JoVE Visualize What is visualize?
Stop Reading. Start Watching.
Advanced Search
Stop Reading. Start Watching.
Regular Search
Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
1,2,3,4-Tetrahydrobenzo[h][1,6]naphthyridines as a new family of potent peripheral-to-midgorge-site inhibitors of acetylcholinesterase: synthesis, pharmacological evaluation and mechanistic studies.
Eur J Med Chem
PUBLISHED: 01-07-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
A series of 1,2,3,4-tetrahydrobenzo[h][1,6]naphthyridines differently substituted at positions 1, 5, and 9 have been designed from the pyrano[3,2-c]quinoline derivative 1, a weak inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) with predicted ability to bind to the AChE peripheral anionic site (PAS), at the entrance of the catalytic gorge. Fourteen novel benzonaphthyridines have been synthesized through synthetic sequences involving as the key step a multicomponent Povarov reaction between an aldehyde, an aniline and an enamine or an enamide as the activated alkene. The novel compounds have been tested against Electrophorus electricus AChE (EeAChE), human recombinant AChE (hAChE), and human serum butyrylcholinesterase (hBChE), and their brain penetration has been assessed using the PAMPA-BBB assay. Also, the mechanism of AChE inhibition of the most potent compounds has been thoroughly studied by kinetic studies, a propidium displacement assay, and molecular modelling. We have found that a seemingly small structural change such as a double O ? NH bioisosteric replacement from the hit 1 to 16a results in a dramatic increase of EeAChE and hAChE inhibitory activities (>217- and >154-fold, respectively), and in a notable increase in hBChE inhibitory activity (>11-fold), as well. An optimized binding at the PAS besides additional interactions with AChE midgorge residues seem to account for the high hAChE inhibitory potency of 16a (IC50 = 65 nM), which emerges as an interesting anti-Alzheimer lead compound with potent dual AChE and BChE inhibitory activities.
Related JoVE Video
Studies on the interaction of isocyanides with imines: reaction scope and mechanistic variations.
Beilstein J Org Chem
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The interaction of imines with isocyanides has been studied. The main product results from a sequential process involving the attack of two units of isocyanide, under Lewis acid catalysis, upon the carbon-nitrogen double bond of the imine to form the 4-membered ring system. The scope of the reaction regarding the imine and isocyanide ranges has been determined, and also some mechanistic variations and structural features have been described.
Related JoVE Video
[Analysis of maternal deaths in Mexico occurred during 2009].
Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc
PUBLISHED: 10-23-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Mexico reported 955 maternal deaths in 2011, with a ratio of 49 deaths per 100,000 live births. For 2015, the WHO commitment is to reduce the ratio to 22, equivalent to 415 maternal deaths.
Related JoVE Video
Update on the use of abatacept for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.
Expert Rev Clin Immunol
PUBLISHED: 08-01-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Abatacept is approved for the treatment of moderate-to-severe active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with inadequate response to one or more disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), including methotrexate or a TNF antagonist, and can be used either as monotherapy or concomitantly with nonbiologic DMARDs. It can be administered either intravenously or subcutaneously. It has demonstrated to improve signs and symptoms of RA, physical function and health-related quality of life, and it inhibits radiographic progression of structural damage across a wide range of early and long-standing RA populations. The safety profile appears good and close to RA patients treated with nonbiologic DMARDs. Meta-analysis and real-world studies support these findings. This article reviews published data on clinical and radiographic efficacy as well as the safety of this drug, incorporating recent relevant information reported at scientific meetings.
Related JoVE Video
A systemic sclerosis and systemic lupus erythematosus pan-meta-GWAS reveals new shared susceptibility loci.
Hum. Mol. Genet.
PUBLISHED: 06-04-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are two archetypal systemic autoimmune diseases which have been shown to share multiple genetic susceptibility loci. In order to gain insight into the genetic basis of these diseases, we performed a pan-meta-analysis of two genome-wide association studies (GWASs) together with a replication stage including additional SSc and SLE cohorts. This increased the sample size to a total of 21,109 (6835 cases and 14,274 controls). We selected for replication 19 SNPs from the GWAS data. We were able to validate KIAA0319L (P = 3.31 × 10(-11), OR = 1.49) as novel susceptibility loci for SSc and SLE. Furthermore, we also determined that the previously described SLE susceptibility loci PXK (P = 3.27 × 10(-11), OR = 1.20) and JAZF1 (P = 1.11 × 10(-8), OR = 1.13) are shared with SSc. Supporting these new discoveries, we observed that KIAA0319L was overexpressed in peripheral blood cells of SSc and SLE patients compared with healthy controls. With these, we add three (KIAA0319L, PXK and JAZF1) and one (KIAA0319L) new susceptibility loci for SSc and SLE, respectively, increasing significantly the knowledge of the genetic basis of autoimmunity.
Related JoVE Video
Evolution of a multicomponent system: computational and mechanistic studies on the chemo- and stereoselectivity of a divergent process.
Chemistry
PUBLISHED: 05-30-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The evolution of a ternary molecular system (imine, diene and nitrile) is analyzed to disclose the pathways leading to a divergent synthetic outcome. The Lewis acid catalyzed reaction between cyclohexadiene, 2-phenyl-indol-3-one and acetonitrile yields the imino-Diels-Alder adduct as the major product together with minor amounts of the Mannich-Ritter-amidine product. The experimental and computational data show that the relative orientation of the initial reactants dictates the synthetic outcome. The exo approach between imine and diene leads to the Diels-Alder adduct in a concerted process, whereas the endo mode leads to a polarized intermediate, which is trapped by acetonitrile to yield the multicomponent adduct.
Related JoVE Video
Ultrasound-detected musculoskeletal urate crystal deposition: which joints and what findings should be assessed for diagnosing gout?
Ann. Rheum. Dis.
PUBLISHED: 05-24-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this prospective case-control study was to assess the diagnostic value of several intra-articular and periarticular ultrasound (US)-detected abnormalities in the upper and lower limbs in gout. The secondary objective was to test the concurrent validity of US abnormalities using as gold standard the microscopic demonstration of monosodium urate (MSU) crystals. METHODS: Ninety-one men with gout and 42 age-matched controls were prospectively recruited. All patients with gout and controls underwent US assessment of several US abnormalities in 26 joints, six bursae, eight tendons, 20 tendon compartments, four ligaments, and 18 articular cartilages by experts in US blinded to the patients group. Patients with gout and controls with US abnormalities were asked to undergo US-guided aspiration for microscopic identification of MSU crystals. Interobserver and intraobserver reliability of the US assessment was evaluated in a web-based exercise. RESULTS: The assessment of one joint (ie, radiocarpal joint) for hyperechoic aggregates (HAGs), two tendons (ie, patellar tendon and triceps tendon) for HAGs and three articular cartilages (ie, first metatarsal, talar and second metacarpal/femoral) for double contour sign showed the best balance between sensitivity and specificity (84.6% and 83.3%, respectively). Intraobserver reliability was good (mean ? 0.75) and interobserver reliability was moderate (? 0.52). The aspirated material from HAGs was positive for MSU crystals in 77.6% of patients with gout and negative in all controls. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that US bilateral assessment of one joint, three articular cartilages and two tendons may be valid for diagnosing gout with acceptable sensitivity and specificity.
Related JoVE Video
Novel identification of the IRF7 region as an anticentromere autoantibody propensity locus in systemic sclerosis.
Ann. Rheum. Dis.
PUBLISHED: 09-16-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are related chronic autoimmune diseases of complex aetiology in which the interferon (IFN) pathway plays a key role. Recent studies have reported an association between IRF7 and SLE which confers a risk to autoantibody production. A study was undertaken to investigate whether the IRF7 genomic region is also involved in susceptibility to SSc and the main clinical features.
Related JoVE Video
Interleukin 15 levels in serum may predict a severe disease course in patients with early arthritis.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 07-12-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Interleukin-15 (IL-15) is thought to be involved in the physiopathological mechanisms of RA and it can be detected in the serum and the synovial fluid of inflamed joints in patients with RA but not in patients with osteoarthritis or other inflammatory joint diseases. Therefore, the objective of this work is to analyse whether serum IL-15 (sIL-15) levels serve as a biomarker of disease severity in patients with early arthritis (EA).
Related JoVE Video
Role of the rs6822844 gene polymorphism at the IL2-IL21 region in biopsy-proven giant cell arteritis.
Clin. Exp. Rheumatol.
PUBLISHED: 05-11-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
To assess the influence of the interleukin (IL)2-IL21 rs6822844 G/T polymorphism in the susceptibility to biopsy-proven giant cell arteritis (GCA) and in the clinical spectrum of manifestations of this vasculitis.
Related JoVE Video
Multicomponent reaction access to complex quinolines via oxidation of the Povarov adducts.
Beilstein J Org Chem
PUBLISHED: 05-06-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The tetrahydroquinolines obtained through the Povarov multicomponent reaction have been oxidized to the corresponding quinoline, giving access to a single product through a two-step sequence. Several oxidizing agents were studied and manganese dioxide proved to be the reagent of choice, affording higher yields, cleaner reactions and practical protocols.
Related JoVE Video
Quinoxaline 1,4-di-N-oxide and the potential for treating tuberculosis.
Infect Disord Drug Targets
PUBLISHED: 04-08-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
New drugs active against drug-resistant tuberculosis are urgently needed to extend the range of TB treatment options to cover drug resistant infections. Quinoxaline derivatives show very interesting biological properties (antibacterial, antiviral, anticancer, antifungal, antihelmintic, insecticidal) and evaluation of their medicinal chemistry is still in progress. In this review we report the properties and the recent developments of quinoxaline 1,4-di-N-oxide derivatives as potential anti-tuberculosis agents. Specific agents are reviewed that have excellent antitubercular drug properties, are active on drug resistant strains and non-replicating mycobacteria. The properties of select analogs that have in vivo activity in the low dose aerosol infection model in mice will be reviewed.
Related JoVE Video
Role of BANK1 gene polymorphisms in biopsy-proven giant cell arteritis.
J. Rheumatol.
PUBLISHED: 05-15-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is a complex polygenic disease in which more than 1 genetic locus is likely to contribute to disease susceptibility and clinical expression. BANK, an adaptor molecule, has been suggested to participate in the B cell antigen receptors-mediated calcium homeostasis. We assessed for the first time the implication of BANK1 functional variants in susceptibility to GCA.
Related JoVE Video
Exploring 3-arylquinoxaline-2-carbonitrile 1,4-di-N-oxides activities against neglected diseases with QSAR.
Chem Biol Drug Des
PUBLISHED: 05-11-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
This work reveals our efforts to continue identifying new active compounds against neglected diseases, such as malaria and tuberculosis. We took several 3-arylquinoxaline-2-carbonitrile 1,4-di-N-oxide derivative activity results from the reference literature and established useful quantitative structure-activity relationships. We hoped that the development of in silico models would broaden our knowledge regarding the overwhelming problem of drug resistance to both illnesses. The optimized molecular structures of 60 compounds were represented by 1497 DRAGON-type descriptors and subjected to linear regression analyses; the quantitative structure-activity relationships resulted predictive when searching for new active compounds. We obtained a rational guide for the proposal of new candidate structures whose activities still remain unknown.
Related JoVE Video
Anti-T. cruzi activities and QSAR studies of 3-arylquinoxaline-2-carbonitrile di-N-oxides.
Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 05-01-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
In a continuing effort to identify new active compounds for combating Chagas disease and other neglected diseases, our research group synthesized and evaluated 23 3-arylquinoxaline-2-carbonitrile di-N-oxides against Trypanosoma cruzi. Five of them presented IC(50) values of the same magnitude as the standard drug Nifurtimox, making them valid as new lead compounds. The optimized molecular structures of 23 derivatives represented by 1497 types of DRAGON descriptors were subjected to linear regression analysis, and the derived QSAR was shown to be predictive. In this way, we achieved a rational guide for the proposal of new candidate structures whose activities still remain unknown.
Related JoVE Video
Unsaturated lactams: new inputs for povarov-type multicomponent reactions.
Org. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 01-23-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Unsaturated lactams with endo- or exocyclic C-C double bonds constitute a set of reactive inputs that serve as the electron-rich olefin component in Povarov reactions. These substrates afford the multicomponent adducts in convenient yields and offer a wide range of structural diversity. Postcondensation transformations allow direct access to a variety of lactam-fused and amide-substituted quinoline derivatives.
Related JoVE Video
Association of the C8orf13-BLK region with systemic sclerosis in North-American and European populations.
J. Autoimmun.
PUBLISHED: 07-07-2009
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Genetic studies in the systemic sclerosis (SSc), an autoimmune disease that clinically manifests with dermal and internal organ fibrosis and small vessel vasculopathy, have identified multiple susceptibility genes including HLA-class II, PTPN22, IRF5, and STAT4 which have also been associated with other autoimmune diseases, such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). These data suggest that there are common autoimmune disease susceptibility genes. The current report sought to determine if polymorphisms in the C8orf13-BLK region (chromosome 8p23.1-B lymphoid tyrosine kinase), which is associated with SLE, are associated also with SSc.
Related JoVE Video
QSAR analysis for quinoxaline-2-carboxylate 1,4-di-N-oxides as anti-mycobacterial agents.
J. Mol. Graph. Model.
PUBLISHED: 01-24-2009
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
In a continuing effort of our research group to identify new active compounds against Mycobacterium tuberculosis, we resort to the quantitative structure-activity relationships (QSARs) theory. For this purpose, we employ certain parameters of potency, cytotoxicity and selectivity as given by the Tuberculosis Antimicrobial Acquisition & Coordinating Facility (TAACF) program. The molecular structure of 43 quinoxaline-2-carboxylate 1,4-di-N-oxide derivatives is appropriately represented by 1497 DRAGON type of theoretical descriptors, and the best linear regression models established in this work are demonstrated to result predictive. The application of the QSAR equations developed now serves as a rational guide for the proposal of new candidate structures that still do not have experimentally assigned biological data.
Related JoVE Video
Selective activity against Mycobacteriumtuberculosis of new quinoxaline 1,4-di-N-oxides.
Bioorg. Med. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 01-24-2009
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
New series of 3-phenylquinoxaline 1,4-di-N-oxide with selective activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis have been prepared and evaluated. Thirty-four of the seventy tested compounds showed an MIC value less than 0.2 microg/mL, a value on the order of the MIC of rifampicin. Furthermore, 45% of the evaluated derivatives showed a good in vitro activity/toxicity ratio. The most active and selective compounds carry a fluorine atom in the quinoxaline 7-position or in the phenyl substituent para-position. In conclusion, the potency, low cytotoxicity and selectivity of these compounds make them valid lead compounds for synthesizing new analogues, particularly compound 7-methyl-3-(4-fluoro)phenylquinoxaline-2-carbonitrile 1,4-di-N-oxide (MIC <0.2 microg/mL and SI > 500).
Related JoVE Video
[The dengue fever in Mexico. Knowledge for improving the quality in health].
Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Dengue is a systemic infectious disease of viral etiology, transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes. It causes between 50 and 100 million cases annually over 100 countries. In most of the cases it presents as influenza-like illness or undifferentiated fever and more than 500,000 patients develop dengue hemorrhagic fever. In America, dengue fever is considered the most important resurgent disease and its hemorrhagic form is becoming more relevant, especially given the steady increase in the number of deaths. The first outbreaks of dengue in America were described in 1635. Since the apparition of dengue hemorrhagic fever, in 1962, it has been considered a public health problem because half of the population lives in endemic areas. The purpose of this paper is to carry a briefly review of the epidemiology, clinical features, pathophysiology, prevention and treatment of dengue fever, as well as create recommendations in order to improve the quality of care and decrease mortality in these patients.
Related JoVE Video
KCNA5 gene is not confirmed as a systemic sclerosis-related pulmonary arterial hypertension genetic susceptibility factor.
Arthritis Res. Ther.
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Potassium voltage-gated channel shaker-related subfamily member 5 (KCNA5) is implicated in vascular tone regulation, and its inhibition during hypoxia produces pulmonary vasoconstriction. Recently, a protective association of the KCNA5 locus with systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) was reported. Hence, the aim of this study was to replicate these findings in an independent multicenter Caucasian SSc cohort. METHODS: The 2,343 SSc cases (179 PAH positive, confirmed by right-heart catheterization) and 2,690 matched healthy controls from five European countries were included in this study. Rs10744676 single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) was genotyped by using a TaqMan SNP genotyping assay. RESULTS: Individual population analyses of the selected KCNA5 genetic variant did not show significant association with SSc or any of the defined subsets (for example, limited cutaneous SSc, diffuse cutaneous SSc, anti-centromere autoantibody positive and anti-topoisomerase autoantibody positive). Furthermore, pooled analyses revealed no significant evidence of association with the disease or any of the subsets, not even the PAH-positive group. The comparison of PAH-positive patients with PAH-negative patients showed no significant differences among patients. CONCLUSIONS: Our data do not support an important role of KCNA5 as an SSc-susceptibility factor or as a PAH-development genetic marker for SSc patients.
Related JoVE Video
NEMA NU 4-2008 comparison of preclinical PET imaging systems.
J. Nucl. Med.
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) standard NU 4-2008 for performance measurements of small-animal tomographs was recently published. Before this standard, there were no standard testing procedures for preclinical PET systems, and manufacturers could not provide clear specifications similar to those available for clinical systems under NEMA NU 2-1994 and 2-2001. Consequently, performance evaluation papers used methods that were modified ad hoc from the clinical PET NEMA standard, thus making comparisons between systems difficult.
Related JoVE Video
Exploration of forbidden Povarov processes as a source of unexpected reactivity: a multicomponent Mannich-Ritter transformation.
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
When a door closes, a window opens! The use of geometrically or electronically restricted imines for Povarov-type processes does not afford the anti-Bredt tetrahydroquinolines, but leads instead to highly functionalized structures through novel reaction pathways (see picture; LA=Lewis acid). The exploration of "forbidden" routes constitutes a valuable approach in the search for new multicomponent reactions.
Related JoVE Video
Identification of CSK as a systemic sclerosis genetic risk factor through Genome Wide Association Study follow-up.
Hum. Mol. Genet.
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is complex autoimmune disease affecting the connective tissue; influenced by genetic and environmental components. Recently, we performed the first successful genome-wide association study (GWAS) of SSc. Here, we perform a large replication study to better dissect the genetic component of SSc. We selected 768 polymorphisms from the previous GWAS and genotyped them in seven replication cohorts from Europe. Overall significance was calculated for replicated significant SNPs by meta-analysis of the replication cohorts and replication-GWAS cohorts (3237 cases and 6097 controls). Six SNPs in regions not previously associated with SSc were selected for validation in another five independent cohorts, up to a total of 5270 SSc patients and 8326 controls. We found evidence for replication and overall genome-wide significance for one novel SSc genetic risk locus: CSK [P-value = 5.04 × 10(-12), odds ratio (OR) = 1.20]. Additionally, we found suggestive association in the loci PSD3 (P-value = 3.18 × 10(-7), OR = 1.36) and NFKB1 (P-value = 1.03 × 10(-6), OR = 1.14). Additionally, we strengthened the evidence for previously confirmed associations. This study significantly increases the number of known putative genetic risk factors for SSc, including the genes CSK, PSD3 and NFKB1, and further confirms six previously described ones.
Related JoVE Video

What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.