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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Investigation of the protein alkylation sites of the STAT3:STAT3 inhibitor Stattic by mass spectrometry.
Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 03-26-2013
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STAT3 (Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription factor 3) is constitutively active in a wide range of human tumours. Stattic is one of the first non-peptidic small molecules reported to inhibit formation of the STAT3:STAT3 protein dimer complex. A mass spectrometry method has been developed to investigate the binding of Stattic to the un-phosphorylated STAT3?tc (U-STAT3) protein. Alkylation of four cysteine residues has been observed with possible reaction at a fifth which could account for the mechanism of action.
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A novel small-molecule inhibitor of IL-6 signalling.
Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 08-11-2010
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A small library of pyrrolidinesulphonylaryl molecules has been synthesized via an efficient 4-step route, and members evaluated for their ability to inhibit IL-6 signalling. One molecule (6a) was found to have promising activity against IL-6/STAT3 signalling at the low micromolar level, and to selectively inhibit phosphorylation of STAT3 (but not STAT1) in IL-6 stimulated MDA-MB-231 breast cancer and HeLa cell lines. It was also selectively cytostatic in MDA-MB-231 (STAT3-dependent) versus A4 (STAT3-null) cells suggesting STAT3-specific inhibitory properties.
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Optimization of the antitumor activity of sequence-specific pyrrolobenzodiazepine derivatives based on their affinity for ABC transporters.
AAPS J
PUBLISHED: 05-27-2010
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Pyrrolobenzodiazepine (PBD) derivatives are highly potent sequence-specific DNA cross-linking agents. The present study aimed to identify key physicochemical properties influencing the interaction of a series of PBDs (four dimers and 12 monomers) with the three major human ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters (P-gp, ABCG2, and MRP1). Isogenic cell lines expressing P-gp and ABCG2, cell lines with acquired resistance to cytotoxic agents due to the high expression of ABC transporters, and specific inhibitors against P-gp, ABCG2, and MRP1 were used. P-gp and ABCG2 decreased the permeability of the PBD dimers across cell membranes and their interaction with DNA, reducing DNA damage and the overall cytotoxic effect. PBD monomer SG-2823 formed a conjugate with glutathione and interacted with MRP1, reducing its cytotoxic effect in A549 cells. Structure-activity relationship revealed that the interaction of PBDs with the transporters could be predicted considering the molecular weight, the lipophilicity, the number of (N?+?O) atoms and aromatic rings, the polar surface area, the hydrogen bonding energy, and electrophilic centers. A rational design of novel PBDs with increased potency and reduced interaction with the ABC transporters is proposed.
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Structure-activity relationships of monomeric C2-aryl pyrrolo[2,1-c][1,4]benzodiazepine (PBD) antitumor agents.
J. Med. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 03-12-2010
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A comprehensive SAR investigation of the C2-position of pyrrolo[2,1-c][1,4]benzodiazepine (PBD) monomer antitumor agents is reported, establishing the molecular requirements for optimal in vitro cytotoxicity and DNA-binding affinity. Both carbocyclic and heterocyclic C2-aryl substituents have been studied ranging from single aryl rings to fused ring systems, and also styryl substituents, establishing across a library of 80 analogues that C2-aryl and styryl substituents significantly enhance both DNA-binding affinity and in vitro cytotoxicity, with a correlation between the two. The optimal C2-grouping for both DNA-binding affinity and cytotoxicity was found to be the C2-quinolinyl moiety which, according to molecular modeling, is due to the overall fit of the molecule in the DNA minor groove, and potential specific contacts with functional groups in the floor and walls of the groove. This analogue (14l) was shown to delay tumor growth in a HCT-116 (bowel) human tumor xenograft model.
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Facile oxidation of electron-poor benzo[b]thiophenes to the corresponding sulfones with an aqueous solution of H2O2 and P2O5.
Chem. Commun. (Camb.)
PUBLISHED: 01-25-2010
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A facile oxidation for the clean conversion of benzo[b]thiophenes to their corresponding sulfones is described employing an aqueous solution of H(2)O(2) and P(2)O(5); the solution can be prepared and stored on a multi-gram scale with a shelf-life of up to two weeks.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.