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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Three-dimensional principal strain analysis for characterizing subclinical changes in left ventricular function.
J Am Soc Echocardiogr
PUBLISHED: 07-04-2014
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Subendocardial strain analysis is currently feasible in two-dimensional and three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography; however, there is a lack of clarity regarding the most useful strain component for subclinical disease detection. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that strain analysis along the direction of strongest and weakest systolic compression (referred to as principal and secondary strain, respectively) circumvents the need for multidirectional strains and provides a more simplified assessment of left ventricular subendocardial function.
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Usefulness of the Parameters of Quantitative Myocardial Perfusion Contrast Echocardiography in Patients with Chronic Total Occlusion and Collateral Flow.
Echocardiography
PUBLISHED: 07-01-2014
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Microvascular obstruction becomes more severe with longer duration of ischemia, such as chronic total occlusion (CTO) which used to have collateral flow. In this study, we explored the correlation between parameters measured using quantitative myocardial perfusion contrast echocardiography (MCE) and the angiographic collateral flow grades in patients with CTO. Furthermore, we investigated the usefulness of the parameters of quantitative MCE for the measurement of microvasculature changes after revascularization of CTO lesions.
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Negative association between plasma aldosterone concentration/plasma renin activity and morning blood pressure surge in never-treated hypertensive patients.
Clin. Exp. Hypertens.
PUBLISHED: 03-28-2014
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Morning blood pressure (BP) surge (MS) has been known to be a predictor of cardiovascular events. Currently, few studies have evaluated the underlying mechanism underlying MS, which may include neurohormonal factors and the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS). This study aimed to examine plasma aldosterone concentration (PAC) and plasma renin activity (PRA) and BP parameters with or without MS in never-treated subjects with essential hypertension. This cross-sectional study included a total of 261 patients (mean age: 48.8 years; 60.5% male) with never-treated essential hypertension who were registered in a working group at The Catholic University of Korea. The patients were divided into the MS group, which was defined as having the highest quartile of morning BP increase from sleep (>31?mmHg; n?=?66) and the non-MS group (?31?mmHg; n?=?195). We collected 24-h ambulatory BP, pulse wave velocity, ankle brachial index, PAC and PRA from all patients. The measured PAC and PRA were lower in the MS group than in the non-MS group (PAC: 9.0?±?5.4?ng/dl versus 12.2?±?8.7?ng/dl, p?
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Imatinib mesylate attenuates myocardial remodeling through inhibition of platelet-derived growth factor and transforming growth factor activation in a rat model of hypertension.
Hypertension
PUBLISHED: 03-03-2014
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Imatinib mesylate is a specific tyrosine kinase inhibitor that may block the platelet-derived growth factor and transforming growth factor pathways. These pathways are known to provoke fibroblast activation. We evaluated whether imatinib, by inhibiting these pathways, prevents diastolic dysfunction and attenuates myocardial remodeling using spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). Eight-week-old male SHRs were randomly assigned to either imatinib treatment group (30 mg/kg per day; n=10; SHR-I) or hypertensive control group (distilled water, n=10; SHR-C). Wistar-Kyoto rats were used as normal controls (n=10). At 16 weeks, all rats underwent hemodynamic studies and Doppler echocardiography and then were euthanized. Their hearts were extracted for histopathologic, immunoblotting, and quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction analyses. Although imatinib did not affect blood pressure, it markedly reduced perivascular and interstitial fibrosis in the hearts of SHR. Echocardiogram showed that imatinib significantly reduced the left ventricular wall thickness (septal/posterior wall; SHR-C versus SHR-I, 18±1/19±2 versus 15±1/15±1 mm; P<0.001) and increased the E/A ratio (SHR-C versus SHR-I, 1.59±0.11 versus 1.84±0.16; P=0.001). Also, imatinib significantly reduced the mRNA expression of collagen type I, III, and platelet-derived growth factor receptor-? phosphorylation in the hearts of SHR. In addition, imatinib reduced collagen production by inhibiting the phosphorylation of c-abl and platelet-derived growth factor receptor-? in rat cardiac fibroblasts. In conclusion, these results suggest that imatinib could attenuate myocardial remodeling and improve left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in a hypertensive rat model by affecting platelet-derived growth factor and transforming growth factor-?1 pathway without the blood pressure-lowering effect.
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Feasibility of real-time three-dimensional echocardiography for the assessment of distorted biventricular systolic function in patients with cor pulmonale.
J Cardiovasc Ultrasound
PUBLISHED: 04-29-2013
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This study was to investigate the feasibility of real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) for the analysis of biventricular ejection fractions and volume measurements in patients with cor pulmonale and the correlations of RT3DE results with 64-slice multi-detector cardiac computed tomography (64-MDCT) results.
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Early cardiac function monitoring for detection of subclinical Doxorubicin cardiotoxicity in young adult patients with breast cancer.
J Breast Cancer
PUBLISHED: 03-05-2013
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As doxorubicin cardiotoxicity is considered irreversible, early detection of cardiotoxicity and prevention of overt heart failure is essential. Although there are monitoring guidelines for cardiotoxicity, optimal timing for early detection of subclinical doxorubicin cardiotoxicity is still obscure. The purpose of this study is to determine optimal timing of cardiac monitoring and risk factors for early detection of doxorubicin cardiotoxicity in young adult patients with breast cancer.
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Successful percutaneous aspiration thrombectomy for acute mesenteric ischemia in a patient with atrial fibrillation despite optimal anticoagulation therapy.
Can J Cardiol
PUBLISHED: 03-01-2013
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This report describes a case of acute mesenteric ischemia due to acute superior mesenteric artery (SMA) thromboembolism in a patient with chronic atrial fibrillation despite optimal anticoagulation therapy. The patient underwent SMA angiography and endovascular revascularization for acute mesenteric ischemia. We initially tried endovascular thrombolytic therapy for the thromboembolism of SMA, but it did not achieve complete revascularization. Therefore, we performed a percutaneous aspiration thrombectomy, which led to complete revascularization and successful treatment of acute mesenteric ischemia without any additional procedures.
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Improvement of arterial stiffness in the transition from acute decompensated heart failure to chronic compensated heart failure.
Clin Cardiol
PUBLISHED: 01-15-2013
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Pulse wave velocity (PWV) is a well-established marker for aortic stiffness and may be a prognostic factor in heart failure (HF). This study investigates whether PWV changes as patients transition from acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) to chronic compensated heart failure (CCHF).
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Evaluation of the Relationship between Circadian Blood Pressure Variation and Left Atrial Function Using Strain Imaging.
J Cardiovasc Ultrasound
PUBLISHED: 08-15-2011
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Non-dippers were reported as showing different left atrial function, compared to dippers, but no study to date investigated the changes in the left atrial function according to the diurnal blood pressure pattern, using tissue Doppler and strain imaging.
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Improved accuracy for Raman spectroscopic determination of polyethylene property by optimization of measurement temperature and elucidation of its origin by multiple perturbation two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy.
Analyst
PUBLISHED: 06-21-2011
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A novel strategy is demonstrated to improve the accuracy for determination of polyethylene (PE) density using Raman spectroscopy by optimizing the temperature of sample measurement. Spectral features associated with the conformation change of the polymer induced by temperature may provide valuable information to quantify important polymer properties such as density. To evaluate possible existence of an optimal temperature providing improved quantitative accuracy, Raman spectra of PE pellets with different densities were collected at eight different temperatures from 30 to 100 °C at 10 °C intervals. Using the spectral datasets collected at each temperature, partial least squares (PLS) models were developed using the reference PE density values determined by a standard density gradient method at 23 °C. Interestingly, the most accurate determination of density was realized at 70 °C. Multiple perturbation two-dimensional (MP2D) correlation analysis and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were used to examine the origin of improved accuracy at 70 °C. From these analyses, the pre-melt behavior of the PE samples was identified below their melting temperatures. Structural variations induced at the pre-melt stages enhance Raman spectral selectivity among the samples, thereby providing more accurate determination of PE density. The MP2D correlation analysis revealed the unforeseen thermal behavior of PE samples and successfully explained the improved accuracy at 70 °C.
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Dyssynchrony contributes to false-positive myocardial perfusion SPECT results in patients with stable angina.
Eur J Echocardiogr
PUBLISHED: 05-06-2011
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We designed this study to evaluate the possibility that dyssynchrony might lead to false-positive myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography myocardial perfusion image (MPS) results in stable angina patients.
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Relationship between plasma adiponectin, retinol-binding protein 4 and uric Acid in hypertensive patients with metabolic syndrome.
Korean Circ J
PUBLISHED: 04-30-2011
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Adipokines have been suggested for their potential use in tracking the clinical progress in the subjects with metabolic syndrome (MS). To investigate the relationship between the serum levels of adipokines {adiponectin and retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4)} and the serum level of uric acid in hypertensive (HTN) patients with MS.
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Left atrial volume index over late diastolic mitral annulus velocity (LAVi/A) is a useful echo index to identify advanced diastolic dysfunction and predict clinical outcomes.
Clin Cardiol
PUBLISHED: 02-08-2011
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Combined interpretation of late diastolic mitral annulus velocity (A) with left atrial volume index (LAVi) may have additional benefits in the assessment of diastolic dysfunction.
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Spontaneously healed membranous type ventricular septal defect with malaligned interventricular septal wall and double-chambered right ventricle in a 56-year-old patient.
J Cardiovasc Ultrasound
PUBLISHED: 02-07-2011
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A 56-year-old male presented with resting dyspnea and chest discomfort for several years. During transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography, a spontaneously healed membranous type ventricular septal defect (VSD) with malaligned interventricular septal wall, aneurysmal changes, a subaortic ridge and a double-chambered right ventricle (DCRV) was observed. When combined with DCRV, VSD with malalignment between the outlet and trabecular septa was associated with tetralogy of Fallot. The subaortic ridge was due to turbulent flow caused by the malalignment-type VSD. The VSD with malaligned interventricular septal wall can be developed after aneurismal changes of a perimembranous VSD. We report here in the unusual case of a 56-year-old patient who had a pathology complex comprising DCRV, subaortic ridge, spontaneously healed membranous type VSD with malaligned interventricular septal wall, and survived with surgical treatment.
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Relationship between resting electrocardiographic parameters and estimated 10-year risk for coronary heart disease in healthy adults in the USA.
Ann Noninvasive Electrocardiol
PUBLISHED: 10-16-2010
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Little is known about the relationship between resting electrocardiogram (ECG) parameters and the incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD). We sought to establish the association between ECG parameters and estimated 10-year risk for CHD.
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Passive smoking in never-smokers is associated with increased plasma homocysteine levels.
Int Heart J
PUBLISHED: 06-19-2010
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Smoking is associated with increased plasma homocysteine levels, and both are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. However, little information is available on the effects of passive smoking on the level of homocysteine in nonsmokers. We analyzed the data of self-reported never-smokers (aged > or = 20 years, n = 3,232), who were from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. We quantified the passive nicotine exposure by dividing the never-smokers into quartiles as based on the serum cotinine values. Multiple linear and logistic regression models were used to determine any independent relationships between serum cotinine concentration and levels of homocysteine, vitamin B12, and folate. An elevated homocysteine level was defined as a concentration greater than the 80th percentile. A reduced folate or vitamin B12 level was defined as a concentration less than the 20th percentile.After adjusting for age, gender, body mass index, race, folate and vitamin B12 levels, increased cotinine levels (quartile III and IV) were found to be associated with hyperhomocysteinemia. There was a strong nonlinear increase in the serum homocysteine levels across the quartiles of cotinine. Multivariate analysis showed that age, male gender, non-Caucasian, low levels of folate and vitamin B12, and increased serum cotinine (quartile II-IV) were independently associated with elevated homocysteine levels. In conclusion, these findings indicate that passive smoke exposure in never-smokers is positively and independently associated with plasma homocysteine levels in a dose-dependent manner. These findings may help further determine the link between passive smoking and cardiovascular events.
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Relation between C-reactive protein, homocysteine levels, fibrinogen, and lipoprotein levels and leukocyte and platelet counts, and 10-year risk for cardiovascular disease among healthy adults in the USA.
Am. J. Cardiol.
PUBLISHED: 03-11-2010
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The association between systemic inflammation and the estimated 10-year risk for coronary artery disease (CAD) according to the Framingham risk score is largely unknown. In this study, 6,371 participants in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III) aged 40 to 79 years, who had no histories of heart attack, stroke, peripheral artery disease, or diabetes mellitus, were categorized into groups at low (<10%), intermediate (10% to 20%), and high (>20%) risk according to 10-year risk for CAD, calculated using the Framingham risk score modified by the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III. After adjustments for age, gender, race, body mass index, and co-morbidities, participants at high risk were more likely to have elevated circulating C-reactive protein levels (>/=2.2 mg/L: adjusted odds ratio [OR] 1.61, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.30 to 2.01, p <0.0001; >10.0 mg/L: OR 1.41, 95% CI 1.03 to 1.93, p = 0.034). The high-risk group had circulating fibrinogen, homocysteine, leukocyte, and platelet levels that were 20.98 mg/dl (95% CI 12.53 to 29.43, p <0.0001), 1.54 mumol/L (95% CI 0.76 to 2.32, p = 0.002), 0.90 mumol/L (95% CI 0.36 to 1.43, p = 0.001), 910/microl (95% CI 670 to 1,160, p <0.0001), and 10,220/microl (95% CI 2,830 to 17,610, p <0.0001) higher, respectively, than in those in the low-risk group. There was also a dose-dependent increase in circulating levels of inflammatory markers across the categories of CAD risk. In conclusion, these findings indicate that low-grade systemic inflammation and hyperhomocysteinemia were present in participants with high 10-year risk for CAD.
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Acute coronary syndrome mimicking atypical stress-induced cardiomyopathy in a patient with panhypopituitarism.
J Cardiovasc Ultrasound
PUBLISHED: 02-22-2010
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Stress-induced cardiomyopathy is frequently confused with acute coronary syndromes. We encountered a 64-year old female patient with panhypopituitarism initially suspected as atypical stress-induced cardiomyopathy due to her history and initial echocardiographic findings. She was finally diagnosed as non ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction based on the findings of coronary angiogram, intravascular ultrasound and subsequent echocardiogram.
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Computational integral-imaging reconstruction-based 3-D volumetric target object recognition by using a 3-D reference object.
Appl Opt
PUBLISHED: 12-04-2009
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In this paper, we propose a novel computational integral-imaging reconstruction (CIIR)-based three-dimensional (3-D) image correlator system for the recognition of 3-D volumetric objects by employing a 3-D reference object. That is, a number of plane object images (POIs) computationally reconstructed from the 3-D reference object are used for the 3-D volumetric target recognition. In other words, simultaneous 3-D image correlations between two sets of target and reference POIs, which are depth-dependently reconstructed by using the CIIR method, are performed for effective recognition of 3-D volumetric objects in the proposed system. Successful experiments with this CIIR-based 3-D image correlator confirmed the feasibility of the proposed method.
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Association between N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide and acute ischemic stroke in patients on chronic hemodialysis.
Int Urol Nephrol
PUBLISHED: 07-07-2009
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Plasma N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) has been reported as a predictor for ischemic stroke in general population. However, predictive value of plasma NT-proBNP for acute ischemic stroke in patients on chronic hemodialysis has not been well established. The aim of this study was to determine whether NT-proBNP could predict acute ischemic stroke in patients on chronic hemodialysis.
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Target organ status in white-coat hypertensives: usefulness of serum procollagen type I propeptide in the respect of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction.
Circ. J.
PUBLISHED: 04-22-2009
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Myocardial fibrosis is a feature of diastolic dysfunction and target organ damage, which was compared among subjects with normotension (NT), white-coat hypertension (WCH) and essential hypertension (EH). Serum procollagen type I propeptide (PIP) level was assessed as a marker of diastolic dysfunction in WCH.
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Aortic Valve Sclerosis on Echocardiography is a Good Predictor of Coronary Artery Disease in Patients With an Inconclusive Treadmill Exercise Test.
Korean Circ J
PUBLISHED: 02-24-2009
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The treadmill exercise test (TMT) is used as a first-line test for diagnosing coronary artery disease (CAD). However, the findings of a TMT can be inconclusive, such as incomplete or equivocal results. Aortic valve sclerosis (AVS) is known to be a good predictor of CAD. We determined the usefulness of assessing AVS on 2-dimensional (2D) echocardiography for making the diagnosis of CAD in patients with inconclusive results on a TMT.
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Age is an Independent Risk Factor for the Early Morning Blood Pressure Surge in Patients Never-Treated for Hypertension.
Korean Circ J
PUBLISHED: 01-08-2009
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The early morning blood pressure surge (EMBPS) has been reported to be associated with cardiovascular events. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) parameters and conventional cardiovascular risk factors.
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Clinical, electrocardiographic, and procedural characteristics of patients with coronary chronic total occlusions.
Korean Circ J
PUBLISHED: 01-05-2009
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Percutaneous coronary intervention for chronic total occlusion lesions is technically difficult despite equipment advances. Changes in electrocardiographic patterns, such as Q and T waves, during chronic total occlusion can provide information about procedural success and myocardial viability. In this study, we investigated clinical, electrocardiographic, and procedural characteristics of chronic total occlusions.
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Single molecule tracking studies of flow-aligned mesoporous silica monoliths: aging-time dependence of pore order.
J Phys Chem B
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Single molecule tracking (SMT) methods are employed to characterize the in-plane alignment and order of cylindrical mesopores in flow-aligned surfactant-templated silica monoliths prepared within glass microfluidic channels. The majority of dye molecules observed in wide-field fluorescence videos of these samples exhibit one-dimensional (1D) diffusive motions. Orthogonal regression analysis of these motions provides a measure of the mesopore orientation distribution function, which in turn is used to quantify the mesopore order via a two-dimensional orientational order parameter,

. Mesopore organization is explored as a function of aging time between sol preparation and filling of the microfluidic channels. Channels filled well before gelation of the sol are shown to incorporate large monodomains having average pore alignment within a few degrees of the flow direction. These monodomains extend over several millimeters and yield aging-time-independent

values larger than ~0.80. In contrast, channels filled near the time of sol gelation yield monoliths with misaligned pores that are also more disordered, having

? 0.35. The SMT results are compared to those from small-angle X-ray scattering anisotropy experiments; these data are consistent across the range of samples investigated. A model describing the aging-time dependence of sol organization is presented. These studies demonstrate that well-aligned mesoporous silica monoliths can be obtained by simple flow alignment procedures but that short sol aging times are required in order to achieve optimum pore organization.

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Left atrial eccentricity in chronic mitral regurgitation: relation to left atrial function.
Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging
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The aim of this study was to assess the changes in the left atrial (LA) shape and to identify the determinants of these changes in chronic mitral regurgitation (MR).
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Effect of preload on left atrial function: evaluated by tissue Doppler and strain imaging.
Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging
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Both strain and strain rate (SR) measure the regional myocardial deformation and can assess phasic left atrial (LA) function. However, there is still a lack of evidence for their volume independency. In this study, strain and SR determined by tissue Doppler imaging were used to evaluate the effect of preload reduction in end-stage renal disease patients who were undergoing regular haemodialysis (HD).
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Direct synthesis of aqueous quantum dots through 4,4-bipyridine-based twin ligand strategy.
Inorg Chem
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We report a new class of derivatized 4,4-bipyridinium ligands for use in synthesizing highly fluorescent, extremely stable, water-soluble CdSe and CdTe quantum dots (QDs) for bioconjugation. We employed an evaporation-condensation technique, also known as solvated metal atom dispersion (SMAD), followed by a digestive ripening procedure. This method has been used to synthesize both metal nanoparticles and semiconductors in the gram scale with several stabilizing ligands in various solvents. The SMAD technique comprised evaporation condensation and stabilization of CdSe or CdTe in tetrahydrofuran. The as-prepared product was then digestively ripened in both water and dimethyl formamide, leading to narrowing of the particle size distributions. The ligands were synthesized by nucleophilic substitution (S(N)2) reactions using 4,4-bipyridine as a nucleophile. Confocal microscopy images revealed the orange color of the nanocrystalline QDs with diameters of ~5 nm. The size has been confirmed by using transmission electron microscopy. As a part of our strategy, 85% of the 4,4-bipyridinium salt was synthesized as propionic acid derivative and used to both stabilize the QDs in water and label basic amino acids and different biomarkers utilizing the carboxylic acid functional group. Fifteen percent of the 4,4-bipyridinium salt was synthesized as N-propyl maleimide and used as a second ligand to label any protein containing the amino acid cysteine by means of a 1,4-Michael addition.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.