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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Quantification of fractal dimension and Shannons entropy in histological diagnosis of prostate cancer.
BMC Clin Pathol
PUBLISHED: 02-11-2013
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Prostate cancer is a serious public health problem that affects quality of life and has a significant mortality rate. The aim of the present study was to quantify the fractal dimension and Shannons entropy in the histological diagnosis of prostate cancer.
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Fractal dimension in quantifying the degree of myocardial cellular rejection after cardiac transplantation.
Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc
PUBLISHED: 02-14-2011
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The term "Fractal" is derived from the Latin fractus meaning "irregular" or "broken" considering the observed structure with a non-integer dimension. There are many studies which employed the Fractal Dimension (FD) as a diagnostic tool. One of the most common methods for its study is the "Box Counting Method".
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Are environmental pollutants risk factors for low birth weight?
Cad Saude Publica
PUBLISHED: 08-04-2009
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The aim of this study was to assess the association between prenatal exposure to air pollutants and low birth weight in a medium-sized city. An ecological study was performed, using live birth data from São José dos Campos, São Paulo State, Brazil. The environmental data were obtained from the São Paul State Environmental Agency. The study included full-term newborns whose mothers were 20 to 34 years of age and had at least a complete high school education, seven or more prenatal visits, singleton pregnancy, and vaginal delivery, in order to minimize potential confounding from these variables. Logistic regression was used to estimate the effect of each pollutant. Low birth weight was defined as less than 2,500 g. The sample included a total of 2,529 data from 2001 that met the inclusion criteria (25.6% of the total). We identified 99 newborns (3.95% of the sample) with low birth weight, and the pollutants sulfur dioxide and ozone were associated with low birth weight. The final model was A(x) = -1.79 + 1.30 (SO2) + 1.26 (O3). Thus, sulfur dioxide and ozone were identified as risk factors for low birth weight in a medium-sized city in Southeast Brazil.
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Molecular characterization of the hexose transporter gene in benznidazole resistant and susceptible populations of Trypanosoma cruzi.
Parasit Vectors
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Hexose transporters (HT) are membrane proteins involved in the uptake of energy-supplying glucose and other hexoses into the cell. Previous studies employing the Differential Display technique have shown that the transcription level of the HT gene from T. cruzi (TcrHT) is higher in an in vitro-induced benznidazole (BZ)-resistant population of the parasite (17 LER) than in its susceptible counterpart (17 WTS).
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Performance analysis: a study using data envelopment analysis in 26 Brazilian hospitals.
J Health Care Finance
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This article describes a proposal for analyzing the performance of public Brazilian hospitals using financial and non-financial rates (i.e., operational rates), and thereby highlights the effectiveness (or otherwise) of the financial management of organizations in this study. A total of 72 hospitals in the Brazilian Unified Health Care System (in Portuguese, Sistema Unico de Saúde-SUS), were selected for accessibility and completeness of their data. Twenty-six organizations were used for the study sample, consisting of entities that had publicly disclosed financial statements for the period from 2008 (in particular, via the Internet) and whose operational data could be found in the SUS database. Our proposal, based on models using the method of Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), was the construction of six initial models that were later compiled into a standard model. The relations between the rates that comprised the models were based on the variables and the notes of: Schuhmann, McCue and Nayar, Barnum and Kutzin, Younis, Younies, and Okojie, Marinho, Moreno, and Cavalini, and Ersoy, Kavuncubasi, Ozcan, and Harris II. We put forward an enhanced grant proposal applicable to Brazil aiming to (i) confirm or refute the rates that show the effectiveness or ineffectiveness of financial management of national hospitals; and (ii) determine the best performances, which could be used as a reference for future studies. Obtained results: (i) for all financial indicators considered, only one showed no significance in all models; and (ii) for operational indicators, the results were not relevant when the number of occupied beds was considered. Though the analysis was related to only services provided by SUS, we conclude that our study has great potential for analyzing the financial management performance of Brazilian hospitals in general, for the following reasons: (i) it shows the relationship of financial and operational rates that can be used to analyze the performance of these organizations; and (ii) it introduces ranges of these values that can be used as standard for the analysis of Brazilian hospitals.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.