CD30, a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) superfamily, is consistently expressed by tumor cells of anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (ALCL). CD30 stimulation induces massive caspase-dependent cell death of ALCL cells in case of canonical NF?B inhibition or proteasome inhibition. However, CD30, a TNFR lacking a death domain (DD), is unable to recruit a death inducing complex containing TRADD (TNFR1-associated DD-protein) or FADD (FAS-associated DD-domain protein) together with the receptor-interacting protein 1 (RIP1) and caspase-8. Thus, the mechanism explaining CD30-induced cell death of lymphocytes remains obscure. Here, we demonstrate that blockage of RIP1 by siRNA or pharmacological inhibition of RIP1 by Necrostatin-1 almost completely prevented CD30-induced cell death. In addition, we revealed CD30-induced accumulation of RIP1 at the cytoplasma membrane of NF?B-inhibited ALCL cells by confocal laser scanning microscopy. Finally, primary ALCL cases can be subdivided into two groups based on the presence or absence of RIP1 as revealed by immunohistology. Taken together, our study identified RIP1 as a crucial mediator of CD30-induced cell death that bears features of apoptosis as well as necroptosis. RIP1 expression in ALCL tumor cells might eligible for the therapeutic application of CD30 antibodies in combination with NF?B/proteasome inhibitors that should result in CD30-induced cell death.
MYC is a key transcription factor involved in central cellular processes such as regulation of the cell cycle, histone acetylation and ribosomal biogenesis. It is overexpressed in the majority of human tumors including aggressive B-cell lymphoma. Especially Burkitt lymphoma (BL) is a highlight example for MYC overexpression due to a chromosomal translocation involving the c-MYC gene. However, no genome-wide analysis of MYC-binding sites by chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) followed by next generation sequencing (ChIP-Seq) has been conducted in BL so far.
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JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.
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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.