NONCODE (http://www.bioinfo.org/noncode/) is an integrated knowledge database dedicated to non-coding RNAs (excluding tRNAs and rRNAs). Non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) have been implied in diseases and identified to play important roles in various biological processes. Since NONCODE version 3.0 was released 2 years ago, discovery of novel ncRNAs has been promoted by high-throughput RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq). In this update of NONCODE, we expand the ncRNA data set by collection of newly identified ncRNAs from literature published in the last 2 years and integration of the latest version of RefSeq and Ensembl. Particularly, the number of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) has increased sharply from 73 327 to 210 831. Owing to similar alternative splicing pattern to mRNAs, the concept of lncRNA genes was put forward to help systematic understanding of lncRNAs. The 56 018 and 46 475 lncRNA genes were generated from 95 135 and 67 628 lncRNAs for human and mouse, respectively. Additionally, we present expression profile of lncRNA genes by graphs based on public RNA-seq data for human and mouse, as well as predict functions of these lncRNA genes. The improvements brought to the database also include an incorporation of an ID conversion tool from RefSeq or Ensembl ID to NONCODE ID and a service of lncRNA identification. NONCODE is also accessible through http://www.noncode.org/.
NPInter (http://www.bioinfo.org/NPInter) is a database that integrates experimentally verified functional interactions between noncoding RNAs (excluding tRNAs and rRNAs) and other biomolecules (proteins, RNAs and genomic DNAs). Extensive studies on ncRNA interactions have shown that ncRNAs could act as part of enzymatic or structural complexes, gene regulators or other functional elements. With the development of high-throughput biotechnology, such as cross-linking immunoprecipitation and high-throughput sequencing (CLIP-seq), the number of known ncRNA interactions, especially those formed by protein binding, has grown rapidly in recent years. In this work, we updated NPInter to version 2.0 by collecting ncRNA interactions from recent literature and related databases, expanding the number of entries to 201 107 covering 18 species. In addition, NPInter v2.0 incorporated a service for the BLAST alignment search as well as visualization of interactions.
Facilitated by the rapid progress of high-throughput sequencing technology, a large number of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been identified in mammalian transcriptomes over the past few years. LncRNAs have been shown to play key roles in various biological processes such as imprinting control, circuitry controlling pluripotency and differentiation, immune responses and chromosome dynamics. Notably, a growing number of lncRNAs have been implicated in disease etiology. With the increasing number of published lncRNA studies, the experimental data on lncRNAs (e.g. expression profiles, molecular features and biological functions) have accumulated rapidly. In order to enable a systematic compilation and integration of this information, we have updated the NONCODE database (http://www.noncode.org) to version 3.0 to include the first integrated collection of expression and functional lncRNA data obtained from re-annotated microarray studies in a single database. NONCODE has a user-friendly interface with a variety of search or browse options, a local Genome Browser for visualization and a BLAST server for sequence-alignment search. In addition, NONCODE provides a platform for the ongoing collation of ncRNAs reported in the literature. All data in NONCODE are open to users, and can be downloaded through the website or obtained through the SOAP API and DAS services.
Recent interest in the non-coding transcriptome has resulted in the identification of large numbers of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in mammalian genomes, most of which have not been functionally characterized. Computational exploration of the potential functions of these lncRNAs will therefore facilitate further work in this field of research. We have developed a practical and user-friendly web interface called ncFANs (non-coding RNA Function ANnotation server), which is the first web service for functional annotation of human and mouse lncRNAs. On the basis of the re-annotated Affymetrix microarray data, ncFANs provides two alternative strategies for lncRNA functional annotation: one utilizing three aspects of a coding-non-coding gene co-expression (CNC) network, the other identifying condition-related differentially expressed lncRNAs. ncFANs introduces a highly efficient way of re-using the abundant pre-existing microarray data. The present version of ncFANs includes re-annotated CDF files for 10 human and mouse Affymetrix microarrays, and the server will be continuously updated with more re-annotated microarray platforms and lncRNA data. ncFANs is freely accessible at http://www.ebiomed.org/ncFANs/ or http://www.noncode.org/ncFANs/.
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Journal of Visualized Experiments
What is Visualize?
JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.
How does it work?
We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.
Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...
In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.