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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Long term follow-up of BEAM-autologous and BEAM-alemtuzumab allogeneic stem cell transplantation in relapsed advanced stage follicular lymphoma.
Leuk. Res.
PUBLISHED: 02-17-2014
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This is an analysis in 171 patients comparing BEAM-Auto and BEAM-Allo (alemtuzumab)-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in relapsed follicular lymphoma. BEAM-Allo group had a lower 10 years cumulative incidence of relapse(31.4% vs 55.1%, p=0.042), a trend to a plateau in survival but no statistical differences in OS or DFS, and a TRM of 24%. When transplanted in CR BEAM-Allo patients had better OS and DFS. Incidence of acute and chronic GVHD was 16.6% and 22%. 29% of BEAM-Allo patients received DLI (all but two remain in CR and alive). Our data supports Allo-HSCT as a potential curative treatment for selected patients with FL.
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Recent childbirth is an adverse prognostic factor in breast cancer and melanoma, but not in Hodgkin lymphoma.
Eur. J. Cancer
PUBLISHED: 04-12-2013
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The relationship between gestation, childbirth and cancer prognosis is unknown for most cancers (e.g. Hodgkin lymphoma), whereas a body of evidence exists for melanoma and breast cancer.
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Evidence for a macromolecular complex in poor prognosis CLL that contains CD38, CD49d, CD44 and MMP-9.
Br. J. Haematol.
PUBLISHED: 05-14-2011
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Progressive chronic lymphocytic leukaemia is characterized by the accumulation of neoplastic B-cells in the tissues and correlates with the expression of prognostic biomarkers, such as CD38, CD49d and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP9), which are involved in migration and tissue invasion. In this study we investigated the physical relationship between these molecules and demonstrated that CD38, CD49d, MMP9 and CD44 were physically associated in a supramolecular cell surface complex. Our findings provide a molecular basis for the correlation between expression of these proteins and prognosis and, as the complex is not present in normal B-cells, suggest a novel leukaemia-specific therapeutic target.
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Interaction with vascular endothelium enhances survival in primary chronic lymphocytic leukemia cells via NF-kappaB activation and de novo gene transcription.
Cancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 08-24-2010
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Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells rapidly undergo apoptosis in vitro, suggesting that the in vivo microenvironment provides crucial antiapoptotic signals. Overexpression of the antiapoptotic proteins Bcl-2 and Mcl-1 is a hallmark of CLL, and their expression is further enhanced in the lymphoid tissues. However, the high levels of Mcl-1 found in peripheral blood samples, coupled with its short half-life, led us to hypothesize that it must be actively maintained in the peripheral circulation. Coculture of CLL cells with human vascular endothelial cells significantly enhanced tumor cell survival, an effect that was not observed with normal B cells. This was associated with elevated levels of the antiapoptotic proteins Bcl-2, Mcl-1, and Bcl-X(L) and marked increased expression of CD38 and CD49d, both of which are associated with clinically aggressive disease. Because CD38, CD49d, and some Bcl-2 family genes are transcriptional targets for NF-?B, we assessed NF-?B activation following coculture with endothelial cells. DNA binding of the NF-?B subunit Rel A was significantly increased and strongly correlated with changes in transcription of CD38, CD49d, BCL2, MCL1, and BCLXL, effects that were reversed by a peptide inhibitor of Rel A. These effects were not observed following coculture with nonendothelial cell lines. Therefore, CLL cells receive specific survival signals following interaction with endothelial cells mediated through the activation of NF-?B and the induction of downstream target genes. This type of interaction in the peripheral vasculature may explain the constitutive NF-?B activation and the overexpression of Bcl-2 family proteins commonly seen in this disease.
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CD49d is an independent prognostic marker that is associated with CXCR4 expression in CLL.
Leuk. Res.
PUBLISHED: 07-24-2010
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The world of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) research is awash with prognostic markers. However, very few of the current group play a clearly defined role in the pathology of this disease and even fewer represent a tractable therapeutic target. One such marker that fulfils both of these criteria is the integrin CD49d. This molecule been implicated in the capacity of CLL cells to migrate into lymphoid tissues and there is a CD49d blocking antibody, Natalizumab, currently in clinical trials. Here we carried out the largest multi-centre evaluation of CD49d as a prognostic marker in 652 primary CLL samples. We confirm that CD49d is predictive for time to first treatment (P<0.0001) and overall survival (P<0.0001) and increases the prognostic power of CD38, ZAP-70 and IGHV gene mutation status in concordant cases. Furthermore, CD49d retained independent prognostic significance in multivariate analysis. In contrast to previous studies, we showed no correlation between CD49d expression and in vitro resistance to fludarabine in liquid cultures (P=0.28) but CD49d(hi) cells were significantly more resistant than CD49d(lo) cells when assays were carried out on fibronectin-coated plates (P=0.03). Furthermore, we showed for the first time that the expression of CD49d is strongly associated with expression of the chemokine receptor CXCR4 suggesting a co-ordinated role for these molecules in the trafficking of CLL cells to the lymphoid tissues. Taken together, our data support the introduction of CD49d into routine immunophenotyping panels for CLL and indicate that the therapeutic targeting of this molecule may prove useful in this disease.
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Mimicking the tumour microenvironment: three different co-culture systems induce a similar phenotype but distinct proliferative signals in primary chronic lymphocytic leukaemia cells.
Br. J. Haematol.
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Interactions in the tumour microenvironment can promote chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) cell survival, proliferation and drug resistance. A detailed comparison of three co-culture systems designed to mimic the CLL lymph node and vascular microenvironments were performed; two were mouse fibroblast cell lines transfected with human CD40LG or CD31 and the third was a human microvascular endothelial cell line, HMEC-1. All three co-culture systems markedly enhanced CLL cell survival and induced a consistent change in CLL cell phenotype, characterized by increased expression of CD38, CD69, CD44 and ITGA4 (CD49d); this phenotype was absent following co-culture on untransfected mouse fibroblasts. In contrast to HMEC-1 cells, the CD40LG and CD31-expressing fibroblasts also induced ZAP70 expression and marked CLL cell proliferation as evidenced by carboxyfluorescein succinimidyl ester labelling and increased Ki-67 expression. Taken together, our data show that co-culture on different stroma induced a remarkably similar activation phenotype in CLL cells but only the CD40LG and CD31-expressing fibroblasts increased ZAP70 expression and CLL cell proliferation, indicating that ZAP70 may play a critical role in this process. This comparative study reveals a number of striking similarities between the co-culture systems tested but also highlights important differences that should be considered when selecting which system to use for in-vitro investigations.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.