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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
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Analysis of Ancestral and Functionally Relevant CD5 Variants in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Patients.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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CD5 plays a crucial role in autoimmunity and is a well-established genetic risk factor of developing RA. Recently, evidence of positive selection has been provided for the CD5 Pro224-Val471 haplotype in East Asian populations. The aim of the present work was to further analyze the functional relevance of non-synonymous CD5 polymorphisms conforming the ancestral and the newly derived haplotypes (Pro224-Ala471 and Pro224-Val471, respectively) as well as to investigate the potential role of CD5 on the development of SLE and/or SLE nephritis.
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Health-related Internet use by lupus patients in southern Spain.
Clin. Rheumatol.
PUBLISHED: 09-16-2013
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Internet has become a widely used tool by patients seeking information on different diseases. The information regarding lupus patients Internet use is scarce. This study aims to explore the attitudes and practices of lupus patients in southern Spain, regarding Internet use to find health-related information. A survey was carried out including 150 patients from six Andalusian Hospitals. To search for information, 67.3 % of the patients used Internet. The proportion of female Internet users was higher (69.3 vs 46.2 %), particularly those belonging to a patients association (81.8 vs 32.7 %), and are regular users of Internet (80.2 vs 44.4 %); 37.5 % thought the information found in the Internet was of little use or not useful at all, and 58 % of the respondents stated that the information found caused them concern while for 27 %, it was a relief. Most patients preferred the information given by their physicians (63.6 %); 33.9 % considered that the information from both sources was complementary, and 2.5 % preferred the information obtained from the Internet. A percentage of 85.3 of the patients would like their physicians to provide them with information on high-quality sites regarding their illness. Lupus patients make frequent use of the Internet to look for information on their disease. Considering this, and because better-informed patients follow more precisely the indications given by the physician, medical staff should collaborate in the development of high-quality sites for the patient to have additional sources of information.
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Organ-focused mutual information for nonrigid multimodal registration of liver CT and Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI.
Med Image Anal
PUBLISHED: 08-07-2013
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Accurate detection of liver lesions is of great importance in hepatic surgery planning. Recent studies have shown that the detection rate of liver lesions is significantly higher in gadoxetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI) than in contrast-enhanced portal-phase computed tomography (CT); however, the latter remains essential because of its high specificity, good performance in estimating liver volumes and better vessel visibility. To characterize liver lesions using both the above image modalities, we propose a multimodal nonrigid registration framework using organ-focused mutual information (OF-MI). This proposal tries to improve mutual information (MI) based registration by adding spatial information, benefiting from the availability of expert liver segmentation in clinical protocols. The incorporation of an additional information channel containing liver segmentation information was studied. A dataset of real clinical images and simulated images was used in the validation process. A Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI simulation framework is presented. To evaluate results, warping index errors were calculated for the simulated data, and landmark-based and surface-based errors were calculated for the real data. An improvement of the registration accuracy for OF-MI as compared with MI was found for both simulated and real datasets. Statistical significance of the difference was tested and confirmed in the simulated dataset (p<0.01).
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[The most frequent digestive disorders in the elderly].
Rev Enferm
PUBLISHED: 07-03-2013
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Aging is a stage with various changes and physiological modifications. Its a progressive, dynamic and irreversible process. Elderly people are beings fragile, multipathological, and polimedicated. 40 Of the worlds population has indigestion. They are the most common digestive disorders: constipation, dysphagia, and dyspepsia, reaching levels of prevalence around the 25, 30 and 25 respectively. The main activity of the nursing professional lies in making a proper assessment of the patient and offer a health education regarding habits hygiene and dietetics, in order to reduce the intake of drugs and increase the quality of life of our elders. We should not forget that the family plays a fundamental role for the treatment of these disorders.
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Evaluation of the IL2/IL21, IL2RA and IL2RB genetic variants influence on the endogenous non-anterior uveitis genetic predisposition.
BMC Med. Genet.
PUBLISHED: 05-08-2013
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Recently, different genetic variants located within the IL2/IL21 genetic region as well as within both IL2RA and IL2RB loci have been associated to multiple autoimmune disorders. We aimed to investigate for the first time the potential influence of the IL2/IL21, IL2RA and IL2RB most associated polymorphisms with autoimmunity on the endogenous non-anterior uveitis genetic predisposition.
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IL2/IL21 region polymorphism influences response to rituximab in systemic lupus erythematosus patients.
Mol. Biol. Rep.
PUBLISHED: 04-29-2013
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To determine whether the IL2/IL21 region, a general autoimmunity locus, contributes to the observed variation in response to rituximab in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus as well as to analyze its influence in a cohort including other autoimmune diseases. rs6822844 G/T polymorphism at the IL2-IL21 region was analyzed by TaqMan assay in 84 systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and 60 different systemic autoimmune diseases Spanish patients receiving rituximab. Six months after the first infusion patients were classified, according to the EULAR criteria, as good responders, partial responders and non-responders. A statistically significant difference was observed in GG genotype frequency between responder (total and partial response) (83.56%) and non-responder (45.45%) SLE patients (p=0.010, odds ratio (OR)=6.10 [1.28-29.06]). No association with the response was evident in the group of patients with autoimmune diseases other than lupus. Furthermore, when both groups of patients were pooled in a meta-analysis, a reduced statistical significance of the association was observed (p=0.024, OR=3.53 [1.06-11.64]). Our results show for a first time that IL2-IL21 region seems to play a role in the response to rituximab in SLE patients but not in other autoimmune diseases.
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Lack of association between the protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor type 22 R263Q and R620W functional genetic variants and endogenous non-anterior uveitis.
Mol. Vis.
PUBLISHED: 03-18-2013
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Endogenous uveitis is a major cause of visual loss mediated by the immune system. The protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor type 22 (PTPN22) gene encodes a lymphoid-specific phosphatase that plays a key role in T-cell receptor (TCR) signaling. Two independent functional missense single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) located within the PTPN22 gene (R263Q and R620W) have been associated with different autoimmune disorders. We aimed to analyze for the first time the influence of these PTPN22 genetic variants on endogenous non-anterior uveitis susceptibility.
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Evidence of new risk genetic factor to systemic lupus erythematosus: the UBASH3A gene.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 03-01-2013
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The ubiquitin associated and Src-homology 3 (SH3) domain containing A (UBASH3a) is a suppressor of T-cell receptor signaling, underscoring antigen presentation to T-cells as a critical shared mechanism of diseases pathogenesis. The aim of the present study was to determine whether the UBASH3a gene influence the susceptibility to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in Caucasian populations. We evaluated five UBASH3a polymorphisms (rs2277798, rs2277800, rs9976767, rs13048049 and rs17114930), using TaqMan® allelic discrimination assays, in a discovery cohort that included 906 SLE patients and 1165 healthy controls from Spain. The SNPs that exhibit statistical significance difference were evaluated in a German replication cohort of 360 SLE patients and 379 healthy controls. The case-control analysis in the Spanish population showed a significant association between the rs9976767 and SLE (Pc?=?9.9E-03 OR?=?1.21 95%CI?=?1.07-1.37) and a trend of association for the rs2277798 analysis (P?=?0.09 OR?=?0.9 95%CI?=?0.79-1.02). The replication in a German cohort and the meta-analysis confirmed that the rs9976767 (Pc?=?0.02; Pc?=?2.4E-04, for German cohort and meta-analysis, respectively) and rs2277798 (Pc?=?0.013; Pc?=?4.7E-03, for German cohort and meta-analysis, respectively) UBASH3a variants are susceptibility factors for SLE. Finally, a conditional regression analysis suggested that the most likely genetic variation responsible for the association was the rs9976767 polymorphism. Our results suggest that UBASH3a gene plays a role in the susceptibility to SLE. Moreover, our study indicates that UBASH3a can be considered as a common genetic factor in autoimmune diseases.
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In vitro anti-mycobacterial activity of nine medicinal plants used by ethnic groups in Sonora, Mexico.
BMC Complement Altern Med
PUBLISHED: 02-03-2013
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Sonoran ethnic groups (Yaquis, Mayos, Seris, Guarijíos, Pimas, Kikapúes and Pápagos) use mainly herbal based preparations as their first line of medicinal treatment. Among the plants used are those with anti-tuberculosis properties; however, no formal research is available.
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In vitro antioxidant and antiproliferative activities of plants of the ethnopharmacopeia from northwest of Mexico.
BMC Complement Altern Med
PUBLISHED: 01-04-2013
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The aim of this study, is to investigate the in vitro antioxidant activity, the total phenols content, the flavonoids content and the antiproliferative activity of methanolic extracts of the plants: Krameria erecta, Struthanthus palmeri, Phoradendron californicum, Senna covesii and Stegnosperma halimifolium, used by different ethnic groups from northwestern Mexico in the treatment and cure of various diseases.
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No Evidence of Association between Common Autoimmunity STAT4 and IL23R Risk Polymorphisms and Non-Anterior Uveitis.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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STAT4 and IL23R loci represent common susceptibility genetic factors in autoimmunity. We decided to investigate for the first time the possible role of different STAT4/IL23R autoimmune disease-associated polymorphisms on the susceptibility to develop non-anterior uveitis and its main clinical phenotypes.
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Two Functional Variants of IRF5 Influence the Development of Macular Edema in Patients with Non-Anterior Uveitis.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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Interferon (IFN) signaling plays a crucial role in autoimmunity. Genetic variation in interferon regulatory factor 5 (IRF5), a major regulator of the type I interferon induction, has been associated with risk of developing several autoimmune diseases. In the current study we aimed to evaluate whether three sets of correlated IRF5 genetic variants, independently associated with SLE and with different functional roles, are involved in uveitis susceptibility and its clinical subphenotypes.
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Optimal multiresolution 3D level-set method for liver segmentation incorporating local curvature constraints.
Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc
PUBLISHED: 08-29-2011
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Advanced liver surgery requires a precise pre-operative planning, where liver segmentation and remnant liver volume are key elements to avoid post-operative liver failure. In that context, level-set algorithms have achieved better results than others, especially with altered liver parenchyma or in cases with previous surgery. In order to improve functional liver parenchyma volume measurements, in this work we propose two strategies to enhance previous level-set algorithms: an optimal multi-resolution strategy with fine details correction and adaptive curvature, as well as an additional semiautomatic step imposing local curvature constraints. Results show more accurate segmentations, especially in elongated structures, detecting internal lesions and avoiding leakages to close structures.
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[Hospital and community-acquired ?-lactamases-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae at hospitals in Hermosillo, Sonora].
Salud Publica Mex
PUBLISHED: 08-01-2011
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To determine the prevalence of extended-spectrum ?-lactamases (ESBL)-producing Esherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae in hospitals of Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico.
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Novel association of acid phosphatase locus 1*C allele with systemic lupus erythematosus.
Hum. Immunol.
PUBLISHED: 07-07-2011
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The red cell acid phosphatase (ACP1) gene, which encodes a low-molecular-weight phosphotyrosine phosphatase, has been suggested as a common genetic factor of autoimmunity. In the present study, we aim to investigate the possible association of ACP1 with the susceptibility of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). A total of 1,546 SLE patients and 1,947 healthy individuals from 4 Caucasians populations were included in the present study. Four single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were genotyped in this study: rs10167992, rs11553742, rs7576247, and rs3828329. ACP1*A, ACP1*B, and ACP1*C codominant ACP1 alleles were determined using 2 of the SNPs and analyzed. After the meta-analysis test was performed, a significant association of rs11553742*T was observed (p(pooled) = 0.005, odds ratios = 1.37 [1.10-1.70]), retaining significance after multiple testing was applied (p(FDR) = 0.019). Our data indicate for first time the association of rs11553742*T with increased susceptibility in SLE patients.
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[Descriptive study of hepatocellular carcinoma in noncirrhotic liver].
Gastroenterol Hepatol
PUBLISHED: 02-05-2011
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Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the sixth leading cause of cancer. In western countries its impact is steadily growing and most of these tumors arise in cirrhotic liver. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence and characteristics of HCC developing in noncirrhotic patients.
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The Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri flagellum is required for mature biofilm and canker development.
Microbiology (Reading, Engl.)
PUBLISHED: 11-25-2010
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Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri (Xac) is the causative agent of citrus canker. This bacterium develops a characteristic biofilm on both biotic and abiotic surfaces. To evaluate the participation of the single flagellum of Xac in biofilm formation, mutants in the fliC (flagellin) and the flgE (hook) genes were generated. Swimming motility, assessed on 0.25?% agar plates, was markedly reduced in fliC and flgE mutants. However, the fliC and flgE mutants exhibited a flagellar-independent surface translocation on 0.5?% agar plates. Mutation of either the rpfF or the rpfC gene, which both encode proteins involved in cell-cell signalling mediated by diffusible signal factor (DSF), led to a reduction in both flagellar-dependent and flagellar-independent surface translocation, indicating a regulatory role for DSF in both types of motility. Confocal laser scanning microscopy of biofilms produced in static culture demonstrated that the flagellum is also involved in the formation of mushroom-shaped structures and water channels, and in the dispersion of biofilms. The presence of the flagellum was required for mature biofilm development on lemon leaf surfaces. The absence of flagellin produced a slight reduction in Xac pathogenicity and this reduction was more severe when the complete flagellum structure was absent.
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The efficacy of natalizumab in patients with multiple sclerosis according to level of disability: results of an observational study.
Mult. Scler.
PUBLISHED: 11-18-2010
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Little is known about how the level of disability at the start of treatment with natalizumab affects its efficacy. Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of natalizumab on relapses in patients with different levels of baseline disability associated with MS.
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Azathioprine versus mycophenolate mofetil for long-term immunosuppression in lupus nephritis: results from the MAINTAIN Nephritis Trial.
Ann. Rheum. Dis.
PUBLISHED: 09-10-2010
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Long-term immunosuppressive treatment does not efficiently prevent relapses of lupus nephritis (LN). This investigator-initiated randomised trial tested whether mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) was superior to azathioprine (AZA) as maintenance treatment.
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Novel demonstration of RNAi in citrus reveals importance of citrus callose synthase in defence against Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri.
Plant Biotechnol. J.
PUBLISHED: 08-31-2010
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Citrus is an economically important fruit crop that is severely afflicted by citrus canker, a disease caused by the bacterial phytopathogen, Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri (Xcc). GenBank houses a large collection of Expressed Sequence Tags (ESTs) enriched with transcripts generated during the defence response against this pathogen; however, there are currently no strategies in citrus to assess the function of candidate genes. This has greatly limited research as defence signalling genes are often involved in multiple pathways. In this study, we demonstrate the efficacy of RNA interference (RNAi) as a functional genomics tool to assess the function of candidate genes involved in the defence response of Citrus limon against the citrus canker pathogen. Double-stranded RNA expression vectors, encoding hairpin RNAs for citrus host genes, were delivered to lemon leaves by transient infiltration with transformed Agrobacterium. As proof of principle, we have established silencing of citrus phytoene desaturase (PDS) and callose synthase (CalS1) genes. Phenotypic and molecular analyses showed that silencing vectors were functional not only in lemon plants but also in other species of the Rutaceae family. Using silencing of CalS1, we have demonstrated that plant cell wall-associated defence is the principal initial barrier against Xanthomonas infection in citrus plants. Additionally, we present here results that suggest that H?O? accumulation, which is suppressed by xanthan from Xcc during pathogenesis, contributes to inhibition of xanthan-deficient Xcc mutant growth either in wild-type or CalS1-silenced plants. With this work, we have demonstrated that high-throughput reverse genetic analysis is feasible in citrus.
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A 3-untranslated region variant is associated with impaired expression of CD226 in T and natural killer T cells and is associated with susceptibility to systemic lupus erythematosus.
Arthritis Rheum.
PUBLISHED: 07-30-2010
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Costimulatory receptor CD226 plays an important role in T cell activation, differentiation, and cytotoxicity. This study was undertaken to investigate the genetic association of CD226 with susceptibility to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and to assess the functional implications of this association.
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3D liver segmentation in preoperative CT images using a level-sets active surface method.
Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc
PUBLISHED: 12-08-2009
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In this work we propose an active surface method to segment complete liver volumes from preoperative CT abdominal images. The method finds the surface that minimizes an energy function combining intensity inside and outside the surface, gradient information and curvature restrictions. The implementation is based on a level set technique following a multi-resolution strategy to reduce computing time. It requires only a single seed point inside the liver to initialize the active surface. The algorithm has been validated on a set of previously diagnosed livers. Resulting segmentations have been supervised by clinicians and radiologists, and numerically evaluated in terms of volume measurements with respect to those obtained from radiologists manual segmentations. Additionally, radiologists analyzed the necessity of additional corrections on segmenting volumes.
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Identification of a new putative functional IL18 gene variant through an association study in systemic lupus erythematosus.
Hum. Mol. Genet.
PUBLISHED: 07-07-2009
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Interleukin-18 (IL-18) is a proinflammatory cytokine that plays an important role in chronic inflammation and autoimmune disorders. In this study, we aimed to determine the potential role of the IL18 gene in SLE. To define the genetic association of the IL18 and SLE, we have genotyped nine SNPs in an independent set of Spanish cases and controls. The IL18 polymorphisms were genotyped by PCR, using a predeveloped TaqMan allele discrimination assay. Two SNPs were still significant after fine mapping of the IL18 gene. The SNP (rs360719) surviving correction for multiple tests was genotyped in two replication cohorts from Italy and Argentina. After the analysis, a significance with rs360719 C-allele remained across the sets and after the meta-analysis (Pooled OR = 1.37, 95% CI 1.21-1.54, combined P = 3.8E-07, Pc = 1.16E-06). Quantitative real-time PCR was performed to assess IL18 mRNA expression in PBMC from subjects with different IL18 rs360719 genotypes. We tested the effect of the IL18 rs360719 polymorphism on the transcription of IL18 by electrophoretic mobility shift assay and western blot. We found a significant increase in the relative expression of IL18 mRNA in individuals carrying the rs360719 C-risk allele; in addition we show that the polymorphism creates a binding site for the transcriptional factor OCT-1. These findings suggest that the novel IL18 rs360719 variant may play an important role in determining the susceptibility to SLE and it could be a key factor in the expression of the IL18 gene.
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[Imaging techniques for the evaluation of systemic manifestations of vasculitis].
Reumatol Clin
PUBLISHED: 05-07-2009
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Vasculitides create a local inflammatory process in the vessel wall, which determines the different organic manifestations according to vessel size and location. Imaging techniques play a key role in the characterization and detection of large and medium size vessel vasculitides. Imaging is able to detect the vessel wall edema and to monitor the therapeutic response. In small vessel vasculitis, imaging can indirectly analyse the organic and/or systemic manifestations, because at present, none of the imaging techniques has the necessary spatial resolution to directly visualize small vessels.
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[Imaging studies in cases with painful shoulder].
Reumatol Clin
PUBLISHED: 04-14-2009
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Painful shoulder is a frequent clinical problem in musculoskeletal pathology. Imaging plays an essential role in the etiologic diagnosis. Simple X-rays are usually the first performed diagnostic test, and on occasion, it is enough to establish a diagnosis. Tendinous calcifications are clearly depicted on plain radiographs, which are a first option modality in the evaluation of bone tumors. Tendinous pathology is the most common cause of shoulder pain. It may be analysed either by ultrasound or magnetic resonance (MR). MR is the most sensitive technique to detect early pathological changes. MR is usually used in the presurgical evaluation of the shoulder and in local staging of bone and soft tissue tumors.
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Kallikrein genes are associated with lupus and glomerular basement membrane-specific antibody-induced nephritis in mice and humans.
J. Clin. Invest.
PUBLISHED: 02-04-2009
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Immune-mediated nephritis contributes to disease in systemic lupus erythematosus, Goodpasture syndrome (caused by antibodies specific for glomerular basement membrane [anti-GBM antibodies]), and spontaneous lupus nephritis. Inbred mouse strains differ in susceptibility to anti-GBM antibody-induced and spontaneous lupus nephritis. This study sought to clarify the genetic and molecular factors that maybe responsible for enhanced immune-mediated renal disease in these models. When the kidneys of 3 mouse strains sensitive to anti-GBM antibody-induced nephritis were compared with those of 2 control strains using microarray analysis, one-fifth of the underexpressed genes belonged to the kallikrein gene family,which encodes serine esterases. Mouse strains that upregulated renal and urinary kallikreins exhibited less evidence of disease. Antagonizing the kallikrein pathway augmented disease, while agonists dampened the severity of anti-GBM antibody-induced nephritis. In addition, nephritis-sensitive mouse strains had kallikrein haplotypes that were distinct from those of control strains, including several regulatory polymorphisms,some of which were associated with functional consequences. Indeed, increased susceptibility to anti-GBM antibody-induced nephritis and spontaneous lupus nephritis was achieved by breeding mice with a genetic interval harboring the kallikrein genes onto a disease-resistant background. Finally, both human SLE and spontaneous lupus nephritis were found to be associated with kallikrein genes, particularly KLK1 and the KLK3 promoter, when DNA SNPs from independent cohorts of SLE patients and controls were compared. Collectively, these studies suggest that kallikreins are protective disease-associated genes in anti-GBM antibody-induced nephritis and lupus.
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Association of the FCGR3A-158F/V gene polymorphism with the response to rituximab treatment in Spanish systemic autoimmune disease patients.
DNA Cell Biol.
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Rituximab is being used as treatment for systemic autoimmune diseases. The objective of this study was to determine whether the genetic variant in the Fc gamma-receptor III a (FCGR3A) gene, 158F/V, contributes to the observed variation in response to rituximab in patients with systemic autoimmune diseases. DNA samples from 132 Spanish patients with different systemic autoimmune diseases receiving rituximab were genotyped for FCGR3A-158F/V (rs396991) gene polymorphism using the TaqMan(®) allelic discrimination technology. Six months after infusion with rituximab we evaluated the response to the drug: 61% of the patients showed a complete response, partial 27% and 12% did not respond to the treatment. A statistically significant difference was observed in V allele frequency between responder (38%) and nonresponder (16%) patients (p=0.01; odds ratio [OR]=3.24, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.17-11.1). Rituximab was also more effective in V allele carriers (94%) than in homozygous FF patients (81%): p=0.02; OR=3.96, 95% CI 1.10-17.68. These results suggest that FCGR3A-158F/V (rs396991) gene polymorphism play a role in the response to rituximab in autoimmune diseases. Validation of these findings in independent cohorts is warranted.
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Association between -174 interleukin-6 gene polymorphism and biological response to rituximab in several systemic autoimmune diseases.
DNA Cell Biol.
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Rituximab has become a pivotal treatment for systemic autoimmune diseases. The aim of this study was to determine whether the genetic variant -174 IL-6 contributes to differences in the response to rituximab in patients with systemic autoimmune diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), inflammatory myopathies, anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-mediated vasculitis, systemic sclerosis, Sjöegrens syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, and autoimmune hemolytic anemia. DNA samples from 144 Spanish patients with different systemic autoimmune diseases receiving rituximab were genotyped for -174 IL-6 (rs1800795) gene polymorphism using the TaqMan(®) allelic discrimination technology. Six months after the first infusion with rituximab, we evaluated the response to the drug: 60.4% of the patients showed a complete response, partial 27.8%, and 11.8% did not respond to the treatment. The CC genotype frequency was significantly increased in nonresponders with respect to responders (23.5% vs. 7.1%, respectively; p=0.049; odds ratio (OR)=4.03, 95% confidence intervals (CI) 0.78-16.97). According to the genotype distribution, rituximab was effective in 69.2% of the CC carriers, 91.9% of the CG carriers, and 88.4% of the GG carriers. A similar trend was observed when SLE patients were analyzed separately (27.3% carried CC homozygosis in nonresponders and 6.9% in responders; p=0.066; OR=5.10, 95% CI 0.65-31.73). Rituximab was effective in 62.5% of the CC carriers, 88.9% of the GC carriers, and 90% of the GG carriers. These results suggest that -174 IL-6 (rs1800795) gene polymorphism plays a role in the response to rituximab in systemic autoimmune diseases. Validation of these findings in independent cohorts is warranted.
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[Imaging diagnosis for prostate cancer biochemical recurrence after radical treatment].
Arch. Esp. Urol.
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The recent development in the imaging diagnostic techniques have improved the diagnosis of prostate cancer recurrence, mainly if it is local. Nowadays, the use of MRI based morphologic and functional techniques has a better sensitivity for the diagnosis of local recurrence. Integration of MR imaging data with ultrasound guided transrectal biopsies has improved the accuracy in the diagnosis of local recurrence of the disease. However, there is a need for new or better methods that enable the detection of secondary systemic disease, the conventional methods being (CT and bone scintigraphy) insufficiently sensitive. Nowadays the PET-CT is the most promising technique, for which the use of new radio-pharmaceuticals (on experimental phases) would allow the diagnosis of systemic disease more accurately. The combined and complimentary use of the different imaging techniques available, will permit to diagnose relapsing disease earlier and better, setting the field up for more adequate treatments, reducing morbility and giving the opportunity to offer local, less aggressive treatments.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.