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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Evaluation of the antipsychotic effects of 2-(dimethylamino)- and 2-(methylamino)-7H-naphtho[1,2,3-de]quinolin-7-one derivatives in experimental model of psychosis in mice.
Curr Top Med Chem
PUBLISHED: 10-29-2014
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Research into novel therapeutic strategies for schizophrenia with high efficacy and low side effects has been progressed in recent years. In the present study, anti-schizophrenia activities of 2-(dimethylamino)- and 2-(methylamino)- 7H-naphtho[1,2,3-de]quinolin-7-one derivatives (D1-D10) have been evaluated in ketamine-induced experimental schizophrenia model in mice. For this aim, experimental animals was submitted to ketamine intraperitoneal injection at 100 mg/kg/day. Then, D1-D10 were administrated intra-cerebroventricularly to mice and in next step, animals depressive-like behaviors have been examined by despair swimming test. The obtained results demonstrate that 7H-naphtho[1,2,3- de]quinolin-7-one derivatives, specifically D9, reduced depressive-like behaviors via the decrease of the immobility time and the increase of the swim and climb times. Overall, these results showed that these alkaloids have anti-schizophrenia efficacy and due to their low side effects, they can be used as a new strategy for the treatment of depressive symptoms of schizophrenia patients.
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Comparison of the antidepressive effects of trans-resveratrol and 5-methoxy-7H-dibenzo[de,h]quinolin-7-one.
Curr Top Med Chem
PUBLISHED: 10-29-2014
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In this study we evaluate the in vivo antidepressant effect of a natural phenolic compound, trans-resveratrol, and a synthetic derivative from Menispermum dauricum DC (Menispermaceae) 5-methoxy-7H-dibenzo[de,h]quinolin-7- one known as 5-methoxyoxoisoaporphine (OXO 4). The antidepressant-like effect of trans-resveratrol and OXO 4 were evaluated through a Forced Swimming Test (FST), and they were compared with reference antidepressants: imipramine, desipramine, nomifensine, bupropion, nisoxetine, citalopram and moclobemide. Trans-resveratrol (10 mg/kg, intraperitoneally i.p. significantly decreased the immobility time in mouse model of despair test (69.03 ± 8.74 sec) p<0.05, as well as OXO 4 (1mg/kg, i.p. (60.92 ± 11.37 sec); p<0.05. We also evaluate the OXO 4 at 15, 30 and 45 min. affording the mayor reduction at 30 minutes after the administration. Thus, our results suggest that OXO 4 has a great antidepressant effect non-reported for this type of isoquinoline alkaloids. The pharmaceutical use of OXO 4 in the treatment of depressive disorders is a therapeutic alternative to be studied.
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[Spatial and temporal variation patterns in aquatic macroinvertebrates of Tecocomulco Lake, Hidalgo (México)].
Rev. Biol. Trop.
PUBLISHED: 09-06-2014
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Lake Tecocomulco, Hidalgo, is a relic of the ancient lakes ofAnahuac, important for the conservation of resident and migratory birds. However, the composition of aquatic macroinvertebrates is unknown; this is an important gap in conservation as they play an important role in the food web. This study analyzed the spatial and temporal variations in macroinvertebrate assemblages and their relationship with habitat characteristics. We carried out four monitoring campaigns covering the rainy and dry seasons. The monitoring was conducted at six study sites (four in the littoral zone and two in the middle part of the lake), environmental factors were recorded at each study site, water samples were collected for their physical and chemical analysis and aquatic macroinvertebrates were collected. A principal component analysis (PCA) was used to group study sites based on physical and chemical characteristics. Richness of taxa was analysed with rarefaction. We assessed the importance value index of each taxon (considering their frequency of occurrence and abundance). Similarity analyzes were performed between study sites and similarity of taxa with indices of Jaccard and Bray-Curtis, respectively. We performed a canonical correspondence analysis (CCA) between environmental factors and macroinvertebrate taxa. The PCA showed a marked seasonal variation represented by warm periods, with high values of conductivity, alkalinity, hardness, sulfates, and macronutrients (N and P) and the cold period with low values. We found a total of 26 taxa of aquatic macroinvertebrates and the highest richness was found in August. The Jaccard similarity analysis found differences between the littoral area and the limnetic zone, which differ also in the composition of macrophytes. The littoral zone had the highest taxa richness of macroinvertebrates and macrophytes, while the lowest diversity was found in the offshore zone. The CCA related physicochemical characteristics of the water body with macroinvertebrate taxa showing the influence of both physicochemical characteristics and the composition of macrophytes in the spatio-temporal patterns of aquatic macroinvertebrates in the lake. The dominance of Corixidae highlights a strong grazing activity in the lake and in turn suggests an important amount of food available for higher trophic levels. Our study shows that the macroinvertebrates of Tecocomulco Lake have spatial and seasonal variations that are related to both environmental and biotic factors with groups being dominant.
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Reducing Childhood Obesity through U.S. Federal Policy: A Microsimulation Analysis.
Am J Prev Med
PUBLISHED: 08-27-2014
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Childhood obesity prevalence remains high in the U.S., especially among racial/ethnic minorities and low-income populations. Federal policy is important in improving public health given its broad reach. Information is needed about federal policies that could reduce childhood obesity rates and by how much.
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Zirconia with laser-modified microgrooved surface vs. titanium implants covered with melatonin stimulates bone formation. Experimental study in tibia rabbits.
Clin Oral Implants Res
PUBLISHED: 08-26-2014
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The aim of the study was to evaluate if zirconia implants with micro-grooved surfaces supplemented with melatonin enhance the bone-to-implant contact (BIC) vs. titanium implants with the same coating.
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Bone remodeling at implants with different configurations and placed immediately at different depth into extraction sockets. Experimental study in dogs.
Clin Oral Implants Res
PUBLISHED: 05-03-2014
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This study evaluated the effect of implant macrodesign and position, related to the bone crest, on bone-to-implant contact (BIC) and crestal bone (CB) in immediate implants.
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Cell-to-cell transfer of Leishmania amazonensis amastigotes is mediated by immunomodulatory LAMP-rich parasitophorous extrusions.
Cell. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 04-29-2014
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The last step of Leishmania intracellular life cycle is the egress of amastigotes from the host cell and their uptake by adjacent cells. Using multidimensional live imaging of long-term-infected macrophage cultures we observed that Leishmania amazonensis amastigotes were transferred from cell to cell when the donor host macrophage delivers warning signs of imminent apoptosis. They were extruded from the macrophage within zeiotic structures (membrane blebs, an apoptotic feature) rich in phagolysosomal membrane components. The extrusions containing amastigotes were selectively internalized by vicinal macrophages and the rescued amastigotes remain viable in recipient macrophages. Host cell apoptosis induced by micro-irradiation of infected macrophage nuclei promoted amastigotes extrusion, which were rescued by non-irradiated vicinal macrophages. Using amastigotes isolated from LAMP1/LAMP2 knockout fibroblasts, we observed that the presence of these lysosomal components on amastigotes increases interleukin 10 production. Enclosed within host cell membranes, amastigotes can be transferred from cell to cell without full exposure to the extracellular milieu, what represents an important strategy developed by the parasite to evade host immune system.
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In vivo assessment of antiretroviral therapy-associated side effects.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz
PUBLISHED: 04-08-2014
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Antiretroviral therapy has been associated with side effects, either from the drug itself or in conjunction with the effects of human immunodeficiency virus infection. Here, we evaluated the side effects of the protease inhibitor (PI) indinavir in hamsters consuming a normal or high-fat diet. Indinavir treatment increased the hamster death rate and resulted in an increase in triglyceride, cholesterol and glucose serum levels and a reduction in anti-oxLDL auto-antibodies. The treatment led to histopathological alterations of the kidney and the heart. These results suggest that hamsters are an interesting model for the study of the side effects of antiretroviral drugs, such as PIs.
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Implants failures related to endodontic treatment. An observational retrospective study.
Clin Oral Implants Res
PUBLISHED: 04-03-2014
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The aim of the study was to analyze potential etiological risk factors that constitute a complex problem in the clinical management of peri-implantitis.
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Influence of surface treatment on osseointegration of dental implants: histological, histomorphometric and radiological analysis in vivo.
Clin Oral Investig
PUBLISHED: 03-31-2014
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The aim of this article is to compare the influence of surface treatment on the integration (at 2, 4 and 8 weeks) of 120 dental implants inserted in 60 tibiae of rabbits.
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Recombinant Leishmania infantum heat shock protein 83 for the serodiagnosis of cutaneous, mucosal, and visceral leishmaniases.
Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg.
PUBLISHED: 03-10-2014
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Routine serological diagnoses for leishmaniases, except in visceral cases, are performed using whole-parasite antigens. We used enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to evaluate the performance of Leishmania infantum rHsp83 compared with L. major-like total promastigote antigen in the diagnosis of cutaneous (CL), mucosal (ML), and visceral leishmaniases (VL). ELISA-rHsp83 was significantly more sensitive than ELISA-L. major-like when considering either CL/ML (P = 0.041) or all leishmaniasis patients (P = 0.013). When samples from other infectious disease patients were evaluated for cross-reactivity, ELISA-rHsp83 was more specific than ELISA-L. major-like, specifically for Chagas disease samples (P < 0.001). We also evaluated the anti-rHsp83 antibody titers months after treatment and observed no significant difference in ML (P = 0.607) or CL (P = 0.205). We recommend ELISA-L. infantum-rHsp83 as a routine confirmatory serological assay for the diagnosis of Leishmania infection because of the high sensitivity, the specificity, and the insignificant cross-reactivity with other infectious diseases.
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Comparison and analysis of objective functions in flux balance analysis.
Biotechnol. Prog.
PUBLISHED: 03-05-2014
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Flux balance analysis (FBA) is currently one of the most important and used techniques for estimation of metabolic reaction rates (fluxes). This mathematical approach utilizes an optimization criterion in order to select a distribution of fluxes from the feasible space delimited by the metabolic reactions and some restrictions imposed over them, assuming that cellular metabolism is in steady state. Therefore, the obtained flux distribution depends on the specific objective function used. Multiple studies have been aimed to compare distinct objective functions at given conditions, in order to determine which of those functions produces values of fluxes closer to real data when used as objective in the FBA; in other words, what is the best objective function for modeling cell metabolism at a determined environmental condition. However, these comparative studies have been designed in very dissimilar ways, and in general, several factors that can change the ideal objective function in a cellular condition have not been adequately considered. Additionally, most of them have used only one dataset for representing one condition of cell growth, and different measuring techniques have been used. For these reasons, a rigorous study on the effect of factors such as the quantity of used data, the number and type of fluxes utilized as input data, and the selected classification of growth conditions, are required in order to obtain useful conclusions for these comparative studies, allowing limiting clearly the application range on any of those results. © 2014 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Biotechnol. Prog., 30:985-991, 2014.
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Influence of collar design on peri-implant tissue healing around immediate implants: A pilot study in Foxhound dogs.
Clin Oral Implants Res
PUBLISHED: 02-22-2014
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The study aims to assess the soft tissue level (STL) and crestal bone level (CBL), of titanium dental implants with different mixed collar abutments configurations.
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Porous titanium granules in critical size defects of rabbit tibia with or without membranes.
Int J Oral Sci
PUBLISHED: 02-21-2014
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Recently, porous titanium granules (PTGs) have been indicated for the preservation of the dimensions of post-extraction sockets, as a filler in sinus lift procedures and for the treatment of peri-implant and periodontal defects, based on the osteoconductivity and dimensional stability of the titanium granules. However, there is a lack of information regarding the use of this material in larger defects and in conjunction with membranes. The objective of this study is to test the behavior of PTGs used to fill critical size defects in rabbit tibiae, with and without membranes. Critical defects were created in both tibiae of rabbits, divided randomly into three groups: Group A (defect filled with PTG), Group B (defect filled with PTG+collagen membrane) and a control group (empty defect). After six weeks, histomorphometric analysis was performed. The results showed more defect closures at the cortical area (87.37%±2.2%) and more bone formation at the marrow area (57.6%±1.3%) in Group B, in comparison with the other groups (P<0.05); the use of membranes improved the material stability expressed as more percentages of the original material when membranes were used (P<0.05). Finally, inflammatory reactions were observed when the granules were not protected by membranes. In spite of the limitations of this animal study, it may be concluded that PTG particles are osteoconductive and allow bone growth. The PTG particles must be covered by a membrane, especially when grafting larger defects, in order to control particle migration, promote clot stabilization and separate the PTG graft from undesired soft tissue cells.
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New bone formation in bone defects after melatonin and porcine bone grafts: experimental study in rabbits.
Clin Oral Implants Res
PUBLISHED: 02-09-2014
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The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the topical application of melatonin compared with collagenized porcine bone grafts to accelerate bone formation 2 months after their insertion in tibiae rabbits.
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Cost-effectiveness analysis of a collaborative care programme for depression in primary care.
J Affect Disord
PUBLISHED: 01-30-2014
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Collaborative care programmes lead to better outcomes in the management of depression. A programme of this nature has demonstrated its effectiveness in primary care in Spain. Our objective was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of this programme compared to usual care.
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Natural variation in arsenate tolerance identifies an arsenate reductase in Arabidopsis thaliana.
Nat Commun
PUBLISHED: 01-15-2014
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The enormous amount of environmental arsenic was a major factor in determining the biochemistry of incipient life forms early in the Earth's history. The most abundant chemical form in the reducing atmosphere was arsenite, which forced organisms to evolve strategies to manage this chemical species. Following the great oxygenation event, arsenite oxidized to arsenate and the action of arsenate reductases became a central survival requirement. The identity of a biologically relevant arsenate reductase in plants nonetheless continues to be debated. Here we identify a quantitative trait locus that encodes a novel arsenate reductase critical for arsenic tolerance in plants. Functional analyses indicate that several non-additive polymorphisms affect protein structure and account for the natural variation in arsenate reductase activity in Arabidopsis thaliana accessions. This study shows that arsenate reductases are an essential component for natural plant variation in As(V) tolerance.
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Phylogeography of Liquidambar styraciflua (Altingiaceae) in Mesoamerica: survivors of a Neogene widespread temperate forest (or cloud forest) in North America?
Ecol Evol
PUBLISHED: 01-10-2014
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We investigate the genetic variation between populations of the American sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua), a tree species with a disjunct distribution between northeastern Texas and Mexico, by analyzing sequences of two chloroplast DNA plastid regions in Mesoamerica. Our results revealed phylogeographical structure, with private haplotypes distributed in unique environmental space at either side of the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt, and a split in the absence of gene flow dating back ca. 4.2-1.4 million years ago (MYA). Species distribution modeling results fit a model of refugia along the Gulf and Atlantic coasts but the present ranges of US and Mesoamerican populations persisted disjunct during glacial/interglacial cycles. Divergence between the US and Mesoamerican (ca. 8.4-2.8 MYA) populations of L.?styraciflua and asymmetrical gene flow patterns support the hypothesis of a long-distance dispersal during the Pliocene, with fragmentation since the most recent glacial advance (120,000 years BP) according to coalescent simulations and high effective migration rates from Mesoamerica to the USA and close to zero in the opposite direction. Our findings implicate the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt as a porous barrier driving genetic divergence of L.?styraciflua, corresponding with environmental niche differences, during the Pliocene to Quaternary volcanic arc episode 3.6 MYA, and a Mesoamerican origin of populations in the USA.
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Biological width formation to immediate implants placed at different level in relation to the crestal bone: an experimental study in dogs.
Clin Oral Implants Res
PUBLISHED: 01-06-2014
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Evaluate differences in bone remodeling, soft tissue reactions and biological width formation around immediate implants placed at different level in relation to the crestal bone in beagle dogs.
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Ecological speciation in Nolina parviflora (Asparagaceae): lacking spatial connectivity along of the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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The hypothesis of ecological speciation states that as populations diverge in different niches, reproductive isolation evolves as a by-product of adaptation to these different environments. In this context, we used Nolina parviflora as a model to test if this species evolved via ecological speciation and to explore current and historical gene flow among its populations. Nolina parviflora is a montane species endemic to Mexico with its geographical distribution restricted largely to the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt. This mountain range is one of the most complex geological regions in Mexico, having undergone volcanism from the mid-Miocene to the present. Ecologically, the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt possesses different types of vegetation, including tropical dry forest; oak, pine, pine-oak, and pine-juniper forests; and xerophytic scrub--all of which maintain populations of N. parviflora. Using species distribution models, climatic analyses, spatial connectivity and morphological comparisons, we found significant differences in climatic and morphological variables between populations of N. parviflora in two distinct Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt regions (east vs. west). This could mean that the geographically isolated populations diverged from one another via niche divergence, indicating ecological speciation. Spatial connectivity analysis revealed no connectivity between these regions under the present or last glacial maximum climate models, indicating a lack of gene flow between the populations of the two regions. The results imply that these populations may encompass more than a single species.
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Efficacy and Safety of Recombinant Human Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2/Calcium Phosphate Matrix for Closed Tibial Diaphyseal Fracture: A Double-Blind, Randomized, Controlled Phase-II/III Trial.
J Bone Joint Surg Am
PUBLISHED: 12-06-2013
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Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) applied on an absorbable collagen sponge improves open tibial fracture-healing as an adjunct to unreamed intramedullary nail fixation. We evaluated rhBMP-2 and a new, injectable calcium phosphate matrix (CPM) formulation in acute closed tibial diaphyseal fractures treated with reamed intramedullary nail fixation.
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Histological and Histomorphometric Evaluation of Zirconia Dental Implants Modified by Femtosecond Laser versus Titanium Implants: An Experimental Study in Fox Hound Dogs.
Clin Implant Dent Relat Res
PUBLISHED: 10-22-2013
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This study applied femtosecond laser technology to zirconia dental implants (Bredent GmbH & Co.KG, Senden, Germany) to generate a surface texture of microgrooves over the entire intraosseous surface, analyzing its behavior in an in vivo model in comparison with titanium implants with sandblasted and acid-etched surfaces.
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Connective Tissue Characteristics around Healing Abutments of Different Geometries: New Methodological Technique under Circularly Polarized Light.
Clin Implant Dent Relat Res
PUBLISHED: 10-15-2013
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To describe contact, thickness, density, and orientation of connective tissue fibers around healing abutments of different geometries by means of a new method using coordinates.
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Crestal bone loss related to immediate implants in crestal and subcrestal position: a pilot study in dogs.
Clin Oral Implants Res
PUBLISHED: 08-25-2013
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The aim of the present study was to compare crestal bone loss with different implant designs inserted immediately in crestal or subcrestal position in post-extraction sockets in a dog model.
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Biomechanical and histological evaluation of four different titanium implant surface modifications: an experimental study in the rabbit tibia.
Clin Oral Investig
PUBLISHED: 08-07-2013
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This study presents a biomechanical comparison of bone response to commercially pure titanium screws with four different types of surface topographies placed in the tibial metaphysis of 30 rabbits.
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WRKY6 transcription factor restricts arsenate uptake and transposon activation in Arabidopsis.
Plant Cell
PUBLISHED: 08-06-2013
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Stress constantly challenges plant adaptation to the environment. Of all stress types, arsenic was a major threat during the early evolution of plants. The most prevalent chemical form of arsenic is arsenate, whose similarity to phosphate renders it easily incorporated into cells via the phosphate transporters. Here, we found that arsenate stress provokes a notable transposon burst in plants, in coordination with arsenate/phosphate transporter repression, which immediately restricts arsenate uptake. This repression was accompanied by delocalization of the phosphate transporter from the plasma membrane. When arsenate was removed, the system rapidly restored transcriptional expression and membrane localization of the transporter. We identify WRKY6 as an arsenate-responsive transcription factor that mediates arsenate/phosphate transporter gene expression and restricts arsenate-induced transposon activation. Plants therefore have a dual WRKY-dependent signaling mechanism that modulates arsenate uptake and transposon expression, providing a coordinated strategy for arsenate tolerance and transposon gene silencing.
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A reliability-based particle filter for humanoid robot self-localization in RoboCup Standard Platform League.
Sensors (Basel)
PUBLISHED: 08-02-2013
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This paper deals with the problem of humanoid robot localization and proposes a new method for position estimation that has been developed for the RoboCup Standard Platform League environment. Firstly, a complete vision system has been implemented in the Nao robot platform that enables the detection of relevant field markers. The detection of field markers provides some estimation of distances for the current robot position. To reduce errors in these distance measurements, extrinsic and intrinsic camera calibration procedures have been developed and described. To validate the localization algorithm, experiments covering many of the typical situations that arise during RoboCup games have been developed: ranging from degradation in position estimation to total loss of position (due to falls, kidnapped robot, or penalization). The self-localization method developed is based on the classical particle filter algorithm. The main contribution of this work is a new particle selection strategy. Our approach reduces the CPU computing time required for each iteration and so eases the limited resource availability problem that is common in robot platforms such as Nao. The experimental results show the quality of the new algorithm in terms of localization and CPU time consumption.
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Effectiveness of malic acid 1% in patients with xerostomia induced by antihypertensive drugs.
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal
PUBLISHED: 06-05-2013
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Assessing the clinical effectiveness of a topical sialogogue on spray (malic acid, 1%) in the treatment of xerostomia induced by antihypertensive drugs.
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Prevalence of obesity and associated cardiovascular risk: the DARIOS study.
BMC Public Health
PUBLISHED: 05-29-2013
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BACKGROUND: To estimate the prevalence of overweight and obesity in the Spanish population as measured with body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and waist to height ratio (WHtR) and to determine the associated cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS: Pooled analysis with individual data from 11 studies conducted in the first decade of the 21st century. Participants aged 35--74 years were asked about the history of cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, diabetes and hypercholesterolemia. Height, weight, WC, blood pressure, glycaemia, total cholesterol, low-density and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and coronary risk were measured. The prevalence of overweight (BMI 25--29.9 kg/m2), general obesity (BMI >=30 kg/m2), suboptimal WC (>= 80 cm and < 88 in women, >= 94 and < 102 in men), abdominal obesity (WC >=88 cm >=102 cm in women and men, respectively) and WHtR >=0.5 was estimated, standardized for the European population. RESULTS: We included 28,743 individuals. The prevalence of overweight and suboptimal WC was 51% and 30% in men and 36% and 22% in women, respectively; general obesity was 28% in both sexes and abdominal obesity 36% in men and 55% in women. The prevalence of WHtR >=0.5 was 89% and 77% in men and women, respectively. All cardiovascular risk factors were significantly associated with abnormal increased values of BMI, WC and WHtR. Hypertension showed the strongest association with overweight [OR = 1.99 (95% confidence interval 1.81-2.21) and OR = 2.10 (1.91-2.31)]; suboptimal WC [OR = 1.78 (1.60-1.97) and OR = 1.45 (1.26-1.66)], with general obesity [OR = 4.50 (4.02-5.04), and OR = 5.20 (4.70-5.75)] and with WHtR >=0.5 [OR = 2.94 (2.52-3.43), and OR = 3.02 (2.66-3.42)] in men and women respectively, besides abdominal obesity in men only [OR = 3.51 (3.18-3.88)]. Diabetes showed the strongest association with abdominal obesity in women [OR = 3,86 (3,09-4,89). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of obesity in Spain was high. Overweight, suboptimal WC, general, abdominal obesity and WHtR >=0.5 was significantly associated with diabetes, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia and coronary risk. The use of lower cut-off points for both BMI and particularly WC and could help to better identify the population at risk and therefore achieve more effective preventive measures.
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Comparison of three hydroxyapatite/?-tricalcium phosphate/collagen ceramic scaffolds: An in vivo study.
J Biomed Mater Res A
PUBLISHED: 04-23-2013
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Calcium-phosphate ceramics, which have a composition similar to bone mineral, represent a potentially interesting synthetic bone graft substitute. In the present study, three porous hydroxyapatite (HA)/?-tricalcium phosphate (?-TCP)/collagen ceramic scaffolds were developed, characterized, and tested for their bone repairing capacity and osteoinductive potential in a New Zealand Rabbit model. The ratio of the ceramic components HA/-TCP/collagen varied from 40/30/30 to 50/20/30 and 60/20/20 (in wt %), respectively. None of the ceramic scaffolds succeeded in completely bridging the 6 mm calvarian defect with new bone after 60 days implantation. 60/20/20 ceramic scaffolds showed significantly more bone formation in the pores and in the periphery of the graft than the other two materials. Histomorphometric analysis revealed that the 40/30/30 scaffold produced best bone-to-implant contact (67.23 ± 0.34% with higher quality, closer contact) in comparison with 50/20/30 (54.87 ± 0.32%), and 60/20/20 (48.53 ± 0.31%). Both physicochemical and structural properties of the ceramic composites affected their in vivo behavior, either dependently or independently, emphasizing the importance of assessing bone repair parameters individually. The scaffolds may offer clinical applications in reconstructive surgery for treating bone pathologies. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part A, 2013.
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Scale-up from shake flasks to pilot-scale production of the plant growth-promoting bacterium Azospirillum brasilense for preparing a liquid inoculant formulation.
Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol.
PUBLISHED: 04-21-2013
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Azospirillum brasilense has industrial significance as a growth promoter in plants of commercial interest. However, there is no report in the literature disclosing a liquid product produced in pilot-scale bioreactors and is able to be stored at room temperature for more than 2 years. The aim of this work was to scale up a process from a shake flask to a 10-L lab-scale and 1,000-L pilot-scale bioreactor for the production of plant growth-promoting bacterium A. brasilense for a liquid inoculant formulation. Furthermore, this work aimed to determine the shelf life of the liquid formulation stored at room temperature and to increase maize crops yield in greenhouses. Under a constant oxygen mass transfer coefficient (K L a), a fermentation process was successfully scaled up from shake flasks to 10- and 1,000-L bioreactors. A concentration ranging from 3.5 to 7.5?×?10(8) CFU/mL was obtained in shake flasks and bioreactors, and after 2 years stored at room temperature, the liquid formulation showed one order of magnitude decrease. Applications of the cultured bacteria in maize yields resulted in increases of up to 95 % in corncobs and 70 % in aboveground biomass.
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Histologic and Histomorphometric Behavior of Microgrooved Zirconia Dental Implants with Immediate Loading.
Clin Implant Dent Relat Res
PUBLISHED: 04-09-2013
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PURPOSE: The study aims to assess the total soft tissue (ST) width, crestal bone level (CBL), bone-to-implant contact (BIC), and bone density (BD) for zirconia implants textured with microgrooved surfaces and immediately loaded. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 51 implants; one implant from each study group was retained for surface characterization. The 48 remaining implants were inserted randomly in premolar areas of both sides of the healed edentulous lower jaws of foxhound dogs. They were divided into three groups of 16: control (titanium); test A (zirconia), and test B (microgrooved zirconia). The implants were splinted and covered with an acrylic bridge. A split-mouth design was used and immediate occlusal loading was applied on one side, while the other side did not have occlusal contact. ST, CBL, BIC, and BD were evaluated after 3 months. The effects of immediate loading on these parameters were analyzed. RESULTS: All the implants were osseointegrated. ST was established at 3 months with mean values of 2.9?±?0.4?mm for all groups. No differences were appreciated between loaded and unloaded sides regarding ST (p?>?.05). CBL showed a mean of 1.2?±?0.3?mm for all groups without differences between loaded and unloaded sides (p?>?.05). BIC percentages were significantly higher for loaded all-microgrooved implants (p?
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Histological, radiological and histomorphometric evaluation of immediate vs. non-immediate loading of a zirconia implant with surface treatment in a dog model.
Clin Oral Implants Res
PUBLISHED: 02-26-2013
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OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the performance of zirconia implants under immediate loading compared with delayed loading in dogs over 30-90 days. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Tooth extractions were made for the subsequent placement of dental implants at premolars P2, P3, P4 and molars M1 bilaterally in the dog mandible. Forty eight zirconia implants, 4 mm in diameter and 10 mm in length, were inserted, whose neck and body surfaces had been treated with femtosecond laser texturing; 24 implants were loaded immediately and 24 remained unloaded during the osseointegration period. Final radiographs were taken recording stability values before sacrifice at 30 or 90 days when sample removal for histological and histomorphometric analysis was performed. Bone-to-implant contact, crestal bone loss and implant stability were evaluated at these two study times. RESULTS: Bone-to-implant contact values after 30 days were 38.9% for immediately loaded implants and 32% for non-loaded implants. After 90 days, values increased to 65% for immediately loaded and 57.6% for non-loaded implants. After 30 days, there was more crestal bone lost in the non-loaded group (0.58 ± 0.28 mm) compared with the immediately loaded group (0.5 ± 0.3 mm). After 90 days, there was improved stability in both groups, but was lower in the immediately loaded group (0.5 ± 0.23 mm) compared with the non-loaded group (0.56 ± 0.28 mm). Initial implant stability values were -3.5 PTV at the moment of implant placement. Stability values after the first 30 days were -4 for immediately loaded implants and -3 for non-loaded. At 90 days, non-loaded implants showed -4.9, whereas immediately loaded showed -7.1. CONCLUSIONS: For the different parameters studied, zirconia implants treated with femtosecond laser and subjected to immediate loading showed better results compared with non-loaded implants in terms of BIC, crestal bone loss and implant stability.
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Luminescent material based on the [Eu(TTA)3(H2O)2] complex incorporated into modified silica particles for biological applications.
J. Inorg. Biochem.
PUBLISHED: 02-16-2013
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Amino-functionalized luminescent silica particles were investigated for use in immunoassays. The particles were prepared by the Stöber method where the [Eu(TTA)3(H2O)2] complex (TTA: 3-thenoyltrifluoroacetonate) was incorporated into silica particles during the hydrolysis and condensation of TEOS: tetraethylorthosilicate. Then, the amino groups were introduced in the particle surface using APTS: 3-aminopropyltriethoxisilane. The resulting particles were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X ray diffraction (XRD) and photoluminescence spectroscopy. In order to demonstrate the viability of the use of luminescent particles as optical markers, an enzyme-substrate reaction was performed using HRP: horseradish peroxidase. It was possible to verify the binding of HRP-oxidized LDL (low density lipoprotein) and anti-oxLDL antibody-luminescent silica particles through the evaluation of the presence of HRP. The bioassay data open a broad field for the development of protein-tagged luminescent particles for use in biomedical sciences.
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The nociceptin/orphanin FQ-like opioid peptide in nervous periesophageal ganglia of land snail Helix aspersa.
Brain Res.
PUBLISHED: 02-01-2013
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The neuropeptide nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) and its receptor are members of the endogenous opioid peptide family. In mammals N/OFQ modulates a variety of biological functions such as nociception, food intake, endocrine, control of neurotransmitter release, among others. In the molluscs Cepea nemoralis and Helix aspersa the administration of N/OFQ produces a thermopronociceptive effect. However, little is known about its existence and anatomic distribution in invertebrates. The aim of this study was to provide a detailed anatomical distribution of N/OFQ like peptide immunoreactivity (N/OFQ-IL), to quantify the tissue content of this peptide, as well as to demostrate molecular evidence of N/OFQ mRNA in the nervous tissue of periesophageal ganglia of the land snail H. aspersa. Immunohistochemical, immunocytochemical, radioimmunoanalysis (RIA) and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) techniques were used. With regard to RT-PCR, the primers to detect expression of mRNA transcripts from H. aspersa were derived from the rat N/OFQ opioid peptide. We show a wide distribution of N/OFQ-IL in neurons and fibers in all perioesophageal ganglia, fibers of the neuropile, nerves, periganglionar connective tissue, aortic wall and neurohemal sinuses. The total amount of N/OFQ-IL in the perioesophageal ganglia (7.75 ± 1.75 pmol/g of tissue) quantified by RIA was similar to that found in mouse hypothalamus (10.1 ± 1.6 pmol/g of tissue). In this study, we present molecular evidence of N/OFQ mRNA expression. Some N/OFQ-IL neurons have been identified as neuroendocrine or involved in olfaction, hydro-electrolyte regulation, feeding, and thermonociception. Therefore, we suggest that N/OFQ may participate in these snail functions.
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bi-3-azaoxoisoaporphine derivatives have antidepressive properties in a murine model of post stroke-depressive like behavior.
Curr Neurovasc Res
PUBLISHED: 01-28-2013
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In the present study, three bi-3-azaoxoisoaporphine derivatives were synthesized and intracerebroventricularly administrated to BALB/c mice. The antidepressant actions in stroke-induced depressive like behavior in mice were examined using despair swimming test and tail suspension test. The results reported that bilateral common carotid arteries occlusion caused a significant abnormality of the normal behaviors. Behavioral models demonstrated that synthesized compounds showed antidepressant action. The most antidepressant active compound was DIME2 (4,4-dimethyl-7H,7H- [6,6-bibenzo[e]perimidine]-7,7-dione), which decreased the immobility time and increased the swimming and climbing times in despair swimming model. DIME2 also showed similar results in decreasing the immobility time in the tail suspension model. In open field tests, DIME2 at 0.1 ?g/?l showed a significant activity in the modification of the distance movement and the number and duration of rearing versus bilateral common carotid arteries occlusion (P<0.001). Furthermore, bilateral common carotid arteries occlusion caused a significant increase in the water consumption and significant decreasing in the sucrose consumption which are indicated as a state of anhedonia, a well known common symptom of transient ischemic stroke-induced depressive like behavior, versus normal group (P<0.001). In conclusion, bi- 3-azaoxoisoaporphine derivatives can be considered as antidepressant agents for post stroke-induced depressive like behavior therapy.
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Behavioral effects of 2,3-dihydro- and oxoisoaporphine derivatives in post stroke-depressive like behavior in male BALB/c mice.
Curr Top Med Chem
PUBLISHED: 01-26-2013
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In this study, antidepressant-like effects of intra-cerebroventricularly administration of oxoisoaporphine derivatives in post stroke-depressive like behavior were examined through despair swimming and tail suspension models. For this aim, acute ischemic stroke was induced by bilateral common carotid arteries occlusion which significantly changed the normal behaviors of male balb/c mice. We performed stroke-induced anhedonia test as a key result of post strokedepressive like behavior by determination of sucrose consumption. Results show that some 2,3-dihydro- and oxoisoaporphine derivatives modified the abnormality in the behaviors through decreasing in the immobility time in tail suspension and despair swimming models and increasing in the swimming and climbing times in despair swimming model. We concluded that these alkaloids showed antidepressant actions and therefore can be used for treatment of post strokedepressive like behavior in acute ischemic stroke patients.
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Cost-effectiveness analysis of the surgical treatment of female urinary incontinence using slings and meshes.
Eur. J. Obstet. Gynecol. Reprod. Biol.
PUBLISHED: 01-22-2013
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To determine the cost-utility and cost-effectiveness of the surgical treatment of female urinary incontinence using suburethral slings and prolapse meshes compared with therapeutic abstention.
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Comparative phylogeographic analyses illustrate the complex evolutionary history of threatened cloud forests of northern Mesoamerica.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-12-2013
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Comparative phylogeography can elucidate the influence of historical events on current patterns of biodiversity and can identify patterns of co-vicariance among unrelated taxa that span the same geographic areas. Here we analyze temporal and spatial divergence patterns of cloud forest plant and animal species and relate them to the evolutionary history of naturally fragmented cloud forests--among the most threatened vegetation types in northern Mesoamerica. We used comparative phylogeographic analyses to identify patterns of co-vicariance in taxa that share geographic ranges across cloud forest habitats and to elucidate the influence of historical events on current patterns of biodiversity. We document temporal and spatial genetic divergence of 15 species (including seed plants, birds and rodents), and relate them to the evolutionary history of the naturally fragmented cloud forests. We used fossil-calibrated genealogies, coalescent-based divergence time inference, and estimates of gene flow to assess the permeability of putative barriers to gene flow. We also used the hierarchical Approximate Bayesian Computation (HABC) method implemented in the program msBayes to test simultaneous versus non-simultaneous divergence of the cloud forest lineages. Our results show shared phylogeographic breaks that correspond to the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, Los Tuxtlas, and the Chiapas Central Depression, with the Isthmus representing the most frequently shared break among taxa. However, dating analyses suggest that the phylogeographic breaks corresponding to the Isthmus occurred at different times in different taxa. Current divergence patterns are therefore consistent with the hypothesis of broad vicariance across the Isthmus of Tehuantepec derived from different mechanisms operating at different times. This study, coupled with existing data on divergence cloud forest species, indicates that the evolutionary history of contemporary cloud forest lineages is complex and often lineage-specific, and thus difficult to capture in a simple conservation strategy.
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Synthetic oxoisoaporphine alkaloids: in vitro, in vivo and in silico assessment of antileishmanial activities.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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Leishmaniasis is a growing health problem worldwide. As there are certain drawbacks with the drugs currently used to treat human leishmaniasis and resistance to these drugs is emerging, there is a need to develop novel antileishmanial compounds, among which isoquinoline alkaloids are promising candidates. In this study, 18 novel oxoisoaporphine derivatives were synthesized and their possible antileishmanial activity was evaluated. The in vitro activity of these derivatives against Leishmania amazonensis axenic amastigotes was first evaluated, and the selected compounds were then tested in an inhibition assay with promastigotes of L. infantum, L. braziliensis, L. amazonensis and L. guyanensis, and with intracellular amastigotes of L. infantum and L. amazonensis. Finally, the most active compounds, OXO 1 (2,3-dihydro-7H-dibenzo[de,h]quinolin-7-one) and OXO 13 (2,3,8,9,10,11-hexahydro-7H-dibenzo[de,h]quinolin-7-one), were tested in BALB/c mice infected with L. infantum. Treatment of mice at a dose of 10 mg/kg with OXO 1 yielded significant reductions (p<0.05) in parasite burden in liver and spleen (99% and 78%, respectively) whereas with OXO 13 were not significant. Although previous reports suggest that this family of molecules displays inhibitory activity against monoamine oxidase A and acetylcholinesterase, these enzymes were not confirmed as targets for antileishmanial activity on the basis of the present results. However, after development of a new bioinformatics model to analyze the Leishmania proteome, we were able to identify other putative targets for these molecules. The most promising candidates were four proteins: two putative pteridine reductase 2 (1MXF and 1MXH), one N-myristoyltransferase (2WUU) and one type I topoisomerase (2B9S).
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CTA095, a novel Etk and Src dual inhibitor, induces apoptosis in prostate cancer cells and overcomes resistance to Src inhibitors.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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Etk is a non-receptor tyrosine kinase, which provides a strong survival signal in human prostate cancer cells. Src, another tyrosine kinase that cross-activates with Etk, has been shown to play an important role in prostate cancer metastasis. Herein, we discovered a new class of Etk inhibitors. Within those inhibitors, CTA095 was identified as a potent Etk and Src dual inhibitor. CTA095 was found to induce autophagy as well as apoptosis in human prostate cancer cells. In addition, CTA095 inhibited HUVEC cell tube formation and "wound healing" of human prostate cancer cells, implying its role in inhibition of angiogenesis and metastasis of human prostate cancer. More interestingly, CTA095 could overcome Src inhibitor resistance in prostate cancer cells. It induces apoptosis in Src inhibitor resistant prostate cancer cells, likely through a mechanism of down regulation of Myc and BCL2. This finding indicates that simultaneously targeting Etk and Src could be a promising approach to overcome drug resistance in prostate cancer.
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Cavitating mesenteric lymph node syndrome: a rare complication of celiac disease.
Rev Esp Enferm Dig
PUBLISHED: 11-30-2011
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Among the many complications of celiac disease, mesenteric lymph node syndrome cavitated is considered one of the rarest, there is few case series published in the literature. The etiology and pathophysiology are unknown but because of its high mortality rate, estimated to be around 50%, it should recognize at an early stage in order to institute appropriate therapy as soon as possible.
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[Performance and remuneration of medical staff].
Gac Med Mex
PUBLISHED: 11-18-2011
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The creation of highly specialized hospitals projected by the Federal Ministry of Health, under an innovative financing model, offers the ideal place to implement a new project to fulfill medical management needs and characteristics. The goal is to improve the quality of health care through physician satisfaction. The committees proposals are geared primarily to direct medical management to the satisfaction, desires, and needs of the medical team as an essential ingredient in the pursuit of quality and warmth in health services that should be granted to the population.
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[Comprehensive model of care for highly specialized hospitals].
Gac Med Mex
PUBLISHED: 11-18-2011
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In August 2007 the committee was installed to guide and direct medical management to the satisfaction and needs of medical equipment as special ingredient in the pursuit of quality health services that should be granted to the population.
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Intracellular reactive oxygen species production by polymorphonuclear leukocytes in bovine leukemia virus-infected dairy cows.
J. Vet. Med. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 09-22-2011
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The present study assesses the oxidative burst activity from polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNLs) from bovine leukemia virus (BLV)-infected cows. Fifteen clinically healthy cows were divided into serologically positive cows without any hematological alteration, serologically positive animals with persistent lymphocytosis (PL) and healthy serologically negative cows. The oxidative burst activity from the PMNLs was evaluated by flow cytometry using 2,7-dichlorofluorescein diacetate as a probe. PMNLs from each cow were incubated with heat-killed Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) to stimulate oxidative burst activity. The results of the present work showed no significant difference in the oxidative burst activity without any stimulus and elicited by S. aureus. Conversely, a decrease in the oxidative burst index induced by E. coli in PMNLs was observed in BLV-infected cows.
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Highly enantioselective intermolecular Stetter reactions of ?-aryl acceptors: ?-ketoester moiety as handle for activation and synthetic manipulations.
Org. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 08-16-2011
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The use of ?,?-unsaturated-?-ketoesters in the intermolecular Stetter reaction furnishes 1,2,5-tricarbonyl compounds in high yield and excellent enantioselectivity. The ?,?-diketoesters generated using this methodology serve as useful synthetic building blocks via chemo- and diastereoselective transformations.
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Competitive displacement of drugs from cyclodextrin inclusion complex by polypseudorotaxane formation with poloxamer: implications in drug solubilization and delivery.
Eur J Pharm Biopharm
PUBLISHED: 07-28-2011
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The competitive interactions between the poly-[propylene oxide] (POO)-poly-[ethylene oxide] (PEO) block copolymer poloxamer 407 (Pluronic F127) and two drugs, triamcinolone acetonide and ciclopirox olamine, by the formation of inclusion complexes with two cyclodextrin hydrophilic derivatives, hydroxypropyl-?-cyclodextrin (HP?CD; molar substitution (MS) 0.65) and partially methylated-?-cyclodextrin (M?CD; MS 0.57), were studied by means of one-dimensional (1)H NMR, 2D ROESY experiments, solubility studies and drug release studies. 1D and 2D NMR and solubility studies indicate that both triamcinolone acetonide and ciclopirox olamine form stable inclusion complexes with the cyclodextrin derivatives. In the case of ciclopirox olamine the complex was more stable at pH 1. Effective complexation of poloxamer with the two cyclodextrins (CDs) was also evidenced by NMR analysis, and competitive displacement of the drugs from the CD cavity by the polymer was observed. Drug solubility in CD solutions was not modified by the addition of polymers, indicating that a decrease in solubility due to the competitive displacement is probably compensated by the solubilizing effect of polymer micellization. Finally, polypseudorotaxanes formation has a significant influence on the release of the drugs studied. Changes in the release rate depend on the stability of drug-CD inclusion complex and on cyclodextrin concentration in the bulk solution; so polypseudorotaxane formation can be employed to modulate drug controlled release from thermosensitive hydrogels.
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Value of primordial and primary prevention for cardiovascular disease: a policy statement from the American Heart Association.
Circulation
PUBLISHED: 07-25-2011
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The process of atherosclerosis may begin in youth and continue for decades, leading to both nonfatal and fatal cardiovascular events, including myocardial infarction, stroke, and sudden death. With primordial and primary prevention, cardiovascular disease is largely preventable. Clinical trial evidence has shown convincingly that pharmacological treatment of risk factors can prevent events. The data are less definitive but also highly suggestive that appropriate public policy and lifestyle interventions aimed at eliminating tobacco use, limiting salt consumption, encouraging physical exercise, and improving diet can prevent events. There has been concern about whether efforts aimed at primordial and primary prevention provide value (ie, whether such interventions are worth what we pay for them). Although questions about the value of therapeutics for acute disease may be addressed by cost-effectiveness analysis, the long time frames involved in evaluating preventive interventions make cost-effectiveness analysis difficult and necessarily flawed. Nonetheless, cost-effectiveness analyses reviewed in this policy statement largely suggest that public policy, community efforts, and pharmacological intervention are all likely to be cost-effective and often cost saving compared with common benchmarks. The high direct medical care and indirect costs of cardiovascular disease-approaching $450 billion a year in 2010 and projected to rise to over $1 trillion a year by 2030-make this a critical medical and societal issue. Prevention of cardiovascular disease will also provide great value in developing a healthier, more productive society.
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Assessment of cattle welfare at a commercial slaughter plant in the northwest of Mexico.
Trop Anim Health Prod
PUBLISHED: 07-08-2011
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Slaughter plants have been undergoing radical transformations in recent years due to the need to increase efficiency and incorporate new technologies for the improvement of the infrastructure, animal welfare, and product quality. The aim of this study was to assess the cattle welfare status during the unloading, lairage, stunning, bleeding and quantify bruising incidence at a commercial slaughter plant in the northwest of Mexico. We monitored 8,118 cattle during the unloading, lairage, stunning, bleeding, and carcass bruise incidence. Our results showed that in the unloading stage, 2% of the cattle vocalized, 5% were prodded with an electric goad, and 4% either slipped or fell. In the lairage stage, 12% of the animals vocalized, 80% prodded with an electric goad, and 8% of the animals slipped or fell. In the stunning stage, 10% of the animals vocalized, 67% prodded with an electric goad, and 15% of the animals slipped or fell. Ninety-five percent of the animals were stunned with a single shot, and 51% of the animals were effectively desensitized. Ninety-two percent of the carcasses had some type of bruise. Although the slaughter plant had adequate infrastructure and stringent operational standards, in all of the stages except unloading handling had an impact on the welfare of the animals being slaughtered.
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2D MI-DRAGON: a new predictor for protein-ligands interactions and theoretic-experimental studies of US FDA drug-target network, oxoisoaporphine inhibitors for MAO-A and human parasite proteins.
Eur J Med Chem
PUBLISHED: 06-20-2011
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There are many pairs of possible Drug-Proteins Interactions that may take place or not (DPIs/nDPIs) between drugs with high affinity/non-affinity for different proteins. This fact makes expensive in terms of time and resources, for instance, the determination of all possible ligands-protein interactions for a single drug. In this sense, we can use Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationships (QSAR) models to carry out rational DPIs prediction. Unfortunately, almost all QSAR models predict activity against only one target. To solve this problem we can develop multi-target QSAR (mt-QSAR) models. In this work, we introduce the technique 2D MI-DRAGON a new predictor for DPIs based on two different well-known software. We use the software MARCH-INSIDE (MI) to calculate 3D structural parameters for targets and the software DRAGON was used to calculated 2D molecular descriptors all drugs showing known DPIs present in the Drug Bank (US FDA benchmark dataset). Both classes of parameters were used as input of different Artificial Neural Network (ANN) algorithms to seek an accurate non-linear mt-QSAR predictor. The best ANN model found is a Multi-Layer Perceptron (MLP) with profile MLP 21:21-31-1:1. This MLP classifies correctly 303 out of 339 DPIs (Sensitivity = 89.38%) and 480 out of 510 nDPIs (Specificity = 94.12%), corresponding to training Accuracy = 92.23%. The validation of the model was carried out by means of external predicting series with Sensitivity = 92.18% (625/678 DPIs; Specificity = 90.12% (730/780 nDPIs) and Accuracy = 91.06%. 2D MI-DRAGON offers a good opportunity for fast-track calculation of all possible DPIs of one drug enabling us to re-construct large drug-target or DPIs Complex Networks (CNs). For instance, we reconstructed the CN of the US FDA benchmark dataset with 855 nodes 519 drugs+336 targets). We predicted CN with similar topology (observed and predicted values of average distance are equal to 6.7 vs. 6.6). These CNs can be used to explore large DPIs databases in order to discover both new drugs and/or targets. Finally, we illustrated in one theoretic-experimental study the practical use of 2D MI-DRAGON. We reported the prediction, synthesis, and pharmacological assay of 10 different oxoisoaporphines with MAO-A inhibitory activity. The more active compound OXO5 presented IC(50) = 0.00083 ?M, notably better than the control drug Clorgyline.
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Lipofundin-induced hyperlipidemia promotes oxidative stress and atherosclerotic lesions in new zealand white rabbits.
Int J Vasc Med
PUBLISHED: 04-01-2011
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Atherosclerosis represents a major cause of death in the world. It is known that Lipofundin 20% induces atherosclerotic lesions in rabbits, but its effects on serum lipids behaviour and redox environment have not been addressed. In this study, New Zealand rabbits were treated with 2?mL/kg of Lipofundin for 8 days. Then, redox biomarkers and serum lipids were determined spectrophotometrically. On the other hand, the development of atherosclerotic lesions was confirmed by eosin/hematoxylin staining and electron microscopy. At the end of the experiment, total cholesterol, triglycerides, cholesterol-LDL, and cholesterol-HDL levels were significantly increased. Also, a high index of biomolecules damage, a disruption of both enzymatic and nonenzymatic defenses, and a reduction of nitric oxide were observed. Our data demonstrated that Lipofundin 20% induces hyperlipidemia, which promotes an oxidative stress state. Due to the importance of these phenomena as risk factors for atherogenesis, we suggest that Lipofundin induces atherosclerosis mainly through these mechanisms.
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Experimental model of bone response to collagenized xenografts of porcine origin (OsteoBiol® mp3): a radiological and histomorphometric study.
Clin Implant Dent Relat Res
PUBLISHED: 03-31-2011
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Adequate alveolar ridges are fundamental to successful rehabilitation with implants. There are diverse techniques for reconstructing atrophied ridges, of which bone substitute grafts is one possibility.
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Transperineal laparoscopy: a new approach.
J. Endourol.
PUBLISHED: 03-18-2011
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We describe and evaluate a new transperineal laparoscopic approach for male patients, designed to facilitate laparoscopic prostatectomy and cystectomy.
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Transfusion-transmitted malaria: case report of asymptomatic donor harboring Plasmodium malariae.
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Sao Paulo
PUBLISHED: 03-18-2011
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Malaria in Brazil is endemic in the Amazon region, but autochthonous cases with low parasitaemia occur in the Atlantic Forest area of the country. According to Brazilian legislation no test is mandatory for blood donors from non-endemic areas. However if they have traveled to malaria transmission regions they are deferred for six months before they can donate. This report describes a transfusion-transmitted malaria case in Sao Paulo, Brazil, where one recipient received infected blood and developed the disease. He lived in Sao Paulo and had no previous transfusion or trips to endemic areas, including those of low endemicity, such as Atlantic Forest. Thick blood smears confirmed Plasmodium malariae. All donors lived in Sao Paulo and one of them (Donor 045-0) showed positive hemoscopy and PCR. This asymptomatic donor had traveled to Juquia, in the Atlantic Forest area of S ao Paulo State, where sporadic cases of autochthonous malaria are described. DNA assay revealed P. malariae in the donors (Donor 045-0) blood. Serum archives of the recipient and of all blood donors were analyzed by ELISA using both P. vivax and P. falciparum antigens, and IFAT with P. malariae. Donor 045-0s serum was P. malariae IFAT positive and the P. vivax ELISA was reactive. In addition, two out of 44 donors archive sera were also P. vivax ELISA reactive. All sera were P. falciparum ELISA negative. This case suggests the need of reviewing donor selection criteria and deferral strategies to prevent possible cases of transfusion-transmitted malaria.
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Mental Health Burden Among Impoverished HIV-Positive Patients in Peru.
J Int Assoc Physicians AIDS Care (Chic)
PUBLISHED: 03-04-2011
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HIV and poor mental health are intricately related. In settings of poverty, both are often rooted in structural factors related to material and social deprivation. We performed a qualitative analysis to understand factors contributing to poor emotional health and its impact among impoverished Peruvian HIV-infected individuals. We conducted focus group discussions with patients and providers consisting of semistructured, open-ended questions. Qualitative analysis provided insight into the profound impact of depression, isolation, stigma, and lack of social support among these patients. Living with HIV contributed significantly to mental health problems experienced by HIV-positive individuals; furthermore, long-standing stressors-such as economic hardship, fragmented family relationships, and substance use-shaped patients outlooks, and may have contributed not only to current emotional hardship but to risk factors for contracting HIV as well. Once diagnosed with HIV/AIDS, many patients experienced hopelessness, stigma, and socioeconomic marginalization. Patients tended to rely on informal sources of support, including peers and community health workers, and rarely used formal mental health services. In resource-poor settings, the context of mental health problems among HIV-positive individuals must be framed within the larger structural context of poverty and social exclusion. Optimal strategies to address the mental health problems of these individuals should include integrating mental health services into HIV care, task shifting to utilize community health workers where human resources are scarce, and interventions aimed at poverty alleviation.
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De novo urgency after tension-free vaginal tape versus transobturator tape procedure for stress urinary incontinence.
Eur. J. Obstet. Gynecol. Reprod. Biol.
PUBLISHED: 01-22-2011
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To determine the frequency of de novo urgency after tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) compared with the transobturator tape (TOT) procedure in women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI).
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Bone response to hydroxyapatites with open porosity of animal origin (porcine [OsteoBiol mp3] and bovine [Endobon]): a radiological and histomorphometric study.
Clin Oral Implants Res
PUBLISHED: 01-18-2011
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To carry out a radiological and histomorphometric evaluation of bone response to two xenografts of animal origin, one porcine, and the other bovine, inserted in rabbits tibiae.
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NL MIND-BEST: a web server for ligands and proteins discovery--theoretic-experimental study of proteins of Giardia lamblia and new compounds active against Plasmodium falciparum.
J. Theor. Biol.
PUBLISHED: 01-10-2011
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There are many protein ligands and/or drugs described with very different affinity to a large number of target proteins or receptors. In this work, we selected Ligands or Drug-target pairs (DTPs/nDTPs) of drugs with high affinity/non-affinity for different targets. Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationships (QSAR) models become a very useful tool in this context to substantially reduce time and resources consuming experiments. Unfortunately most QSAR models predict activity against only one protein target and/or have not been implemented in the form of public web server freely accessible online to the scientific community. To solve this problem, we developed here a multi-target QSAR (mt-QSAR) classifier using the MARCH-INSIDE technique to calculate structural parameters of drug and target plus one Artificial Neuronal Network (ANN) to seek the model. The best ANN model found is a Multi-Layer Perceptron (MLP) with profile MLP 20:20-15-1:1. This MLP classifies correctly 611 out of 678 DTPs (sensitivity=90.12%) and 3083 out of 3408 nDTPs (specificity=90.46%), corresponding to training accuracy=90.41%. The validation of the model was carried out by means of external predicting series. The model classifies correctly 310 out of 338 DTPs (sensitivity=91.72%) and 1527 out of 1674 nDTP (specificity=91.22%) in validation series, corresponding to total accuracy=91.30% for validation series (predictability). This model favorably compares with other ANN models developed in this work and Machine Learning classifiers published before to address the same problem in different aspects. We implemented the present model at web portal Bio-AIMS in the form of an online server called: Non-Linear MARCH-INSIDE Nested Drug-Bank Exploration & Screening Tool (NL MIND-BEST), which is located at URL: http://miaja.tic.udc.es/Bio-AIMS/NL-MIND-BEST.php. This online tool is based on PHP/HTML/Python and MARCH-INSIDE routines. Finally we illustrated two practical uses of this server with two different experiments. In experiment 1, we report by first time Quantum QSAR study, synthesis, characterization, and experimental assay of antiplasmodial and cytotoxic activities of oxoisoaporphine alkaloids derivatives as well as NL MIND-BEST prediction of potential target proteins. In experiment 2, we report sampling, parasite culture, sample preparation, 2-DE, MALDI-TOF, and -TOF/TOF MS, MASCOT search, MM/MD 3D structure modeling, and NL MIND-BEST prediction for different peptides a new protein of the found in the proteome of the human parasite Giardia lamblia, which is promising for anti-parasite drug-targets discovery.
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Antioxidant status and biomarkers of oxidative stress in bovine leukemia virus-infected dairy cows.
Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol.
PUBLISHED: 01-06-2011
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Bovine leukemia virus (BLV) is among the most widespread livestock pathogens in many countries. Despite advances in understanding the pathogenesis of this disease, little is known about the involvement of oxidative stress. Therefore, this study examined the antioxidant status and the markers of oxidative stress in BLV-infected dairy cows. BLV infection was associated with an increase in triacylglycerol levels, a decrease in glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity and a tendency toward lower superoxide dismutase activity in the infected animals. No significant difference was observed in other markers of oxidative stress (i.e., conjugated dienes, hydroperoxides and malondialdehyde) in the infected animals compared to controls. A novel method for the analysis of oxidative stress, Z-scan based on the measurement of the mean-value of ? in low density lipoprotein indicated that the infected animals had low-density lipoprotein particles that were slightly less modified than those from the healthy group. Thus, we conclude that BLV infection is associated with a selective decrease in GSH-Px activity without any alteration in the common plasma markers of oxidative stress.
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Calculation of bone graft volume using 3D reconstruction system.
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal
PUBLISHED: 01-03-2011
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To obtain bone bioreplicas for determining precisely the amount of biomaterial required for bone regeneration procedure.
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Experimental model of bone response to xenografts of bovine origin (Endobon): a radiological and histomorphometric study.
Clin Oral Implants Res
PUBLISHED: 12-29-2010
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To carry out a radiological and histomorphometric evaluation of bone response to bovine bone implants inserted in rabbits tibiae.
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How does directly observed therapy work? The mechanisms and impact of a comprehensive directly observed therapy intervention of highly active antiretroviral therapy in Peru.
Health Soc Care Community
PUBLISHED: 12-08-2010
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From December 2005 through August 2008, we provided community-based accompaniment with supervised antiretroviral therapy (CASA) to impoverished individuals starting highly active antiretroviral therapy. Adherence support was provided for 18?months by a community-based team comprised of several nurses and two types of community health workers: field supervisors and directly observed therapy (DOT) volunteers. To complement our quantitative data collection in 2008 using purposive sampling, we conducted two gender-mixed focus group discussions with 13 CASA patient participants and 13 DOT volunteers from Lima, Peru to identify the mediating mechanisms by which CASA improved well-being, and to understand the benefits of the intervention, as perceived by these individuals. Using standard qualitative methods for the review and analysis of transcripts and interview notes, we identified central themes and developed a coding scheme for categorising participants statements. Two individuals blinded to each others coding, coded interview transcripts for theme and content from which a third reviewer compared their coding to arbitrate discrepancies. Additional domains were added if necessary and all domains were integrated into a theoretical scheme. Among the forms of support delivered by the CASA team, DOT volunteers reported emotional support, instrumental support, directly observed therapy, building trust, education, advocacy, exercise of moral authority and preparation for transition off CASA support. CASA participants described outcomes of improved adherence, ability to resume social roles, increased self-efficacy, hopefulness, changes in non-HIV-related behaviour, reduced internalised and externalised stigma, as well as ability to disclose. Both sets of focus group participants highlighted remaining challenges after completion of CASA support: stigma in the community, difficulties achieving economic recovery and persistent barriers to health services. Based on our prior quantitative and qualitative outcomes reported here, we argue that DOT of highly active antiretroviral therapy could be designed to optimise psychosocial recovery during the period of DOT.
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NHC-catalyzed spiro bis-indane formation via domino Stetter-aldol-Michael and Stetter-aldol-aldol reactions.
Org. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 11-22-2010
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Two novel domino NHC-catalyzed spirocyclizations are described herein, enabling the rapid construction of three new carbon-carbon bonds and a quaternary center with high diastereoselectivity. A variety of spiro bis-indane structures are assembled in a single step from simple o-phthaldialdehyde derivatives.
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Do topological models provide good information about electricity infrastructure vulnerability?
Chaos
PUBLISHED: 10-05-2010
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In order to identify the extent to which results from topological graph models are useful for modeling vulnerability in electricity infrastructure, we measure the susceptibility of power networks to random failures and directed attacks using three measures of vulnerability: characteristic path lengths, connectivity loss, and blackout sizes. The first two are purely topological metrics. The blackout size calculation results from a model of cascading failure in power networks. Testing the response of 40 areas within the Eastern U.S. power grid and a standard IEEE test case to a variety of attack/failure vectors indicates that directed attacks result in larger failures using all three vulnerability measures, but the attack-vectors that appear to cause the most damage depend on the measure chosen. While the topological metrics and the power grid model show some similar trends, the vulnerability metrics for individual simulations show only a mild correlation. We conclude that evaluating vulnerability in power networks using purely topological metrics can be misleading.
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Effect of american cranberry (Cysticlean) on Escherichia coli adherence to bladder epithelial cells. In vitro and in vivo study.
Arch. Esp. Urol.
PUBLISHED: 09-08-2010
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The American cranberry proanthocyanidins (PACs) are the main responsible for its efficacy in urinary tract infections. Their mechanism of action is related to inhibition of Escherichia coli to urothelial cells. Cysticlean contains an extract of American cranberry which provides 118 mg of PACs per dose. The activity of Cysticlean tablets on Escherichia Coli adherence to bladder epithelial cells has been studied in vitro. Moreover, the activity of Cistyclean both in powder for oral suspension and tablets has been compared ex-vivo.
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Extracts of edible and medicinal plants damage membranes of Vibrio cholerae.
Appl. Environ. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 08-27-2010
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The use of natural compounds from plants can provide an alternative approach against food-borne pathogens. The mechanisms of action of most plant extracts with antimicrobial activity have been poorly studied. In this work, changes in membrane integrity, membrane potential, internal pH (pH(in)), and ATP synthesis were measured in Vibrio cholerae cells after exposure to extracts of edible and medicinal plants. A preliminary screen of methanolic, ethanolic, and aqueous extracts of medicinal and edible plants was performed. Minimal bactericidal concentrations (MBCs) were measured for extracts showing high antimicrobial activity. Our results indicate that methanolic extracts of basil (Ocimum basilicum L.), nopal cactus (Opuntia ficus-indica var. Villanueva L.), sweet acacia (Acacia farnesiana L.), and white sagebrush (Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt.) are the most active against V. cholera, with MBCs ranging from 0.5 to 3.0 mg/ml. Using four fluorogenic techniques, we studied the membrane integrity of V. cholerae cells after exposure to these four extracts. Extracts from these plants were able to disrupt the cell membranes of V. cholerae cells, causing increased membrane permeability, a clear decrease in cytoplasmic pH, cell membrane hyperpolarization, and a decrease in cellular ATP concentration in all strains tested. These four plant extracts could be studied as future alternatives to control V. cholerae contamination in foods and the diseases associated with this microorganism.
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Proton-conducting membranes based on benzimidazole polymers for high-temperature PEM fuel cells. A chemical quest.
Chem Soc Rev
PUBLISHED: 06-24-2010
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The development of high-temperature PEM fuel cells (working at 150-200 degrees C) is pursued worldwide in order to solve some of the problems of current cells based on Nafion (CO tolerance, improved kinetics, water management, etc.). Polybenzimidazole membranes nanoimpregnated with phosphoric acid have been studied as electrolytes in PEMFCs for more than a decade. Commercially available polybenzimidazole (PBI) has been the most extensively studied and used for this application in membranes doped with all sorts of strong inorganic acids. In addition to this well-known polymer we also review here studies on ABPBI and other polybenzimidazole type membranes. More recently, several copolymers and related derivatives have attracted many researchers attention, adding variety to the field. Furthermore, besides phosphoric acid, many other strong inorganic acids, as well as alkaline electrolytes have been used to impregnate benzimidazole membranes and are analyzed here. Finally, we also review different hybrid materials based on polybenzimidazoles and several inorganic proton conductors such as heteropoly acids, as well as sulfonated derivatives of the polymers, all of which contribute to a quickly-developing field with many blooming results and useful potential which are the subject of this critical review (317 references).
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Transient focal cerebral ischemia significantly alters not only EAATs but also VGLUTs expression in rats: relevance of changes in reactive astroglia.
J. Neurochem.
PUBLISHED: 03-26-2010
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The involvement of plasma membrane glutamate transporters (EAATs - excitatory aminoacid transporters) in the pathophysiology of ischemia has been widely studied, but little is known about the role of vesicular glutamate transporters (VGLUTs) in the ischemic process. We analyzed the expression of VGLUT1-3 in the cortex and caudate-putamen of rats subjected to transient middle cerebral artery occlusion. Western blot and immunohistochemistry revealed an increase of VGLUT1 signal in cortex and caudate-putamen until 3 days of reperfusion followed by a reduction 7 days after the ischemic insult. By contrast, VGLUT2 and 3 were drastically reduced. Confocal microscopy revealed an increase in VGLUT2 and 3 immunolabelling in the reactive astrocytes of the ischemic corpus callosum and cortex. Changes in VGLUTs and EAATs expression were differently correlated to neurological deficits. Interestingly, changes in VGLUT1 and EAAT2 expression showed a significant positive correlation in caudate-putamen. Taken together, these results suggest a contribution of VGLUTs to glutamate release in these structures, which could promote neuroblast migration and neurogenesis during ischemic recovery, and a possible interplay with EAATs in the regulation of glutamate levels, at least in the first stages of ischemic recovery.
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JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.