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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Correlates of Neighborhood Environment With Walking Among Older Asian Americans.
J Aging Health
PUBLISHED: 06-20-2014
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There is a limited research and understanding regarding the physical activity (PA) of older Asian Americans. This study examined the associations between neighborhood factors and walking among older Asian Americans.
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Spatial accessibility of drug treatment facilities and the effects on locus of control, drug use, and service use among heroin-injecting Mexican American men.
Int. J. Drug Policy
PUBLISHED: 01-21-2014
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This study explores the spatial accessibility of outpatient drug treatment facilities and the potential relationship with drug use-related outcomes among Mexican American heroin users.
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Sarcomatoid carcinoma in head and neck: a review of 30 years of experience-clinical outcomes and reconstructive results.
Ann Plast Surg
PUBLISHED: 11-29-2013
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Sarcomatoid carcinoma (SaCa) is a rare variant of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) with sarcomatoid features. This study investigated the clinical presentation and outcomes of head and neck SaCa. In addition, reconstructive outcome for a subset of patients was also evaluated.
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Racial/ethnic minority and low-income hotspots and their geographic proximity to integrated care providers.
Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy
PUBLISHED: 05-10-2013
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The high prevalence of mental health issues among clients attending substance abuse treatment (SAT) has pressured treatment providers to develop integrated substance abuse and mental health care. However, access to integrated care is limited to certain communities. Racial and ethnic minority and low-income communities may not have access to needed integrated care in large urban areas. Because the main principle of health care reform is to expand health insurance to low-income individuals to improve access to care and reduce health disparities among minorities, it is necessary to understand the extent to which integrated care is geographically accessible in minority and low-income communities.
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Simultaneous reconstruction of extensor mechanism in the free transfer of vascularized proximal interphalangeal joint.
Tech Hand Up Extrem Surg
PUBLISHED: 02-21-2013
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From a recent systemic review, vascularized toe proximal interphalangeal joint (PIPJ) transfer achieved an average arc of motion (AOM) of merely 37 degrees for finger PIPJ reconstruction. Despite the technical refinement over the past 3 decades, the resulting active motion of the reconstructed joint remains unpredictable and often fraught with extension lag. The technique for vascularized toe PIPJ transfer at our institute has evolved over the years to its current state, with simultaneous extensor mechanism reconstruction being a major component. During the transfer, the quality of extensor tendons on the recipient finger and donor toe are carefully evaluated. If the central slip of finger extensor is destroyed but the quality of lateral bands is adequate, centralization of lateral bands overlying the transferred PIPJ is performed. If there is acceptable central slip remnant at the proximal phalanx level, modified Stack procedure is performed for central slip reconstruction while leaving the lateral bands in continuity. If both lateral bands are poor, modified Stack procedure is performed unless the central tendon of the toe is strong enough to extend the PIPJ. From November 2008 to October 2010, 7 joints were transferred with this modified technique. The average follow-up was 18.2 months. The average active AOM of the transferred PIPJ was 56.4 degrees. The average extension lag of the toe PIPJ was 10.7 and 16.4 degrees before and after the transfer, respectively. Simultaneous reconstruction of extensor mechanism decreases the extension lag without sacrificing AOM of the transferred PIPJ.
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Efficient design of split anterolateral thigh flap in extremity reconstruction.
Plast. Reconstr. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 11-19-2011
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Irregularly shaped and three-dimensional soft-tissue defects in the extremities are difficult to cover precisely and efficiently. One strategy is to use the anterolateral thigh flap with two perforators and split the flap into two subunits based on separate perforators. The subunits can be rearranged into various geometric configurations to cover defects with nonelliptical shapes. Such a strategy emphasizes harvesting an elliptical anterolateral thigh flap with a narrower width to allow for primary closure in most cases. This avoids the need for skin grafting and reduces donor-site morbidity.
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Burnout and physical health among social workers: A three-year longitudinal study.
Soc Work
PUBLISHED: 08-19-2011
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The high risk of burnout in the social work profession is well established, but little is known about burnouts impact on the physical health of social workers. This article examines the relationship between burnout and physical health, using data from a longitudinal study of social workers. California-registered social workers (N = 406) were surveyed annually over a three-year period. Using structural equation modeling, the authors conducted a path analysis to test whether burnout predicted changes in physical health over time.The results showed that social workers with higher initial levels of burnout later reported more physical health complaints. Moreover, higher levels of burnout led to a faster rate of deterioration in physical health over a one-year period.The potential implications for policy and social service organizations are discussed.
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Antipsychotic medication for early episode schizophrenia.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev
PUBLISHED: 06-17-2011
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Long-term treatment with antipsychotic medications in early episode schizophrenia spectrum disorders is common, but both short and long-term effects on the illness are unclear. There have been numerous suggestions that people with early episodes of schizophrenia appear to respond differently than those with multiple prior episodes. The number of episodes may moderate response to drug treatment.
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The preventive effects of apolipoprotein mimetic D-4F from vibration injury-experiment in rats.
Hand (N Y)
PUBLISHED: 09-08-2010
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Hand-arm vibration syndrome (HAVS) is a debilitating sequela of neurological and vascular injuries caused by prolonged occupational exposure to hand-transmitted vibration. Our previous study demonstrated that short-term exposure to vibration can induce vasoconstriction and endothelial cell damage in the ventral artery of the rats tail. The present study investigated whether pretreatment with D-4F, an apolipoprotein A-1 mimetic with known anti-oxidant and vasodilatory properties, prevents vibration-induced vasoconstriction, endothelial cell injury, and protein nitration. Rats were injected intraperitoneally with 3 mg/kg D-4F at 1 h before vibration of the tails for 4 h/day at 60 Hz, 49 m/s(2) r.m.s. acceleration for either 1 or 3 days. Vibration-induced endothelial cell damage was examined by light microscopy and nitrotyrosine immunoreactivity (a marker for free radical production). One and 3-day vibration produced vasoconstriction and increased nitrotyrosine. Preemptive treatment with D-4F prevented these negative changes. These findings suggest that D-4F may be useful in the prevention of HAVS.
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Peroneal nerve compression by lateral gastrocnemius flap.
J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg
PUBLISHED: 10-23-2009
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Lateral gastrocnemius muscle flaps are reliable flaps routinely used to cover defects in the lower thigh, the knee, and the upper third of the tibia. Peroneal neuropathy following lateral gastrocnemius flap has been described previously and mostly attributed to intraoperative nerve injury. However, compression of the nerve by the flap itself has not been reported. A 56-year-old female developed right common peroneal nerve palsy 10 months after a lateral gastrocnemius flap rotation for knee prosthesis coverage. Surgical exploration found a common peroneal nerve neuroma under a compressive band formed by the lateral fascial edge of the rotated gastrocnemius muscle. The motor nerve of the flap was not denervated. When stimulated, muscle contracted and compressed the common peroneal nerve underneath. Excision of the lateral fascia and selective motor denervation were performed. Postoperatively, the patients symptoms improved. To prevent compressive common peroneal neuropathy from lateral gastrocnemius rotational flaps, we recommend fascial excision from the lateral aspect of the muscle and selective motor denervation.
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Generational cohorts, age at arrival, and access to health services among Asian and Latino immigrant adults.
J Health Care Poor Underserved
PUBLISHED: 04-28-2009
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Recent immigrant assimilation literature has highlighted the tremendous heterogeneity that exists within foreign-born and U.S.-born second generation populations-and thus, the importance of a broader generational cohort framework that encompasses nativity, immigrant generation, age at arrival, and parental nativity. Using data from the 2003 California Health Interview Survey, this paper examines generational cohort differences in access to health services among Asian and Latino immigrant adults. Results showed that immigrants arriving in the U.S. as children had better access to services, one exception being middle-aged and older Asians. Individuals arriving in the U.S. as adults were significantly less likely than the third-and-later generation to have a usual source of care, and also had fewer physician visits. Across all cohorts, Latinos fared worse than both Asians and Whites. This study highlights the value of a generational cohort framework-specifically, the importance of age at arrival-in examining health access among immigrants.
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Persistent reduction of conduction velocity and myelinated axon damage in vibrated rat tail nerves.
Muscle Nerve
PUBLISHED: 03-24-2009
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Prolonged hand-transmitted vibration exposure in the workplace has been recognized for almost a century to cause neurodegenerative and vasospastic disease. Persistence of the diseased state for years after cessation of tool use is of grave concern. To understand persistence of vibration injury, the present study examined recovery of nerve conduction velocity and structural damage of myelinated axons in a rat tail vibration model. Both 7 and 14 days of vibration (4 h/day) decreased conduction velocity. The decrease correlated directly with the increased percentage of disrupted myelinated axons. The total number of myelinated axons was unchanged. During 2 months of recovery, conduction velocity returned to control level after 7-day vibration but remained decreased after 14-day vibration. The rat tail model provides insight into understanding the persistence of neural deficits in hand-arm vibration syndrome.
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Immigrant obesity and unhealthy assimilation: alternative estimates of convergence or divergence, 1995-2005.
Soc Sci Med
PUBLISHED: 03-20-2009
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We re-examine the pace of rising obesity among Hispanic immigrants and the effects associated with longer duration in the US, or what is referred to as unhealthy assimilation, the convergence of immigrant health to a less healthy native-born standard. Consistent with previous research, we find that across all race-ethnic groups, immigrants tend to be less obese than native-born persons. Second, obesity is clearly on the rise, with obesity rates increasing for both immigrant and native-born populations between 1995 and 2005. However, our findings are that immigrant obesity rises more slowly than for native-born Hispanics in the same age cohort. The significance is that immigrants do not converge to obesity prevalence of the native-born as commonly assumed and, in fact, the differential is wider in 2005 than it was in 1995. The analysis, which is based on the National Health Interview Survey tracks the obesity rates of different cohort populations observed in repeated cross-sections (1995 and 2005), as both immigrants and the native-born grow older and additionally, as immigrants reside in the U.S. longer. More specifically, for immigrants, our study distinguishes the effects of length of U.S. residence (observed at a single point in time) and increasing duration of residence (observed over time). Of crucial importance, we contrast the changes over time for native and foreign-born residents passing through the same age range from 1995 to 2005. Misconclusions of previous research stem from 1) assuming that any change for immigrants equates to assimilation, without regard to native-born change, and 2) an unbalanced analysis that fails to track in parallel the growing obesity of both immigrant and native-born cohorts.
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Travel distance to outpatient substance use disorder treatment facilities for Spanish-speaking clients.
Int. J. Drug Policy
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Travel distance and English proficiency skills are widely recognized factors associated with service access and treatment engagement. As Latino populations represent one of the most rapidly growing populations in the United States, methods are needed to better understand availability of linguistically appropriate services in Latino communities. Given regional variability in the density of Latino communities, the current study examines treatment access as travel distance to outpatient substance use disorder treatment facilities in one of the largest and most rapidly changing Latino communities in the United States - Los Angeles County, CA.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.