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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Melanoma Incidence Increases in the Elderly of Catalonia But Not in the Younger Population: Effect of Prevention or Consequence of Immigration?
Acta Derm. Venereol.
PUBLISHED: 11-05-2014
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All cases of MM diagnosed in 23 hospitals in Catalonia, from 2000 to 2007 were recorded and melanoma incidence calculated and adjusted for the European standard population via the direct method. The age standardised rate/100,000 inhabitants varied from 6.74 in 2000 to 8.64 in 2007 for all melanomas and from 4.79 to 5.80 for invasive MMs; the Breslow thickness was stable during the period. The increase in invasive melanoma incidence in the elderly was remarkable, the crude rate/100,000 inhabitants increasing from 11.04 (2000) to 15.49 (2007) in the 60-64 year population, while remaining more stable in the 30-34 year range, from 3.97 in 2000 to 4.55 in 2007, and with a tendency to decrease from 5.1 in 2000 to 2.5 in 2007 for the age range of 25-29 years. These lower age ranges are much more affected by immigration. Despite the large immigrant population (nearly one million immigrants arrived in Catalonia during the study period from countries with a low melanoma incidence), melanoma incidence in our region has risen considerably and this trend is likely to persist in the near future.
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Mould and dampness in dwelling places, and onset of asthma: the population-based cohort ECRHS.
Occup Environ Med
PUBLISHED: 02-08-2013
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To study new onset of adult asthma in relation to dampness and moulds in dwelling places.
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Gout treatment and comorbidities: a retrospective cohort study in a large US managed care population.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord
PUBLISHED: 05-20-2011
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Gout prevalence increased in recent years to become one of the most common causes of inflammatory arthritis in most industrialised countries. Comorbidities may affect the disease severity and treatment patterns. We describe the main characteristics of gout patients, gout-related treatment patterns and prevalent comorbidities in a managed care population.
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Lung function decline in relation to mould and dampness in the home: the longitudinal European Community Respiratory Health Survey ECRHS II.
Thorax
PUBLISHED: 02-16-2011
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There are few longitudinal studies that have examined the association of lung function decline with indoor mould and dampness. Lung function decline in relation to dampness and mould in the home has studied in adults over a 9 year period.
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Benefits of total body photography and digital dermatoscopy ("two-step method of digital follow-up") in the early diagnosis of melanoma in patients at high risk for melanoma.
J. Am. Acad. Dermatol.
PUBLISHED: 02-07-2011
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Early detection of melanoma is the best way to improve prognosis. Digital follow-up (DFU) programs of populations at high risk could be an efficient strategy for detecting early melanomas with low morbidity.
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Leptin levels in cord blood and anthropometric measures at birth: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol
PUBLISHED: 12-09-2010
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The role of intrauterine environment in the development of obesity is increasingly recognised. Adipokines and specifically leptin have been examined as potential biomarkers predicting early development of obesity. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the epidemiological evidence for the association between leptin levels in cord blood and anthropometric measurements at birth in healthy mother-newborn pairs. A PubMed search was performed between 1994 and 2009 and manual search of reference lists of retrieved articles. Forty-four studies met the inclusion criteria set. All studies reported a positive correlation between leptin levels and birthweight. The combined correlation coefficient (r) was 0.46 [95%CI 0.43, 0.50]. Leptin levels explained 21% of variation in birthweight. Results were similar in males (r=0.55; 0.40, 0.68) and females (r=0.60; 0.50, 0.69), and between Caucasians (r=0.45; 0.39, 0.51) and eastern Asian populations (r=0.47; 0.37, 0.55). Statistically significant positive correlations were also found for birth length (r=0.29; 0.23, 0.34) and ponderal index (r=0.36; 0.31, 0.41). There was no indication of publication bias (Eggers test P-value=0.23). This meta-analysis shows a clear but moderate correlation between leptin levels in cord blood and birthweight that is observed in different population groups.
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Early age at menarche, lung function, and adult asthma.
Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med.
PUBLISHED: 08-23-2010
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hormonal and metabolic status appears to influence lung health in women, and there are findings suggesting that early menarche may be related to asthma, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and breast cancer.
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Respiratory symptoms in adults are related to impaired quality of life, regardless of asthma and COPD: results from the European community respiratory health survey.
Health Qual Life Outcomes
PUBLISHED: 01-12-2010
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Respiratory symptoms are common in the general population, and their presence is related to Health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The objective was to describe the association of respiratory symptoms with HRQoL in subjects with and without asthma or COPD and to investigate the role of atopy, bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR), and lung function in HRQoL.
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Work-related and psychological determinants of multisite musculoskeletal pain.
Scand J Work Environ Health
PUBLISHED: 12-11-2009
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Musculoskeletal pain is associated with occupational physical activities and psychosocial risk factors. We evaluated the relative importance of work-related and psychological determinants of the number of -anatomical sites affected by musculoskeletal pain in a cross-sectional survey.
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Smoking and smoking cessation during early pregnancy and its effect on adverse pregnancy outcomes and fetal growth.
Eur. J. Pediatr.
PUBLISHED: 09-10-2009
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Maternal smoking during pregnancy is a significant threat to the fetus. We examined the association between active maternal smoking and smoking cessation during early pregnancy with newborn somatometrics and adverse pregnancy outcomes including preterm delivery, low birth weight, and fetal growth restriction. One thousand four hundred mother-child pairs with extensive questionnaire data were followed up until delivery, within the context of a population-based mother-child cohort study (Rhea study), in Crete, Greece, 2007-2008. Comparing smokers to nonsmokers, the adjusted odds ratio (OR) was 2.8 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.7, 4.6] for low birth weight and 2.6 (95%CI: 1.6, 4.2) for fetal growth restriction. This corresponded to a 119-g reduction in birth weight, a 0.53-cm reduction in length, and a 0.35-cm reduction in head circumference. Smoking cessation early during pregnancy modified significantly these pregnancy outcomes indicating the necessity for primary smoking prevention.
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Metabolic syndrome in early pregnancy and risk of preterm birth.
Am. J. Epidemiol.
PUBLISHED: 08-27-2009
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The authors determined the association between metabolic syndrome in early pregnancy (mean, 11.96 weeks) and the risk of preterm birth in the mother-child cohort study ("Rhea" Study) in Crete, Greece, 2007-2009. Maternal fasting serum samples were collected, and blood pressure was measured at the time of the first major ultrasound examination (n = 625). Multivariable log-binomial regression models were used. Women with metabolic syndrome were at high risk for preterm birth (relative risk (RR) = 2.93, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.53, 5.58), with the highest risk observed for medically indicated preterm births (RR = 5.13, 95% CI: 1.97, 13.38). Among the components of metabolic syndrome, the most significant risk factor was hypertension (RR = 2.32, 95% CI: 1.28, 4.20). An elevation of 10 mm Hg in diastolic blood pressure increased the relative risk for preterm birth by 29% (RR = 1.29, 95% CI: 1.08, 1.53), while a per unit increase in the low density lipoprotein/high density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio increased this risk by 19% (RR = 1.19, 95% CI: 1.02, 1.39). Fetal weight growth restriction was associated with elevated levels of insulin (RR = 1.14, 95% CI: 1.08, 1.20) and diastolic blood pressure (RR = 1.27, 95% CI: 1.00, 1.61) in early pregnancy. These findings suggest that women with metabolic syndrome in early pregnancy had higher risk for preterm birth.
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Seafood consumption in pregnancy and infant size at birth: results from a prospective Spanish cohort.
J Epidemiol Community Health
PUBLISHED: 08-25-2009
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Studies on maternal seafood consumption during pregnancy and the risk of small for gestational age (SGA) births have yielded inconsistent results. As few studies have examined associations with specific seafood subtypes or accounted simultaneously for exposure to persistent organic pollutants (POPs), it is uncertain to what extent intakes of seafood subtypes with variable contaminant or fatty acid content may explain these inconsistencies.
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Cognitive function and overweight in preschool children.
Am. J. Epidemiol.
PUBLISHED: 06-22-2009
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The authors assessed the association between cognitive function and incidence and maintenance of overweight in preschool children. A population-based birth cohort was established in Menorca, Spain, between 1997 and 1999 (n = 482). Body mass index (weight (kg)/height (m)(2)) was measured at ages 4 years and 6 years (n = 421). At age 4 years, children were assessed for cognitive function (McCarthy Scales of Childrens Abilities) (n = 395). After multivariable adjustment for a wide range of factors, including maternal education and body mass index, children with higher general cognition at age 4 years had a lower likelihood of being overweight (odds ratio = 0.47, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.25, 0.88) at age 6 years. Children with higher general cognition at age 4 years had a lower likelihood of maintaining an unhealthy weight status (being at risk of overweight or overweight) between ages 4 years and 6 years, as well as worsening weight status over time, than children who maintained a healthy weight (odds ratios were 0.78 (95% CI: 0.54, 1.14) and 0.77 (95% CI: 0.51, 1.14), respectively). When specific dimensions of cognitive function were assessed, associations were mainly found for verbal and executive function areas. Children with higher cognitive function in early life might be at decreased risk of overweight later in childhood.
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Domestic use of hypochlorite bleach, atopic sensitization, and respiratory symptoms in adults.
J. Allergy Clin. Immunol.
PUBLISHED: 05-22-2009
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Professional use of hypochlorite (bleach) has been associated with respiratory symptoms. Bleach is capable of inactivating allergens, and there are indications that its domestic use may reduce the risk of allergies in children.
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Metalworking exposures and persistent skin symptoms in the ECRHS II and SAPALDIA 2 cohorts.
Contact Derm.
PUBLISHED: 04-29-2009
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Diseases of the skin are important and often preventable conditions occurring among workers with dermal exposures to irritant and sensitizing agents.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.