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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of patients with tetrahydrobiopterin deficiency in Shandong province, China.
Brain Dev.
PUBLISHED: 07-16-2014
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To summarize the clinical and biochemical data, mutation analysis, treatment, outcome and the follow-up data of patients with BH4 deficiency from 2004 to 2012 in Shandong province, China.
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Heliox as a driving gas to atomize inhaled drugs on acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a prospective clinical study.
Chin. Med. J.
PUBLISHED: 01-04-2014
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Acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) is a common condition, which affects not only the quality of life of patients but also their prognosis. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of an inhaled salbutamol sulfate solution and an inhalation suspension of the glucocorticoid budesonide that were atomized with heliox to treat patients with AECOPD.
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Prognosis and weaning of elderly multiple organ dysfunction syndrome patients with invasive mechanical ventilation.
Chin. Med. J.
PUBLISHED: 01-04-2014
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Elderly multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) patients receiving invasive mechanical ventilation have poor prognosis in intensive care units (ICUs). We studied the usefulness of four commonly used severity scores and extrapulmonary factors that affected weaning to predict outcome of such patients.
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Adsorption of fluoride from aqueous solution by enhanced chitosan/bentonite composite.
Water Sci. Technol.
PUBLISHED: 11-15-2013
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In this work, enhanced chitosan/bentonite composite was prepared by treating chitosan/bentonite composite with concentrated hydrochloric acid (HCl). The adsorption of fluoride ions from aqueous solution onto the enhanced chitosan/bentonite composite was investigated. Adsorption studies were performed in a batch system, and the effects of various parameters, such as the pH value of the solution, adsorbent dosage and initial fluoride concentration, were evaluated. The optimum operating conditions for fluoride removal by the enhanced chitosan/bentonite composite were pH = 7 or so, and adsorbent dosage =1.2 g. Increasing initial fluoride concentration reduced the adsorption of fluoride onto the enhanced chitosan/bentonite composite. Furthermore, the presence of other co-anions weakened the adsorption of fluoride onto this adsorbent. The equilibrium adsorption isotherms were well described by both the Freundlich and Langmuir models. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacity was 2.95 mg/g at 293 K.
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The mitochondrial genome of Raphanus sativus and gene evolution of cruciferous mitochondrial types.
J Genet Genomics
PUBLISHED: 01-09-2013
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To explore the mitochondrial genes of the Cruciferae family, the mitochondrial genome of Raphanus sativus (sat) was sequenced and annotated. The circular mitochondrial genome of sat is 239,723 bp and includes 33 protein-coding genes, three rRNA genes and 17 tRNA genes. The mitochondrial genome also contains a pair of large repeat sequences 5.9 kb in length, which may mediate genome reorganization into two sub-genomic circles, with predicted sizes of 124.8 kb and 115.0 kb, respectively. Furthermore, gene evolution of mitochondrial genomes within the Cruciferae family was analyzed using sat mitochondrial type (mitotype), together with six other reported mitotypes. The cruciferous mitochondrial genomes have maintained almost the same set of functional genes. Compared with Cycas taitungensis (a representative gymnosperm), the mitochondrial genomes of the Cruciferae have lost nine protein-coding genes and seven mitochondrial-like tRNA genes, but acquired six chloroplast-like tRNAs. Among the Cruciferae, to maintain the same set of genes that are necessary for mitochondrial function, the exons of the genes have changed at the lowest rates, as indicated by the numbers of single nucleotide polymorphisms. The open reading frames (ORFs) of unknown function in the cruciferous genomes are not conserved. Evolutionary events, such as mutations, genome reorganizations and sequence insertions or deletions (indels), have resulted in the non-conserved ORFs in the cruciferous mitochondrial genomes, which is becoming significantly different among mitotypes. This work represents the first phylogenic explanation of the evolution of genes of known function in the Cruciferae family. It revealed significant variation in ORFs and the causes of such variation.
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Preparation and characterization of CTAB-HACC bentonite and its ability to adsorb phenol from aqueous solution.
Water Sci. Technol.
PUBLISHED: 11-08-2011
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A novel type of adsorbent was prepared by modifying bentonite with N-2-hydroxypropyl trimethyl ammonium chloride chitosan (HACC) with cetyl trimethylammonium bromide (CTAB). The adsorbent was named CTAB-HACC bentonite. Its characteristics were investigated using thermogravimetric, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-ray diffraction. The adsorption of phenol onto CTAB-HACC bentonite was evaluated by changing various parameters, such as contact time, adsorbent dosage, initial pH of the solution, and temperature. The maximum adsorption was observed at pH 12. Adsorption of phenol on CTAB-HACC bentonite favored at lower temperature and established the equilibrium in 30 min. The adsorption efficiency reached 82.1%, and the adsorption capacity was 7.12 mg/g from the phenol solution with a concentration of 500 mg/L at pH 12.0 and 20 degrees C.
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Study on steady-state kinetics of nucleotide analogues incorporation by non-gel CE.
Electrophoresis
PUBLISHED: 02-02-2010
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A method for studying steady-state kinetics of nucleotide analogues incorporation into DNA strand by non-gel CE (NGCE) with LIF was developed. Nucleoside analogue is a kind of antiviral agent used to inhibit viral replication in infected cells, especially HIV. Steady-state parameter K(m) for nucleotide analogues is determined to imply the relationship between nucleoside analogues and the enzyme in the DNA chain elongation and predict the antiviral efficacy in vivo. Samples were prepared by single nucleotide incorporation assays catalyzed by Taq DNA polymerase at 58 degrees C and HIV reverse transcriptase (RT) at 37 degrees C, and then were separated using NGCE under optimized conditions: 25 mmol/L Tris-boric-EDTA buffer (pH 8.0) with 7 mmol/L urea in the presence of 20% w/v PEG 35000 at 30 degrees C and -20 kV. K(m(dTTP)), K(m(d4TTP)) and K(m(AZTTP)) were measured by NGCE for the first time and their values for Taq DNA polymerase were 0.29+/-0.04, 32.1+/-3.3 and 74.5+/-6.6 micromol/L, respectively. For HIV RT, the values were 0.15+/-0.05, 0.31+/-0.03 and 0.17+/-0.03 micromol/L, respectively. The trend of data for HIV RT measured by NGCE was consistent with that measured by PAGE. The reported method by NGCE for the K(m) determination was powerful, sensitive and fast, and required less amounts of reagents compared with PAGE. It be employed as a reliable alternative method and further applied in other relative studies of nucleoside analogue substrates and DNA polymerases or RTs.
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Is expression or activation of Src kinase associated with cancer-specific survival in ER-, PR- and HER2-negative breast cancer patients?
Am. J. Pathol.
PUBLISHED: 09-17-2009
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The aim of the current study was to assess the expression levels of c-Src and phosphorylated Src kinase in human breast cancers and to establish if these are linked to oestrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 status or patient survival. Tissue microarray technology was used to analyze 314 breast cancer specimens. Immunohistochemistry was performed using antibodies to c-Src, Y419Src, and Y215Src, and expression was assessed using the weighted histoscore method. High cytoplasmic c-Src kinase and high membrane phosphorylated activated Y419Src kinase was associated with decreased disease-specific survival. In contrast, phosphorylated activated nuclear and cytoplasmic Y215Src kinase expression levels were significantly associated with improved disease-specific survival. When the cohort was subdivided according to ER/PR/HER2 status, the ER-negative subgroup (105 patients) was associated with improved disease-specific survival and was found to be independent by multivariate analysis with a hazard ratio of 0.4 (interquartile range 0.2-0.8). High cytoplasmic c-Src expression was associated with decreased survival; high expression of activated c-Src (Y215) was associated with improved survival. This was potentiated in the ER/HER2-negative subgroup. Hence, administration of Src kinase inhibitors aiming to decrease phosphorylation should be approached with caution, especially in ER-negative patients. It is therefore essential to appropriately identify with the correct biomarkers which patients are most likely to respond to Src inhibitors.
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HSPA5 forms specific complexes with copper.
Neurochem. Res.
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Our previous study indicated that Hspa5 directly interacts with copper (Cu) to maintain Cu homeostasis in astrocytes. In this study, we explored the possibility that Cu forms a specific complex with Hspa5 by assaying stoichiometric binding of Cu and other metals to recombinant human HSPA5 (rh-HSPA5) in silico. Spectrophotometric analysis showed that incubation of rh-HSPA5 with Cu but not with Fe, Mn, Zn, or Pb in the presence of ascorbic acid produced an absorbance peak at 470 nm. Furthermore, the absorbance peak was absent when bovine serum albumin was incubated with Cu and when another recombinant protein YWHAZ-14-3-3-Zeta carrying a 6× histidine tag identical to the tag in the rh-HSPA5 was incubated with Cu. The absorbance peak produced by Cu and rh-HSPA5 was abolished by EDTA treatment and was stabilized at pH levels above 6.5. Assay of the stoichiometry of metal binding to the purified rh-HSPA5 showed that one molecule of the rh-HSPA5 could chelate 1 or 2 Cu, 13 iron (Fe), 5 zinc (Zn) and 10 lead (Pb) ions but not manganese (Mn). These data further support our previous finding that HSPA5 specifically forms a complex with Cu to help maintain Cu homeostasis.
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Value of soluble TREM-1, procalcitonin, and C-reactive protein serum levels as biomarkers for detecting bacteremia among sepsis patients with new fever in intensive care units: a prospective cohort study.
BMC Infect. Dis.
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The purpose of this study was to explore the diagnostic value of soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 1 (sTREM-1), procalcitonin (PCT), and C-reactive protein (CRP) serum levels for differentiating sepsis from SIRS, identifying new fever caused by bacteremia, and assessing prognosis when new fever occurred.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.