[Morphologic diagnosis and onset characteristics of acute leukemia: a retrospective analysis of 233 cases in 10 years].
The objective of this study was to evaluate the value of morphologic diagnosis for acute leukemia (AL), to explore the relation of morphologic diagnosis with immunology, cytogenetics and molecular biology diagnosis of AL and to analyze the onset characteristics of AL in 10 years. The samples of bone marrow and peripheral blood from 233 newly diagnosed cases of AL were collected during 2001-2011 years; the morphologic examination and immunologic, cytogenetic and molecular biologic examination (ICM) were carried out, the consistency of morphologic diagnosis with ICM diagnosis was compared, the onset characteristics of AL was analyzed. The results showed that: (1) the consistent rate of immunology, cytogenetics, molecular biology diagnosis with morphologic diagnosis was 84.3%. The order of consistent rat was AUL, M0 < M1 < HAL < M4 < M2 < M3 < M5 < ALL < M6, M7, AP; (2) Misdiagnosis always occurred among AUL, M0, M1, ALL and HAL or among M2a, M3v, M4 and M5. (3) In 233 cases, the highest ratio of blast was observed in M1 (92.5%), while the lowest ratio of blast was observed in M2 (49.5%). (4) AL occurred more frequently in males than that in female (147:86). (5) AL occurred in patients aged from 1 to 88 years. The median age was 41.5 for AUL, 40.8 for M0, 43.4 for M1, 46.3 for M2, 33.8 for M3, 42.6 for M4, 48.8 for M5, 77.3 for M6, 2.5 for M7, 65.0 for AP, 29.1 for ALL and 40.3 for HAL. (6) The number of patients in the later five years (139 cases) was significantly greater than that in the first five years (94 cases), especially the patients with M1, M2, M3, M4, and M5. It is concluded that morphologic diagnosis has important clinical value in the MICM diagnosis of AL. Attaching importance to the confusing cell morphology and onset characteristics of AL can improve the diagnostic accuracy.