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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Design and evaluation of novel radiolabelled VIP derivatives for tumour targeting.
Anticancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 04-09-2013
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Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) receptors are overexpressed in a broad variety of tumours. For the detection of these tumours, novel chemically modified and shortened VIP derivatives were designed.
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Tumor targeting and imaging with dual-peptide conjugated multifunctional liposomal nanoparticles.
Int J Nanomedicine
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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The significant progress in nanotechnology provides a wide spectrum of nanosized material for various applications, including tumor targeting and molecular imaging. The aim of this study was to evaluate multifunctional liposomal nanoparticles for targeting approaches and detection of tumors using different imaging modalities. The concept of dual-targeting was tested in vitro and in vivo using liposomes derivatized with an arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) peptide binding to ?v?3 integrin receptors and a substance P peptide binding to neurokinin-1 receptors.
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Radiolabelling of peptides for PET, SPECT and therapeutic applications using a fully automated disposable cassette system.
Nucl Med Commun
PUBLISHED: 08-31-2011
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Radiolabelled somatostatin analogues have found wide clinical use in nuclear medicine for both diagnostic and therapeutic applications. Here, we describe the development of a fully automated synthesis system allowing radiolabelling of 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid (DOTA)-derivatized peptides with ??Ga/¹¹¹In/¹??Lu and ??Y, meeting radiation safety and pharmaceutical requirements.
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Comparison of the binding and internalization properties of 12 DOTA-coupled and ¹¹¹In-labelled CCK2/gastrin receptor binding peptides: a collaborative project under COST Action BM0607.
Eur. J. Nucl. Med. Mol. Imaging
PUBLISHED: 04-04-2011
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Specific overexpression of cholecystokinin 2 (CCK2)/gastrin receptors has been demonstrated in several tumours of neuroendocrine origin. In some of these cancer types, such as medullary thyroid cancer (MTC), a sensitive diagnostic modality is still unavailable and therapeutic options for inoperable lesions are needed. Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) may be a viable therapeutic strategy in the management of these patients. Several CCK2R-targeted radiopharmaceuticals have been described in recent years. As part of the European Union COST Action BM0607 we studied the in vitro and in vivo characteristics of 12 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid (DOTA)-conjugated CCK2R binding peptides. In the present study, we analysed binding and internalization characteristics. Stability, biodistribution and imaging studies have been performed in parallel by other centres involved in the project.
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Comparative biodistribution of 12 ¹¹¹In-labelled gastrin/CCK2 receptor-targeting peptides.
Eur. J. Nucl. Med. Mol. Imaging
PUBLISHED: 03-15-2011
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Cholecystokinin 2 (CCK-2) receptor overexpression has been demonstrated in various tumours such as medullary thyroid carcinomas and small-cell lung cancers. Due to this high expression, CCK-2 receptors might be suitable targets for radionuclide imaging and/or radionuclide therapy. Several CCK-2 receptor-binding radiopeptides have been developed and some have been tested in patients. Here we aimed to compare the in vivo tumour targeting properties of 12 (111)In-labelled 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid (DOTA)-conjugated gastrin/CCK2 receptor-binding peptides.
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Targeting properties of peptide-modified radiolabeled liposomal nanoparticles.
Nanomedicine
PUBLISHED: 02-25-2011
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Radiolabeled PEGylated liposomal nanoparticles (NPs) open new possibilities for a variety of applications including diagnosis, drug delivery, targeted therapy, and monitoring treatment effects. Here we describe the characterization of liposomal NPs (liposomes and micelles) derivatized with the somatostatin analogue tyrosine-3-octreotide as a proof of concept for tumor targeting. NPs were radiolabeled with indium-111, and targeting properties were evaluated in vitro on rat pancreatic tumor cells (AR42J), demonstrating specific binding and IC(50) values in the low nanomolar range. Biodistribution studies were performed in Lewis rats and compared to single-photon emission computed tomography images. Moderate tumor uptake was found in xenografted nude mice (<2.5% ID/g tissue) as compared to control. Micelles and liposomes revealed comparable pharmacokinetics and targeting properties. This study provides insight into tumor-targeting characteristics of peptide-derivatized liposomal NPs and can serve as a basis for further improvement of these constructs.
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Influence of biological assay conditions on stability assessment of radiometal-labelled peptides exemplified using a 177Lu-DOTA-minigastrin derivative.
Nucl. Med. Biol.
PUBLISHED: 02-15-2011
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Lack of correlation between in vitro and in vivo stability is a general problem for the development of radiopeptides especially in the case of minigastrin derivatives for therapeutic applications. In this study, we compared the influence of experimental conditions on radiopeptide stability results in vitro using a model Minigastrin (MG) analogue labelled with Lu-177. Additionally, we attempted to characterize the main serum enzymatic cleavage sites by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) time-of-flight (TOF) mass spectrometry (MS) analysis.
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[68Ga]NODAGA-RGD for imaging ?v?3 integrin expression.
Eur. J. Nucl. Med. Mol. Imaging
PUBLISHED: 02-11-2011
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A molecular target involved in the angiogenic process is the ?(v)?(3) integrin. It has been demonstrated in preclinical as well as in clinical studies that radiolabelled RGD peptides and positron emission tomography (PET) allow noninvasive monitoring of ?(v)?(3) expression. Here we introduce a (68)Ga-labelled NOTA-conjugated RGD peptide ([(68)Ga]NODAGA-RGD) and compare its imaging properties with [(68)Ga]DOTA-RGD using small animal PET.
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In vitro characterization of two novel biodegradable vectors for the delivery of radiolabeled antisense oligonucleotides.
Cancer Biother. Radiopharm.
PUBLISHED: 11-03-2010
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The development of antisense oligonucleotides suitable for tumor targeting applications is hindered by low stability and bioavailability of oligonucleotides in vivo and by the absence of efficient and safe vectors for oligonucleotide delivery. Stabilization in vivo has been achieved through chemical modification of oligonucleotides by various means, but effective approaches to enhance their intracellular delivery are lacking. This study reports on the characterization in vitro of a fully phosphorothioated 20-mer oligonucleotide, complementary to p21 mRNA, radiolabeled with fluorine-18 using a thiol reactive prosthetic group. The potential of two novel synthetic block copolymers containing grafted polyamines on their hydrophobic blocks for vector-assisted cell delivery was studied in vitro. Extensive cellular uptake studies were performed in human colon carcinoma cell lines with enhanced or deficient p21 expression to evaluate and compare the uptake mechanism of naked and vectorized radiolabeled formulations. Uptake studies with the two novel biodegradable vectors showed a moderate increase in cell uptake of the radiofluorinated antisense oligonucleotide. The two vectors show, however, promising advantages over conventional lipidic vectors regarding their biocompatibility and subcellular distribution.
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Response of recurrent high-grade glioma to treatment with (90)Y-DOTATOC.
J. Nucl. Med.
PUBLISHED: 02-11-2010
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The treatment of patients with high-grade malignant glioma still represents an unsolved clinical problem. We report the treatment of 3 patients who had World Health Organization grade IV recurrent glioblastoma: a 23-y-old woman and 2 men aged 61 and 62 y.
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Cyclic minigastrin analogues for gastrin receptor scintigraphy with technetium-99m: preclinical evaluation.
J. Med. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 07-14-2009
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Two cyclized minigastrin analogues for gastrin receptor scintigraphy were synthesized and derivatized with HYNIC at the N-terminus for labeling with 99mTc. Radiolabeling efficiency, stability, cell internalization, and receptor binding on CCK-2 receptor expressing AR42J cells were studied and the biodistribution evaluated in tumor bearing nude mice, including NanoSPECT/CT imaging. Metabolites in urine, liver, and kidneys were analyzed by radio-HPLC. Radiolabeled cyclic MG showed high stability in vitro and receptor mediated uptake in AR42J cells. In the animal tumor model, fast renal clearance and low nonspecific uptake in most organs were observed. A tumor uptake >3% was calculated ex vivo 1 h p.i. for both 99mTc-EDDA-HYNIC-cyclo-MG1 and 99mTc-EDDA-HYNIC-cyclo-MG2. In an imaging study with 99mTc-EDDA-HYNIC-cyclo-MG1, the tumor was clearly visualized. The metabolite analysis indicated rapid enzymatic degradation in vivo.
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Automated synthesis of an 18F-labelled pyridine-based alkylating agent for high yield oligonucleotide conjugation.
Appl Radiat Isot
PUBLISHED: 03-25-2009
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Alkylating agents have been shown to be very promising for the radiolabelling of oligonucleotides with fluorine-18. In this report we describe the fully automated synthesis of 2-bromo-N-[3-(2-[(18)F]fluoropyridin-3-yloxy)propyl]acetamide ([(18)F]FPyBrA) utilizing a modular synthesis unit. Reaction conditions for the coupling of this pyridine-based alkylating agent at the 5 end of a fully phosphorothioated random 20-mer DNA sequence were optimized to achieve very high radiochemical yields (>90%) and a maximum specific activity of 5-6 GBq/micromoL. The potential for rapid purification by solid phase extraction without need of chromatographic isolation of the radiolabelled oligonucleotide presents an overall benefit for the application of oligonucleotides in preclinical studies and potential clinical applications.
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Influence of PEGylation and RGD loading on the targeting properties of radiolabeled liposomal nanoparticles.
Int J Nanomedicine
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Liposomes have been proposed to be a means of selectively targeting cancer sites for diagnostic and therapeutic applications. The focus of this work was the evaluation of radiolabeled PEGylated liposomes derivatized with varying amounts of a cyclic arginyl-glycyl-aspartic acid (RGD) peptide. RGD peptides are known to bind to ?(v)?(3) integrin receptors overexpressed during tumor-induced angiogenesis.
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Somatostatin receptor PET in neuroendocrine tumours: 68Ga-DOTA0,Tyr3-octreotide versus 68Ga-DOTA0-lanreotide.
Eur. J. Nucl. Med. Mol. Imaging
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The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of (68)Ga-labelled DOTA(0)-lanreotide ((68)Ga-DOTA-LAN) on the diagnostic assessment of neuroendocrine tumour (NET) patients with low to moderate uptake on planar somatostatin receptor (SSTR) scintigraphy or (68)Ga-labelled DOTA(0),Tyr(3)-octreotide ((68)Ga-DOTA-TOC) positron emission tomography (PET).
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JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.