JoVE Visualize What is visualize?
Stop Reading. Start Watching.
Advanced Search
Stop Reading. Start Watching.
Regular Search
Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Comparison of UVB and UVC effects on the DNA damage-response protein 53BP1 in human pancreatic cancer.
J. Cell. Biochem.
PUBLISHED: 04-23-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
We have previously demonstrated that ultraviolet (UV) light is effective against a variety of cancer cells expressing fluorescent proteins in vivo as well as in vitro. In the present report, we compared the DNA damage repair (DDR) response of pancreatic cancer cells after UVB or UVC irradiation. The UV-induced DNA damage repair was imaged with green fluorescent protein (GFP) fused to the DDR-related chromatin-binding protein 53BP1 in MiaPaCa-2 human pancreatic cancer cells growing in 3D Gelfoam® histoculture and in superficial tumors grown in nude mice. 53BP1-GFP forms foci during DNA damage repair. A clonogenic assay in 2D monolayer culture initially showed that UVC and UVB inhibited MiaPaCa-2 cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner, with UVC having more efficacy. Three-dimensional Gelfoam® histocultures and confocal imaging enabled 53BP1-GFP foci to be observed within 1?h after UV irradiation, indicating the onset of DDR response. UVB-induced 53BP1-GFP focus formation was observed up to a depth of 120?µm in MiaPaCa-2 cells on Gelfoam® compared to 80?µm for UVC. UVB-induced 53BP1-GFP focus formation was observed up to a depth of 80?µm in MiaPaCa-2 cells, implanted within skin flaps in mice, at a significantly greater extent than UVC. MiaPaCa-2 cells irradiated by UVB or UVC in the skin-flap mouse model had a significant decrease in tumor growth compared to untreated controls with UVB having more efficacy than UVC. Our results demonstrate that UVB has greater tissue penetration than UVC because of its longer wavelength and has clinical potential for eradicating superficial cancer.
Related JoVE Video
Adenosine sensitivity of retrograde fast pathway conduction in patients with slow-fast atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia: a prospective study.
Heart Rhythm
PUBLISHED: 02-28-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
It is suggested that the adenosine resistance of retrograde fast pathway in slow-fast atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) confirms the participation of a concealed retrograde atrio-Hisian pathway rather than the conventional fast pathway in the arrhythmia circuit of slow-fast AVNRT.
Related JoVE Video
Rewiring the wax ester production pathway of Acinetobacter baylyi ADP1.
ACS Synth Biol
PUBLISHED: 02-10-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Wax esters are industrially relevant high-value molecules. For sustainable production of wax esters, bacterial cell factories are suggested to replace the chemical processes exploiting expensive starting materials. However, it is well recognized that new sophisticated solutions employing synthetic biology toolbox are required to improve and tune the cellular production platform to meet the product requirements. For example, saturated wax esters with alkanol chain lengths C12 or C14 that are convenient for industrial uses are rare among bacteria. Acinetobacter baylyi ADP1, a natural producer of wax esters, is a convenient model organism for studying the potentiality and modifiability of wax esters in a natural host by means of synthetic biology. In order to establish a controllable production platform exploiting well-characterized biocomponents, and to modify the wax ester synthesis pathway of A. baylyi ADP1 in terms product quality, a fatty acid reductase complex LuxCDE with an inducible arabinose promoter was employed to replace the natural fatty acyl-CoA reductase acr1 in ADP1. The engineered strain was able to produce wax esters by the introduced synthetic pathway. Moreover, the fatty alkanol chain length profile of wax esters was found to shift toward shorter and more saturated carbon chains, C16:0 accounting for most of the alkanols. The study demonstrates the potentiality of recircuiting a biosynthesis pathway in a natural producer, enabling a regulated production of a customized bioproduct. Furthermore, the LuxCDE complex can be potentially used as a well-characterized biopart in a variety of synthetic biology applications involving the production of long-chain hydrocarbons.
Related JoVE Video
Imaging UVC-induced DNA damage response in models of minimal cancer.
J. Cell. Biochem.
PUBLISHED: 05-09-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
We have previously demonstrated that the ultraviolet (UV) light is effective against a variety of cancer cells in vivo as well as in vitro. In the present report, we imaged the DNA damage repair response of minimal cancer after UVC irradiation. DNA-damage repair response to UV irradiation was imaged on tumors growing in 3D culture and in superficial tumors grown in vivo. UV-induced DNA damage repair was imaged with GFP fused to the DNA damage response (DDR)-related chromatin-binding protein 53BP1 in MiaPaCa-2 human pancreatic cancer cells. Three-dimensional Gelfoam® histocultures and confocal imaging enabled 53BP1-GFP nuclear foci to be observed within 1?h after UVC irradiation, indicating the onset of DNA damage repair response. A clonogenic assay showed that UVC inhibited MiaPaCa-2 cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner, while UVA and UVB showed little effect on cell proliferation. Induction of UV-induced 53BP1-GFP focus formation was limited up to a depth of 40?µm in 3D-culture of MiaPaCa-2 cells. The MiaPaCa-2 cells irradiated by UVC light in a skin-flap mouse model had a significant decrease of tumor growth compared to untreated controls. Our results also demonstrate that 53BP1-GFP is an imageable marker of UV-induced DNA damage repair response of minimal cancer and that UVC is a useful tool for the treatment of residual cancer since UVC can kill superficial cancer cells without damage to deep tissue.
Related JoVE Video
Left ventricular function improvement after prophylactic implantable cardioverter-defibrillator implantation in patients with non-ischaemic dilated cardiomyopathy.
Europace
PUBLISHED: 05-02-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
To assess the incidence and prognostic significance of left ventricular (LV) function improvement in patients with non-ischaemic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and prophylactic implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD).
Related JoVE Video
Single cell time-lapse imaging of focus formation by the DNA damage-response protein 53BP1 after UVC irradiation of human pancreatic cancer cells.
Anticancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 04-09-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
We have previously demonstrated that ultraviolet (UV) light treatment is effective against various types of cancer cells expressing fluorescent proteins. In order to further understand the efficacy of UV treatment of cancer cells, we determined the kinetics of focus formation by imaging of a DNA damage-response (DDR) protein after UVC irradiation of human pancreatic cancer cells. A fusion protein consisting of the DDR protein 53BP1 and green fluorescent protein (GFP) (GFP-53BP1) was used as a live-cell imaging marker for cellular response after UVC irradiation. GFP-53BP1 foci were observed after UVC irradiation of MiaPaCa-2 human pancreatic cancer cells. During live-cell imaging, GFP-53BP1 foci were observed in the cells within 15 min after UVC irradiation, and some of the foci remained stable for at least three hours. GFP-53BP1 focus formation was observed in the pancreatic-cancer cells irradiated by 25-200 J/m(2) UVC. Our results indicate that an early response to DNA damage caused by UVC irradiation can be visualized by increased GFP-53BP1 focus formation by pancreatic cancer cells.
Related JoVE Video
Dynamic color-coded fluorescence imaging of the cell-cycle phase, mitosis, and apoptosis demonstrates how caffeine modulates cisplatinum efficacy.
J. Cell. Biochem.
PUBLISHED: 03-21-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Caffeine enhances the effect of certain anticancer drugs, but the mechanism of modulation is poorly understood. In this study, modulation of cisplatinum efficacy induced by caffeine was visualized at the subcellular level by real-time fluorescent-protein imaging. Mitotic and apoptotic changes were observed by imaging 143B human osteosarcoma dual-color cells, in which GFP is expressed in the nucleus and RFP is expressed in the cytoplasm. Modulation of the cell cycle was imaged using time-lapse imaging of HeLa cells expressing a fluorescent ubiquitination-based cell cycle indicator (FUCCI) in the nucleus. Clonogenic assays showed that caffeine increased the inhibition by cisplatinum on cell proliferation. Subcellular imaging demonstrated that cisplatinum decreased mitosis and induced apoptosis in 143B cells. The combination of cisplatinum and caffeine enhanced mitosis and subsequently increased apoptosis. Time-lapse imaging showed that cisplatinum strongly induced cell-cycle arrest in the S/G2 phase in HeLa-FUCCI cells. Caffeine overcame the cell-cycle arrest induced by cisplatinum, thereby increasing its efficacy, since cisplatinum is ineffective against quiescent cells. The data in this report indicate that caffeine modulates the cell cycle in cancer cells, thereby enhancing efficacy of cell-cycle-dependent anticancer drugs such as cisplatinum.
Related JoVE Video
Real-time monitoring of intracellular wax ester metabolism.
Microb. Cell Fact.
PUBLISHED: 07-09-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Wax esters are industrially relevant molecules exploited in several applications of oleochemistry and food industry. At the moment, the production processes mostly rely on chemical synthesis from rather expensive starting materials, and therefore solutions are sought from biotechnology. Bacterial wax esters are attractive alternatives, and especially the wax ester metabolism of Acinetobacter sp. has been extensively studied. However, the lack of suitable tools for rapid and simple monitoring of wax ester metabolism in vivo has partly restricted the screening and analyses of potential hosts and optimal conditions.
Related JoVE Video
Response of human prostate cancer cells and tumors to combining PARP inhibition with ionizing radiation.
Mol. Cancer Ther.
PUBLISHED: 05-13-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Radiation therapy remains a promising modality for curative treatment of localized prostate cancer, but dose-limiting toxicities significantly limit its effectiveness. Agents that enhance efficacy at lower radiation doses might have considerable value in increasing tumor control without compromising organ function. Here, we tested the hypothesis that the PARP inhibitor ABT-888 (veliparib) can enhance the response of prostate cancer cells and tumors to ionizing radiation (IR). Following exposure of DU-145 and PC-3 prostate cancer cell lines to the combination of 10 ?mol/L ABT-888 and 6 Gy, we observed similar persistence between both cell lines of DNA damage foci and in vitro radiosensitization. We have previously observed that persistent DNA damage foci formed after ABT-888 plus IR efficiently promote accelerated cell senescence, but only PC-3 cells displayed the expected senescent response of G(2)-M arrest, induction of p21 and ?-galactosidase expression, and accumulation as large flat cells. In turn, combining ABT-888 with 6 Gy resulted in delayed tumor regrowth compared with either agent alone only in PC-3 xenograft tumors, whereas DU-145 tumors continued to grow. By 7 days after treatment with ABT-888 plus IR, PC-3 tumors contained abundant senescent cells displaying persistent DNA damage foci, but no evidence of senescence was noted in the DU-145 tumors. That equivalent radiosensitization by ABT-888 plus IR in vitro failed to predict comparable results with tumors in vivo suggests that the efficacy of PARP inhibitors may partially depend on a competent senescence response to accumulated DNA damage.
Related JoVE Video
Progression of cancer from indolent to aggressive despite antigen retention and increased expression of interferon-gamma inducible genes.
Cancer Immun.
PUBLISHED: 03-10-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Many cancers escape host immunity without losing tumor-specific rejection antigens or MHC class I expression. This study tracks the evolution of one such cancer that developed in a mouse following exposure to ultraviolet light. The primary autochthonous tumor was not highly malignant and was rejected when transplanted into naïve immunocompetent mice. Neoplastic cells isolated from the primary tumor were susceptible to the growth-inhibitory effects of IFN? in vitro, but expressed very low levels of MHC I antigen and were resistant to tumor-specific T cells unless they were first exposed to IFN?. Serial passage of the primary tumor cells in vivo led to a highly aggressive variant that caused fast-growing tumors in normal mice. In vitro, the variant tumor cells showed increased resistance to the growth-inhibitory effects of IFN? but expressed high levels of immunoproteasomes and MHC I molecules and were susceptible to tumor-specific T cells even without prior exposure to IFN?.
Related JoVE Video
Improved triacylglycerol production in Acinetobacter baylyi ADP1 by metabolic engineering.
Microb. Cell Fact.
PUBLISHED: 02-23-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Triacylglycerols are used in various purposes including food applications, cosmetics, oleochemicals and biofuels. Currently the main sources for triacylglycerol are vegetable oils, and microbial triacylglycerol has been suggested as an alternative for these. Due to the low production rates and yields of microbial processes, the role of metabolic engineering has become more significant. As a robust model organism for genetic and metabolic studies, and for the natural capability to produce triacylglycerol, Acinetobacter baylyi ADP1 serves as an excellent organism for modelling the effects of metabolic engineering for energy molecule biosynthesis.
Related JoVE Video
Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor induces accelerated senescence in irradiated breast cancer cells and tumors.
Cancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 07-07-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Persistent DNA double-strand breaks (DSB) may determine the antitumor effects of ionizing radiation (IR) by inducing apoptosis, necrosis, mitotic catastrophe, or permanent growth arrest. IR induces rapid modification of megabase chromatin domains surrounding DSBs via poly-ADP-ribosylation, phosphorylation, acetylation, and protein assembly. The dynamics of these IR-induced foci (IRIF) have been implicated in DNA damage signaling and DNA repair. As an IRIF reporter, we tracked the relocalization of green fluorescent protein fused to a chromatin binding domain of the checkpoint adapter protein 53BP1 after IR of breast cancer cells and tumors. To block DSB repair in breast cancer cells and tumors, we targeted poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) with ABT-888 (veliparib), one of several PARP inhibitors currently in clinical trials. PARP inhibition markedly enhanced IRIF persistence and increased breast cancer cell senescence both in vitro and in vivo, arguing for targeting IRIF resolution as a novel therapeutic strategy.
Related JoVE Video
Radioresistance of Stat1 over-expressing tumour cells is associated with suppressed apoptotic response to cytotoxic agents and increased IL6-IL8 signalling.
Int. J. Radiat. Biol.
PUBLISHED: 05-14-2009
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
To determine the mechanisms of Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription 1 (Stat1)-associated radioresistance developed by nu61 tumour selected in vivo by fractionated irradiation of the parental radiosensitive tumour SCC61.
Related JoVE Video
Thermophilic biohydrogen production by an anaerobic heat treated-hot spring culture.
Bioresour. Technol.
PUBLISHED: 04-09-2009
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Batch experiments were conducted to investigate the thermophilic biohydrogen production using an enrichment culture from a Turkish hot spring. Following the enrichment, the culture was heat treated at 100 degrees C for 10 min to select for spore-forming bacteria. H(2) production was accompanied by production of acetate, butyrate, lactate and ethanol. H(2) production was associated by acetate-butyrate type fermentation while accumulation of lactate and ethanol negatively affected the H(2) yield. H(2) production was highest in the temperature range from 49.6 to 54.8 degrees C and optimum values for initial pH and concentrations of iron, yeast extract and glucose were 6.5, 40 mg/l, 4-13.5 g/l, respectively. PCR-DGGE profiling showed that the heat treated culture consisted of species closely affiliated to genus Thermoanaerobacterium.
Related JoVE Video
Radiation-inducible immunotherapy for cancer: senescent tumor cells as a cancer vaccine.
Mol. Ther.
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Radiotherapy offers an effective treatment for advanced cancer but local and distant failures remain a significant challenge. Here, we treated melanoma and pancreatic carcinoma in syngeneic mice with ionizing radiation (IR) combined with the poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor (PARPi) veliparib to inhibit DNA repair and promote accelerated senescence. Based on prior work implicating cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) as key mediators of radiation effects, we discovered that senescent tumor cells induced by radiation and veliparib express immunostimulatory cytokines to activate CTLs that mediate an effective antitumor response. When these senescent tumor cells were injected into tumor-bearing mice, an antitumor CTL response was induced which potentiated the effects of radiation, resulting in elimination of established tumors. Applied to human cancers, radiation-inducible immunotherapy may enhance radiotherapy responses to prevent local recurrence and distant metastasis.
Related JoVE Video

What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.