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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Wickerhamomyces arborarius f.a., sp. nov., an ascomycetous yeast species found in arboreal habitats on three different continents.
Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 01-22-2014
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Five strains representing a novel yeast species belonging to the genus Wickerhamomyces were independently isolated from Ecuador, Taiwan and the USA. One strain (CLQCA 10-161(T)) was isolated from the white flower of an unidentified plant species collected in the Maquipucuna cloud forest reserve, near Quito, in Ecuador. A second strain (GY7L12) was isolated from the leaf of a Chinese sumac or nutgall tree (Rhus chinensis 'roxburghiana') collected in the Taoyuan mountain area, Kachsiung, in Taiwan. Three additional strains (A543, A546 and A563) were isolated from two species of wood-boring beetle (Xyleborus glabratus and Xyleborinus saxeseni) collected near Clyo, Georgia, USA. Analysis of the D1/D2 domains of the LSU rRNA gene indicated that the novel species belongs to the genus Wickerhamomyces, and is most closely related to Wickerhamomyces sydowiorum, an insect-associated species predominantly found in South Africa. The North American and Taiwanese strains have identical internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences and can be distinguished from the Ecuadorian strain based on a single nucleotide substitution in the ITS1 region. The species name of Wickerhamomyces arborarius f.a., sp. nov. is proposed to accommodate these strains, with CLQCA 10-161(T) (?=?CBS 12941(T)?=?NCYC 3743(T)) designated the type strain.
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The emergency to home project: impact of an emergency department care coordinator on hospital admission and emergency department utilization among seniors.
Int J Emerg Med
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Seniors comprise 14% to 21% of all emergency department (ED) visits, yet are disproportionately larger users of ED and inpatient resources. ED care coordinators (EDCCs) target seniors at risk for functional decline and connect them to home care and other community services in hopes of avoiding hospitalization. The goal of this study was to measure the association between the presence of EDCCs and admission rates for seniors aged ??65. Secondary outcomes included length of stay, recidivism at 30 days, and revisit resulting in admission at 30 days.
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Clinical characteristics and outcomes of end-stage renal disease patients with self-reported pruritus symptoms.
Int J Nephrol Renovasc Dis
PUBLISHED: 12-19-2013
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One of the most common conditions affecting end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) is pruritus. Studies report that itchy and dry skin, symptoms of pruritus, affect 40%-90% of ESRD patients. Yet, in clinical practice the condition is often underdiagnosed resulting in inadequate management and an underappreciated impact on patient outcomes. Two retrospective analyses were conducted: a preliminary analysis of ESRD patients with pruritus symptoms (n=73,124) undergoing HD or peritoneal dialysis at a large dialysis provider and a subsequent detailed analysis of a homogenous subset of patients undergoing in-center HD (n=38,315). The goal was to better understand the clinical burden of pruritus as it relates to patient characteristics, quality of life, medication use, and HD compliance. This population is commonly burdened by multiple comorbidities and related polypharmaceutical management; identifying the relationship of pruritus to these ailments can help guide future research and resource allocation. The detailed analysis confirmed trends observed in the preliminary analysis: 30% reported being "moderately" to "extremely bothered" by itchiness. The HD patient population with the highest severity of self-reported pruritus also had a consistent trend in overall increased resource utilization - higher monthly doses of erythropoietin-stimulating agents (53,397.1 to 63,405.4 units) and intravenous (IV) iron (237.2 to 247.6 units) and higher use of IV antibiotics (14.1% to 20.7%), as well as poorer quality-of-life measures (25-point reductions in Burden of Disease Score and Effects on Daily Life subscales of the Kidney Disease Quality of Life-36 survey). These results highlight the need to better identify and manage ESRD patients impacted by pruritus, as this symptom is associated with negative clinical outcomes and increased resource utilization. Further studies are needed to evaluate the current economic burden of pruritus in ESRD patients and create possible options for an improved pharmacoeconomic profile in this patient population.
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2-(Pyridin-4-yl)-1H-benzimidazole.
Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online
PUBLISHED: 06-01-2013
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The title compound, C12H9N3, is an unhydrated analogue of the previously reported trihydrate. The mol-ecule is essentially planar, with a 3.62?(11)° angle between the pyridine and benzimidazole planes. In the crystal, N-H?N hydrogen bonds result in chains of mol-ecules parallel to [010], which are additionally linked by weak ?-? stacking inter-actions [centroid-centroid distance = 3.7469?(17)?Å], resulting in extended sheets of molecules parallel to (103).
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A quality initiative. Reducing rates of hospitalizations by objectively monitoring volume removal.
Nephrol News Issues
PUBLISHED: 04-16-2013
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Morbidity, hospitalizations, and costs for the treatment of individuals with end-stage renal disease are simply not improving at a rate that is acceptable to many physicians and dialysis providers in the United States. Various conferences and papers have suggested what processes need to become part of the dialysis prescription to accelerate change. Controlling cardiovascular disease is a part of that change, and controlling extra-cellular volume (ECV) is necessary to accomplish this. Three dialysis providers joined in a quality initiative to objectively assess the ultrafiltration process and measure "normalized" ECV, with the outcome objective to decrease ECV-related hospitalizations. The results show a decrease in ECV-related hospitalizations by 50%. The model of dialysis prescription needs to now change to Kt/V + objective ECV control.
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Nerve growth factor signaling following unilateral pelvic ganglionectomy in the rat ventral prostate is age dependent.
Asian J. Androl.
PUBLISHED: 03-12-2013
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Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a serious health concern and is an underlying cause of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in many men. In affected men, LUTS/BPH is believed to result from benign proliferation of the prostate resulting in bladder outlet obstruction. Postnatal growth of the prostate is controlled via growth factor and endocrine mechanisms. However, little attention had been given to the function of the autonomic nervous system in prostate growth and differentiation. Nerve growth factor (NGF) is a prostatic mitogen that has a trophic role in autonomic sensory end organ interaction. In this study, we examine how the autonomic nervous system influences prostate growth as a function of age by quantifying NGF in the rat ventral prostate (VP) after pelvic ganglionectomy. Unilateral pelvic ganglionectomy was performed on postnatal days 30 (P30), 60 and 120 Sprague-Dawley rats in comparison to sham controls (n=39). Semiquantitative RT-PCR, Western blotting and immunohistochemical analysis for NGF were performed on denervated, intact (contralateral side) and sham control VP 7 days after surgery. Ngf RNA expression was significantly increased in the denervated and intact hyperplastic VP. Western blotting showed age-dependent increases in NGF protein at P60 in the contralateral intact VP. NGF was localized in the nerves, basal cells and columnar epithelium of the prostatic ducts. Denervation causes age-dependent increases in NGF in the VP, which is a potential mechanism by which the autonomic nervous system may regulate prostate growth and lead to BPH/LUTS.
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Sonic hedgehog protein is decreased and penile morphology is altered in prostatectomy and diabetic patients.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a debilitating medical condition and current treatments are ineffective in patients with cavernous nerve (CN) injury, due to penile remodeling and apoptosis. A critical regulator of penile smooth muscle and apoptosis is the secreted protein sonic hedgehog (SHH). SHH protein is decreased in rat prostatectomy and diabetic ED models, SHH inhibition in the penis induces apoptosis and ED, and SHH treatment at the time of CN injury suppresses smooth muscle apoptosis and promotes regeneration of erectile function. Thus SHH treatment has significant translational potential as an ED therapy if similar mechanisms underlie ED development in patients. In this study we quantify SHH protein and morphological changes in corpora cavernosal tissue of control, prostatectomy and diabetic patients and hypothesize that decreased SHH protein is an underlying cause of ED development in prostatectomy and diabetic patients. Our results show significantly decreased SHH protein in prostatectomy and diabetic penis. Morphological remodelling of the penis, including significantly increased apoptotic index and decreased smooth muscle/collagen ratio, accompanies declining SHH. SHH signaling is active in human penis and is altered in a parallel manner to previous observations in the rat. These results suggest that SHH has significant potential to be developed as an ED therapy in prostatectomy and diabetic patients. The increased apoptotic index long after initial injury is suggestive of ongoing remodeling that may be clinically manipulatable.
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Reduced use of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents and intravenous iron with ferric citrate: a managed care cost-offset model.
Int J Nephrol Renovasc Dis
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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Ferric citrate (FC) is a phosphate binder in development for the treatment of hyperphosphatemia in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). In clinical trials, FC improved patient serum phosphorus levels and increased serum ferritin and percent transferrin saturation. Because nephrologists respond to increases in these iron measures by reducing intravenous (IV) iron and erythropoiesis-stimulating agent (ESA) doses, the decreased use of iron and ESA associated with FC may reduce costs.
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Dialyzer reuse with peracetic acid does not impact patient mortality.
Clin J Am Soc Nephrol
PUBLISHED: 05-12-2011
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Numerous studies have shown the overall benefits of dialysis filter reuse, including superior biocompatibility and decreased nonbiodegradable medical waste generation, without increased risk of mortality. A recent study reported that dialyzer reprocessing was associated with decreased patient survival; however, it did not control for sources of potential confounding. We sought to determine the effect of dialyzer reprocessing with peracetic acid on patient mortality using contemporary outcomes data and rigorous analytical techniques.
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Candida theae sp. nov., a new anamorphic beverage-associated member of the Lodderomyces clade.
Int. J. Food Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 04-11-2011
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Four strains representing a novel yeast species belonging to the genus Candida were independently isolated in Taiwan and Ecuador. Two strains (G17(T) and G31) were isolated in Taiwan, by pellet precipitation from plastic-bottled tea drinks produced in Indonesia, while two additional strains (CLQCA 10-049 and CLQCA 10-062) were recovered from ancient chicha fermentation vessels found in tombs in Quito, Ecuador. These four strains were morphologically, and phylogenetically identical to each other. No sexual reproduction was observed on common sporulation media. Large-subunit (LSU) rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed the four strains to belong to the Lodderomyces clade, closely related to members of the Candida parapsilosis species complex. The four strains, which have identical LSU D1/D2 sequences, differ from their closest phylogenetic neighbors, Candida orthopsilosis and Candida parapsilosis, by 6-9 nt substitutions, respectively. Physiologically, the four strains are similar to Candida parapsilosis, although they can be distinguished from their closest relative by the assimilation of arbutin, nitrite, and creatine. The Indonesian and Ecuadorian strain sets can also be distinguished from one another based on ITS sequencing, differing by 4 substitutions in ITS1 and 1 single nucleotide indel in ITS2. Collectively, the results indicate that the four strains represent a previously unrecognized species of Candida. The name Candida theae sp. nov. is proposed to accommodate these strains, with G-17(T) (BCRC 23242(T)=CBS 12239(T)=ATCC MYA-4746(T)) designated as the type strain.
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Candida northwykensis sp. nov., a novel yeast isolated from the gut of the click beetle Melanotus villosus.
Curr. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 02-21-2011
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Two yeast morphotypes, BET 4(T) and BET 7, were isolated from the gut of click beetle Melanotus villosus. Click beetles were collected from the decaying timber within the woodlands of North Wyke Research, South West England, UK (latitude, 50°4629?N; longitude, 3°5523?W). Morphotype BET 7 was identified as Debaryomyces hansenii, and the other morphotype, BET 4(T), was found to differ from Priceomyces castillae and Priceomyces haplophilus, its closest phylogenetic neighbours, by 5.0% with respect to the nucleotide sequence of the D1/D2 domain of the large-subunit (LSU) rRNA gene, and by 8.0% with respect to the ribosomal internal-transcribed spacer (ITS) region. BET 4(T) also differ from P. castillae and P. haplophilus in a number of different phenotypic characteristics. Thus, based on the unique nucleotide sequences of its D1/D2 domain and ITS region, its physiological characteristics and an inability to sporulate, strain BET 4(T) is assigned the status of a new species of Candida, for which the name Candida northwykensis sp. nov., is proposed. The type strain is BET 4(T) (NCYC 3525(T) = CBS 11370(T)).
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Saturnispora quitensis sp. nov., a yeast species isolated from the Maquipucuna cloud forest reserve in Ecuador.
Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 02-18-2011
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A single strain, CLQCA-10-114(T), representing a novel yeast species belonging to the genus Saturnispora was isolated from the fruit of an unidentified species of bramble (Rubus sp.), collected from the Maquipucuna cloud forest reserve, near Quito, in Ecuador. Sequence analyses of the D1/D2 domains of the large-subunit rRNA gene and ribosomal internal transcribed spacer region indicated that the novel species is most closely related to the recently described species Saturnispora gosingensis, isolated from the fruiting body of a mushroom collected in Taiwan, and Saturnispora hagleri, a Drosophila-associated yeast found in Brazil. The name Saturnispora quitensis sp. nov. is proposed to accommodate this strain; the type strain is CLQCA-10-114(T) (=CBS 12184(T)=NCYC 3744(T)).
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Hemodialysis treatment center early mortality rates for incident hemodialysis patients are associated with the quality of care prior to starting but not following onset of dialysis.
Am. J. Nephrol.
PUBLISHED: 02-16-2011
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We examined the independent contribution of pre-ESRD (end-stage renal disease) care and care after starting hemodialysis (post-HD) with facility-specific mortality among incident patients.
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Regeneration of the cavernous nerve by Sonic hedgehog using aligned peptide amphiphile nanofibers.
Biomaterials
PUBLISHED: 09-08-2010
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SHH plays a significant role in peripheral nerve regeneration and has clinical potential to be used as a regenerative therapy for the CN in prostatectomy patients and in other patients with neuropathy of peripheral nerves. Efforts to regenerate the cavernous nerve (CN), which provides innervation to the penis, have been minimally successful, with little translation into improved clinical outcomes. We propose that, Sonic hedgehog (SHH), is critical to maintain CN integrity, and that SHH delivered to the CN by novel peptide amphiphile (PA) nanofibers, will promote CN regeneration, restore physiological function, and prevent penile morphology changes that result in erectile dysfunction (ED). We performed localization studies, inhibition of SHH signaling in the CN, and treatment of crushed CNs with SHH protein via linear PA gels, which are an innovative extended release method of delivery. Morphological, functional and molecular analysis revealed that SHH protein is essential to maintain CN architecture, and that SHH treatment promoted CN regeneration, suppressed penile apoptosis and caused a 58% improvement in erectile function in less than half the time reported in the literature. These studies show that SHH has substantial clinical application to regenerate the CN in prostatectomy and diabetic patients, that this methodology has broad application to regenerate any peripheral nerve that SHH is necessary for maintenance of its structure, and that this nanotechnology method of protein delivery may have wide spread application as an in vivo delivery tool in many organs.
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Peptide amphiphile nanofiber delivery of sonic hedgehog protein to reduce smooth muscle apoptosis in the penis after cavernous nerve resection.
J Sex Med
PUBLISHED: 08-30-2010
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Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a serious medical condition that affects 16-82% of prostate cancer patients treated by radical prostatectomy and current treatments are ineffective in 50-60% of prostatectomy patients. The reduced efficacy of treatments makes novel therapeutic approaches to treat ED essential. The secreted protein Sonic hedgehog (SHH) is a critical regulator of penile smooth muscle and apoptosis that is decreased in cavernous nerve (CN) injury and diabetic ED models. Past studies using Affi-Gel beads have shown SHH protein to be effective in suppressing apoptosis caused by CN injury.
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The treatment of ulnar impaction syndrome: a systematic review of the literature.
J Surg Orthop Adv
PUBLISHED: 07-30-2010
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Ulnar impaction syndrome is a common cause of ulnar-sided wrist pain that is thought to be a result of abutment between the ulna and the ulnar carpus. A systematic review of the literature was conducted to determine the effectiveness of different treatment options in managing ulnar impaction syndrome. PubMed, the Cochrane database, and secondary references were reviewed to identify all English-language articles with reported results on the treatment of ulnar impaction syndrome. A total of 16 articles met the criteria for review. Three procedures were identified as the most commonly used in treating this syndrome: ulnar shortening osteotomy, the wafer procedure, and the arthroscopic wafer procedure. Mean time to union and percentage nonunion for the osteotomy group was 10.3 weeks and 1.7%, respectively. The overall complication rate for patients in the ulnar shortening osteotomy group, the wafer procedure group, and the arthroscopic wafer group was 30%, 8.8%, and 21%, respectively. The authors were unable to determine a single best treatment option based on the available studies, mainly due to the variability in the reporting of subjective outcome measures. Ulnar shortening osteotomy was associated with a higher complication rate than other procedures.
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A group-randomized evaluation of a quality improvement intervention to improve influenza vaccination rates in dialysis centers.
Am. J. Kidney Dis.
PUBLISHED: 05-12-2010
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Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are at high risk of complications from influenza, but many dialysis centers report <50% influenza immunization coverage.
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Analysis of testosterone effects on sonic hedgehog signaling in juvenile, adolescent and adult sprague dawley rat penis.
J Sex Med
PUBLISHED: 11-19-2009
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Smooth muscle apoptosis is a major contributing factor to erectile dysfunction (ED) development in prostatectomy and diabetic patients and animal models. A critical regulator of penile smooth muscle and apoptosis is Sonic hedgehog (SHH). The SHH protein is decreased in ED models and SHH treatment of cavernous nerve (CN) injured rats prevents smooth muscle apoptosis. A close association between androgen deficiency and ED has been suggested in the literature, but few studies have examined the molecular effects on penile smooth muscle and on known signaling mechanisms that regulate morphology. Aim. Examine testosterone and SHH interaction in eugonadal adult, adolescent and juvenile rats by performing castration studies and treatment with supraphysiological testosterone.
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Americas Antibody Congress: September 21-23, 2009, Washington, D.C.
MAbs
PUBLISHED: 11-01-2009
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The Americas Antibody Congress, organized by Terrapinn, was held in Washington, D.C. on September 21-23, 2009. The conference sessions were expertly moderated by Herren Wu (MedImmune), and featured 26 speakers who discussed a wide variety of topics relevant to antibody research and development. In addition to the presentations, the conference included four panel sessions during which unscripted dialog between panelist and the audience was encouraged. The topics of the panel sessions were: (1) identifying antibody targets; (2) strategies to assess immunogenicity; (3) antibody drug conjugates; (4) next generation protein types.
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Ammonium-directed oxidation of cyclic allylic and homoallylic amines.
J. Org. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 08-01-2009
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The ammonium-directed olefinic oxidation of a range of cyclic allylic and homoallylic amines has been investigated. Functionalization of a range of allylic 3-(N,N-dibenzylamino)cycloalk-1-enes with m-CPBA in the presence of Cl(3)CCO(2)H gives exclusively the corresponding syn-epoxide for the 5-membered ring (>99:1 dr), the anti-epoxide for the 8-membered ring (>99:1 dr), and predominantly the anti-epoxide for the 7-membered ring (94:6 dr). Oxidation of the homoallylic amines 3-(N-benzylamino)methylcyclohex-1-ene and 3-(N,N-dibenzylamino)methylcyclohex-1-ene gave, in both cases, the corresponding N-protected 1,2-anti-2,3-syn-3-aminomethylcyclohexane-1,2-diol with high levels of diastereoselectivity (>or=90:10 dr). The versatile synthetic intermediates resulting from these oxidation reactions are readily transformed into a range of amino diols.
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Cryptococcus shivajii sp. nov.: a novel basidiomycetous yeast isolated from biogas reactor.
Curr. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 07-30-2009
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Five yeast morphotypes were isolated from biogas reactors at North Wyke Research, Okehampton, UK. Out of the five morphotypes, four were identified as known species. In contrast, the fifth morphotype strain, Bio10(T), was found to differ from Bullera dendrophila and Kwoniella mangroviensis, its closest phylogenetic neighbours, by 2.6-2.9% with respect to the nucleotide sequence of the D1/D2 domain of the 26S rRNA gene and by 5.6-6.2% with respect to the internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS1)-5.8S rRNA gene-ITS2 region. Bio10(T) also differs from these two species by a number of phenotypic characteristics. Thus, based on the phenotypic differences and phylogenetic analysis, strain Bio10(T) is assigned the status of a new species of Cryptococcus, for which the name Cryptococcus shivajii sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is Bio10(T) (NCYC 3541(T) = CBS 11374(T)).
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The role of hedgehog-interacting protein in maintaining cavernous nerve integrity and adult penile morphology.
J Sex Med
PUBLISHED: 06-09-2009
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Sonic hedgehog (SHH) is an essential regulator of smooth muscle apoptosis in the penis that has significant clinical potential as a therapy to suppress post-prostatectomy apoptosis, an underlying cause of erectile dysfunction (ED). Thus an understanding of how SHH signaling is regulated in the adult penis is essential to move the field of ED research forward and to develop new treatment strategies. We propose that hedgehog-interacting protein (HIP), which has been shown to bind SHH protein and to play a role in SHH regulation during embryogenesis of other organs, is a critical regulator of SHH signaling, penile morphology, and apoptosis induction.
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Candida carvajalis sp. nov., an ascomycetous yeast species from the Ecuadorian Amazon jungle.
FEMS Yeast Res.
PUBLISHED: 05-06-2009
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In the course of a yeast biodiversity survey of different ecological habitats found in Ecuador, two yeast strains (CLQCA 20-011(T) and CLQCA20-014) were isolated from samples of rotten wood and fallen leaf debris collected at separate sites in the central region of the Ecuadorian Amazonia. These strains were found to represent a novel yeast species based on the sequences of their D1/D2 domain of the large-subunit (LSU) rRNA gene and their physiological characteristics. Phylogenetic analysis based on LSU D1/D2 sequences revealed this novel species to be most closely related to Candida asparagi, Candida fructus, Candida musae and two as yet undescribed Candida species, with the six yeast taxa collectively forming a distinct species group within the Clavispora clade. The species name of Candida carvajalis sp. nov. is proposed to accommodate these strains, with CLQCA 20-011(T) (NCYC 3509(T), CBS 11361(T)) designated as the type strain.
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Association of standing-order policies with vaccination rates in dialysis clinics: a US-based cross-sectional study.
Am. J. Kidney Dis.
PUBLISHED: 04-05-2009
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Patients with end-stage renal disease are at increased risk of morbidity and mortality because of infection. Quality improvement efforts for this patient population include assessment of institutional policies and practices that may increase vaccination rates for influenza, hepatitis B, and pneumococcal disease.
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Sonic Hedgehog regulates brain-derived neurotrophic factor in normal and regenerating cavernous nerves.
J Sex Med
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The cavernous nerve (CN) is commonly injured during prostatectomy. Manipulation of the nerve microenvironment is critical to improve regeneration and develop novel erectile dysfunction therapies. Sonic hedgehog (SHH) treatment promotes CN regeneration. The mechanism of how this occurs is unknown. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) facilitates return of erectile function after CN injury and it has been suggested in cortical neurons and the sciatic nerve that BDNF may be a target of SHH.
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Form CMS-2728 data versus erythropoietin claims data: implications for quality of care studies.
Ren Fail
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Medical Evidence Report Form CMS-2728 data is frequently used to study US dialysis patients, but the validity of these data have been called into question. We compared predialysis erythropoietin use as recorded on Form CMS-2728 with claims data as part of an assessment of quality of care among hemodialysis patients. Medicare claims were linked to Form CMS-2728 data for 18,870 patients. Dialysis patients, 67 years old or older, who started dialysis from 1 June 2005 to 31 May 2007 were eligible. Logistic and multivariate regressions were used to compare the use of either Form CMS-2728 or the corresponding claims data to predict mortality and the probability of meeting target hemoglobin levels. The sensitivity, specificity, and kappa coefficient for the predialysis erythropoietin indicator were 58.0%, 78.4%, and 0.36, respectively. Patients with a predialysis erythropoietin claim were less likely to die compared with patients without a claim (odds ratio = 0.80 and 95% confidence interval = 0.74-0.87), but there was no relationship observed between predialysis care and death using only Form CMS-2728 predictors. At the facility level, a predialysis erythropoietin claim was associated with a 0.085 increase in the rate of meeting target hemoglobin levels compared with patients without a claim (p = 0.041), but no statistically significant relationship was observed when using the Form CMS-2728 indicators. The agreement between Form CMS-2728 and claims data is poor and discordant results are observed when comparing the use of these data sources to predict health outcomes. Facilities with higher agreement between the two data sources may provide greater quality of care.
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Pilot study comparing sepsis management with and without electronic clinical practice guidelines in an academic emergency department.
J Emerg Med
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Sepsis is a potentially life-threatening condition that requires urgent management in an Emergency Department (ED). Evidence-based guidelines for managing sepsis have been developed; however, their integration into routine practice is often incomplete. Care maps may help clinicians meet guideline targets more often.
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Candida ecuadorensis sp. nov., an ascomycetous yeast species found in two separate regions of Ecuador.
Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol.
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In the course of an on-going study aimed at cataloguing the natural yeast biodiversity found in Ecuador, two strains (CLQCA 13-025 and CLQCA 20-004(T)) were isolated from samples of cow manure and rotten wood collected in two separate provinces of the country (Orellana and Bolívar). These strains were found to represent a novel yeast species based on the sequences of their D1/D2 domain of the large-subunit (LSU) rRNA gene and their physiological characteristics. Phylogenetic analysis based on LSU D1/D2 sequences revealed this novel species to belong to the Metschnikowia clade and to be most closely related to Candida suratensis, a species recently discovered in a mangrove forest in Thailand. The species name of Candida ecuadorensis sp. nov. is proposed to accommodate these strains, with strain CLQCA 20-004(T) (=CBS 12653(T) = NCYC 3782(T)) designated as the type strain.
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Sonic hedgehog is neuroprotective in the cavernous nerve with crush injury.
J Sex Med
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The cavernous nerve (CN) is commonly injured during prostatectomy, resulting in erectile dysfunction (ED). Although peripheral nerves have a limited ability to regenerate, a return of function typically does not occur due to irreversible down stream morphological changes in the penis that result from CN injury. We have shown in previous studies that sonic hedgehog (SHH) is critical for CN regeneration and improves erectile function after crush injury.
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Wnt pathway inhibition via the targeting of Frizzled receptors results in decreased growth and tumorigenicity of human tumors.
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.
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The Wnt/?-catenin pathway, which signals through the Frizzled (Fzd) receptor family and several coreceptors, has long been implicated in cancer. Here we demonstrate a therapeutic approach to targeting the Wnt pathway with a monoclonal antibody, OMP-18R5. This antibody, initially identified by binding to Frizzled 7, interacts with five Fzd receptors through a conserved epitope within the extracellular domain and blocks canonical Wnt signaling induced by multiple Wnt family members. In xenograft studies with minimally passaged human tumors, this antibody inhibits the growth of a range of tumor types, reduces tumor-initiating cell frequency, and exhibits synergistic activity with standard-of-care chemotherapeutic agents.
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Mortality of dialysis patients according to influenza and pneumococcal vaccination status.
Am. J. Kidney Dis.
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Data from an immunocompromised subpopulation in which both vaccine recipients and nonrecipients have frequent opportunities for vaccination can help determine the associations between vaccination against seasonal influenza and pneumococcal disease and all-cause mortality.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.