Oxidative stress has been implicated in various pathological processes, including skin tumourigenesis. Cutaneum carcinoma is commonly responsible for considerable morbidity and mortality, and treatments have not progressed substantially in recent years. Alternative strategies, such as chemoprevention, are being considered. In this study, we investigated the chemomodulatory potential of lycopene against 9,10-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA)/12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced oxidative stress and skin carcinogenesis in female ICR mice. Pretreatment with lycopene at various doses significantly delayed tumour formation and growth. These treatments markedly reduced the tumour incidence and tumour volume. Moreover, lycopene inhibited the formation of reactive oxygen species and malondialdehyde, prevented the loss of glutathione, and affected the activities of a battery of oxidant enzymes in the skin of mice. Furthermore, mice that were administered lycopene exhibited higher levels of translocation of nuclear-factor-erythroid-2-related factor 2 into the nucleus compared with the vehicle-treated and model mice. Collectively, these results indicated that lycopene exerts a protective effect against DMBA/TPA-induced cutaneum carcinoma through antioxidant defence.
We recently engineered an oncolytic adenovirus (PPE3-SEA) that expresses the superantigen, Staphylococcus enterotoxin A (SEA), and that has enhanced tumor specificity because the telomerase reverse transcriptase and hypoxia-inducible factor promoters regulate expression of E1A and E1B genes, respectively. Here, we evaluated the PPE3-SEA adenovirus anti-tumor activity against MB49 mouse bladder cancer cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo. PPE3-SEA infection of murine MB49 cells in vitro induced cytopathic effects, and significant expression of SEA mRNA and protein, as measured by RT-PCR and western blot, respectively. Subcutaneous MB29 bladder tumors were established in syngeneic C57BL/6 mice. After 10 days, tumors were injected with either oncolytic virus or PBS. Tumor dimensions were measured on days 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, and 11 post-treatment and tumor volumes were calculated. One of eight PPE3-SEA-treated mice had no tumor by day 9. PPE3-SEA treated group had significantly lower mean tumor volume beginning on day 5 post-treatment (p < 0.01), more fibrous tissue in the tumor, and increased presence of infiltrating CD3+ T cells than those of the control group. Gross appearance and histologic sections from the livers and kidneys of the PPE3-SEA-treated group were similar to those of the control group. In conclusion, oncolytic adenoviruses can provide a novel delivery vehicle for SEA to tumor sites, and PPE3-SEA warrants further study as a potential anti-tumor agent for bladder cancer.
Related JoVE Video
Journal of Visualized Experiments
What is Visualize?
JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.
How does it work?
We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.
Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...
In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.