles, we analyzed expression of parental copies (homoeologs) of 11,608 genes using RNA-seq-based transcriptome profiling in reciprocal hybrids and tetraploids constructed from subspecies japonica and indica of Asian rice (Oryza sativa L.). The diploid hybrids and their derived allopolyploids differ dramatically in morphology, despite having the same suite of genes and genic proportions. Allelic and homoeolog-specific transcripts were unequivocally diagnosed in the hybrids and tetraploids based on parent-specific SNPs. Compared with the in silico hybrid (parental mix), the range of progenitor expression divergence was significantly reduced in both reciprocally generated F1 hybrids, presumably due to the ameliorating effects of a common trans environment on divergent cis-factors. In contrast, parental expression differences were greatly elaborated at the polyploid level, which we propose is a consequence of stoichiometric disruptions associated with the numerous chromosomal packaging and volumetric changes accompanying nascent polyploidy. We speculate that the emergent property of "whole genome doubling" has repercussions that reverberate throughout the transcriptome and downstream, ultimately generating altered phenotypes. This perspective may yield insight into the nature of adaptation and the origin of evolutionary novelty accompanying polyploidy.
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Overexpression of GmAKT2 potassium channel enhances resistance to soybean mosaic virus.
BMC Plant Biol.
PUBLISHED: 02-25-2014
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Soybean mosaic virus (SMV) is the most prevalent viral disease in many soybean production areas. Due to a large number of SMV resistant loci and alleles, SMV strains and the rapid evolution in avirulence/effector genes, traditional breeding for SMV resistance is complex. Genetic engineering is an effective alternative method for improving SMV resistance in soybean. Potassium (K+) is the most abundant inorganic solute in plant cells, and is involved in plant responses to abiotic and biotic stresses. Studies have shown that altering the level of K+ status can reduce the spread of the viral diseases. Thus K+ transporters are putative candidates to target for soybean virus resistance.
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Astin B, a cyclic pentapeptide from Aster tataricus, induces apoptosis and autophagy in human hepatic L-02 cells.
Chem. Biol. Interact.
PUBLISHED: 02-15-2014
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Astins (including astin B) are a class of halogenated cyclic pentapeptides isolated from the medicinal herb of Aster tataricus. However, our previous works showed that the herbal medicine was hepatotoxic in vivo, and a toxicity-guided isolation method led to the identification of a cyclopeptide astin B. Astin B is structurally similar to cyclochlorotine, a well-known hepatotoxic mycotoxin. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the potential cytotoxic effects and the underlying mechanism of astin B on human normal liver L-02 cells. We found that astin B has hepatotoxic effects in vitro and in vivo and that hepatic injury was primarily mediated by apoptosis in a mitochondria/caspase-dependent manner. Astin B provoked oxidative stress-associated inflammation in hepatocytes as evidenced by increased levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), reduced contents of intracellular glutathione (GSH), and enhanced phosphorylation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK). Furthermore, the mitochondria-dependent apoptosis was evidenced by the depolarization of the mitochondrial membrane potential, the release of cytochrome c into cytosol, the increased ratio of Bax/Bcl-2, and the increased activities of caspases-9 and -3. Interestingly, astin B treatment also induces autophagy in L-02 cells, characterized by acidic-vesicle fluorescence, increased LC3-II and decreased p62 expression. Autophagy is a protective mechanism that is used to protect cells from apoptosis. The presence of autophagy is further supported by the increased cytotoxicity and the enhanced cleaved caspase-3 after co-treatment of cells with an autophagy inhibitor, also by increased LC3-II and decreased p62 after co-treatment with a caspase inhibitor. Taken together, astin B, most likely together with other members of astins, is the substance that is primarily responsible for the hepatotoxicity of A.tataricus.
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Inhibitors of differentiation-1 promotes nitrosopyrrolidine-induced transformation of HPV 16-immortalized cervical epithelial cell.
Cancer Sci.
PUBLISHED: 02-13-2014
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Our previous study implied a correlation between inhibitors of differentiation-1 (Id-1) and cervical cancer development. However, how Id-1 contributes to cervical carcinogenesis is unknown. In the present study, we used an in vitro transformation model to investigate the role of Id-1 in the transformation of cervical cells. Human papillomavirus (HPV)-immortalized cervical epithelial cells (H8) were successfully transformed by exposure to the carcinogen N-nitrosopyrrolidine (NPYR). The expression of both Id-1 RNA and protein was significantly increased in transformed H8 cells, suggesting a possible role of Id-1 in cervical cell transformation. Ectopic expression of Id-1 in H8 cells potentiated NPYR-induced cell transformation. In contrast, silencing of Id-1 suppressed NPYR-induced H8 cell transformation. In addition, the expression of HPV E6 and E7 oncoproteins was upregulated while that of the tumor suppressors p53 and pRb was suppressed after H8 cell transformation. Our results suggest that Id-1 plays an oncogenic role in HPV-related cervical carcinogenesis, which sheds light on cervical cancer development mechanisms and implies that Id-1 is a potential target for cervical cancer prevention and therapy.
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Acupuncture at local and distal points for chronic shoulder pain: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.
Trials
PUBLISHED: 01-25-2014
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Chronic shoulder pain (CSP) is the third most common type of musculoskeletal pain. It has a major impact on health-related quality of life. In Chinese medicine, CSP is considered one of the conditions most amenable to treatment with acupuncture. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of local acupoints in combination with distal acupoints in pain relief and shoulder function improvement in CSP patients.
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Mutation of the RDR1 gene caused genome-wide changes in gene expression, regional variation in small RNA clusters and localized alteration in DNA methylation in rice.
BMC Plant Biol.
PUBLISHED: 01-24-2014
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Endogenous small (sm) RNAs (primarily si- and miRNAs) are important trans/cis-acting regulators involved in diverse cellular functions. In plants, the RNA-dependent RNA polymerases (RDRs) are essential for smRNA biogenesis. It has been established that RDR2 is involved in the 24 nt siRNA-dependent RNA-directed DNA methylation (RdDM) pathway. Recent studies have suggested that RDR1 is involved in a second RdDM pathway that relies mostly on 21 nt smRNAs and functions to silence a subset of genomic loci that are usually refractory to the normal RdDM pathway in Arabidopsis. Whether and to what extent the homologs of RDR1 may have similar functions in other plants remained unknown.
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Effect of supersaturation on hillock of directional Growth of KDP crystals.
Sci Rep
PUBLISHED: 01-20-2014
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KDP single crystals were grown in aqueous solution by using "point seeds" with a defined crystallographic direction of 59° to the Z axis. When hillock slopes on the (100) face of KDP crystals were measured within the supersaturation (?) range of 0 < ? ? 0.06, the slope of hillocks with hollow cores depended nonlinearly on supersaturation. Below ? = 0.02, the hillock slope depended on supersaturation, but when ? was ? 0.02, the hillock slope increased more gradually and was less dependent on supersaturation. Hollow funnel-shaped growth dislocation on the (100) face of KDP crystals was observed at ? = 0.04, characterized by large holes with micro-steps and step bunching inside, the formation of which were analyzed. The result verified that the reversed growth appears to occur within hollow channels found on growth hillocks.
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In vivo magnetic resonance imaging tracking of transplanted superparamagnetic iron oxide?labeled bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells in rats with myocardial infarction.
Mol Med Rep
PUBLISHED: 01-10-2014
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Superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanoparticles generate superparamagnetism, thereby resulting in an inhomogeneous local magnetic field, which shortens the T2 value on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The purpose of the present study was to use MRI to track bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) labeled with SPIO in a rat model of myocardial infarction. The BMSCs were isolated from rats and labeled with SPIO. The anterior descending branch of the coronary artery was ligated under anesthesia. Two weeks later, the rats received, at random, 5x107 SPIO?labeled BMSCs, 5x107 unlabeled BMSCs or a vehicle (100 µl phosphate?buffered saline) via direct injection into the ischemic area (20 animals/group). MRI was used to track the SPIO?labeled BMSCs and the rats were then sacrificed to verify the presence of BMSCs using immunohistochemistry with an anti?CD90 antibody. The procedure labeled 99% of the BMSCs with SPIO, which exhibited low?intensity signals on T2 and T2* MRI imaging. At 24 h post?BMSC transplantation, low?intensity MRI signals were detected on the T2 and T2* sequences at the infarction margins. After 3 weeks following transplantation, low?intensity signals started to appear within the infarcted area; however, the signal intensity subsequently decreased and became indistinct. Immunohistochemistry revealed that the SPIO?labeled BMSCs migrated from the margin into the infarcted region. In conclusion, the BMSCs were readily labeled with SPIO and in vivo and MRI tracking demonstrated that the SPIO?labeled BMSCs established and grew in the infarcted myocardium.
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NK/T cell lymphoma involving mediastinum: report of a case and review of literature.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Extranodal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma is a very aggressive malignant neoplasia with a poor prognosis. Herein we reported a case of NK/T cell lymphoma involving mediastinum. It was a 28-year-old Chinese male patient. The tumor cells were medium-sized, had irregularly folded nuclei, and inconspicuous or small nucleoli with coagulative necrosis. The tumor cells were positive for CD3?, TIA-1, but negative for CD56. In situ hybridization revealed that tumor cells also expressed Epstein-Barr virus encoded RNA. To our knowledge, this is the first case of NK/T cell lymphoma involving mediastinum.
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Determinants of consistent condom use among college students in China: application of the information-motivation-behavior skills (IMB) model.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Due to the increase incidents of premarital sex and the lack of reproductive health services, college students are at high risk of HIV/AIDS infections in China. This study was designed to examine the predictors of consistency of condom use among college students based on the Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills (IMB) model and to describe the relationships between the model constructs.
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Incidence, risk factors, treatment and prognosis of popliteal artery embolization in the superficial femoral artery interventions.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting (PTA + stent) has gained acceptance as a primary treatment modality for the superficial femoral artery (SFA) diseases. Popliteal artery embolization (PAE) is a severe complication in SFA interventions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence, risk factors, treatment and prognosis of PAE in primary SFA PTA + stent.
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Tissue culture-induced heritable genomic variation in rice, and their phenotypic implications.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Somaclonal variation generally occurs in plants regenerated from tissue culture. However, fundamental issues regarding molecular characteristics, mutation rates and mutation spectra of plant somatic variation as well as their phenotypic relevance have been addressed only recently. Moreover, these studies have reported highly discrepant results in different plant species and even in the same plant genotype.
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Treatment patterns associated with stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation in three major cities in the Peoples Republic of china.
Int J Gen Med
PUBLISHED: 12-19-2013
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Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with an increased risk of stroke. This study assessed treatment patterns associated with stroke prevention among patients with AF in three major cities of the Peoples Republic of China.
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[Risk analysis for cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome after carotid endarterectomy].
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 12-17-2013
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To analyze risk factors for cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome (CHS) after carotid endarterectomy (CEA).
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Five new compounds from Rhododendron mariae Hance.
J Asian Nat Prod Res
PUBLISHED: 12-10-2013
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Five new compounds (-)-(7R,8S,7R,8S)-4,9,4,9-tetrahydroxy-3,3-dimethoxy-7,7-epoxylignan 9-O-?-d-xylopyranoside (1), (-)-(7R,8S)-5-methoxyl(dimeric coniferyl acetate) (2), (+)-(1R,2S)-1,2-bis(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-3-acetyl-1,3-propanediol (3), (-)-3-((2R,3R)-2-ethoxy-3-(hydroxymethyl)-7-methoxy-2,3-dihydrobenzofuran-5-yl)propan-1-ol (4), and (+)-3-((2S,3S)-2-ethoxy-3-(hydroxymethyl)-7-methoxy-2,3-dihydrobenzofuran-5-yl)propan-1-ol (5), together with 12 known compounds, were isolated from an ethanol extract of the dried stems of Rhododendron mariae Hance. Their structures were elucidated by NMR, HR-MS, CD, ORD experiments and chemical methods. Compounds 2, 3, 6, and 17 exhibited significant inhibitory effects on the nitric oxide production in lipopolysaccharide activated C57BL6/J mouse macrophages.
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[Efficacy analysis of two surgical procedures of carotid endarterectomy in the treatment of carotid artery stenosis].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 11-29-2013
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To analyze the efficacy and safety of eversion carotid endarterectomy (eCEA) and carotid endarterectomy with patch angioplasty (pCEA) in the treatment of carotid artery stenosis.
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Intrinsic karyotype stability and gene copy number variations may have laid the foundation for tetraploid wheat formation.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.
PUBLISHED: 11-11-2013
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Polyploidy or whole-genome duplication is recurrent in plant evolution, yet only a small fraction of whole-genome duplications has led to successful speciation. A major challenge in the establishment of nascent polyploids is sustained karyotype instability, which compromises fitness. The three putative diploid progenitors of bread wheat, with AA, SS (S ? B), and DD genomes occurred sympatrically, and their cross-fertilization in different combinations may have resulted in fertile allotetraploids with various genomic constitutions. However, only SSAA or closely related genome combinations have led to the speciation of tetraploid wheats like Triticum turgidum and Triticum timopheevii. We analyzed early generations of four newly synthesized allotetraploid wheats with genome compositions S(sh)S(sh)A(m)A(m), S(l)S(l)AA, S(b)S(b)DD, and AADD by combined fluorescence and genomic in situ hybridization-based karyotyping. Results of karyotype analyses showed that although S(sh)S(sh)A(m)A(m) and S(l)S(l)AA are characterized by immediate and persistent karyotype stability, massive aneuploidy and extensive chromosome restructuring are associated with S(b)S(b)DD and AADD in which parental subgenomes showed markedly different propensities for chromosome gain/loss and rearrangements. Although compensating aneuploidy and reciprocal translocation between homeologs prevailed, reproductive fitness was substantially compromised due to chromosome instability. Strikingly, localized genomic changes in repetitive DNA and copy-number variations in gene homologs occurred in both chromosome stable lines, S(sh)S(sh)A(m)A(m) and S(l)S(l)AA. Our data demonstrated that immediate and persistent karyotype stability is intrinsic to newly formed allotetraploid wheat with genome combinations analogous to natural tetraploid wheats. This property, coupled with rapid gene copy-number variations, may have laid the foundation of tetraploid wheat establishment.
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Endovascular Stent-Graft Treatment for a Traumatic Vertebrovertebral Arteriovenous Fistula with Pseudoaneurysm.
Ann Vasc Surg
PUBLISHED: 11-05-2013
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The rarely occurring vertebrovertebral arteriovenous fistula (VVAVF) is characterized by abnormal direct communications between the vertebral artery or its branches and the neighboring venous system. We present our experience using a stent graft to occlude a chronic, traumatic VVAVF. A 40-year-old woman with dizziness and loud bruits from the occiput underwent digital subtraction angiography (DSA), which revealed a VVAVF with pseudoaneurysm at the C5-C6 level, with retrograde flow from the right vertebral artery. A stent graft was placed across the fistula after balloon dilation. The fistula and pseudoaneurysm disappeared immediately. After 9 months, the patient remained asymptomatic with a patent stent.
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[New method to predict cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome after carotid endarterectomy by transcranial Doppler].
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 10-05-2013
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To determine the diagnostic value for predicting cerebral hyperper-fusionsyndrome (CHS) by adding a transcranial Doppler (TCD) measurement at the end of the carotid endarterectomy (CEA) at the operating room.
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Diterpenoids and sesquiterpenoids from the roots of Illicium majus.
J. Nat. Prod.
PUBLISHED: 09-26-2013
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Five new diterpenoids (1-5), five new sesquiterpenoids (6-10), and three known compounds (11-13) were isolated from the roots of Illicium majus. Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analysis. The absolute configuration of 1 was assigned by X-ray crystallography, whereas those of the 1,2-diol moieties in 3 and 4 were determined using Snatzkes method. The abietane acids 1, 2, 11, 12, and 13 displayed antiviral activity against the Coxsackie B3 virus, with IC50 values of 3.3-51.7 ?M/mL.
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The protective effect of Bcl-xl overexpression against oxidative stress-induced vascular endothelial cell injury and the role of the Akt/eNOS pathway.
Int J Mol Sci
PUBLISHED: 09-21-2013
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Restenosis after intraluminal or open vascular reconstruction remains an important clinical problem. Vascular endothelial cell (EC) injury induced by oxidative stress plays an important role in the development of intimal hyperplasia. In this study, we sought to evaluate the protective effects of Bcl-xl overexpression in vitro on oxidative stress-induced EC injury and the role of the Akt/endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) pathway. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) exposed to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2, 0.5 mM) were used as the experimental oxidative stress model. The Bcl-xl gene was transferred into HUVECs through recombinant adenovirus vector pAdxsi-GFP-Bcl-xl before oxidative treatment. Cell apoptosis was evaluated by Annexin V/propidium iodide and Hoechst staining, caspase-7 and PARP cleavage. Cell viability was assessed using the cell counting kit-8 assay, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) immunocytochemical detection and the scratching assay. Expressions of Akt, phospho-Akt and eNOS were detected by Western blotting. Our results showed that H2O2 induced apoptosis and decreased the cell viability of HUVECs. Bcl-xl overexpression significantly protected cells from H2O2-induced cell damage and apoptosis and maintained the cell function. Furthermore, the level of phospho-Akt and eNOS protein expression was significantly elevated when pretreated with Bcl-xl gene transferring. These findings suggest that Bcl-xl overexpression exerts an anti-apoptotic and protective effect on EC function. The Akt/eNOS signaling pathway is probably involved in these processes.
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Novel sesquiterpenoid glycosides and sesquiterpenes from the roots of Illicium henryi.
Planta Med.
PUBLISHED: 08-27-2013
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Seven new sesquiterpenoid glycosides, consisting of one thapsan-type (1), two capnellane-type (2 and 3), four floridanolide sesquiterpene glycosides (4-7), and one new azulene-type sesquiterpene (8), along with six known sesquiterpenes (9-14) were isolated from the roots of Illicium henryi. The structures of 1-8 were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analyses and chemical methods. The absolute configurations of 1, 2, and 8 were determined based on Rh2(OCOCF3)4-induced CD, Mo2(OAc)4-induced CD data, and calculated electronic circular dichroism (ECD), respectively. Compound 1 was found to exhibit weak neurotoxicant activity.
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[Chemical constituents of Periploca forrestii].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 08-17-2013
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The chemical constituents of Periploca forrestii were studied by means of macroporous resin, silica gel, ODS column chromatography and PHPLC. Nine compounds were isolated from this plant. By using ESI-MS and NMR, the structures of the nine compounds were determined as scopoletin (1), trans-3, 4-methylenedioxycinnamyl alcohol (2), syringaresinol (3), syringaresinol 4-0-beta-D-glucopyranoside (4), 6-0-(E)-feruloylsucrose (5), loliolide (6), 4-hydroxy-3-methoxyl-benzaidehyde (7), delta5-pregnene-3beta, 17alpha, 20alpha-triol (8) and delta5-pregnene-3 beta, 17alpha, 20 alpha-triol-20-0-beta-D-canaropyranoside (9), respectively. Compounds 1, 2 and 5-7 are isolated from Periplocagenus for the first time.
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[Study on method for formulating clinical practice guidelines of common Chinese patent medicines based on clinical practices].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 08-16-2013
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The clinical application of Chinese patent medicines has suffered sever problems and required guidelines for clinical practices. Currently, the expert consensus method is more suitable for formulating clinical practice guidelines of Chinese patent medicines than the evidence-based method. However, there remain problems in the application of the expert consensus method. This study proposed a derivative expert consensus method--a method for formulating clinical practice guidelines of common Chinese patent medicines based on clinical practices, and introduced the method in terms of research thought, methodology and implementation procedure.
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[Method for direct generation data for formatted case report forms based on requirement for data authenticity in actual clinical conditions].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 08-16-2013
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Data authenticity is the basic requirement of clinical studies. In actual clinical conditions how to establish formatted case report forms (CRF) in line with the requirement for data authenticity is the key to ensure clinical data quality. On the basis of the characteristics of clinical data in actual clinical conditions, we determined elements for establishing formatted case report forms by comparing differences in data characteristics of CRFs in traditional clinical studies and in actual clinical conditions, and then generated formatted case report forms in line with the requirement for data authenticity in actual clinical conditions. The data of formatted CRFs generated in this study could not only meet the requirement for data authenticity of clinical studies in actual clinical conditions, but also comply with data management practices for clinical studies, thus it is deemed as a progress in technical methods.
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The anti-lung cancer activities of steroidal saponins of P. polyphylla Smith var. chinensis (Franch.) Hara through enhanced immunostimulation in experimental Lewis tumor-bearing C57BL/6 mice and induction of apoptosis in the A549 cell line.
Molecules
PUBLISHED: 08-15-2013
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P. polyphylla Smith var. chinensis (Franch.) Hara (PPSCFH) has been used as medicinal Paris for the prevention and treatment of cancers in China for thousands of years. Its main components, steroidal saponins (PRS), have been confirmed to inhibit tumor growth. In the present study, the immunostimulation of PRS was investigated in Lewis bearing-C57BL/6 mice while the induction of apoptosis in A549 cells was also studied. The treatment with PRS (2.5, 5.0 and 7.5 mg/kg) significantly inhibited tumor, volume, and weight in the C57BL/6 mice. The rates of inhibition of PRS (at 2.5, 5.0 and 7.5 mg/kg) were 26.49 ± 17.30%, 40.32 ± 18.91% and 54.94 ± 16.48%, respectively. The spleen and thymus indexes were increased remarkably, while the levels of inflammatory cytokines including TNF-?, IL-8 and IL-10 in serum were decreased according to ELISA assays. For A549 cells, Hoechst 33342 staining and annexin V/PI by flow cytometry showed that PRS (0.25, 0.50 and 0.75 mg/mL) induced nuclear changes of A549 cells with DNA condensation and fragmentations of chromatin, as well as inducing apoptosis. Furthermore, PRS could also attenuate the over-generation of intracellular ROS. Western blotting analysis showed a significant decrease on the expressions of proinflammatory cytokines MCP-1, IL-6 and TGF-?1, as well as cell adhesion molecule ICAM-1, by treatment with PRS. Our results demonstrated that the inhibition of PRS on tumor growth might be associated with the amelioration of inflammation responses, induction of apoptosis, as well as the decrease of ROS. These results suggested that PRS implied a potential therapeutic effect in the lung cancer treatment.
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Antiviral spirooliganones A and B with unprecedented skeletons from the roots of Illicium oligandrum.
Org. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 08-12-2013
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Two novel spirooliganones A (1) and (2), a pair of spiro carbon epimers, with a rare dioxaspiro skeleton were isolated from the roots of Illicium oligandrum. The structures were fully determined by spectroscopic analysis and chemical methods, especially modified Moshers method, and X-ray diffraction analysis. Spirooliganone B was found to exhibit more potent activities against coxsackie virus B3 and influenza virus A (H3N2) (IC50 3.70-5.05 ?M) than spirooliganone A. The biosynthetic pathway involving a hetero-Diels-Alder reaction of the epimers was proposed.
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[Shunting during carotid endarterectomy prevents postoperative cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 08-02-2013
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To assess if shunting during carotid endarterectomy (CEA) can lower the risk of postoperative cerebral hyperperfusion (CH) and cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome (CHS).
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Inhibition of apoptosis by knockdown of caspase-3 with siRNA in rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells.
Exp. Biol. Med. (Maywood)
PUBLISHED: 07-30-2013
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Transplantation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells is a promising new strategy for the repair of infarcted cardiac tissue. However, the majority of transplanted bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) die soon after transplantation, due in part to oxidative stress in the ischemic region. Oxidative stress is known to induce apoptosis through the activation of caspase-3. The aim of this study is to determine whether small interfering RNA targeting caspase-3 can inhibit the apoptosis of rat BMSCs in vitro. Caspase-3 siRNA expression vectors were prepared and transfected into rat BMSCs in the presence of liposomes. Western blot assay and real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) were performed to detect caspase-3 expression. A retrovirus packaging system was employed to package 293FT cells producing caspase-3 siRNA virus, which were transfected into rat BMSCs. Those stably expressing caspase-3 siRNA were screened by Western blot assay and RT-PCR to determine caspase-3 expression levels. Stable transfection of caspase-3 siRNA significantly decreased caspase-3 protein (0.26?±?0.001 vs. 0.42?±?0.004, P?
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Determination of the phase diagram of water and investigation of the electrical transport properties of ices VI and VII.
Phys Chem Chem Phys
PUBLISHED: 07-23-2013
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The phase diagram of water near the ice VI-ice VII-liquid triple point and electrical transport properties of these ices have been studied by in situ electrical conductivity measurements in a diamond anvil cell. The obtained phase boundary between ices VI and VII and the melting curve for these ices are in accord with most previous results. The different properties and amount of orientational defects in ice VI and ice VII are associated with abrupt changes in conductivity when a phase transition from ice VI to ice VII occurs. The electrical transport mechanisms of these two ice polymorphs can be understood in terms of the conduction of the already existing ions and Bjerrum defects.
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[Pharmacoeconomic evaluation for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 07-18-2013
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To conduct pharmacoeconomic evaluations for the two therapies of rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
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[Discussion on solutions to ethical issues of clinical researches in a real world].
Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 07-12-2013
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The paradigm of a real world study has become the frontiers of clinical researches, especially in the field of Chinese medicine, all over the world in recent years. In this paper, ethical issues which probably exist in real-world studies are raised and reviewed. Moreover, some preliminary solutions to these issues such as protecting subjects during the process of real-world studies and performing ethical review are raised based on recent years practices to enhance the scientificity and ethical level of real-world studies.
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[Advances in the biochemical markers of complications associated with carotid endarterectomy].
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 07-06-2013
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Carotid endarterectomy(CEA)has been proved to be an effective surgery to treat the cerebral ischemia caused by carotid atherosclerotic stenosis. However,there is still no effective mean for the early diagnosis of the CEA-related severe complications such as stroke and death. Many studies have explored the potential biomarkers for stroke alert,although there is still a long way to go for their actual application in clinical settings. The carotid atherosclerotic stenosis,the perioperative complications of CEA,and the stroke share similar pathogenic mechanisms,and some biomarkers such as S100B,matrix metalloproteinase 9,asymmetric dimethylarginine,and neuron-specific enolase have been studied in the clinical trails of CEA. This article summarizes recent advances in this field.
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Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) -2578C/A and -460C/T gene polymorphisms and lung cancer risk: a meta-analysis involving 11 case-control studies.
Tumour Biol.
PUBLISHED: 07-05-2013
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The aim of this meta-analysis is to generate large-scale evidence on whether common vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) gene polymorphisms (-2578C/A [dbSNP: rs699947] and -460C/T [dbSNP: rs833061]) are associated with lung cancer. A literature search of PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and CBM databases was conducted to identify all eligible studies published before May 3, 2013. Crude odds ratios (ORs) with their corresponding confidence intervals (95 % CIs) were used to evaluate the strength of the association. Eleven case-control studies were included with a total of 3,861 lung cancer cases and 3,676 controls in this meta-analysis. For the VEGF -2578C/A polymorphism, the combined results showed that there exist highly significant risk factors for individuals carrying the A allele resulting in lung cancer, and the magnitude of this effect was similar in smoker patients and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) patients. Unlike the situation with the -2578C/A polymorphism, the VEGF -460C/T polymorphism is not associated with the risk of lung cancer in neither Asians nor Caucasians. However, when stratified according to smoking status and histological types of lung cancer, we found that the T allele (-460C/T) was associated with decreased lung cancer risk among nonsmoker patients and SCC patients. Our findings showed that the -2578C/A polymorphism may increase lung cancer risk, especially in smoker patients and SCC patients, whereas the -460C/T polymorphism may decrease lung cancer risk, especially in nonsmoker patients and SCC patients.
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[Thinking on controlled setting of plarebo acupuncture in clinical trial of acupuncture and moxibustion].
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu
PUBLISHED: 07-04-2013
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Differences and relations between effects of acupuncture therapy and sham acupuncture are systematically analyzed in this article through the influential factors of acupuncture effect. And it is held that sham acupuncture effect is not exactly equal to placebo effect. The effects of both acupuncture and sham acupuncture are composed by specific effects and non-specific effects, and the differences of non-specific effects between acupunc ture and sham acupuncture can be minimized furthest with blinding and randomized method. Therefore, the difference of acupuncture and sham acupuncture treatment rests with the degree of differences of the specific effects. Only when both of the specific effect of acupuncture and the effect of acupuncture are minimized, can it be applied as the ideal placebo control. Consequently when placebo acupunture are setted up, factors such as the body condition, site of stimulation and stimulation parameters which can influence the specific effect of acupuncture should be taken into consideration to produce the relatively minimum specific effect.
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[Discussion on existing problems of placebo acupuncture design based on acupuncture analgesia].
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu
PUBLISHED: 07-04-2013
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In the present article, the authors made an overview about the existing problems of placebo acupuncture design in accordance with the neurological basis of acupuncture analgesia. The neuron-segmental and systemic mechanisms initiated by local somesthetic stimuli at different intensities are involved in acupuncture analgesia. When the local pain locus and the stimulated point are in the same spinal segmental region, stimuli of either higher intensity or lower intensity may produce an obvious anaIgesia effect. If the stimulation site is far from the pain locus (in remote spinal segment region), only higher intensity stimulation works. From this viewpoint, the placebo acupuncture design in current clinical trials for pain treatment exists some unreasonable aspects. Both pain focus and intensity of acupuncture stimulation should be taken into consideration together. The optimal placebo acupuncture design for the treatment of pain conditions is that lower intensity acupuncture stimulation is given for longer distance between the pain origin locus and the stimulated acupoint.
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Five new fawcettimine-related alkaloids from Lycopodium japonicum Thunb.
Fitoterapia
PUBLISHED: 07-02-2013
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Five new trace alkaloids with fawcettimine-related structures (1-5), i.e., 6-hydroxyl-6,7-dehydrolycoflexine (1), 6-hydroxyl-6,7-dehydro-8-deoxy-13-dehydroserratinine (2), together with three known ones (6-8), were isolated from the club moss Lycopodium japonicum Thunb. Their structures were elucidated by extensive NMR spectroscopic analysis, HRESIMS, CD and comparison with known ones. Compounds 1 and 2 are characterized by the enol moiety that is rarely reported in Lycopodium alkaloids, and Compound 5 is the second example of Lycopodium alkaloids with a C-16-C-4 linkage. A plausible biogenetic pathway for the isolates was proposed.
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Sesquiterpenes and alkaloids from the roots of Alangium chinense.
J. Nat. Prod.
PUBLISHED: 06-04-2013
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Four new sesquiterpenes (1-4), four new alkaloids (5a, 6a, 6b, and 7), and nine known compounds (5b and 8-15) were isolated from an ethanolic extract of roots of Alangium chinense. The structure of 1 was confirmed by X-ray crystallography. The configurations of 5 and 6 were assigned by chiral HPLC analysis and CD spectra. Compounds 3, 4, 8-13, and 15 exhibited antiviral activity against Coxsackie virus B3 with IC50 values of 1.4-15.4 ?M. Compounds 2-4, 7, and 9-13 showed antioxidant activities against Fe(2+)-cysteine-induced rat liver microsomal lipid peroxidation, with IC50 values of 3.8-45.7 ?M. Compound 5b displayed neuritis inhibitory activity against microglial inflammation factor, with an IC50 value of 6.7 ?M. None of the compounds exhibited detectable cytotoxic activity toward any of five tumor cell lines (A549, Be-17402, BGC-823, HCT-8, and A2780) in the MTT assay.
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Mollolide A, a Diterpenoid with a New 1,10:2,3-Disecograyanane Skeleton from the Roots of Rhododendron molle.
Org. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 05-31-2013
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Mollolide A (1), a diterpenoid featuring a new 1,10:2,3-disecograyanane skeleton, was isolated from the roots of Rhododendron molle. Its structure was elucidated through extensive MS, IR, and NMR spectroscopy analyses. The absolute configuration was determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction of its p-bromobenzoate derivative (1b). Compound 1 exhibits a significant analgesic effect at a dose of 20 mg/kg and antiviral activity against the Coxsackie B3 virus with an IC50 value of 27.7 ?M.
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Analysis of S. Epidermidis icaA and icaD genes by polymerase chain reaction and slime production: a case control study.
BMC Infect. Dis.
PUBLISHED: 05-20-2013
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Staphylococcus epidermidis is a common pathogen in medical device-associated infections and have an ability to form adherent slime. We aimed to study the effects of icaA and icaD genes on the slime formation of Staphylococcus epidermidis associated with catheter-associated infections.
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[Effect of albumin and hemoglobin level on prognosis of patients with uncomplicated severe traumatic brain injury: a retrospective cohort study].
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
PUBLISHED: 05-14-2013
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To evaluate the best level of albumin and hemoglobin for the patients with uncomplicated severe traumatic brain injury (TBI).
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Syndrome classification based on manifold ranking for viral hepatitis.
Chin J Integr Med
PUBLISHED: 05-09-2013
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Treatment determination based on syndrome differentiation is the key of Chinese medicine. A feasible way of improving the clinical therapy effectiveness is needed to correctly differentiate the syndrome classifications based on the clinical manifestations. In this paper, a novel data mining method based on manifold ranking (MR) is proposed to explore the relation between syndromes and symptoms for viral hepatitis. Since MR could take the symptom data with expert differentiation and the symptom data without expert differentiation into the task of syndrome classification, the clinical information used for modeling the syndrome features is greatly enlarged so as to improve the precise of syndrome classification. In addition, the proposed method of syndrome classification could also avoid two disadvantages in previous methods: linear relation of the clinical data and mutually exclusive symptoms among different syndromes. And it could help exploit the latent relation between syndromes and symptoms more effectively. Better performance of syndrome classification is able to be achieved according to the experimental results and the clinical experts.
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JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.