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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Sequential third-party mesenchymal stromal cell therapy for refractory acute graft-versus-host disease.
Biol. Blood Marrow Transplant.
PUBLISHED: 04-09-2014
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We evaluated the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of the administration of 4 sequential doses (intravenously administered on days 1, 4, 11, and 18) of cryopreserved bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) expanded with platelet lysate and obtained from third-party donors as a second-line treatment for steroid-refractory acute graft-versus-host (aGVHD) disease in a series of 25 patients. All patients received at least 2 doses of MSC, whereas 21 received 3 doses and 18 received the initially planned 4 doses. Because of the achievement of partial response, 4 patients received additional doses of MSC. Median single cell dose administered was 1.1 × 10(6) MSC/kg of recipient body weight. There were no adverse events related to the MSC infusion in the 99 procedures performed, with the exception of a cardiac ischemic event that occurred twice in a patient with prior history of cardiac ischemia. Response to MSC at 60 days after the first dose was evaluable in 24 patients. Seventeen patients (71%) responded (11 complete and 6 partial responses), with a median time to response of 28 days after the first MSC dose, whereas 7 patients did not respond. In summary, we can conclude that sequential cryopreserved third-party MSC therapy administered on days 1, 4, 11, and 18 is a safe procedure for patients with steroid-refractory aGVHD. This strategy may provide a high rate of overall responses of aGVHD with a low toxicity profile.
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Caloric content of Daphnia magna as reflect of propanil stress during a short-term exposure and its relationship to long-term responses.
Environ. Toxicol. Pharmacol.
PUBLISHED: 02-01-2013
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The present study investigates energy stores changes in the aquatic invertebrate Daphnia magna following a 5-d exposure to propanil. Juveniles of D. magna were exposed to sublethal propanil concentrations (0.07, 0.10, 0.21 and 0.55 mgl(-1)) which were used previously to test their effect on reproduction, growth and survival (21 days test) of D. magna. Glycogen, total lipids, proteins, and dry weight were determined in control and exposed daphnids at 24, 48, 72, 96 and 120 h. Data were used to calculate caloric content as biomarker of propanil exposure. Results showed a depletion of energy reserves in D. magna exposed to the herbicide. At 120 h of exposure to the highest propanil concentration (0.5 mgl(-1)), the reduction in daphnid reserves were glycogen (28%), proteins (28%) and lipids (31%), and caloric content was reduced in 27%. On the other hand, we found a positive correlation between caloric content and the chronic parameters intrinsic rate of natural increase and offspring per female when daphnids were exposed for 120 h to the herbicide.
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Amniotic membrane as a scaffold for melanocyte transplantation in patients with stable vitiligo.
Dermatol Res Pract
PUBLISHED: 05-17-2011
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Vitiligo is an acquired skin disease that significantly impacts the quality of life of patients. Medical treatment of vitiligo includes the use of melanocyte transplant, but the results are variable. We have treated 4 patients with either focal or generalized stable vitiligo using a graft of autologous melanocytes culture on a denuded amniotic membrane (AM). A culture biopsy was obtained in every patient and grown in melanocytes media for 10-14 days after which cells were transferred to a denuded AM and transplanted into the achromic lesions. Patients were followed for up to 6 months using clinical assessment of achromic lesions. Treated areas ranged between 4?cm(2) and 210.6?cm(2). Response to treatment was excellent in all patients with 90-95% repigmentation success rate. Our results demonstrate that transplantation of autologous melanocytes cultured on AM is a new, simple, and effective treatment for stable vitiligo.
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Mesenchymal stem cells expanded in vitro with human serum for the treatment of acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease: results of a phase I/II clinical trial.
Haematologica
PUBLISHED: 03-10-2011
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This trial evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of the infusion of mesenchymal stem cells expanded using human serum for the treatment of refractory acute or chronic graft-versus-host disease. Twenty-eight expansions were started. In 22, a minimum of more than 1 x 10? mesenchymal stem cells/kg were obtained after a median of 26 days; this threshold was not obtained in the remaining cases. Ten patients received cells for the treatment of refractory or relapsed acute graft-versus-host disease and 8 for chronic disease. One patient treated for acute graft-versus-host disease obtained a complete response, 6 had a partial response and 3 did not respond. One of the chronic patients achieved complete remision, 3 a partial response, and 4 did not respond. The current study supports the use of this approach in less heavily treated patients for both acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease. The trial has been registered at ClinicalTrials.gov: identifier NCT00447460.
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MAPC transplantation confers a more durable benefit than AC133+ cell transplantation in severe hind limb ischemia.
Cell Transplant
PUBLISHED: 08-17-2010
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There is a need for comparative studies to determine which cell types are better candidates to remedy ischemia. Here, we compared human AC133(+) cells and multipotent adult progenitor cells (hMAPC) in a mouse model reminiscent of critical limb ischemia. hMAPC or hAC133(+) cell transplantation induced a significant improvement in tissue perfusion (measured by microPET) 15 days posttransplantation compared to controls. This improvement persisted for 30 days in hMAPC-treated but not in hAC133(+)-injected animals. While transplantation of hAC133(+) cells promoted capillary growth, hMAPC transplantation also induced collateral expansion, decreased muscle necrosis/fibrosis, and improved muscle regeneration. Incorporation of differentiated hAC133(+) or hMAPC progeny into new vessels was limited; however, a paracrine angio/arteriogenic effect was demonstrated in animals treated with hMAPC. Accordingly, hMAPC-conditioned, but not hAC133(+)-conditioned, media stimulated vascular cell proliferation and prevented myoblast, endothelial, and smooth muscle cell apoptosis in vitro. Our study suggests that although hAC133(+) cell and hMAPC transplantation both contribute to vascular regeneration in ischemic limbs, hMAPC exert a more robust effect through trophic mechanisms, which translated into collateral and muscle fiber regeneration. This, in turn, conferred tissue protection and regeneration with longer term functional improvement.
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Mechanical properties of cross-linked collagen meshes after human adipose derived stromal cells seeding.
J Biomed Mater Res A
PUBLISHED: 05-21-2010
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The main goal of this study was to evaluate the potential of collagen meshes derived from porcine dermis as scaffolds for repairing pelvic organ prolapses. Mechanical properties of collagen meshes with different cross-linking percentages before and after Adipose Derived Stromal Cells (ADSC) seeding were studied as well as the cell-scaffold interaction. Uniaxial tensile tests of the collagen meshes with three different cross-linking percentages (full-, partial-, and noncross-linked) were carried out along orthogonal directions. Their mechanical properties were studied with the same tests before and after seeding with human derived adipose stem cells (ADSC) after 1 and 7 days. Histological analyses were performed to determine adhesion and proliferation of ADSC. Significant differences in mechanical properties of the unseeded meshes were observed between each orthogonal direction independently of the cross-linking percentage. A better cell adhesion rate was observed in the cross-linked meshes. An increase in the mechanical properties after cell seeding was observed with a direct relation with the degree of cross-linking. All meshes analyzed showed a marked anisotropy that should be taken into account during the surgical procedure. The cross-linking treatment increased cell adhesion and the mechanical properties of the collagen meshes after seeding. These results suggest that the mechanical properties of this type of collagen mesh could be useful as scaffolds for repair of pelvic organ prolapse.
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Comparison of ex vivo expansion culture conditions of mesenchymal stem cells for human cell therapy.
Transfusion
PUBLISHED: 05-20-2009
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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent stem cells. Based on their properties, several clinical trials have been designed to explore their potential therapeutic effect. Fetal calf serum (FCS, commonly used for in vitro expansion) is an undesirable source of xenogeneic antigens and bears the risk of transmitting contaminations. As an alternative for FCS, platelet lysate (PL) and both autologous and allogeneic human serum have been proposed. The aim of this study is to compare the culture of bone marrow (BM)-derived MSCs in the presence of different serum supplements to determine the effect on cell growth, differentiation potential, and immunologic function.
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Epigenetic signatures associated with different levels of differentiation potential in human stem cells.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 05-15-2009
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The therapeutic use of multipotent stem cells depends on their differentiation potential, which has been shown to be variable for different populations. These differences are likely to be the result of key changes in their epigenetic profiles.
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Physiological effects of tricyclazole on zebrafish (Danio rerio) and post-exposure recovery.
Comp. Biochem. Physiol. C Toxicol. Pharmacol.
PUBLISHED: 02-03-2009
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Short-term effects of tricyclazole on male zebrafish (Danio rerio) physiology were examined joint to the degree of recovery after exposure. Fish were exposed to 142 microg/L (1/100 LC(50)-96 h) of tricyclazole for 7 (Exp.1) and 14 days (Exp.2) and then allowed to recover for 7 or 14 more days, respectively. Whole-body triglycerides, cholesterol, glucose, lactate and total proteins were measured as well as the aspartate aminotransferase (AAT), alanine aminotransferase (AlAT), alkaline phosphatase (AP) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activities as biomarkers of intermediary metabolism; gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (gammaGT) as biomarker of oxidative detoxification processes and vitellogenin (Vtg) concentration as endpoint for endocrine disruptor effect were also determined. Corpulence factor (k) was calculated. Fungicide exposure in zebrafish resulted in an increased of triglycerides, cholesterol, glucose and lactate levels, however the total protein content did not change. LDH, AlAT and AAT enhanced while AP activity decreased. Corpulence factor (k) also decreased. At the end of the recovery periods cholesterol and glucose levels recovered whereas triglycerides and lactate continued to elevate. Induced disorders on the selected enzymes remained and did not recover at the end of experiments. Fish exhibited significant increases of Vtg during the overall experimental times as a consequence of the fungicide exposure. These findings are of importance in the assessment of the potential risk of new fungicides as tricyclazole on aquatic ecosystems.
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Dendritic cell vaccination in glioblastoma after fluorescence-guided resection.
World J Clin Oncol
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To assess whether the addition of a customized, active immunotherapy to standard of care including fluorescence-guided surgery, may provide hints of an improved survival for patients with poor-prognosis, incurable glioblastoma multiform.
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Culture of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells on of poly(L-lactic acid) scaffolds: potential application for the tissue engineering of cartilage.
Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc
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Due to the attractive properties of poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) for tissue engineering, the aim was to determine the growth and differentiation capacity of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) in PLLA scaffolds and their potential use in the treatment of cartilage diseases.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.